کارابرن عزیز، مقالات isi بالاترین کیفیت ترجمه را دارند، ترجمه آنها کامل و دقیق می باشد (محتوای جداول و شکل های نیز ترجمه شده اند) و از بهترین مجلات isi انتخاب گردیده اند. همچنین تمامی ترجمه ها دارای ضمانت کیفیت بوده و در صورت عدم رضایت کاربر مبلغ عینا عودت داده خواهد شد.
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Fraud recovery and the quality of country governance
بازیابی تقلب و کیفیت نظارت کشوری-2018
Using supervisory data from U.S. financial institutions on fraud-related losses in foreign markets, we find that losses in countries with poor governance have lower recovery rates. Our results are robust to accounting for potential endogeneity and reverse causality concerns, among numerous robustness checks. The association is driven by intuitive governance dimensions such as control of corruption, rule of law, regulatory quality and government effectiveness. In addition, country governance plays a particularly important role in fraud recovery for firms with poor risk management quality. Overall, this paper presents unique and novel evidence tying country governance quality to firm-level risk realizations.
keywords: Crime |Fraud |Recovery |International markets |Banking |Country institutions |Governance
Regulating market entry of low-cost private schools in Sub-Saharan Africa: Towards a theory of private education regulation
تنظیم ورود مدارس خصوصی هزینه - پایین به بازار در آفریقای صحرایی: به سوی یک نظریه درباره مقررات آموزش خصوصی-2018
This study provides a comparative assessment of policies governing private schools in twenty countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Findings suggest that current regulatory systems are failing to adequately address the negative externalities and failures of private schooling markets. Insufficient capacity on the part of governments is a contributor to uneven policy implementation and creates opportunities for rent-seeking and corruption. Onerous market entry regulations offer constraints on the growth of official private education markets, but facilitate growth in unofficial markets if demand for education is not being fully met by the supply of government service provision, restricting the government’s ability to provide adequate oversight of private providers.
keywords: Education policy |Regulation |Education markets |School choice |Low-cost private schools |Sub- Saharan Africa
Anticorruption regulation and firm value: Evidence from a shock of mandated resignation of directors in China
مقررات ضد فساد و ارزش شرکت: شواهدی از یک شوک استعفای تسلیم شده مدیران در چین-2018
Chinas broad anti-corruption campaign includes a regulation that requires bureaucrats to resign from director positions in listed companies. Using this particular event to test the effect of the anticorruption regulation, we find that this regulation costs firms with banned directors on average 4%. This cost cannot be explained by the typical cost of losing a director or by damage from a political vendetta conducted by the leadership. We further show that the anticorruption regulation impedes firm value not only through political connections but also through the anticorruption disincentive, the incentive to act passively for fear of being accused of corruption. Finally, affected firms reduce their investments, hire more employees and have poor performance afterwards.
keywords: Anticorruption regulation |Firm value |Political connection |Anticorruption disincentive
The effect of supranational banking supervision on the financial sector: Event study evidence from Europe
تاثیرات نظارت فوق ملّی بانکداری روی بخش مالی: مطالعه رویداد و شواهدی از اروپا-2018
This paper investigates how the introduction of the Single Supervisory Mechanism, the European Union’s implementation of harmonized banking supervision, has affected the banking sector in Europe. I perform an event study on banks’ stock returns and find evidence for small but significant positive effects. A potential hypothesis for this result is the fact that a single supervisory authority can take spillover effects between countries into account and is therefore able to stabilize the European banking sector. Splitting the sample by an indicator for supervisory power, an indicator for corruption, and by debt/GDP reveals that the positive impact of the SSM was stronger for banks in countries that perform poorly with respect to these measures.
keywords: Banks |Event study |Supervision |Single Supervisory Mechanism |Harmonization
How do anticorruption measures affect executive incentive?
چگونه سنجه های ضد انقطاع بر انگیزه اجرایی اثر می گذارد؟-2018
This paper investigates how anticorruption measures affect corporate governance, especially the executive incentive mechanism. The results of empirical tests show that in the short term, alleviating corruption does not enhance executives incentive, however, it significantly escalates pay-performance sensitivity. It is also found reductions in executive incentive in state-owned companies are more salient than in non-state-owned companies. The suggestion is that anticorruption measures at firm level should be a long-term strategy and focus on state-owned companies. It provides a new perspective for understanding how anticorruption affects firm behavior and performance and for the literature on executive incentives with political intervention.
keywords: Anticorruption| Executive incentives| Quasi experiment| Difference-in-differences Method
The economic, social, and environmental impacts of cruise tourism
تاثیرات اجتماعی، اقتصادی و محیطی گردشگری گشت زنی-2018
We use a unique multi-method natural experiment to measure economic, social, and environmental impacts of cruise tourism on a local community. Through the measurement of multidimensional indicators before and after the opening of a cruise ship port, and using control groups, we compare community impacts with greater detail and control than previous studies. Although theory and industry multiplier estimates predict gains in employment, income, and related measures, we find little evidence of improvement. The ability of the local population to provide for necessities and obtain sufficient food worsened, corruption increased, and there were substantial negative environmental impacts. One observed benefit to communities was a decrease in crime due to an increase in government expenditure on policing. Our results show that in low taxation and regulation environments with an absence of community development and involvement initiatives, large cruise tourism projects can fail to provide benefits for local populations.
keywords: Community impact |Cruise tourism |Latin America |Indigenous peoples |Economic impact |Environmental impact |Social impact
Public trust in mega event planning institutions: The role of knowledge, transparency and corruption
اعتماد عمومی به موسسات برنامه ریزی رویدادهای بزرگ: نقش دانش، شفافیت و فساد-2018
The political ramifications of hosting mega-events are huge. In this article, we investigate the relationships among corruption, transparency, knowledge, and public trust using data collected from 3786 Brazilians in the context of the 2014 FIFA World Cup Games. Findings from the structural equation modeling indicate that public trust in government is determined by the respondents perceptions of corruption and transparency and their level of knowledge about the roles of government and the local organizing committee in the mega-event. The respondents’ level of trust in the local organizing committee also exerts an influence on their trust in the government. The implications of the findings for governments planning to host mega-events in the future are discussed. This research makes an important contribution to the literature, being the first study to test a theoretical model that analyses the relationships between corruption, transparency, knowledge, and public trust in the context of a mega-sport event.
keywords: Mega-events |Public trust |Corruption |Transparency |Governance |Tourism |FIFA World Cup
Highly Accurate Image Reconstruction for Multimodal Noise Suppression Using Semisupervised Learning on Big Data
بازخوانی تصویر دقیق برای از بین بردن سر و صدای چند منظوره با استفاده از یادگیری نیمه نگهدارنده با داده های بزرگ-2018
Impulse noise corruption in digital images frequently occurs because of errors generated by noisy sensors or communication channels, such as faulty memory locations in devices, malfunctioning pixels within a camera, or bit errors in transmission. Although recently developed big data streaming enhances the viability of video communication, visual distortions in images caused by impulse noise corruption can negatively affect video communication applications. Additionally, sparsity, density, and multimodality in large volumes of noisy images have often been ignored in recent studies, whereas these issues have become important because of the increasing viability of video communication services. To effectively eliminate the visual effects generated by the impulse noise from the corrupted images, this study proposes a novel model that uses a devised cost function involving semisupervised learning based on a large amount of corrupted image data with a few labeled training samples. The proposed model qualitatively and quantitatively outperforms the existing state-of-the-art image reconstruction models in terms of the denoising effect.
Index Terms: Noise removal, big image data, semisupervised learning
Corruption and education in developing countries: The role of public vs: private funding of higher education
رشوه خواری و آموزش در کشورهای درحال توسعه: نقش سرمایه گذاری دولتی دربرابر خصوصی روی آموزش عالی-2018
Corruption reduces the incentives to invest. This is also true for investments in human capital. The paper explains how enrollment in publicly funded higher education institutions affects years of schooling at different corruption levels. Using data from 88 developing countries, we first confirm that corruption negatively correlates with expected years of schooling. Second, we identify a joint effect of corruption and the type of higher education funding in a country: in low-corruption countries, the fraction of public higher education enrollment increases expected years of schooling, while it decreases in high-corruption countries.
keywords: Public and private education |Corruption |Governance |Educational finance
Corruption as a source of e-Government projects failure in developing countries: A theoretical exposition
فساد به عنوان یک منبع شکست پروژه های دولت الکترونیکی در کشورهای در حال توسعه: یک بیان نظری-2016
While the literature has touted e-Government as a tool for combating corruption, no study has discussed so far how corruption could influence e-Government project failure. This article tries to fill part of this void in past research by proposing a contextual framework that highlights the role corruption plays in stimulating the failure of e-Government projects in developing countries. Informed by prior relevant literature on general systems, organizational information processing, corruption, as well as e-Government, the proposed framework argues that the prevalence of corruption in developing economies could restrict moral and governance capabilities of administrative systems overseeing e-Governments in a way that could lead to the failure of these entities to produce initiatives that meet stakeholders’ expectations. This theoretical study discusses this idea and underscores the value of the suggested framework for guiding scientific inquiries into this important topic and helping the public officials interested in planning, managing, and auditing e-Government initiatives.
Keywords: e-Government | Failure | Corruption | Framework | Developing countries