How does new environmental law affect public environmental protection activities in China? Evidence from structural equation model analysis on legal cognition
چگونه قانون جدید محیط زیست بر فعالیتهای عمومی در زمینه حفاظت از محیط زیست در چین تأثیر می گذارد؟ شواهدی از تحلیل مدل معادلات ساختاری بر شناخت حقوقی-2020
To investigate the validity of Chinese law enforcement from the publics perspective, this research applies the theory of planned behavior, and introduces law as a moderator variable to explore the determinants of publics environmental behaviors. Results from an empirical study of China indicate that perceived behavioral control, subjective norms, inward attitude, and outward attitude all have positive impacts on environmental intentions and indirectly affect the citizens environmental behavior and activists environmental behavior. Meanwhile, legal cognition positively moderates the relationship between environmental intentions and behaviors. As the level of the publics legal awareness increases, the direct effect of these two types of environmental intentions on environmental behaviors respectively continues to increase. Based on the findings, some constructive implications are provided to the governments and legislators to strengthen public participation in environmental protection.
Keywords: Environmental law | Public environmental protection activities | Structural equation model (SEM) | Legal cognition | China