با سلام خدمت کاربران عزیز، به اطلاع می رساند ترجمه مقالاتی که سال انتشار آن ها زیر 2008 می باشد رایگان بوده و میتوانید با وارد شدن در صفحه جزییات مقاله به رایگان ترجمه را دانلود نمایید.
Identifying inventory project management conflicts: Results of an empirical study
شناسایی تضادهای مدیریت پروژه موجود : نتایج یک مطالعه تجربی-2020
Although conflicts are being studied in many different management fields there seems to be a rather restricted number of studies on inventory management-related conflicts and it is for this reason why we conducted a study on exploring the different types of conflicts, their causes and the emerging character of conflicts during the shaping, implementation and usage of inventory systems. In doing so, a framework for assessing different types of conflicts is taken as a starting point. From our case studies, it can be concluded that each of the archetypical conflicts addressed in our framework manifested itself in the companies studied. Our exploratory case studies strongly indicates that during the process of redesigning and implementing improvements inventory management conflicts can evolve in time. Furthermore, in almost all companies studied, the identified conflicts had a multidimensional character and were a mix of the archetypes addressed in our theoretical framework. For project managers it seems to be important to be aware of the different potential conflicts that might arise during the course of inventory projects. The results presented in this article may therefore help project managers to guide projects in the area of inventory management more effectively.
Keywords: Inventory management | Conflicts | Case study | Typology | Stakeholders
Differential effect of knowledge on stakeholders’ willingness to pay green building price premium: Implications for cleaner production
تأثیر اختلاف دانش بر تمایل ذینفعان برای پرداخت حق بیمه قیمت سبز ساختمان: پیامدهای تولید پاک کننده-2020
Green buildings (GBs) are designed to reduce the environmental impact of construction while improving human comfort and health. However, green buildings are often more expensive than conventional buildings, because green building price premium tends to cover extra costs, such as import prices, investment in research and development, and more efficient, but more expensive, construction systems. The present study aims to assess the extent to which knowledge about green building benefits affects the acceptable size of green building price premium across different groups of stakeholders. The survey was carried out in Israel in 2016 and covered 438 potential homebuyers, 50 architects, and 50 building contractors (developers). As the study revealed, consumers more familiar with green building benefits are willing to pay 9.25% of green building price premium, as opposed to 7.74% extra costs acceptable to consumers being less familiar with green building benefits (P < 0.05). By contrast, among the developers, the acceptable size of green building price premium was found to be inversely related to the level of knowledge e about 17% among developers more familiar with green building vs. 29% among developers less familiar with it.We explain these differences by the fact that developers previously involved in green building projects, may be more aware about a relatively small price premium that consumers are willing to pay for accommodations in such buildings. Developers with past green building experience may also have better knowledge about long bureaucratic procedures and complex management of green building projects, which may reduce their willingness to add green buildings to their investment portfolios. The main finding of the study is that improved knowledge about green building benefits has varying effects on different groups of stakeholders. Therefore, in order to stimulate cleaner production in the construction industry, user-tailored strategies aimed at stimulating interest in green building among various groups of stakeholders should be applied.
Keywords: GBs | Green buildings | PP | Price premium | WTP | Willingness to pay | WTA | Willingness to add | Knowledge | Stakeholders
The ESPREssO Action Database: Collecting and assessing measures for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation
پایگاه داده عملیاتی ESPREssO: جمع آوری و ارزیابی اقدامات برای کاهش خطر در برابر بلایای طبیعی و سازگاری با تغییرات آب و هوا-2020
The Action Database (ADB) was developed during the ESPREssO project (Enhancing Synergies for Disaster Prevention in the European Union) in order to store and analyze relevant ideas emerging during the project to deal with the challenges. It provides the opportunity to formalize discussions and to store their content in a synthetic format, as well as to collect experiences and evaluate the impacts they had at their respective scales of implementation and on different parameters. The major aim of the ESPREssO-ADB tool, and its main innovation, is to deal with multi-hazard and multi-challenge actions, in an international context and notably in a cross-border initiative. The ESPREssO project aimed at contributing to a new strategic vision on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) in Europe. To do so, stakeholders working with CCA and/or DRR in Europe were consulted to identify measures boosting adaptation or societies’ resilience. Each idea, measure or comment was stored and ranked in the ADB using qualitative criteria based on the Sendai Priorities and the SHIELD model proposed by the ESPREssO Team. Each action was assessed through multi-criteria analysis and effectiveness was approached under two different angles. The first one in line with the priorities of the Sendai Framework; and the second one with the SHIELD model. This model incorporate recommendations on how to optimize risk management capabilities through DRR. Positive actions had fed the Vision Paper and Guidelines produced by the project. This paper describes in details the ADB structure and the multi-criteria analysis performed.
Keywords: Action database | Europe | Disaster prevention | Disaster risk reduction (DRR) | Climate change adaptation (CCA) | Cross border crisis management | Stakeholders
Shareholder protection and bank executive compensation after the global financial crisis
حمایت سهامداران و غرامت اجرایی بانک پس از بحران مالی جهانی-2019
tWe use a hand-collected international database to analyze the change in the risk-taking incentivesembedded in bank executive compensation after the onset of the global financial crisis. Our results reveala reduction in both the risk sensitivity of stock option grants (vega) and total and cash pay-risk sensi-tivities in countries suffering systemic banking crises. This reduction is greater in countries with strongshareholder protection, especially in banks with good corporate governance, solvent banks, and banksthat suffered a reduction in their specific investment opportunity set. The regressions control for govern-ment intervention, banking development, and crisis intensity. Our results confirm that the contractinghypothesis is more relevant in countries with stronger shareholder protection, and provide support formeasures improving shareholder rights in the approval of bank executive compensation.
Keywords:Executive compensation | Banking crises | Bank risk | Bank performance | Shareholder protection
International evidence on firm level decisions in response to the crisis: Shareholders vs. other stakeholders
شواهد بین المللی در مورد تصمیم گیری های شرکت در پاسخ به بحران: سهامداران در مقابل سهامداران دیگر-2018
The relationship between changes in GDP and unemployment during the 2008 financial crisis differed sig nificantly from previous experiences and across countries. We study firm-level decisions in France, Germany, Japan, the UK, and the US. We find significant differences between the response of US and non-US firms. US firms significantly decreased their production costs relative to firms in other countries. They have also reduced debt, reduced dividend payout, and increased their cash holdings compared to firms in other countries. The differences are, in general, explained by differences in financial leverage. However, financial leverage does not explain differences between production decisions in German and U.S. firms and between Japanese and US firms. We argue that differences in firm governance between US firms and firms in Germany and Japan drive these responses. US firms are more prone to cut labor costs and reduce leverage compared to German firms and Japanese firms in order to achieve larger profits and a larger cash-cushion in the short-run.
Keywords: Okuns law ، Corporate governance ، Firm-level decisions
مهاجرت امن به سرویس های ابری سازگار: یک مطالعه ی موردی
سال انتشار: 2018 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 15 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 33
پذیرش تکنولوژی محاسبه ی ابری در بخش مالی به منظور بهبود کارایی پرداخت های مالی، مدیریت ریسک، و فرایند های تجاری رو به افزایش است. این افزایش در کشور های توسعه یافته همانند ایالات متحده آمریکا، کانادا، و انگلستان با سرعت بیشتری در حال اتفاق افتادن است، در حالی که پیاده سازی ابر در کشور های کمتر توسعه یافته همانند عربستان سعودی هنوز در مراحل اولیه قرار دارد. پیاده سازی تکنولوژی های ابری در بخش مالی به تصمیماتی کارا همانند انتخاب مناسبترین مدل های استقرار ابری امن، توافقنامه ی سطح خدمات، و فروشندگان ابری نیاز دارد. در این مقاله، انتقال ابر با استفاده از یک مدل آمادگی برای اطلاعات، حفظ حریم private و پذیرشی ( ISPC ) ارائه خواهد شد. انواع مختلفی از سرویس های ابری در دسترس هستند، ازین رو ارزیابی آمادگی انتقال و انتخاب یک فروشنده ی مناسب حیاتی است، به طوری که این ارزیابی بر روی نیاز های سهامداران همانند بانک های محلی تاثیر خواهد گذاشت. تصمیمات نقل و مکان ابری به وسیله ی تجزیه و تحلیل نیاز های ISPC با در نظر گرفتن ابتکارات استراتژیک سازمان به دست می آید. یک مطالعه ی موردی که بانک مرکزی عربستان سعودی در آن دخالت دارد، به منظور نمایش پیاده سازی مدل آمادگی ISPC، ارائه شده است.
|مقاله ترجمه شده|
Takeover law to protect shareholders: Increasing efficiency or merely redistributing gains?
قانون جذب برای محافظت از سهامداران : افزایش بهره وری یا صرفا توزیع درآمد؟-2017
We construct a dynamic takeover law index using hand-collected data on legal provisions and empirically examine the effect of takeover regulation to protect shareholders on shareholder wealth for bidders and targets in a multi-country setting. We find that a stricter takeover law increases the wealth gains to the shareholders of the combined bidder and target firm, which suggests that stronger shareholder protection in the takeover bid process increases the efficiency of the takeover market. In contrast to our hypothesis, results show that stricter take over law does not hurt bidders. Its effect on target announcement returns is significantly pos itive and economically large. Our findings on individual provisions suggest that the mandatory bid rule and ownership disclosure increase overall synergistic gains in takeovers, while the fair price rule and squeeze-out rights may reduce them. Further results show that stricter takeover regulation increases competition in the market for corporate control and reduces the time to successful completion of a takeover bid, which explains increased combined wealth gains under stricter takeover regulation.
Keywords: Takeover laws | Mergers and acquisitions | Shareholder protection | Announcement returns | EU Takeover Directive
Influence of Information-communication System to Reputation Management of a Company
تأثیر سیستم ارتباطات اطلاعاتی به مدیریت اعتبار یک شرکت-2017
In the present time are managing and decision making highly influenced by information-communication technologies, which are by usage of the specific information systems securing necessary, early and relevant information as inextricable outputs to decision making activities within individual managing processes. A constant improvement of information-communication technologies and systems are bringing many opportunities in the field of gathering information and monitoring a company, as well as the relation of public to a company and its products. This paper is closely aimed to importance of the influence of information-communication systems to a management of reputation of a company. The management of reputation is very important for a company. It is process for monitoring activities, processes, products, as well as services of company, opinions about it and further endeavour to improve areas with negative feedback. Because is the management of reputation important for a company, its appropriate to aim on its management.
Keywords: reputation | management | on-line reputation | process of reputation management | information-communication systems | stakeholders
Bank ownership of multilateral trading facilities and implications for historical exchanges: An industrial economics approach
مالکیت بانک از تسهیلات تجاری چند جانبه و پیامدهای مبادلات تاریخی: رویکرد اقتصاد صنعتی-2017
The aim of this paper is to address bank ownership in Multilateral Trading Facilities (MTFs) and its implications for historical exchanges. We propose an oligopoly model with network effects to account for an exchange industry that consists of two MTFs and an historical exchange. Based on the observation that banks are both owners and clients of MTFs, we examine banks incentive to influence the pricing policy of MTFs. We show that when brokerage and trading activities are particularly important for banks revenue relative to their profit as MTF operators, certain market outcomes may emerge whereby both MTFs include banks interest as clients in their objective function. We also demonstrate that accounting for banks interest in MTFs objective function acts as a competitive device that reduces the price and the profitability of the historical exchange.
Keywords: Banks | Shareholding | Historical exchanges | Multilateral trading facilities | Competition
Who should take the responsibility? Stakeholders power over social responsibility issues in construction projects
چه کسی باید مسئولیت بگیرد؟قدرت سهامداران بر سر مسائل مسئولیت اجتماعی در پروژه های ساختمانی-2017
Construction projects involve multiple stakeholders with different abilities that enable them to deal with the social problems that arise during the project lifecycle. This research aims to study the dynamic stakeholder power in implementing social responsibility issues in construction projects. Empirical research among Hong Kong construction industry practitioners was conducted to investigate the powers of seven stakeholders over thirty-five social responsibility issues. The data was analyzed using two-mode social network analysis methods and processed by Netminer 4. It was found from the results that internal and external stakeholders have control in different domains pertaining to social responsibility issues, but it does not mean either group has superior power. Ranked by the power status on social responsibility issues, the seven stakeholders are classified into five hierarchies: 1) governments, developers, and main contractors; 2) district councils, 3) consultants; 4) non-government organizations; 5) end users. The dynamic nature of stakeholders powers has been elucidated by describing the power changes in different project stages, as well as in different social responsibility dimensions.
Keywords: Social responsibility | Stakeholder power | Two-mode network