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نتیجه جستجو - مدیریت بحران

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1 شناسایی و مدیریت سوء تغذیه در بیماران بستری: بررسی دانش و نگرش کارکنان
سال انتشار: 2020 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 11 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 21
زمينه و هدف: سوء تغذيه موجب كاهش عملكرد و پيامدهاي باليني ناچیز در بيماران بستري می شود. این مطالعه با هدف بررسی دانش کارکنان بالینی در مورد شناسایی و مدیریت سوء تغذیه، ارزیابی نگرش و دانش سوء تغذیه به صورت مسئولیت مشترک بین رشته¬ای انجام شده است.
مواد و روشها: اين مطالعه به منظور توزیع کارکنان باليني (پزشكي ، پرستاري ، رژيم غذايي و بهداشت) در سه دانشگاه بيمارستاني از جمله مكان هاي حاد، کمی حاد و توانبخشي انجام شد.
نتایج: نتایج حاصل از نظرسنجي 14٪ كاركنان باليني واجد شرايط (116 پرستار ، 68 پزشك ، 20 متخصص تغذيه و 98 نفر از كاركنان بهداشت) مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. به استثنای متخصصین رژیم غذایی ، پاسخ به سؤالات مربوط به مهارت و دانش در زمینه های شناسایی سوء تغذیه ، تشخیص ، درمان و مدیریت ، کمتر از حد مطلوب بود. تنها پاسخ 60٪ از كاركنان پزشكي / جراحي و 42٪ از كاركنان پرستاري توانایی خود را در تشخيص سوء تغذيه گزارش كرده اند. پاسخ به سوالات مربوط به مسئولیت سوء تغذیه بسیار متغیر بود و هیچ کسی "مالکیت مشترک" سوء تغذیه را در مسئولیت بالینی پیشنهاد نکرد.
نتيجه گيري: به غير از متخصصان رژيم غذايي ، مهارت هاي مديريت سوء تغذيه متوسط بود و شکاف دانش در کارمندان باليني دیده شد. در مورد مسئولیت مراقبت از سوء تغذیه بیماران بستری نوعی سردرگمی نیز وجود داشت. برای بهبود تغذیه بیماران بستری ممکن است نیاز به درگیر شدن بیش از حد چند رشته و آموزش بهبود یافته باشد.
واژه‌های کلیدی: سوء تغذیه | تیم بین رشته ای | دانش | نگرش ریسک | بیماران بستری (بستری)
مقاله ترجمه شده
2 Cloud assisted big data information retrieval system for critical data supervision in disaster regions
سیستم داده بازیابی اطلاعات داده های بزرگ به کمک ابر برای نظارت داده های حیاتی در مناطق بحرانی-2020
Presently, the advancement of Cloud Assisted Big Data information retrieval system(CABDIRS) for heterogeneous data management plays a significant role in disaster management framework. In the recent past, facilitating disaster related activities such as Emergency information collection, sharing of exposed insights data about the region, and integration with local groups as well as global scale across various communities’ need assistance for precise and timely information retrieval framework concerning about disaster management. However, the available information retrieval system in the market has limited invariant integration model, whereas it provides improper sharing and collaboration capabilities in dynamic environment about the disaster areas. Hence, this research driving this exploration for powerful use of Cloud assisted big data system which uses Regression based information retrieval measurable computational model (RBIRMM) that offers to foresee the collection, sharing and integration of data in the disaster management regions. This paper features the integration of Cloud assisted IoT(CIoT)and Big data system for information retrieval system which assist the government in taking decisions during disaster conditions in an effective fasten manner. This paper feature the fundamental research that moves through experimental validation which has been conducted and reported with numerical data in a virtual environment. The RBIRMM achieves 98% of accuracy when compared to other traditional methods.
Keywords: Big data system | Internet of things | Information retrieval measurable | computational model | Disaster management
مقاله انگلیسی
3 Why tourists engage in online collective actions in times of crisis: Exploring the role of group relative deprivation
چرا گردشگران در مواقع بحرانی به اقدامات جمعی آنلاین می پردازند: بررسی نقش محرومیت نسبی گروه-2020
Social media platforms empower tourists to engage in secondary crisis communication and even take collective action against destinations. Such online actions result in challenges for tourism destinations related to crisis management and image restoration, especially for human-induced tourism crises caused internally by managerial or institutional faults. Based on the theory of relative deprivation and examining the reputation crisis of Snow Town as a case, this study aims to understand the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral mechanisms of tourists’ secondary crisis communications. The results show that group relative deprivation perceived by tourists can elicit their group-based anger and distrust toward the destination and can also lead to online collective action and offline behavioral intentions (here, negative travel intention). Additionally, the results show a reverse influence of aim-oriented and behavior-oriented online collective actions on travel intentions and that aimoriented actions positively mediate anger and travel intentions. This study provides new insights into how a personal incident evolves to become a tourism crisis during social-media communications and discusses managerial implications for crisis management and post-crisis marketing.
Keywords: Group relative deprivation | Group-based anger | Destination trust | Collective online actions | Secondary crisis communication | Crisis management
مقاله انگلیسی
4 Entrepreneurship and management education: Exploring trends and gaps
کارآفرینی و آموزش مدیریت: بررسی روندها و شکاف ها-2020
Entrepreneurship education is one of the most popular management education subjects due to its ability to link practice with theory. Despite its popularity, research on the topic is still in its in- fancy due to the interdisciplinary nature of the field that makes it unique to study. The aim of this editorial article is to highlight how entrepreneurship education needs to change based on the digital transformation made necessary by the recent COVID-19 crisis. The importance of embedding an entrepreneurship perspective within educational practices is stated that highlights the diversity of the field. The different theoretical underpinnings of entrepreneurship education are also highlighted that suggest a need to think in new directions about possible future peda- gogical approaches. This means it is important to stress the research streams that need more attention based on crisis management techniques in order to deal with the current COVID-19 pandemic. The article makes several suggestions that make it evident that there is merit in introducing novel perspectives that change the nature and way entrepreneurship education is understood in society.
Keywords: COVID-19 | Crisis management | Education | Entrepreneurship education | Response mechanisms | Resetting research
مقاله انگلیسی
5 Covid-19 and entrepreneurship education: Implications for advancing research and practice
Covid-19 و آموزش کارآفرینی: پیامدهای پیشرفت تحقیق و عمل-2020
This article aims at critically examining the linkage between entrepreneurship education and COVID-19 in order to help understand future research and practice paths. Due to the large global impact COVID-19 has had on society, new entrepreneurial education management practices are required to deal with the change. To do this, this article discusses why COVID-19 can be a transformational opportunity for entrepreneurship education research due to the new thought processes raised by the pandemic. The article suggests several assumptions that have changed as a result of COVID-19 and how entrepreneurship education is required in order to help solve the pandemic. By doing this, the article suggests that more entrepreneurship education research embedding a COVID-19 context is required to breakthrough new frontiers and reset the research agenda. By taking an entrepreneurial stakeholder perspective that looks at entrepreneurship education as a holistic process, an enhanced analysis of how response mechanisms including recovery and change are conducted can be made. This enables a way to view the COVID-19 crisis as an opportunity for more attention placed on the importance of entrepreneurship education for society.
Keywords: COVID-19 | Crisis management | Education | Entrepreneurship education | Response mechanisms | Resetting research
مقاله انگلیسی
6 The ESPREssO Action Database: Collecting and assessing measures for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation
پایگاه داده عملیاتی ESPREssO: جمع آوری و ارزیابی اقدامات برای کاهش خطر در برابر بلایای طبیعی و سازگاری با تغییرات آب و هوا-2020
The Action Database (ADB) was developed during the ESPREssO project (Enhancing Synergies for Disaster Prevention in the European Union) in order to store and analyze relevant ideas emerging during the project to deal with the challenges. It provides the opportunity to formalize discussions and to store their content in a synthetic format, as well as to collect experiences and evaluate the impacts they had at their respective scales of implementation and on different parameters. The major aim of the ESPREssO-ADB tool, and its main innovation, is to deal with multi-hazard and multi-challenge actions, in an international context and notably in a cross-border initiative. The ESPREssO project aimed at contributing to a new strategic vision on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) in Europe. To do so, stakeholders working with CCA and/or DRR in Europe were consulted to identify measures boosting adaptation or societies’ resilience. Each idea, measure or comment was stored and ranked in the ADB using qualitative criteria based on the Sendai Priorities and the SHIELD model proposed by the ESPREssO Team. Each action was assessed through multi-criteria analysis and effectiveness was approached under two different angles. The first one in line with the priorities of the Sendai Framework; and the second one with the SHIELD model. This model incorporate recommendations on how to optimize risk management capabilities through DRR. Positive actions had fed the Vision Paper and Guidelines produced by the project. This paper describes in details the ADB structure and the multi-criteria analysis performed.
Keywords: Action database | Europe | Disaster prevention | Disaster risk reduction (DRR) | Climate change adaptation (CCA) | Cross border crisis management | Stakeholders
مقاله انگلیسی
7 مدیریت بحران در ادارات دولتی: مدل سه مرحله ای برای حوادث ایمنی
سال انتشار: 2019 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 7 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 21
این مطالعه با هدف بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر مدیریت بحران در ادارات دولتی برای حوادث ایمنی ، در مرحله پیش از بحران ، بحران و پس از بحران انجام شده است. نمونه آماری از 177 شرکت کننده باتجربه در مدیریت بحران از دولت، سازمان های دولتی و نیروهای امنیتی/نظامی در یونان تشکیل شده است. داده ها با استفاده از پرسشنامه های ساختاری در مجموعه ای از مصاحبه های شخصی جمع آوری شدند. نتایج نشان می دهند که توانایی سرپرست و اعضاء تیم مدیریت بحران در اتخاذ تصمیمات صحیح، ارتباطات داخلی و خارجی و نوع بحران ها، عوامل مؤثر (پیش بینی کننده) در سه مرحله مدیریت بحران (پیش از بحران، حین بحران و پس از بحران) در ادارات دولتی می باشند. مضامین مدیریتی عبارتند از نیاز به پیاده سازی تغییرات فرهنگی و ساختاری، توسعه توانایی سرپرست تیم مدیریت بحران در تصمیم گیری در شرایط اضطراری، تغییر کانال ها و رویه های ارتباطات رسمی داخلی و بازطراحی راهبرد ارتباطات خارجی به منظور خمدیریت مؤثر رویدادهای ایمنی روز در یک محیط پویا و غیرقابل پیش بینی.
کلمات کلیدی: حوادث ایمنی | ارتباطات | تصمیم گیری | مدیریت بحران | ادارات دولتی | رهبری.
مقاله ترجمه شده
8 سوزاندن خانه؟ بدنه استینافی در مرکز بحران سازمان تجارت جهانی
سال انتشار: 2019 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 27 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 30
در دسامبر ۲۰۱۹ هیئت پژوهشی استینافی (AB) سازمان تجارت جهانی (WOT) ‏فعالیت خود را متوقف خواهد کرد مگر اینکه ایالات ‌متحده مانع از انتصاب‌های جدید شود. ایالات‌ متحده می‌گوید AB از اختیارات خود تجاوز کرده و نشان داده ‌است که می‌خواهد اطمینان حاصل کند که AB نقشی را که در اصل در سال ۱۹۹۵ به آن واگذار شده، انجام می‌دهد. این مقاله درباره تاریخچه مذاکرات دور اروگوئه (هشتمین و آخرین دور از مذاکرات تجاری چند جانبه بود که در چارچوب موافقت ‌نامه عمومی تعرفه و تجارت انجام شد) با این دیدگاه که "عطف بماسبق یا بازگشت به سال ۱۹۹۵" مستلزم چیست، بحث می‌کند. نتیجه می‌گیرد که با فرض تمایل عضویت در سازمان تجارت جهانی برای در نظر گرفتن جدی نگرانی‌های آمریکا و پذیرش توسط آمریکا از تعهد توسط عضویت برای اطمینان از اینکه AB به طور مداوم با حکم سال ۱۹۹۵ عمل می‌کند، این امر نباید دشوار باشد.
مقاله ترجمه شده
9 When are stakeholder pressures effective? An extension of slack resources theory
چه موقع فشارهای سهامدار موثر می باشد؟ یک بسطی از نظریه منابع سست-2018
There has been an intense debate on when stakeholder pressures are effective in driving firms to contribute to sustainable development. Drawing upon institutional theory and slack resources theory, we theorize that country-level sustainability performance interacts with slack resources in shaping corporate responsiveness to stakeholder pressures. Empirical results based on the data from 6th International Manufacturing Strategy Survey and secondary data of the Human Development Index and the Environmental Performance Index support our hypotheses. As hypothesized, in countries with low level sustainability performance, firms with considerable slack resources are more responsive to stakeholder pressures than their peers with limited slack resources. In contrast, in countries with high levels of sustainability performance, there are no significant differences between firms with and without considerable slack resources in their responsiveness to stakeholder pressures. This study contributes to a better understanding of organizational responses to stakeholder pressures. Moreover, it suggests that stakeholders, depending on country-level sustainability performance, should adopt different strategies to stimulate firms to participate in sustainable development.
keywords: Environmental issues |Social responsibility |Stakeholder pressures |Survey methods |Hierarchical linear modelling
مقاله انگلیسی
10 Competitive store closing during an economic downturn
بستن انبار رقابتی درطی یک رکود اقتصادی-2018
The economic downturn of the late 2000s resulted in the closing of a number of retail stores. When doing so a firm has to consider which stores to close, and when to close them, so that profits are maximized. Since retail stores operate in a competitive environment, these decisions are not simply a function of a retailers existing store locations but are also contingent on the location, and closing decisions, of stores operated by rival firms. This paper examines a game between two retail chains looking to downsize operations in a given region and presents a solution procedure that captures the equilibrium store closing decisions. The solution procedure includes a single period mixed integer program model and a multi-period heuristic with a backward and forward pass to find near optimal solutions. Our results provide guidelines for developing effective strategies to systematically reduce the number of stores so that profit is maximized while competitive pressure is exerted on rival stores.
keywords: Location analysis |Store closing |Integer linear programming |Game theory
مقاله انگلیسی
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