Conceptual structure and perspectives on entrepreneurship education research: A bibliometric review
ساختار مفهومی و دیدگاه های مربوط به تحقیقات آموزش کارآفرینی: یک مرور کتابشناختی-2019
This study aims to review the field of Entrepreneurship Education (EE). The review examines 325 scientific articles published in refereed scientific journals from 1987 to 2017. The SciMat software was used to conduct an analysis of performance indicators and science mapping visualizations. The performance analysis results identified some of the field’s most active and influential articles, journals, and authors. The science mapping visualization of co-word analysis results revealed EE research evolution. In general, we found that EE research has evolved from EE as part of an economic development strategy to the EE academic perspective. Furthermore, research themes showed that students, rather than teachers, have become the main agents of the educational process. The results of this bibliometric analysis enhance understanding of the evolution of EE research with a global overview of the relevant literature and its authors.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship education | Entrepreneurial intention | Entrepreneurial learning | Bibliometrics | SciMat
Outcomes of entrepreneurship education in China: A customer experience management perspective
پیامدهای آموزش کارآفرینی در چین: چشم انداز مدیریت تجربه مشتری-2019
Although important to business and economic development, entrepreneurship education has offered its customers (i.e., students) mixed experiences. While some prior studies find entrepreneurship education to have a positive effect on entrepreneurial attitude or activities, others report the opposite, suggesting the need to consider environmental factors. Drawing on the nascent research on customer experience management, this study treats entrepreneurship education as a service product and advocates that service providers take a “touchpoint journey view” in that the providers should manage or influence all touchpoints in the environment—some touchpoints are internal to the providers, while others may be external. This perspective leads to a comprehensive conceptual model that identifies ten student-resource touchpoints across three areas: a) curricular b) regulatory environment, and c) social environment resources. With a unique sample of students who are systematically exposed to all three types of resources through a pilot entrepreneurship program, this study finds empirical evidence to support the proposed model. These findings offer pertinent implications to entrepreneurship education design (e.g., totality of various touchpoints). In addition, with the rising influence of the Chinese economy, this study also represents a meaningful step toward a better understanding of consumers service goods experience in this strategically important market.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship education | Service goods | Customer experience | Entrepreneurship attitude & intention | Customer experience management
Entrepreneurship education from a Croatian medical students perspective
آموزش کارآفرینی از دیدگاه دانشجویان پزشکی کرواسی-2019
There has been an ongoing interest in establishing efficient methods of entrepreneurial education (EE). Within our knowledge, there is no academic research that interrogates entrepreneurship and EE for medical students. This research seeks to explore the perceived feasibility and desirability of entrepreneurship for medical students and investigate their expectations in EE. Firstly, perceptional differences in feasibility and desirability were investigated through cluster analysis. In the following step, ANOVA tests were used to examine differences in EE expectations. The data was collected using a survey questionnaire, which was developed and funded by the Tempus FoSentHE Project Consortium. Findings show that students can be clustered into four groups by taking perceived feasibility and desirability into consideration. Statistical differences were recorded for only seven of the twenty educational and entrepreneurial activities. In conclusion, students value networking activities, real experience, and prefer lecturers who are experienced entrepreneurs.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship education | Medical student | The Entrepreneurial Event Model
Entrepreneurship education and teacher training in Rwanda
آموزش کارآفرینی و آموزش معلمان در رواندا-2019
In Rwanda, 72 percent of employed youth work for family firms or are self-employed. These outcomes suggest that schools may be failing to develop the skills required to enter formal sector jobs or grow small firms. In response, Rwanda reformed its required upper secondary entrepreneurship course by introducing interactive pedagogy and a focus on business skills. Merely mandating adoption of a new curriculum may be insufficient for teachers to implement it effectively, however. This study examines how comprehensive teacher training affects the delivery of the reformed entrepreneurship curriculum. Schools were randomly selected for two years of intensive teacher training and support. A control group received the curriculum and the standard government training only. We will measure the interventions impact on teacher pedagogy, student skills, and student economic outcomes. Results will contribute to knowledge on supporting pedagogical change in a setting where such changes could generate relatively large economic returns for students.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship education | Teacher training | Secondary school| Pedagogy | Randomized control trials | Rwanda
Impact of using classroom response systems on students entrepreneurship learning experience
تأثیر استفاده از سیستم های پاسخ کلاس در تجربه یادگیری کارآفرینی دانش آموزان-2019
Technology-based teaching devices that promote interaction and communication between instructors and learners benefit active learning. Emerging technologies for Classroom Response Systems (CRS) and mobile devices can potentially help instructors create a student-centered interactive classroom. In this study, the authors aim to evaluate students experiences of using mobile-based CRS technology in the context of an entrepreneurship course. This study involves 22 graduate students enrolled in an 18-week course in Entrepreneurship Management. This study examines how their learning could be supported and enhanced by CRS technology. Results indicate that mobile-based CRS technology is a useful and effective tool for facilitating interaction among learners and content, enhancing students engagement with entrepreneurial knowledge acquisition, and improving students motivation toward increased entrepreneurial capability. In particular, students experience innovative, active, and deep learning in a mobile-based and CRS-supported classroom regardless of time and location.
Keywords: Classroom response systems | Entrepreneurship education | Mobile learning | Curriculum assessment | Learning | Participation | Higher education
Entrepreneurship education and its impact on students’ intention to start up: A sample case study of students from two Tunisian universities
آموزش کارآفرینی و تأثیر آن بر قصد دانش آموزان برای شروع کار: نمونه موردی از دانشجویان دو دانشگاه تونس-2019
The present paper examined the impact of entrepreneurship education on students intention to start up a business. Using a sample of Tunisian students aged between 22 and 25 from two big Tunisian universities, namely those of Sfax and Sousse, we proposed to determine the significant factors influencing their entrepreneurial intention. Applying the ordered logistic regression, our econometric results revealed that the composite variables which are the students’ internal and external socio-cultural background, their profiles in terms of theoretical and practical knowledge in new business start-up and their personal characteristics (age, gender and, above all, educational level), are the most determining variables affecting their intention to engage in business start-ups. The gender variable has no significant effect on entrepreneurial behavior
Keywords: Entrepreneurial intention | New business start-up | Ordered logistic regression
Towards a responsible entrepreneurship education and the future of the workforce
به سمت آموزش کارآفرینی مسئولانه و آینده نیروی کار-2019
This article explores how entrepreneurship education (EE) could be adopted towards improving graduates skills and preparing the future workforce. It adopts interviews with 30 experienced higher education academics, executives of employment and work placement agencies in Nigeria that reveals substantial benefits of adopting entrepreneurial pedagogics, critical thinking and problem-based learning (PBL). The critical question is how can EE practices be utilised in higher education to improve future workforce? Linked to the UN Principles of Responsible Management Education (PRME), this study is based on the model of curricular, co-curricular and extra-curricular learning pipeline that focuses on ‘learning in the curriculum’ and ‘learning beyond the curriculum’. The model somehow links to the six domains that formed our analytical model – knowledge and cognitive learning, innovation in teaching pedagogy, change in thinking, change in attitudes, social learning and change in action.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship education | Responsible management education | Problem-based learning | Critical thinking | African higher education
Entrepreneurship education, curriculum and lecturer-competency as antecedents of student entrepreneurial intention
آموزش کارآفرینی ، برنامه درسی و استاد-شایستگی به عنوان مقدمات قصد کارآفرینی دانشجویی-2019
The high unemployment rate that has become characteristic of the South African economy has generated some spinoffs that bode undesirable consequences, not only for economic development but also for sane social-cultural coexistence of the people. Recourse to entrepreneurship rather than clinging on to an endless hope for formal employment has been touted as a possible antidote for confronting the situation. However, a prerequisite to self-employment is entrepreneurial intention. This study therefore explores factors that may influence student entrepreneurial intention. The study is based on quantitative data collected in a cross-sectional manner, from students at a South African university. Empirical results suggest that the respondent group strongly accede to the usefulness of entrepreneurship education for economic development which reveals that they are well-versed with the role and gains of entrepreneurship at a macro level. The study also found that perceived competency of the lecturing team demonstrates a moderate and positive correlation with student entrepreneurial intention. The implication of this is that institutions offering entrepreneurship programmes must saddle the responsibility to ensure that persons used to deliver the courses are not only highly competent but can kindle the entrepreneurial intention flame in students.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship education | Entrepreneurial intention | Academic curriculum | Competence of lecturing team | South Africa
The impact of entrepreneurship education on the entrepreneurial mindset of college students in China: The mediating role of inspiration and the role of educational attributes
تأثیر آموزش کارآفرینی بر طرز کارآفرینی دانشجویان کالج در چین: نقش میانجی الهام و نقش ویژگیهای آموزشی-2019
Using a mediating model, this article highlights entrepreneurial mindset (EM) as a novel impact of entrepreneurship education (EE) and addresses the scarcity of research on the relationship between EE and EM. Based on 1428 valid samples from higher education students in China, the results revealed that the impact of EE on EM is complex. EE significantly enhanced students entrepreneurial inspiration, which, in turn, promoted formation of students’ EM. Entrepreneurial inspiration also mediated the impact of EE on EM at a significant level. In addition, the role of educational attributes, including the type of learning experience, type of course, and type of activity were highlighted. Finally, the direct effect of extracurricular activity was found to be significantly positive whilst that of curriculum attendance was significantly negative. Our findings contribute to theories of both EE and EM and particularly to the understanding of not only whether, but also how EE affects EM in higher education settings. The findings of this research can help to inform the future design and assessment of EE programs.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship education | Entrepreneurial mindset | Entrepreneurial inspiration | Higher education | Impact | China
Toward a taxonomy of entrepreneurship education research literature: A bibliometric mapping and visualization
به سمت طبقه بندی ادبیات تحقیق در زمینه آموزش کارآفرینی: یک نقشه برداری و تجسم کتابشناختی-2019
The retrospective amount of research literature dedicated to entrepreneurship education (EE) is overwhelming, which makes producing an overview difficult. However, advanced bibliometric mapping and clustering techniques can help visualize and structure complex research literature. Thus, the objective of this mapping study is to systematically explore and cluster the EE research literature to deliver a taxonomic scheme that can serve as a basis for future research. The analyzed data, which were drawn from the Web of Science and Scopus, consist of 1773 peer-reviewed documents published between 1975 and 2014. On the one hand, this taxonomy should create stronger ties to educational research; on the other, it can foster international research collaboration to boost both interdisciplinary EE and its impact on a global basis. This work reinforces our understanding of current EE research by identifying and distilling the most powerful intellectual relationships among its contributions and contributors. Consequently, this study addresses not only the academic community but also entrepreneurship educators and policymakers in an effort to boost entrepreneurial spirit, design effective policy instruments, and, ultimately, improve societal welfare.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship education | Bibliometric mapping | Bibliometric visualization | Systematic mapping study | TaxonomyJEL classification:L26 | Entrepreneurship