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نتیجه جستجو - انگلستان

تعداد مقالات یافته شده: 44
ردیف عنوان نوع
1 Dissolving the stiff upper lip: Opportunities and challenges for the mainstreaming of therapeutic jurisprudence in the United Kingdom
انحلال سرسختی: فرصت ها و چالش ها برای جریان اصلی فقه و درمانی در انگلستان-2019
Although therapeutic jurisprudence (“TJ”) is increasinglywell-established internationally, particularlywithin the United States of America (“US”), to date it remains relatively unacknowledged within the United Kingdom (“UK”). This articlewill explore the opportunities presentedwithin contemporary UK society for the greater promotion, and eventual mainstreaming, of TJ. Itwill also consider the challenges faced during this process and how best to overcome these. Its first key area of focus will be upon the potential role of legal education in the UK in educating law students (and academics) about TJ, considering which approaches are likely to be most effective in incorporating TJ perspectives, at what stage this should occur and to what extent TJ is likely to impact on the existing curricula at a time when proposed changes relating to entry into the legal profession are heavily influencing the work of Law Schools. The article will then move on to consider the receptiveness of the UK legal profession to the TJ paradigm in light of recent attempts tomove to a competency-based approach to practice and to reconceptualise professionalism to meet the challenges of increasing fragmentation and corporatisation. The third key area it will explore is the UKs recent plans to reintroduce problem-solving courts (“PSCs”) into its criminal justice system. The authors will discuss the downfall of the six UK Drug Court (“DC”) pilots originally established in 2005 theorising upon their failures and reflecting upon whether the current UK criminal justice system is truly able to support a fresh round of PSC initiatives. The article will end with recommendations for ways in which the international TJ community should begin the process of mainstreaming TJ within the UK. It will conclude that there are currently significant opportunities to be utilised, but that this requires significant commitment and mobilisation amongst existing TJ scholars and practitioners.
Keywords: Therapeutic jurisprudence | United Kingdom |Legal education | Legal profession | Problem-solving courts
مقاله انگلیسی
2 Producing the vulnerable subject in English drug policy
تولید موضوع آسیب پذیر در سیاست مواد مخدر انگلیسی-2019
The concept of vulnerability is now deeply embedded in English drug policy, influential in governing practices such as prevention and treatment activity but yet to be subject to critical scrutiny. In this article, we offer an appraisal of the vulnerability zeitgeist in contemporary drug policy, drawing upon insights from similar endeavours across a range of policy areas to consider the underlying assumptions and various effects of this conceptual logic. Using an approach to policy analysis which supports the questioning of deep-seated assumptions and implications of particular representations of ‘problems’ in social policies (often referred to as the ‘What’s the Problem?’ [WPR] approach, Bacchi & Goodwin, 2016), we analyse the 2017 Drug Strategy to facilitate a close perspective on the texture of governance in relation to people who use drugs in England. We explore how vulnerability and drug use are in Bacchi’s (2018; 6) terms ‘problematized’ and ‘made ‘real’’ as a specific kind of phenomenon, drawing attention to the presuppositions and potential effects of being labelled (or not) as vulnerable. We argue that alongside bolstering targeted support, the current problematisation of vulnerability in English drug policy supports the operation of subtle disciplinary mechanisms to regulate the behaviour of those deemed vulnerable, underplaying the role of material inequalities and social divisions in the unevenness of drug-related harms. We then use the WPR approach to guide a discussion of the burgeoning multidisciplinary literature on vulnerability, exploring orientations and effects of alternative representations of the ‘vulnerable’ drug users. Producing the ‘vulnerable’ subject in these alternative ways creates a different and deeper understanding of the ‘problem’ and consequently its ‘solutions’, allowing more space for human agency to be considered and directing attention beyond drug policy towards tackling the diverse multiple social marginalisations which make some people more likely than others to experience drug-related harms.
Keywords: Drug policy | England | Problematisation | Responsibilisation | Risk | Vulnerability
مقاله انگلیسی
3 The paradox of border security – an example from the UK
پارادوکس امنیت مرزی - نمونه ای از انگلیس-2019
The study of borders has experienced a renaissance in various disciplines, but the concept of vernacular security in the field of borders and the politics that surround them has been neglected. This article uses a people approach and examines the perceptions and understandings of the UK civil society and ‘their’ state border. Using the example of the UK is particularly interesting because governments have invested high efforts into constructing a more stringent, efficient and secure UK border for decades. As consequence, the concept of border has gained a raised public profile in the UK, which questions security perceptions by members of the UK civil society and what the UK border means to them. Drawing on a variety of empirical data and employing critical discourse analysis, this article will show an ambiguous and paradoxical picture of the UK border instead of its usually assumed monolithic symbolism of security and protection. The article shows that there is a mismatch present in border politics: security is aimed at however insecurity is generated. This mismatch and confusion among members of the UK civil society have further political and societal consequences. Borders and bordering effectively insecuritize people by which, as the article argues, the concept of vernacular security moves tothe forefront of new theorizations of the relationship between borders, security and politics.
مقاله انگلیسی
4 Move your money? Sustainability Transitions in Regimes and Practices in the UK Retail Banking Sector
پول خود را جابجا کنید؟ انتقال پایداری در رژیم ها و رویه ها در بخش بانکی خرده فروشی انگلستان-2019
We present and test a new conceptual framework for understanding sustainable transitions in co-evolutionary sociotechnical systems. We apply this in the first study of sustainable transitions in UK retail banking. This system has suffered recently from banking crises, and links to environmentally-sensitive industries such as fossil fuels. Sustainability-focused values-based banks are a potential solution, but have had little impact on mainstream banking systems. We aim to understand the constraints on a potential transition and how to overcome them. Our new approach identifies the intersections between transitions in regimes (using the multi-level perspective MLP) and transitions in practices (using social practice theory SPT), two competing conceptual frameworks in the literature. We ask: what are the intersections between transitions in the banking regime and banking practices, and how may critical points of constraint be unlocked to become points of opportunity, thereby aiding a transition to more sustainable banking systems? We present new empirical findings from a mixed-method case study of the UK banking sector and two values-based banks in particular. Interventions for growing sustainable banking are identified and we demonstrate the added-value of the combined approach through indicating strategies for unlocking the transformative potential of sustainable innovations..
Keywords: Sociotechnical transitions | Sustainable banking | Ethical banking | Social practices | Innovation niches | Multi-Level Perspective | Niche-building | Values-based bankin
مقاله انگلیسی
5 Post-conviction disclosure in England and Wales: Could conviction integrity units (CIUs) modelled on those in the USA be the way forward?
افشای پس از محکومیت در انگلستان و ولز: آیا واحدهای یکپارچگی محکومیت (CIU) که در ایالات متحده آمریکا الگوبرداری شده ، می توانند راهی برای پیشروی باشند؟-2019
Conviction integrity units (CIUs) operate out of a small number of prosecutors offices in the USA, and these have since 2007 contributed to several exonerations. In England and Wales, there are obstacles in place that prevent post-conviction disclosure for virtually anyone other than the Criminal Cases Review Commission (CCRC), the body that in effect screens cases for the Court of Appeal. The article examines whether CIUs modelled on those in the USA could be the way forward to help those who have been wrongfully convicted. It is concluded that such units could be useful in England and Wales, and may benefit from being run by a publicly elected post similar to the Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) implemented in 2012, as this would ensure greater democratic governance and oversight. It is further concluded that improved third party access to post-conviction disclosure is urgently needed.
Keywords: Criminal appeals | Post-conviction disclosure | Conviction integrity unit | Open justice | Wrongful conviction | Miscarriages of justice
مقاله انگلیسی
6 ارزیابی آسیب پذیری ساحلی برای طراحی زیرساخت های مقاوم در برابر آب و هوا
سال انتشار: 2018 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 12 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 31
درک درست فرآیندهای ساحلی گذشته و حال جزو برنامه های نظارت ساحلی انگلستان است. با این وجود یکی از چالش های اساسی مدیران ساحلی در مواجهه با تغییرات آب و هوایی، تغییرات ساحلی آینده و آسیب پذیری زیرساخت ها و جوامع است. در این پژوهش یک ابزار پشتیبانی تصمیم گیری(DST) بر اساس یک چارچوب مبتنی بر آسیب پذیری و تصمیم گیری (VL-DC) توسعه یافت که شامل مشاهدات جدید و مدل سازی برای کشف آسیب پذیری های آینده در برابر افزایش سطح دریا و طوفان برای محل های انرژی هسته ای در بریتانیا است. ترکیب پیش بینی های عددی در DST و تحلیل واقعی گزینه ها (ROA)، موجب ایجاد پشتیبانی ضروری با هدف : (i) بهبود پاسخ به رویدادهای شدید و (ii) استراتژی در برابر تغییر آب و هوا می شود.
کلید واژه ها: ابزار پشتیبانی تصمیم گیری(DST) | تجزیه و تحلیل واقعی گزینه (ROA) | مدل سازی خطر سیل | مانیتورینگ طوفان | مداخله انسانی
مقاله ترجمه شده
7 The Big Five personality traits and partisanship in England
پنج عامل بزرگ شخصیت و حزب گرایی در انگلستان-2018
We propose a new framework for the study of the psychological foundation of party identifi cation. We draw a distinction between the part of an individual’s party preference that is stable throughout adult life and the dynamic part responding to lifecycle events and macro shocks. We theorize that the Big Five personality traits exert a causal effect on the stable part of an individ ual’s party preference and provide evidence from a large nationally representative English panel dataset in support of this theory. We find that supporters of the major parties (Labour, the Conser vatives and the Liberal Democrats) have substantively different personality traits. Moreover, we show that those not identifying with any party, who are close to holding the majority, are similar to those identifying with the Conservatives. We show that these results are robust to controlling for cognitive skills and parental party preferences, and to estimation on a subsample of siblings. The relationship between personality traits and party identification is stable across birth cohorts.
Keywords: Big Five personality traits; Party identification; Partisanship; England
مقاله انگلیسی
8 مهاجرت امن به سرویس های ابری سازگار: یک مطالعه ی موردی
سال انتشار: 2018 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 15 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 33
پذیرش تکنولوژی محاسبه ی ابری در بخش مالی به منظور بهبود کارایی پرداخت های مالی، مدیریت ریسک، و فرایند های تجاری رو به افزایش است. این افزایش در کشور های توسعه یافته همانند ایالات متحده آمریکا، کانادا، و انگلستان با سرعت بیشتری در حال اتفاق افتادن است، در حالی که پیاده سازی ابر در کشور های کمتر توسعه یافته همانند عربستان سعودی هنوز در مراحل اولیه قرار دارد. پیاده سازی تکنولوژی های ابری در بخش مالی به تصمیماتی کارا همانند انتخاب مناسبترین مدل های استقرار ابری امن، توافقنامه ی سطح خدمات، و فروشندگان ابری نیاز دارد. در این مقاله، انتقال ابر با استفاده از یک مدل آمادگی برای اطلاعات، حفظ حریم private و پذیرشی ( ISPC ) ارائه خواهد شد. انواع مختلفی از سرویس های ابری در دسترس هستند، ازین رو ارزیابی آمادگی انتقال و انتخاب یک فروشنده ی مناسب حیاتی است، به طوری که این ارزیابی بر روی نیاز های سهامداران همانند بانک های محلی تاثیر خواهد گذاشت. تصمیمات نقل و مکان ابری به وسیله ی تجزیه و تحلیل نیاز های ISPC با در نظر گرفتن ابتکارات استراتژیک سازمان به دست می آید. یک مطالعه ی موردی که بانک مرکزی عربستان سعودی در آن دخالت دارد، به منظور نمایش پیاده سازی مدل آمادگی ISPC، ارائه شده است.
مقاله ترجمه شده
9 Speed isnt everything: A multi-criteria analysis of the broadband consumer experience in the UK
سرعت همه چیز نیست: تحلیل چند معیاره از تجزبه مصرف کننده پهنای باند در انگلستان-2017
In this paper, we demonstrate that there is more to consumer experience than just broadband access speed. We identify and describe a complex and dynamic set of interactions that occur between different factors that collectively determine consumer experience. We suggest that the relationship between broadband speed and consumer experience follows an inverted U-shape. Access speed is necessary to provide consumers with a good experience, but it is not sufficient. Based on our findings, a more nuanced understanding of the market for broadband Internet access products is outlined and a foundation for deriving valuable policy implications is developed.
Keywords: Internet access | Broadband | QoS | QoE | Consumer experience | Ofcom
مقاله انگلیسی
10 Is there a link between previous exposure to sport injury psychology education and UK sport injury rehabilitation professionals attitudes and behaviour towards sport psychology?
آیا بین آگاهی قبلی نسبت به آموزش روانشناسی آسیب دیدگی ورزشی و نگرشهای حرفه ای توانبخشی ورزشی انگلستان در رابطه با روانشناسی ورزشی رابطه وجود دارد؟-2017
The use of sport psychology strategies during sport injury rehabilitation can lead to several positive outcomes such as improved adherence and self-efficacy. The purpose of this study was to compare the sport psychology related attitudes and behaviours of UK sport injury rehabilitation professionals (SIRPs) who had studied the psychological aspects of sport injury to those who had not. Participants and design: Ninety-four SIRPs (54 physiotherapists and 40 sports therapists with a mean of 9.22 years experience of working in sport) completed an online survey and were grouped according to their level of previous exposure to sport injury psychology education at an undergraduate/postgraduate level. Analyses were undertaken to establish whether there were any differences in sport psychology related attitude (MANOVA), usage (MANOVA), and referral behaviours (chi square) between the groups. Results: The MANOVA and chi square tests conducted revealed that those who had studied the psychological aspects of sport injury reported using significantly more sport psychology in their practice and making more referrals to sport psychologists. Conclusions: It was concluded that sport injury psychology education appears to be effective in increasing the sport psychology related behaviours (use of sport psychology and referral) of SIRPs and should be integrated into professional training.
Keywords: Athletic injuries | Psychological factors | Education
مقاله انگلیسی
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