Can entrepreneurship bring happiness? Evidence from China
آیا کارآفرینی می تواند خوشبختی به همراه داشته باشد؟ مدارکی از چین-2020
This paper investigates the relationship between entrepreneurial activities and the happiness of entrepreneurs. We estimate the effects of entrepreneurial decision-making, business experience and other factors on happiness by using China Household Finance Survey data. Our results derived from maximum likelihood estimation methods indicate that entrepreneurial decision-making and entrepreneurial experience affect household happiness signiﬁcantly. The family well-being is signiﬁcantly increased if the family is entrepreneurial, and it will be higher if actively entrepreneurial. Both entrepreneurial experience and entrepreneurial investment of time have signif- icantly positive effect on the probability of family well-being. In addition, we ﬁnd that the mechanism by which entrepreneurship brings happiness to households is through raising household income and wealth, that is, income effects and wealth effects.
Keywords: Entrepreneurial activities | Happiness | Income effect | Wealth effect
Micro-entrepreneurship and subjective well-being: Evidence from rural Bangladesh
خرد کارآفرینی و بهزیستی ذهنی: مدارکی از روستاهای بنگلادش-2019
Microcredit has long been hailed as a powerful tool to promote livelihoods and reduce poverty through entrepreneurship. However, its impacts on peoples subjective well-being remain underexplored. We present a unified theoretical framework for analyzing the effect of microcreditenabled entrepreneurship on overall life satisfaction – a key manifestation of subjective wellbeing. Empirically, we apply an instrumental variable approach to a unique census-like household survey conducted in three villages of Bangladesh in 2013. In spite of having no direct effects, we find that microcredit borrowing has an indirect negative effect on overall life satisfaction, through increased worry. On a positive note, we find that female micro-borrowers experience an increase in satisfaction with financial security and achievement in life. We also provide evidence that micro-borrowers with higher levels of assets experience an increase in satisfaction with financial security.
Keywords: Microcredit | Entrepreneurship | Life satisfaction | Happiness | Depression | Worry | Female empowerment | Bangladesh
Entrepreneurship and well-being: Past, present, and future
کارآفرینی و رفاه: گذشته ، حال و آینده-2019
Entrepreneurship research typically emphasizes firm-level outcomes such as growth and performance. However, people pursue entrepreneurship for deeply personal, idiosyncratic reasons. Therefore, as in other self-organized human pursuits, how entrepreneurship relates to fulfillment and well-being is of utmost importance. In this paper, we provide an overview of the well-being concept, related research, and its connection to entrepreneurship. We define entrepreneurial well-being as the experience of satisfaction, positive affect, infrequent negative affect, and psychological functioning in relation to developing, starting, growing, and running an entrepreneurial venture. We explain this definition of entrepreneurial well-being and review significant developments in our field and the broader field of well-being. Highlights of social, technological and institutional trends illustrate key areas for future research that can enhance our understanding of these phenomena. The eight papers in this special issue focus on entrepreneurial well-being each offering a specific perspective on how scholars can theorize and study the antecedents and consequences of entrepreneurship related to well-being.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship | Entrepreneurial well-being | Self-employment | Happiness | Subjective well-being | Eudaimonic well-being | Positive and negative affect | Life satisfaction | Health
The role of pulses in satiety, food intake and body weight management
نقش پالس ها در تغذیه، مصرف غذا و مدیریت وزن بدن-2017
Increasing worldwide rates of overweight and obesity have prompted the need for new prevention and management strategies. Pulses are low-energy and nutrient-dense foods with great potential to increase satiety, which can decrease food intake and facilitate body weight management. Human intervention studies examining effects of acute pulse consumption on satiety and food intake have produced mixed results, although a recent meta-analysis summarized a significant increase in satiety but not food intake. To connect these measures more directly to obesity risk, observational studies have related pulse con sumption to lower body weight and obesity risk, while intervention studies have shown significant reductions in body weight following pulse consumption with or without energy restriction. This overall literature deserves more studies to address the multiple variables, particularly pulse variety and form of consumption, all of which will strengthen the promising relationships between pulse consumption, sati ety, food intake and body weight management.
Keywords: Appetite | Body weight | Food intake | Obesity | Pulses | Satiety
The convergence of psychology and neurobiology in flavor-nutrient learning
همگرایی روانشناسی و بیولوژی اعصاب در یادگیری عطر و طعم مواد مغذی-2017
Flavor evaluation is influenced by learning from experience with foods. One main influence is flavor nutrient learning (FNL), a Pavlovian process whereby a flavor acts as a conditioned stimulus (CS) that becomes associated with the postingestive effects of ingested nutrients (the US). As a result that flavor becomes preferred and intake typically increases. This learning powerfully influences food choice and meal patterning. This paper summarizes how research elucidating the physiological and neural sub strates of FNL has progressed in parallel with work characterizing how FNL affects perception, motiva tion, and behavior. The picture that emerges from this work is of a robust system of appetition (a term coined by Sclafani in contrast to the better-understood satiation signals) whereby ingested nutrients sensed in the gut evoke positive motivational responses. Appetition signals act within a meal to promote continued intake in immediate response to gut feedback, and act in the longer term to steer preference towards sensory cues that predict nutritional consequences.
Keywords: Appetition | Food choice | Meal size | Learning | Palatability | Motivation
Tourism and wellbeing
گردشگری و رفاه-2017
Wellbeing has been a philosophical and sociological concern since the beginning of time, and research has extended over time to disciplines such as psychology, health sciences and economics to name just a few. Tourism studies has also become more focused on well being in the last few decades, both from a theoretical and methodological perspective. After examining the philosophical background of wellbeing from different perspectives, the paper takes a closer look at how these frameworks can inform tourism research and practices. It explores the relationship between diverse terminologies and perspectives as well as the ways in which hedonic and eudaimonic wellbeing can be derived through tour ism experiences. A spectrum and a model are proposed which outline the relationship between various types of wellbeing, tourism and activities.
Keywords: Wellbeing | Happiness | Hedonic | Eudaimonic | Self | Tourist experience
Tourism and autism: Journeys of mixed emotions
گردشگری و اوتیسم: سفرهای ترکیبی از احساسات-2017
There is an evolving tourism literature around psychological wellbeing, social exclusion and disability. This paper advances tourism knowledge into the terrain of psychological health and developmental complexities, and psychological distress. It draws on a phe nomenological position to understand the lived experiences of mothers of children with developmental difficulties, in this case diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It discusses the emotional and everyday challenges of caring for a child diagnosed with ASD on holiday, discusses the perceived benefits holidays offer and outlines care-giving strategies adopted by mothers to manage their children’s tourism experiences. The paper discusses the uniqueness of the context of autism and problematizes popular discourses, which predominantly frame tourism as pleasurable settings of escape, stimulation, novelty and relaxation.
Keywords: Disability | Care-giving | Mothers | Children | Well-being | Mental health
Buddhist psychology: Selected insights, benefits, and research agenda for consumer psychology
روانشناسی بودایی: بینش انتخاب ، منافع و برنامه تحقیقاتی برای روانشناسی مصرف کننده -2017
Consumer psychology has been overly reliant on a small set of paradigms. As a result, the field appears less prepared than it could aspire to be for contributing new knowledge on, and relief from, our hyper-consumption era. Accordingly, I explore Buddhist psychology by drawing from its foundational framework known as the Three Marks of Existence (suffering, impermanence, and no-self) to introduce an Eastern theory of mind and provide alternative guidance on research for consumer well-being. The TME framework offers an opportunity to re-think the priorities, nature, and processes of the comparing and judging consumer mind (e.g., expectations, preferences, satisfaction); the attaching and depending consumer mind (e.g., ownership, materialism, excessive behaviors); and the deciding, choosing, and regulating consumer mind (marketplace morality, cognitive biases, values-based choice, and free will). From these considerations I generate research questions and summarizing propositions for future research. The closing discussion synopsizes the contributions and limitations, including extra opportunities for integrating Buddhist and consumer psychologies.
Keywords: Buddhist psychology | Well-being | Satisfaction | Ownership | Materialism | Choice
Managing the experience co-creation process in tourism destinations: Empirical findings from Naples
مدیریت روند همکاری ایجاد شده در مقصد گردشگری: یافته های تجربی از ناپل-2017
The aim of this study is to investigate the main antecedents and consequences of experience co-creation in tourism. Based on an in-depth literature review, a survey was designed, and data was collected from 385 tourists visiting Naples, Italy. A path analysis revealed that the interactions among tourists and tourism service providers and the active participation of tourists are antecedents of experience co creation in the tourism industry. Experience co-creation positively affects the satisfaction of tourists, their level of expenditures, and their happiness. Study results also revealed that the attitude of tourists of sharing their experiences with others does not influence experience co-creation. As one of the first studies in this area in the field of tourism, this study contributes to the body of knowledge by proposing and empirically testing a model that shows three antecedents and three consequences of experience co creation in tourism.
Keywords: Tourism experience | Co-creation | Tourists satisfaction | Tourists level of expenditure | Tourists happiness
Re-placing place in marketing: A resource-exchange place perspective
قرار دادن محل در بازاریابی: دیدگاه مبادله منابع-2017
This study clarifies the marketing disciplines conceptualization of place by presenting a revised perspective and conceptual framework of place, referred to as REPLACE. Drawing from resource exchange theory and attention restoration theory, the framework problematizes the assumption that places are merely physical locales by foregrounding how places can become inseparable aspects of consumers lives. We present an alternative resource-based perspective of place, namely as a repository of resources that are potentially available to consumers through exchange processes. These exchange processes, and the complexity of the offered resources, influence consumers relationship with a locale as well as their sense of well-being. With this alternative perspective, we bridge the place concept to public health and extend the understanding of attachment in service settings.
Keywords: Place | Marketing mix | Marketing as exchange | Place attachment | Well-being | Transformative service research