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1 کارآفرینی بین‌المللی در دنیای پساکرونا
سال انتشار: 20121 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 7 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 25
دنیای پساکرونا چگونه خواهد بود؟ نقش کارآفرینی بین‌المللی (IE) در دنیای جدید چه خواهد بود؟ این مقاله در تلاشش است به دو پرسش پاسخ دهد و بر تغییرات ایجادشده توسط کووید و نحوه‌ی اثرگذاری احتمالی آن بر حوزه و نوع فعالیت‌های کارآفرینی بین‌المللی در سالیان پیش رو تأکید دارد. این مقاله به بررسی عملکرد احتمالی کارآفرینان و شکل‌دهی نظم جهانی نوظهور می‌پردازد. مقاله‌ی پیش رو با تشریح پیامدهای این تغییرات برای کارآفرینی IE، الگویی برای پژوهش آینده ارائه می‌دهد.
کلیدواژه ها: کارآفرینی بین‌المللی | سرمایه‌گذاری‌های جدید بین‌المللی (INV ها) | کووید-19 | تغییرات سازمانی | دیجیتالی شدن | نوآوری | الگوی پژوهشی
مقاله ترجمه شده
2 Data Mining Strategies for Real-Time Control in New York City
استراتژی داده کاوی برای کنترل زمان واقعی در شهر نیویورک-2105
The Data Mining System (DMS) at New York City Department of Transportation (NYCDOT) mainly consists of four database systems for traffic and pedestrian/bicycle volumes, crash data, and signal timing plans as well as the Midtown in Motion (MIM) systems which are used as part of the NYCDOT Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) infrastructure. These database and control systems are operated by different units at NYCDOT as an independent database or operation system. New York City experiences heavy traffic volumes, pedestrians and cyclists in each Central Business District (CBD) area and along key arterial systems. There are consistent and urgent needs in New York City for real-time control to improve mobility and safety for all users of the street networks, and to provide a timely response and management of random incidents. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an integrated DMS for effective real-time control and active transportation management (ATM) in New York City. This paper will present new strategies for New York City suggesting the development of efficient and cost-effective DMS, involving: 1) use of new technology applications such as tablets and smartphone with Global Positioning System (GPS) and wireless communication features for data collection and reduction; 2) interface development among existing database and control systems; and 3) integrated DMS deployment with macroscopic and mesoscopic simulation models in Manhattan. This study paper also suggests a complete data mining process for real-time control with traditional static data, current real timing data from loop detectors, microwave sensors, and video cameras, and new real-time data using the GPS data. GPS data, including using taxi and bus GPS information, and smartphone applications can be obtained in all weather conditions and during anytime of the day. GPS data and smartphone application in NYCDOT DMS is discussed herein as a new concept. © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. Selection and peer-review under responsibility of Elhadi M. Shakshu Keywords: Data Mining System (DMS), New York City, real-time control, active transportation management (ATM), GPS data
مقاله انگلیسی
3 Introducing an application of an industry 4:0 solution for circular supply chain management
معرفی کاربرد راه حل صنعت 4:0 برای مدیریت حلقه تأمین دایره ای-2021
In recent years, sustainable supply chain management practices have been adopted by companies that desire to reduce the negative environmental and social impacts within their supply chains. Within this perspective, a circular approach has been developed in the supply chain literature. Circular economy models and solutions assisted by industry 4.0 technologies have been developed to transform products in the end of their life cycle into new products with different use. In this paper an industry 4.0 waste-to- energy solution is developed and applied in a pilot case study comprised by a real-world supply chain to evaluate the sustainability performance of circular supply chain management (CSCM). The findings show that redesigning supply chains for circular economy with the use of Industry 4.0 technologies, can enable circular supply chain management. Clear benefits are provided linking the proposed solution to the six circular economy dimensions of the ReSOLVE model i.e. regenerate, share, optimize, loop, virtualise, and exchange. Improved availability of personnel (5% and 15%) and fleet resources (15%) are identified as some of the key quantitative benefits, while supply chain traceability through the full visibility and automation offered by the proposed solution, are some of the key non-quantifiable out- comes. The present work seeks to contribute to the existing literature by providing empirical evidence of how industry 4.0 and circular economy are applied in practice. Implications for managers and policy makers, along with the study limitations and further research paths are also presented.© 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-NDlicense (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: Circular economy | Circular supply chain management (CSCM) | Industry 4.0 | Waste-to-energy | ReSOLVE model
مقاله انگلیسی
4 Adaptive Management of Multimodal Biometrics—A Deep Learning and Metaheuristic Approach
مدیریت تطبیقی بیومتریک چند حالته - یادگیری عمیق و رویکرد فرا مکاشفه ای-2021
This paper introduces the framework for adaptive rank-level biometric fusion: a new approach towards personal authentication. In this work, a novel attempt has been made to identify the optimal design parameters and framework of a multibiometric system, where the chosen biometric traits are subjected to rank-level fusion. Optimal fusion parameters depend upon the security level demanded by a particular biometric application. The proposed framework makes use of a metaheuristic approach towards adaptive fusion in the pursuit of achieving optimal fusion results at varying levels of security. Rank-level fusion rules have been employed to provide optimum performance by making use of Ant Colony Optimization technique. The novelty of the reported work also lies in the fact that the proposed design engages three biometric traits simultaneously for the first time in the domain of adaptive fusion, so as to test the efficacy of the system in selecting the optimal set of biometric traits from a given set. Literature reveals the unique biometric characteristics of the fingernail plate, which have been exploited in this work for the rigorous experimentation conducted. Index, middle and ring fingernail plates have been taken into consideration, and deep learning feature-sets of the three nail plates have been extracted using three customized pre-trained models, AlexNet, ResNet-18 and DenseNet-201. The adaptive multimodal performance of the three nail plates has also been checked using the already existing methods of adaptive fusion designed for addressing fusion at the score-level and decision- level. Exhaustive experiments have been conducted on the MATLAB R2019a platform using the Deep Learning Toolbox. When the cost of false acceptance is 1.9, experimental results obtained from the proposed framework give values of the average of the minimum weighted error rate as low as 0.0115, 0.0097 and 0.0101 for the AlexNet, ResNet-18 and DenseNet-201 based experiments respectively. Results demonstrate that the proposed system is capable of computing the optimal parameters for rank-level fusion for varying security levels, thus contributing towards optimal performance accuracy.© 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Adaptive Biometric Fusion | Ant Colony Optimization | Deep Learning | Fingernail Plate | Multimodal Biometrics | Rank-level Adaptive Fusion
مقاله انگلیسی
5 کارآفرینی بین‌المللی در دنیای پساکرونا
سال انتشار: 2021 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 7 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 26
دنیای پساکرونا چگونه خواهد بود؟ نقش کارآفرینی بین‌المللی (IE) در دنیای جدید چه خواهد بود؟ این مقاله در تلاشش است به دو پرسش پاسخ دهد و بر تغییرات ایجادشده توسط کووید و نحوه‌ی اثرگذاری احتمالی آن بر حوزه و نوع فعالیت‌های کارآفرینی بین‌المللی در سالیان پیش رو تأکید دارد. این مقاله به بررسی عملکرد احتمالی کارآفرینان و شکل‌دهی نظم جهانی نوظهور می‌پردازد. مقاله‌ی پیش رو با تشریح پیامدهای این تغییرات برای کارآفرینی IE، الگویی برای پژوهش آینده ارائه می‌دهد.
کلیدواژه ها: کارآفرینی بین‌المللی | سرمایه‌گذاری‌های جدید بین‌المللی (INV ها) | کووید-19 | تغییرات سازمانی | دیجیتالی شدن | نوآوری | الگوی پژوهشی
مقاله ترجمه شده
6 Failure mode and reliability study for Electrical Facility of the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor
بررسی حالت خرابی و قابلیت اطمینان برای تاسیسات الکتریکی راکتور آزمایشی مهندسی دما بالا-2021
The first-of-a-kind commercial electricity and hydrogen cogeneration system is being designed by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to establish the industrial application of the High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGR). The High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) is expected to be coupled with a test cogeneration plant to demonstrate its safety features and justify further HTGR technology development. The aim of this work was to assess the frequency of the unplanned outages of such a plant due to the failures of the HTTR Electrical Facility. The system analysis has been performed followed by the Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA). The new FMEA-based Gradual Screening Approach has been proposed and applied in order to select the most relevant failure modes. The initial calculation performed for the standard configuration of the system indicated that the reliability may be insufficient for its long-term commercial operation, as planned for about 20 years. Therefore, several modifications of the design have been proposed, aiming at the reliability enhancement. However, the updated results are still below the industrial standards. This opens up a new field of research in reliability engineering and creates a challenge for the HTGR-based cogeneration plants consisting of the joint nuclear-chemical facilities.
Keywords: HTTR reactor | Electrical Facility | FMEA-based Gradual Screening | Nuc-Chem facility | Reliability
مقاله انگلیسی
7 Accounting as a technology of neoliberalism: The accountability role of IPSAS in Nigeria
حسابداری به عنوان فناوری نئولیبرالیسم: نقش پاسخگویی IPSAS در نیجریه-2021
This paper critically examines the implications for Nigeria’s indebtedness of neoliberalism as a neo-colonial dependency concept and International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) as a technology of a new form of economic imperialism. As Nigeria’s huge oil and gas revenues continue to be lost to corruption, the country relies on loans from Paris Club countries and International Financial Institutions (IFIs), notably the World Bank. In 1999, when the country changed from military to democratic governance, Nigeria’s debt to the Paris Club and the World Bank was $30bn. With pressure from the Paris Club and the World Bank to repay its debts, the new democratic Nigerian government sought debt forgiveness and rescheduling. Although the World Bank, representing the creditors in debt negotiation, does not go into specific accounting standards to be adopted by debtor nations, the Bank does require Nigeria to embrace neoliberal economic reforms (including public sector reporting framework that produces consistently relevant and reliable financial information – which denotes IPSAS). Despite the partial debt forgiveness, repayment of the balance of the debt and adoption of IPSAS, Nigeria remains endemically corrupt, relies on loans from powerful nations and IFIs, and has again become debt-laden. Contrary to neoliberal assumptions therefore, we provide the evidence that better accounting may not necessarily be a panacea for economic development.
keywords: نئولیبرالیسم | موسسات مالی بین المللی (IFIS) | حسابداری بین المللی بخش دولتی | استانداردها (خود) | فساد | شفافیت و پاسخگویی | Neoliberalism | International Financial Institutions (IFIs) | International Public Sector Accounting | Standards (IPSAS) | Corruption | Transparency and Accountability
مقاله انگلیسی
8 Environmental hotspots analysis: A systematic framework for food supply chains and implementation case in the UK poultry industry
تجزیه و تحلیل کانون های محیطی: چارچوبی سیستماتیک برای زنجیره های تأمین مواد غذایی و موارد پیاده سازی در صنعت طیور انگلیس-2021
Environmental sustainability analyses of end-to-end food supply chain (SC) operations need to be per- formed regularly to accommodate reconfiguration opportunities arising in the global business landscape. This research scrutinises the pertinent literature and identifies the challenges of data availability, data obsolescence, computational complexity, and data specificity that associate to well-established environmental assessment methodologies, and proposes a stepwise approach that considers key players and processes for generating “close to real-time snapshots” of the main environmental hotspots for the focus firm. The applicability of the proposed systematic approach is demonstrated via an implementation at a resource-intensive sector of significant scale, i.e., the UK poultry industry. Overall, this research con- tributes to the SC environmental sustainability management domain by guiding the mapping and identification of environmental hotspots across end-to-end networks of operations in the form of a stepwise framework, and through articulating several research propositions.© 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Environmental sustainability | Hotspots analysis | Food supply networks | Supply chain management | Systematic approach
مقاله انگلیسی
9 A deducing-based reliability optimization for electrical equipment with constant failure rate components duration their mission profile
یک بهینه سازی قابلیت اطمینان مبتنی بر استنتاج برای تجهیزات الکتریکی با اجزای نرخ خرابی ثابت در طول مدت مشخصات ماموریت آنها-2021
Recently, with the rapid development of electrical industries, the R&D on electrical equipment has made a massive progress. However, high integration of multiple functions like isolationcircuit breaking, data collection and intelligent control results in low reliabilities. Therefore, a deducing-based reliability optimization for electrical equipment is proposed to enhance the reliability of electrical equipment. The Integrated Isolation Circuit Breaker (IICB), a classical device of power switch, is taken as the object in this research, and the reliability analysis is carried out by building the equipment description model of IICB, bringing forth the deduced method, and taking the constant failure rate components duration their mission profiles as indices for reliability increases. Next, on the basis of the deduced method, the unit to increase the system reliability can be determined. With the guidance of the above method, three kinds of reliability optimization schemes are studied, which are formed in accordance with the topologies of devices, component configurations and redundancy respectively. Finally, the comparing, analyzing and deducing of the three improving schemes are presented respectively. And an example is given to prove that the proposed method is feasible and can effectively improve equipment reliabilities, with valuable guidance for equipment reliability design as well.
Keywords: Reliability optimization | Deduced method | Electrical equipment | Topological structures | Reliability increase
مقاله انگلیسی
10 Beyond intentionality in accounting regulation: Habitual strategizing by the IASB
فراتر از قصد در مقررات حسابداری: استراتژی معمولی توسط IASB-2021
Adopting critical discourse analysis and Bourdieu’s theorization of dispositional use of language, the present study challenges a common assumption in the accounting standard-setting literature, namely, that regulators’ discourse is purposely and deliberately deployed. I draw on cognitive sociolinguistics to empirically explore the specific manifestations of habitual, that is, pre-reflexive legitimation rhetoric in IASB regulatory texts. My analysis shows how taken-for-granted discursive rationalizations and linguistic forms are operationalized. I then argue that the language observed in regulatory texts, which can be considered as examples of ‘collective thinking artefacts’, enacts standard setters’ institutionalized patterns of reasoning associated with their social position. This critical perspective on the subconscious use of rhetoric generates a series of further questions regarding the lack of reflexivity in accounting regulatory processes.
keywords: تجزیه و تحلیل گفتمان انتقادی | بوردیو | جامعه شناسی شناختی | مشروعیت | Critical discourse analysis | Bourdieu | Cognitive sociolinguistics | Legitimacy
مقاله انگلیسی
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