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نتیجه جستجو - ماری جوانا

تعداد مقالات یافته شده: 4
ردیف عنوان نوع
1 Voices from ‘Igbo Bunks’: A qualitative study of the complicity of law-enforcement agents in marijuana use in a Nigerian community
صداهایی از Igbo Bunks : یک مطالعه کیفی از همدستی ماموران اجرای قانون در مصرف ماری جوانا در یک جامعه نیجریه-2020
There exists observable complicity by law enforcement agents in illicit drug networks for financial gain and yet the problem remains under-researched. Thus, this study explored the connection between cannabis use/users and the connivance of narcotic agents in Afikpo North LGA of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Purposive and snowballing sampling techniques were employed in selecting a sample of 21, comprising 18 regular ‘Igbo Bunks’ (specially designed marijuana-smoking joints) patronisers and three dealers (Bunk owners/managers). Qualitative thematic method was adopted in analysing the data generated from in-depth oral interviews. Findings revealed that three popular Bunks operate unhidden and were well-known to the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA) and Nigeria Police Force (NPF), but little or no action has been taken to close them down. Although the outcome of the connivance has led to an increase in the price of cannabis due to illegal monetary compensation given to law enforcers to secure their approval, recurring use has also been recorded due to the ostensible comfort and protection these joints offer to customers. Organised marijuana smoking is a fast growing but underexplored ‘lawenforcement problem’ to watch and therefore further empirical studies on the phenomenon is suggested to further direct policy and action. There is urgent need for community responses and partnership with law enforcement agents. Since the most visible part of drug issue takes place in our neighbourhoods, this security synergy is necessary and timely for effective prevention and control of the phenomenon.
Keywords: Complicity | Igbo Bunks | Marijuana use | Law-enforcement agents | Qualitative study
مقاله انگلیسی
2 The impact of cannabis access laws on opioid prescribing
تأثیر قوانین دستیابی به حشیش بر تجویز مواد افیونی-2020
While recent research has shown that cannabis access laws can reduce the use of prescrip-tion opioids, the effect of these laws on opioid use is not well understood for all dimensionsof use and for the general United States population. Analyzing a dataset of over 1.5 bil-lion individual opioid prescriptions between 2011 and 2018, which were aggregated to theindividual provider-year level, we find that recreational and medical cannabis access lawsreduce the number of morphine milligram equivalents prescribed each year by 11.8 and 4.2percent, respectively. These laws also reduce the total days’ supply of opioids prescribed,the total number of patients receiving opioids, and the probability a provider prescribesany opioids net of any offsetting effects. Additionally, we find consistent evidence thatcannabis access laws have different effects across types of providers, physician specialties,and payers.
Keywords: Cannabis | Marijuana| Opioids
مقاله انگلیسی
3 The use of cannabis in response to the opioid crisis: A review of the literature
استفاده از شاهدانه در پاسخ به بحران مواد مخدر:مروری بر ادبیات-2018
Background: A staggering number of Americans are dying from overdoses attrib uted to prescription opioid medications (POMs). In response, states are creating policies related to POM harm reduction strategies, overdose prevention, and al ternative therapies for pain management, such as cannabis (medical marijuana). However, little is known about how the use of cannabis for pain management may be associated with POM use. Purpose: The purpose of this article is to examine state medical cannabis (MC) use laws and policies and their potential association with POM use and related harms. Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted to explore United States policies related to MC use and the association with POM use and related harms. Medline, PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane databases were searched to identify peer reviewed articles published between 2010 and 2017. Using the search criteria, 11,513 records were identified, with 789 abstracts reviewed, and then 134 full-text ar ticles screened for eligibility. Findings: Of 134 articles, 10 articles met inclusion criteria. Four articles were cross sectional online survey studies of MC substitution for POM, six were secondary data analyses exploring state-level POM overdose fatalities, hospitalizations related to MC or POM harms, opioid use disorder admissions, motor vehicle fatalities, and Medicare and Medicaid prescription cost analyses. The literature suggests MC laws could be associated with decreased POM use, fewer POM-related hos pitalizations, lower rates of opioid overdose, and reduced national health care expenditures related to POM overdose and misuse. However, available literature on the topic is sparse and has notable limitations. Conclusions: Review of the current literature suggests states that implement MC policies could reduce POM-associated mortality, improve pain management, and significantly reduce health care costs. However, MC research is constrained by federal policy restrictions, and more research related to MC as a potential alter native to POM for pain management, MC harms, and its impact on POM-related harms and health care costs should be a priority of public health, medical, and nursing research.
Keywords: Opioid ، Opioid use disorder ، Medical marijuana ، Medical cannabis ، Chronic pain ، Integrative pain management
مقاله انگلیسی
4 کلینیک،، از تجارب جزئی تا چشمگیربرتری در هر دور
سال انتشار: 2016 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 55 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 90
کلینیک یک شریک مترقی و قابل اعتماد است. از زمانی که در سال 2009 کلینیک را تأسیس کردیم، به یکی از بزرگ ترین و مسئولیت پذیرترین شرکت های ماری جوانا در ایالات متحده تبدیل شد. کلینیک به طور موفقیت آمیزی طراحی و ساخته شده و از چندین کشت، روند پردازش و تسهیلات آپارتمانی در کلرادو، نودا و ایلینوی بهره برداری می کند. با بیش از نه سال سابقه و تجربه ی عملیاتی؛ کلینیک بیش از 130 گونه ی مختلف را به مرحله ی کشت رسانده است و بیش از 3 میلیون ماری جوانا پردازش کرده است و به یکی از ممتازترین شرکت های ماری جوانا در کل کشور تبدیل شده است. کلینیک بیش از 40 مجوز دولتی و محلی دارد و بیش از 10 نفر در آن مشغول به کار هستند. ما مشاورین Cannabis نیستیم. تنها اپراتورهای باتجربه هستیم. تیم باتجربه¬ی کلینیک تمامی شرکا را در روند شکل گیری و رشد کسب و کار را مدیریت می¬کند و هدف اصلی او دستیابی به سودآوری خط پایین، توسعه محصول برتر، رضایت بیمار و پرورش فرهنگ انطباق و سازگاری بالاست.
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