با سلام خدمت کاربران عزیز، به اطلاع می رساند ترجمه مقالاتی که سال انتشار آن ها زیر 2008 می باشد رایگان بوده و میتوانید با وارد شدن در صفحه جزییات مقاله به رایگان ترجمه را دانلود نمایید.
Green infrastructure needs green governance: Lessons from Australia’s largest integrated stormwater management project, the River Torrens Linear Park
زیرساخت های سبز به مدیریت سبز احتیاج دارند: درسهایی از بزرگترین پروژه مدیریت یکپارچه طوفان آب استرالیا ، پارک خطی رودخانه تورنس-2020
The River Torrens Catchment in Adelaide has suffered from poor water quality and flooding for decades. To address these challenges, a green infrastructure project, specifically a Linear Park, was created within the catchment. Although the project has functioned reasonably well since its implementation, its complex nature poses several management challenges. Despite the scale of this project, there is little scholarly literature available. Hence, to analyse these management challenges, this paper reviews the original project documentation, as well as regulations and policy documents together with findings from interviews with key project informants. The aim is to investigate the key drivers for implementation; the major stakeholders involved; and the challenges emerging from the multidimensional attributes of the project. The challenges relate to the inconsistent and informal management structure, the involvement of multiple stakeholders, and pressure from surrounding development. The challenges are further grouped under four main themes, including communication and collaboration, project design goals, institutional and political frameworks, and planning and development regulations. This paper argues that green governance is the key to the successful implementation and management of sustainable green infrastructure projects. The findings from this case study can inform policymakers, planners and researchers to propose appropriate scenarios to manage urban stormwater and to reclaim neglected waterways.
Keywords: Green infrastructure | Stormwater management | River Torrens Linear Park | Green governance
Hybrid infrastructures, hybrid governance: New evidence from Nairobi (Kenya) on green-blue-grey infrastructure in informal settlements
زیرساخت های ترکیبی ، حاکمیت ترکیبی: شواهد جدید نایروبی (کنیا) در مورد زیرساخت های سبز-آبی خاکستری در شهرک های غیر رسمی-2020
In expanding informal neighborhoods of cities in sub-Saharan Africa, sustainable management of storm and wastewater drainage is fundamental to improving living conditions. Planners debate the optimal combination between "green" or natural infrastructure, traditional "grey" infrastructure, and "blue" infrastructure, which mimics natural solutions using artificial materials. Many advocate for small-scale, niche experiments with these approaches in informal settings, in order to learn how to navigate the intrinsic constraints of space, contested land tenure, participation, and local maintenance. This paper reports the benefits and limitations of implementing and managing local green, blue and grey infrastructure solutions in an urban informal setting. We studied ten completed public space projects that featured urban drainage infrastructure in the informal neighborhood of Kibera, Nairobi. The analysis drew from ten surveys with project designers and seven semi-structured interviews with site managers. The studied spaces featured different combinations of green, grey, and blue drainage infrastructure that have evolved over years of operation, maintenance, and change in the settlement. All projects featured participation in design, mixed design methods, hybrid infrastructure, and community governance models with potential to interact successfully with municipal actors. Results show that involvement in the co-development of small-scale green infrastructure changed peoples valuation, perception, and stewardship of nature-based systems and ecosystem services. These results have implications for the larger scale adoption, integration, and management of urban drainage infrastructure. They also suggest that hybrid systems of infrastructure and governance constitute a resilient approach to incremental and inclusive upgrading.
Keywords: Green infrastructure | Urban drainage | Hybrid infrastructure | Governance | Participation | Climate vulnerability | Informal settlements | Community leadership
Territorial experience and the making of global norms: How the Quellaveco dialogue roundtable changed the game of mining regulation in Peru
تجربه ارضی و ساخت هنجارهای جهانی: : نحوه تغییر میزگرد گفتگوی Quellaveco بازی مقررات استخراج معادن در پرو-2020
The current evolutions of the participatory paradigm in South American mining have imposed dialogue mechanisms as a new standard for the non-state regulation of mining territories. Intrinsically linked to good governance frameworks, participation is both singular in the forms it takes on a local level and normative in its global scope. This paper aims to highlight the importance of territorial experimentation in the standardization and dissemination of global standards on different scales, through their reporting by international institutions. Working from the emblematic case of the Quellaveco copper mining project in southern Peru, we examine the multi-scale impacts of a dialogue experiment conducted between 2011 and 2012, as well as the local, national and international discourses that have tried to demonstrate its success in resolving socio-environmental conflict. We argue that through these discourses, the Quellaveco experience has been standardized until it was adopted as a new standard for mining governance. This marks a paradigm shift in the socio-environmental regulation of mining activity, from a state-centric approach to a multi- stakeholder vision.
Keywords: Mining regulation | Global institutions | Governance | Standards circulation | Peru