با سلام خدمت کاربران عزیز، به اطلاع می رساند ترجمه مقالاتی که سال انتشار آن ها زیر 2008 می باشد رایگان بوده و میتوانید با وارد شدن در صفحه جزییات مقاله به رایگان ترجمه را دانلود نمایید.
Participatory approach in Aquifer Storage and Recovery management in Arid zones, does it work?
رویکرد مشارکتی در مدیریت ذخیره سازی ابخوان و مدیریت بازیابی در مناطق خشک ، مؤثر است؟-2020
Aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) with treated wastewater, is considered as an effective solution for a critical aquifer decline due to groundwater overexploitation. In ASR operational step and after the aquifer storage phase, the problem is the new groundwater right for stakeholders and specifically farmers. In a 2-year study, the potential of a participatory approach for solving this problem was investigated and applied in Fashafoeyeh aquifer in southern Tehran Province. This aquifer faces a critical situation of groundwater from point of view of quantitative and qualitative aspects. Firstly, five indicators were considered including agricultural efficiency, water resource efficiency, water governance, local participation, and economic factors. Then 23 farmers and agricultural landowners were selected based on age, education, and gender. A questionnaire was designed, surveyed, and filled out after interviewing them in several field trips to the site. The results of data analysis showed that 96% of farmers and landowners were highly motivated in the implementation of the participatory approach in ASR management. Moreover, 91% showed a high desire to decrease the groundwater withdrawal from wells. A high percentage of stakeholders had a tendency to participate in some aspects of ASR system. In the meantime, many farmers had a negative viewpoint about government supports. The results illustrate a correlation between agriculture efficiency with participation in the government’s projects and implementation. Moreover, a correlation exists between water management in the field and participation in government’s projects as well as local participatory. This research emphasises on proper planning through face-to-face dialogue with farmers and landowners. In this regard, they collaborate in a participatory approach, as well as a technical and social team to implement the aquifer storage and recovery management.
Keywords: Aquifer | Treated wastewater | Storage | People participation | Groundwater | Iran
Combining conventional and participatory approaches to identify and prioritise management and health-related constraints to smallholder pig production in San Simon, Pampanga, Philippines
تلفیق رویکردهای مرسوم و مشارکتی برای شناسایی و اولویت بندی مدیریت و محدودیتهای مرتبط با سلامتی در تولید خوک های خرده فروش در سن سیمون ، پامبانگا ، فیلیپین-2020
Pork is the main meat produced and consumed in the Philippines. The majority of pigs are raised by smallholders who experience a range of constraints to their pig production. This study presents the findings of the first part of an overarching project that used an Ecohealth approach and aimed to improve the production and competitiveness of the smallholder pig system in an area of the Philippines. A participatory approach was embraced, combining conventional and participatory epidemiology methods followed by a stakeholder discussion. The first aim was to identify management and health-related constraints to pig production among smallholder famers in San Simon, Pampanga, Philippines. The second aim was for the project team and stakeholders to jointly prioritise activities for the immediate future to address these constraints. Key management and health-related constraints identified included inadequate water supply to pigs, particularly lactating and gestating sows, and a range of feeding-related issues. Diarrhoea was recognised as the disease syndrome of highest priority and limited record keeping meant that farmers were unable to assess the productivity and profitability of their pig farming enterprises. Actions jointly prioritised by stakeholders and the project team were: the appointment of a project coordinator within each barangay; conduct two sets of seminars, the first covering water and nutrition and the second piglet management and diarrhoea, to be delivered by technical experts but with farmer “trusted sources” also sharing their experiences; development of easily understandable leaflets and posters covering key technical information; promotion of nipple drinkers attached to five-gallon water containers and creep boxes for piglets, and conduct of a record keeping workshop with a small group of innovative farmers to develop a useful and usable tool for record keeping. The use of multiple approaches to data-gathering enabled triangulation of study findings. Without any one of these components the understanding of the pig production system would have been less complete and it is possible that the proposed actions would not have been as well-tailored to the needs of the farmers. The participatory approach, in particular the stakeholder discussion, provided the opportunity to embrace the “deciding together” and “acting together” stances of participation rather than the lower “information giving” stance, thereby giving stakeholders greater ownership of the future activities of the overarching project and beyond.
Keywords: Philippines | Pig | Smallholder | Constraints | Participatory epidemiology | Ecohealth
Community health education re-envisioned: The value of partnership with the local food bank
آموزش بهداشت جامعه مجددا پیش بینی شده است : ارزش مشارکت با بانک مواد غذایی محلی-2020
Baccalaureate-prepared nurses must be prepared to fulfill expanding role and skill expectations in community settings to improve population health. The use of non-traditional community clinical sites provides opportunities for students to learn and use a broad skill set such as leadership, communication, research, teaching, project management, and critical thinking. Students explore utilization of epidemiological systems and nursing theories to assist groups and communities to meet their nursing and community health needs. An example of a successful non-traditional partnership was established between our school and the regional food bank. This symbiotic relationship provides two-way benefits: students are afforded some flexibility and creativity in completion of required course assignments, and the food bank gains additional workers to help accomplish their strategic goals. It is a community health clinical resource that is accessible to schools of nursing in every community.
Keywords: Community health | Baccalaureate nursing education | Community partnership | Food bank | Clinical placement
Organizing external stakeholder engagement in inter-organizational projects: Opening the black box
سازماندهی مشارکت ذینفعان خارجی در پروژه های بین سازمانی: باز کردن جعبه سیاه-2020
External stakeholder engagement is crucial for delivering value to diverse stakeholders in inter-organizational projects, however, it is not straightforward to organize this in a way that adds value. The intra-organizational focus of previous research offers limited insights into the relevant roles, responsibilities, arrangements and activities in inter-organizational contexts. Moreover, comprehensive empirical studies of the phenomenon are rare. This study explicates how internal stakeholders organize external stakeholder engagement in inter-organizational projects. Our multiple-case study of two infrastructure projects in Northern Europe identified three organizing solutions based on governance, values and dynamism. While governance-based solutions provide an overall structure for organizing external stakeholder engagement, value-based solutions ensure genuine cooperation and dynamism-based solutions facilitate timely organizing. The study develops propositions that constitute a model of how external stakeholder engagement can be organized in inter-organizational projects. The findings have implications for project stakeholder management and mainstream stakeholder research.
Keywords: External stakeholders | Organizing | Stakeholder engagement | Management for stakeholders | Inter-organizational projects
Facilitating collaboration in forest management: Assessing the benefits of collaborative policy innovations
تسهیل همکاری در مدیریت جنگل: ارزیابی مزایای نوآوری های سیاست مشارکتی-2020
Collaborative governance and landscape approaches have become a more prevalent in public land management in the United States in the face of increasing ecological and societal complexity and decreasing government resources and capacity. In this era of devolution and social-ecological change, there is a growing need for policy approaches that facilitate partnerships and participatory approaches to land management. One unique policy that emphasizes collaboration and large-landscape restoration on US federal forestlands is the Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Program (CFLRP), established in 2009 to accelerate the pace and scale of forest restoration. The policy included novel characteristics such as a decade-long commitment to landscapes and formal requirements for collaboration. This program presented an opportunity to assess how this policy affected collaboration and the factors that led to differential policy implementation. We conducted 89 interviews across all 23 CFLRP projects with internal agency staff and external collaborators on each project. We found that the CFLRP generated a variety of benefits related to collaboration, including increased trust and stronger relationships, increased collaborative partner influence, decreased litigation and conflict, and increased capacity to accomplish work; however, there were also challenges associated with the program, including thetime-intensive nature of collaboration and the lack of industry or contractors. Various local factors affected collaborative outcomes under the policy, including staff turnover and capacity, local leadership, and collaborative history. Successful collaborative outcomes were widespread under the CFLRP, and from this, we draw implications for the broader environmental governance literature about the policy characteristics that facilitate collaboration and the other institutional variables that may require attention in this context.
Keywords: Collaborative governance | Community-based forestry | Adaptive governance | Ecological | Restoration | Policy design
A collaborative energy management among plug-in electric vehicle, smart homes and neighbors’ interaction for residential power load profile smoothing
مدیریت انرژی مشارکتی بین خودروهای برقی پلاگین ، خانه های هوشمند و تعامل همسایگان برای هموار کردن مشخصات بار توان مسکونی-2020
With the modernization of the smart grid, Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) have attracted attention thanks to the effective energy support through the bi-directional power flow exchanging. In particular, vehicle-to-home technology has drawn a significant interest in PEVs’ parked at smart home to enhance the power consumption profile. This paper proposes a collaborative energy management among PEVs, smart homes and neighbors’ interaction. For that, a new supervision strategy based on PEVs power scheduling for smoothing the residential power load profile is developed. The objective of this study is to improve the power demand profile by controlling the PEV power charging/discharging amount to fill the valley of the power consumption curve or by providing power to home especially during peak periods to shave peak. The home energy management for achieving a flattened power load profile is divided into two parts: a local control according to the base demand profile of the considering home, the availability of their PEVs, their arrival and departure times and their initial state of charge (SOC) values. A global control according to the power demand of the specific home, the total power demand of neighbors and the availability of PEVs’ neighbors (arrival and departure times, initial energy of the battery). The simulation results of the power load profile of such smart homes highlights the interaction between PEVs, smart home and their neighbors in order to flatten the power demand curve to the greatest extent possible.
Keywords: Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) | Smart home | Neighbors’ interaction | Collaborative energy management | Fill the valley | Shave peak | Smooth
Does citizen coproduction lead to better urban services in smart cities projects? An empirical study on e-participation in a mobile big data platform
آیا مشارکت شهروندان منجر به خدمات بهتر شهری در پروژه های شهرهای هوشمند می شود؟ یک مطالعه تجربی در مورد مشارکت الکترونیکی در یک بستر بزرگ داده همراه-2020
With contemporary development of digital technology and smart cities initiatives, citizen co-production has created a new government-citizen interface. However, it remains inconclusive whether such citizen-government collaboration has achieved the fundamental goal of improving service quality for citizens. In this research, we tested the relationship between e-participation as a form of co-production and service performance, using multiple large longitudinal datasets from a smart city mobile platform. The results of the analysis show that citizen e-participation, in providing service feedback, is positively associated with the clearance rate of urban service requests in subdistrict service units, after controlling for various factors. We also found that the effect size of e-participation on service performance varies between different types of city services. E-participation has a stronger relative influence on complex problems that may involve multiple agencies, than with simple routine services
Keywords: Citizen-sourcing | Smart cities | E-government | Urban service | Open government | Big data | Digital transformation
Role of big data and social media analytics for business to business sustainability: A participatory web context
نقش تجزیه و تحلیل داده های بزرگ و رسانه های اجتماعی برای پایداری تجارت از مشاغل: زمینه وب مشارکتی-2020
The digital transformation is an accumulation of various digital advancements, such as the transformation of the web phenomenon. The participatory web that allows for active user engagement and gather intelligence has been widely recognised as a value add tool by organisations of all shapes and sizes to improve business productivity and efficiency. However, its ability to facilitate sustainable business-to-business (B2B) activities has lacked focus in the business and management literature to date. This qualitative research is exploratory in nature and fills this gap through findings arising from interviews of managers and by developing taxonomies that highlight the capability of participatory web over passive web to enable different firms to engage in business operations. For this purpose, two important interrelated functions of business i.e. operations and marketing have been mapped against three dimensions of sustainability. Consequently, this research demonstrates the ability of big data and social media analytics within a participatory web environment to enable B2B organisations to become profitable and remain sustainable through strategic operations and marketing related business activities. The research findings will be useful for both academics and managers who are interested in understanding and further developing the business use of participatory web tools to achieve business sustainability. Hence, this may be considered as a distinct way of attaining sustainability.
Keywords: Participatory web | Marketing and operations | Big data | Social media analytics | Business sustainability | Business-to-business (B2B)
IT-based control and assessment of partnering relations in construction projects
کنترل مبتنی بر فناوری اطلاعات و ارزیابی روابط مشارکتی در پروژه های ساخت-2020
This paper presents a digital system for controlling and assessing partnering relations during the carrying out of construction projects, called “B-rel”. The system provides recommendations that can improve specific partnering relations parameters. Its novelty is based on considering how the improvement of individual partnering relations parameters carries over to the time, cost, quality and safety of carrying out a project. The study shows that developing partnering relations in construction projects has the greatest carryover to benefits concerning their time and cost. The system features a learning module and an explanatory module. Thus, B-rel is able to adapt to a specific project and present an inference path that leads to a given recommendation. It can also present saved parameter ratings using graphs. The systems operation has been tested on the example of an actual construction project, demonstrating that the system can successfully support partnering relations management.
Keywords: Partnering | Construction projects | Partnering relations | Control system | Evaluation of partnering relations | Fuzzy inference system
Understanding predictive factors for merge conflicts
شناخت عوامل پیش بینی کننده برای ادغام درگیری ها-2020
Context: Merge conflicts often occur when developers change the same code artifacts. Such conflicts might be frequent in practice, and resolving them might be costly and is an error-prone activity. Objective: To minimize these problems by reducing merge conflicts, it is important to better understand how conflict occurrence is affected by technical and organizational factors. Method: With that aim, we investigate seven factors related to modularity, size, and timing of developers contri- butions. To do so, we reproduce and analyze 73504 merge scenarios in GitHub repositories of Ruby and Python MVC projects. Results: We find evidence that the likelihood of merge conflict occurrence significantly increases when contri- butions to be merged are not modular in the sense that they involve files from the same MVC slice (related model, view, and controller files). We also find bigger contributions involving more developers, commits, and changed files are more likely associated with merge conflicts. Regarding the timing factors, we observe contribu- tions developed over longer periods of time are more likely associated with conflicts. No evaluated factor shows predictive power concerning both the number of merge conflicts and the number of files with conflicts. Conclusion: Our results could be used to derive recommendations for development teams and merge conflict prediction models. Project management and assistive tools could benefit from these models
Keywords: code integration | merge conflict | modularity | collaborative development | empirical study