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نتیجه جستجو - نوآوری

تعداد مقالات یافته شده: 245
ردیف عنوان نوع
1 ارزش رسانه های اجتماعی برای نوآوری: یک چشم انداز قابل
سال انتشار: 2019 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 12 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 41
شرکت ها به طور قابل ملاحظه ای رسانه های اجتماعی را برای نوآوری در سازمان به کار می گیرند، در حالی که تا کنون ادبیات فعلی راهنمایی های کمی برای توسعه کاربردهای استراتژیک از رسانه های اجتماعی ارائه داده است. این مطالعه با استفاده از یک رویکرد کیفی و نظریه سازی اقدام به ایجاد یک چارچوب مفهومی از توانایی ها می کند که به شرکت ها امکان می دهد از رسانه های اجتماعی در تمامی مراحل نوآوری سازمان بهره مند شوند. این چارچوب، برای حمایت از برنامه های کاربردی رسانه های اجتماعی برای نوآوری طراحی شده ، که سه ویژگی کلیدی و منابع مرتبط با آن را آشکار (شفاف سازی) می سازد: مدیران رسانه های اجتماعی که فعالیت های رسانه های اجتماعی را در سراسر فرآیندهای نوآوری، سازماندهی می کنند؛ مدیریت ارشد که پشتیبانی، توانمند سازی تیم و چرخه تست و یادگیری را تقویت می کنند؛ و فرآیندهای چابک که تصمیم گیری سریع و جریان دانش را در بین اعضای تیم ها تسهیل می کنند. این مقاله، تئوری قابلیت سازمانی مرتبط با نوآوری را غنی می کند و مدیرانی با توانایی پیاده سازی و اجرای استراتژی های شبکه های اجتماعی ایجاد می کند
کلمات کلیدی: رسانه های اجتماعی | فرآیند نوآوری | قابلیت ها | ایجاد ارزش
مقاله ترجمه شده
2 Firm technological responses to regulatory changes: A longitudinal study in the Le Mans Prototype racing
پاسخ های فناورانه شرکت به تغییرات مقرراتی: یک مطالعه طولی در مسابقه آزمایش لی مانز-2018
Despite the critical role of regulations on competition and innovation, little is known about firm responses and related effects on performance under regulatory contingencies that are permissive or restrictive. By longitudinally investigating hybrid cars competing in the Le Mans Prototype racing (LMP1), we counter-intuitively suggest that permissive regulations increase technological uncertainty and thus decrease the firms’ likelihood of shifting their technological trajectory, while restrictive regulations lead to the opposite outcome. Further, we suggest that permissive regulations favour firms that innovate their products by sequentially upgrading core and peripheral subsystems, while restrictive regulations (in the long term) favour firms upgrading them simultaneously. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.
keywords: Regulations | Environmental change | Technological innovation | System complexity | Technological trajectory | Knowledge| Performance | Hybrid vehicles | Le Mans Prototype racing | LMP1
مقاله انگلیسی
3 انواع مدل کسب و کار برای بازیافت مصرف کننده نهایی در چین
سال انتشار: 2018 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 28 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 31
تلاش برای ساخت یک سیستم EPR برای تجهیزات الکتریکی و الکترونیکی (WEEE) زائد در چین موجب ایجاد ناسازگاری غیر منتظره در عرصه نوآوری در مدل های کسب و کار برای بازیافت زباله های الکترونیکی مصرف کنندگان نهایی و سایر موارد قابل بازیافت در سال های اخیر شده است. این مطالعه با استفاده از تحقیقات عملیاتی برای ارزیابی عملکرد مدل های کسب و کار در حال ظهور برای بازیافت مصرف کننده نهایی در شهر های چین در سال های اخیر انجام شده است. ما سه دسته مدل های در حال ظهور را شناسایی کردیم: (1) برنامه های مبتنی بر جامعه که رفتارهای مربوط به ساماندهی زباله مصرف کنندگان را برای همه ی زباله های خانگی هدف قرار می دهند؛ (2) سیستم های لجستیکی معکوس با دستگاه های فروش اتوماتیک متصل به زنجیره های تجاری سنتی؛ 3) راه حل های اینترنتی ناب برای انجام معاملات بین مصرف کنندگان و بازیافت کنندگان. همه این مدل های کسب و کار ویژگی مشترک دارند که از فن آوری اینترنت استفاده می کنند، که به شدت در چین به عنوان "اینترنت +" توسط سیاست های دولتی و سرمایه سرمایه گذاری ترویج می شود. مدل های مختلف کسب و کار به عنوان پیوند بین شرکت و سطح سیستم و منعکس کننده امکانات متنوع برای تکامل آینده سیستم بازیافت در چین می باشد. ما یک چارچوب ارزیابی کیفی با پنج عنصر شامل راحتی برای مصرف کنندگان، قابلیت ردیابی برای تولید کنندگان، سود دهی برای بازیافت، چند منظوره بودن برای جمع آوری و قابلیت اطمینان برای مردم برای رسیدگی به ارزش های مختلف دنبال شده توسط نقش آفرینان مختلف درگیر در زنجیره بازیافت مطرح می کنیم. نتایج نشان می دهد که معضلات هر مدل کسب و میان تمام مولفه ها متعادل است و چالش دولت در ادغام طرح EPR با سیستم مدیریت زباله شهری را نشان می دهد.
کلمات کلیدی: بازیافت | مسئولیت تولید کننده (EPR) | مدل کسب و کار پایدار | اینترنت +| تجهیزات مربوط به زباله های الکتریکی و الکترونیکی (WEEE) | زباله های الکترونیکی
مقاله ترجمه شده
4 Optimal production-sales policies and entry time for successive generations of new products
سیاست های بهینه تولید - فروش و زمان ورود برای نسل های بعدی محصولات جدید-2018
This paper explores the optimal initial inventory at launch, sales plan, and introduction time for a new generation of a product. We propose a multi-generation demand model that accounts for supply constraints. A mathematical model of the supply-restricted multi-generation diffusion problem is then developed and the optimal sales policy is derived. Closed-form analytical expressions as well as numerical experiments are used to investigate the effect of consumers backlogging, cost of production capacity, unit profit margin for the products, market expansion by the new generation, and cannibalization of older generations. Through consideration of supply restrictions and lost sales, we are able to generalize previous findings on market entry policy by showing that there is a continuous range of optimal introduction times. We show that the inter-dependence between production capacity and initial inventory varies based on the introduction time of the new generation. We also provide an application of the proposed model in the case of Sonys PlayStation®3 game console. The results suggest that the company introduced the product too late and overproduced inventory which, as supported by empirical evidence, had a negative impact on the products performance. Limitations and considerations for the application of the model are also discussed.
keywords: Production and inventory management |Myopic and build-up policies |Market entry timing |Multi-generation innovation diffusion |PlayStation®3 game console
مقاله انگلیسی
5 Coordinating manufacturers innovation and retailers promotion and replenishment using a compensation-based wholesale price contract
هماهنگ سازی نوآوری سازنده و تبلیغ و تجدید تدارکات خرده فروش با استفاده از یک قرارداد قیمت عمده فروشی مبتنی بر غرامت-2018
In this paper, coordination of a manufacturer-retailer chain is investigated where the manufacturer innovates in manufacturing process and the retailer applies promotional efforts. The market demand is assumed to be stochastic dependent on the retailers promotional and the manufacturers innovation efforts. The retailer uses a periodic review inventory system for replenishing items and decides on order-up-to level, review period and promotional efforts level. On the other hand, it is possible for the manufacturer to boost the market demand by innovation in manufacturing process. The retailers promotional and manufacturers innovation efforts not only affect their profits, but also impress their mutual profits and the supply chain performance in an indirect manner. Firstly, we develop the decentralized and centralized decision-making models along with solution procedures and concavity analysis to solve the models. Although the centralized model improves the profitability of the whole supply chain, it may reduce the profitability of either the retailer or the manufacturer. Therefore, we propose a new compensation-based wholesale price contract for encouraging actors to take part in the joint decision-making scheme. Moreover, a profit sharing strategy based on the bargaining power of members is proposed for distributing the surplus profit between members. Finally, the results of the decentralized, centralized and coordination models are compared using test problems and some sensitivity analyses are presented.
keywords: Supply chain coordination |Promotional and innovation |Periodic review |Inventory system |Compensation |Wholesale price contract |Profit sharing
مقاله انگلیسی
6 Cross-border knowledge transfer and innovation in the European neighbourhood: Tourism cooperation at the Finnish-Russian border
انتقال دانش بین مرزی و نوآوری در همسایگی اروپایی: همکاری گردشگری در مرز فنلاند - روسیه-2018
Knowledge transfer and innovation cooperation between the EU and its neighbours has remained weakly developed. To promote this cooperation, the EU has set up initiatives for the European neighbourhood. The issue has, however, received very limited scholarly attention in the field of tourism. This research gap is addressed here via interview data collected from participants in tourism related EU-funded projects in the Finnish-Russian cross-border region. These underline the importance of EU-funding in facilitating knowledge transfer and innovation between Finland and Russia. While language issues, and differences in business culture and administrative/legislative systems between the two countries, constitute barriers for practical cross-border cooperation, it is cross-border differences in culture and technological capabilities that drive cross-border knowledge transfer and innovation in the cross-border region. The paper concludes with policy recommendations for promoting future cross-border cooperation in innovation and tourism.
keywords: Cross-border region |European neighbourhood |Finland |Innovation |Knowledge transfer |Russia |Tourism
مقاله انگلیسی
7 Innovation externalities and the customer/supplier link
خارجی بودن نوآوری و ارتباط با مشتری/ تامین کننده-2018
This paper proposes a novel channel through which innovation externalities can affect firm performance. I find cross-sectional evidence that the positive innovation outputs of customer firms increase their supplier profitability as measured by firm ROE. This result is robust to the inclusion of industry fixed effect, a control for both supplier and customer characteristics, such as ROE, advertisement expenditure, capital expenditure, firm age, industry concentration, institutional ownership, dividend yield, and a control for industry spillover or geographical spillover. To identify the causal effect of customer innovation outputs on supplier performance, I study an exogenous shock—State Street Bank and Trust Company v. Signature Financial Group, Inc.—and find that an increase in granted customer patents causes an improvement in future supplier performance. This effect is mainly driven by the demand channel and the knowledge diffusion channel from customers to suppliers.
keywords: Innovation| Patent| Spillover| Customer/supplier link
مقاله انگلیسی
8 HR systems, attachment styles with leaders, and the creativity–innovation nexus
سیستمهای منابع انسانی، شیوه های الصاق با رهبران و پیوند خلاقیت - نوآوری-2018
The aim of this paper is to bring together literature on strategic human resource management and leadership and theorize about their cross-level interplay. Specifically, we offer propositions in relation to the interactive influence of attachment styles that followers perceive to have developed in their dyadic relationship with their leaders/supervisors and HR systems on individual innovation processes. We narrow in on three leadership attachment styles perceived by employees (secure, anxious, and avoidant) and two opposite HR systems in organizations (compliance and commitment) in order to propose that their interactions have different roles in predicting two different elements of employees innovative work behavior: idea generation and idea implementation behaviors. Our theorizing results in a conceptual model and a matrix of 12 specific propositions about potentially promoting (complementing or positively supplementing) or inhibiting (in the case of no fit or negative supplement) multiple effects of different combinations of attachment styles and HR systems. We conclude by discussing suggestions for future research, methodological considerations, and practical implications.
keywords: Leadership attachment styles |HR systems |Creativity |Innovation
مقاله انگلیسی
9 External knowledge sources, green innovation and performance
منابع دانش خارجی،عملکرد و نوآوری سبز -2018
Theoretically speaking knowledge sharing seems relevant for innovations in general. Yet, there is no adequate understanding of how knowledge sharing can develop green innovation in SMEs. This paper focuses on how internal and external knowledge sharing intercede green innovation and ponders on how it affects the organi zation performance. First, the empirical results show that all types of external knowledge dont convey the same green innovative outputs. Second, they reveal that the success of the innovation process is strongly impacted by the access to knowledge sources but above all by the combination of internal and external knowledge in each phase of the green innovation process. The success of green innovations unveils the organizational absorptive capacity of external knowledge and their transformation into internal skills. Eventually, the risks associated with knowledge transfer can hinder the positive relationship between green innovation and the firms performance. It also leads to the financial failure of green innovations.
Keywords: Knowledge sharing ، Green innovation ، Absorptive capacity ، Performance ، SME
مقاله انگلیسی
10 E-health and wellbeing monitoring using smart healthcare devices: An empirical investigation
نظارت بر تندرستی و سلامت الکترونیکی با استفاده از دستگاه های هوشمند مراقبت های بهداشتی:تحقیقات تجربی-2018
According to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal No. 3 (SDG – Goal 3), for sustainable devel opment it is imperative to ensure health and well-being across all ages, and is achievable only through effective and continuous healthcare monitoring. But in India and other third world countries, healthcare monitoring is poor compared to other countries in the world, in spite of it being affordable. The global healthcare smart wearable healthcare (SWH) devices market is expected to rise up at a CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) of 5.6% and by 2020 it is expected to reach 25 Billion (GVR Report, 2016). The growing incidences of lifestyle diseases, sedentary lifestyle, busy work schedules, technological advancements in healthcare monitoring devices, and increased usage of remote devicesseems to be some of the important factors fuelling this growth. Some of the major players in this segment are Abbott Laboratories, Philips Healthcare, Life Watch, GE Healthcare, Omron Healthcare, Siemens Healthcare and Honeywell International Inc. etc. But in spite of the healthcare monitoring devices are being predicted to be technologically innovative and providing advanced as well as basic health care monitoring features and available in various price ranges based on the features, we wanted to empirically study the attitude towards adoption of such devices in India. India has traditionally been having a very lackadaisical attitude towards healthcare monitoring. In such a context, what would be the factors influencing the adoption of SWH devices. Remote health monitoring can enhance the nature of wellbeing administration and to lessen the aggregate expense in human services by maintaining a strategic distance from pointless hospitalizations and guaranteeing that the individuals who need critical consideration get it sooner. This empirical investigation would provide a detailed insight as to how these wearable Internet Of Things devices would bring about a revolution in the healthcare industry. It would also provide the future prospect of IOT devices in this sector and how the probability of increase in its usage can be increased with time. The paper explores intrusiveness (INTR), Comfort (C), perceived usefulness (PU) and perceived ease of use (EOU) of SWH devices. The study hypothesized the Impact of PU and EOU, INTR and C on attitude and intention to use towards adoption of SWH devices. Partial Least Square Structured Equation Modeling (PLS – SEM) methodology was applied to explore the relationships between the concepts and hypothesis. The data was collected from 273 respondents. The age group of the respondents was between 25 and 40 years. The results indicated that intrusiveness and comfort do not have a significant direct impact on Intention to use BI (Behavior Intention) BI SWH devices. At the same time Intrusiveness had a significant impact on PU of SWH devices and Comfort has a strong significant impact on PU and EOU of smart wearables. The research has strong implications in the current emerging context of smart wearables, their design and effectiveness. Also the research can have lasting implications on elderly health and well-being. There are very few empirical studies in the area of SWH devices. Most of the studies till now are conceptual studies or providing technology architectures and frameworks. The research in this area is still at a very nascent stage and very few studies have been done to explore the use and adoption of SWH devices.
Keywords: Internet of things ، Smart healthcare ، Smart cities ، RFID ، Healthcare computing ، Healthcare systems ، Innovation management
مقاله انگلیسی
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