Forecasting third-party mobile payments with implications for customer flow prediction
پیش بینی پرداخت های تلفن همراه شخص ثالث با پیامدهای پیش بینی جریان مشتری-2020
Forecasting customer flow is key for retailers in making daily operational decisions, but small retailers often lack the resources to obtain such forecasts. Rather than forecasting stores’ total customer flows, this research utilizes emerging third-party mobile payment data to provide participating stores with a value-added service by forecasting their share of daily customer flows. These customer transactions using mobile payments can then be utilized further to derive retailers’ total customer flows indirectly, thereby overcoming the constraints that small retailers face. We propose a third-party mobile-paymentplatform centered daily mobile payments forecasting solution based on an extension of the newly-developed Gradient Boosting Regression Tree (GBRT) method which can generate multi-step forecasts for many stores concurrently. Using empirical forecasting experiments with thousands of time series, we show that GBRT, together with a strategy for multi-period-ahead forecasting, provides more accurate forecasts than established benchmarks. Pooling data from the platform across stores leads to benefits relative to analyzing the data individually, thus demonstrating the value of this machine learning application.
Keywords: Analytics | Big data | Customer flow forecasting | Machine learning | Forecasting many time series | Multi-step-ahead forecasting strategy
Rapid discrimination of Salvia miltiorrhiza according to their geographical regions by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) and particle swarm optimization-kernel extreme learning machine (PSO-KELM)
تبعیض سریع miltiorrhiza مریم گلی با توجه به مناطق جغرافیایی خود را با طیف سنجی شکست ناشی از لیزر (LIBS) و یادگیری ماشین افراطی بهینه سازی ازدحام ذرات (PSO-KELM)-2020
Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) coupled with particle swarm optimization-kernel extreme learning machine (PSO-KELM) method was developed for classification and identification of six types Salvia miltiorrhiza samples in different regions. The spectral data of 15 Salvia miltiorrhiza samples were collected by LIBS spectrometer. An unsupervised classification model based on principal components analysis (PCA) was employed first for the classification of Salvia miltiorrhiza in different regions. The results showed that only Salvia miltiorrhiza samples from Gansu and Sichuan Province can be easily distinguished, and the samples in other regions present a bigger challenge in classification based on PCA. A supervised classification model based on KELM was then developed for the classification of Salvia miltiorrhiza, and two methods of random forest (RF) and PSO were used as the variable selection method to eliminate useless information and improve classification ability of the KELM model. The results showed that PSO-KELM model has a better classification result with a classification accuracy of 94.87%. Comparing the results with that obtained by particle swarm optimization-least squares support vector machines (PSO-LSSVM) and PSO-RF model, the PSO-KELM model possess the best classification performance. The overall results demonstrate that LIBS technique combined with PSO-KELM method would be a promising method for classification and identification of Salvia miltiorrhiza samples in different regions.
Keywords: Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy | Particle swarm optimization | Kernel extreme learning machine | Salvia miltiorrhiza | Classification
Drivers, barriers and social considerations for AI adoption in business and management: A tertiary study
رانندگان ، موانع و ملاحظات اجتماعی برای پذیرش هوش مصنوعی در مشاغل و مدیریت: یک مطالعه عالی-2020
The number of academic papers in the area of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its applications across business and management domains has risen significantly in the last decade, and that rise has been followed by an increase in the number of systematic literature reviews. The aim of this study is to provide an overview of existing systematic reviews in this growing area of research and to synthesise their findings related to enablers, barriers and social implications of the AI adoption in business and management. The methodology used for this tertiary study is based on Kitchenham and Charter’s guidelines , resulting in a selection of 30 reviews published between 2005 and 2019 which are reporting results of 2,021 primary studies. These reviews cover the AI adoption across various business sectors (healthcare, information technology, energy, agriculture, apparel industry, engineering, smart cities, tourism and transport), management and business functions (HR, customer services, supply chain, health and safety, project management, decisionsupport, systems management and technology acceptance). While the drivers for the AI adoption in these areas are mainly economic, the barriers are related to the technical aspects (e.g. availability of data, reusability of models) as well as the social considerations such as, increased dependence on non-humans, job security, lack of knowledge, safety, trust and lack of multiple stakeholders’ perspectives. Very few reviews outside of the healthcare management domain consider human, organisational and wider societal factors and implications of the AI adoption. Most of the selected reviews are recommending an increased focus on social aspects of AI, in addition to more rigorous evaluation, use of hybrid approaches (AI and non-AI) and multidisciplinary approaches to AI design and evaluation. Furthermore, this study found that there is a lack of systematic reviews in some of the AI early adopter sectors such as financial industry and retail and that the existing systematic reviews are not focusing enough on human, organisational or societal implications of the AI adoption in their research objectives.
Keywords: artificial intelligence | business | machine learning | management | systematic literature review | tertiary study
Challenges and recommended technologies for the industrial internet of things: A comprehensive review
چالش ها و فن آوری های پیشنهادی برای اینترنت اشیا صنعتی: مرور جامع-2020
Physical world integration with cyber world opens the opportunity of creating smart environments; this new paradigm is called the Internet of Things (IoT). Communication between humans and objects has been extended into those between objects and objects. Industrial IoT (IIoT) takes benefits of IoT communications in business applications focusing in interoperability between machines (i.e., IIoT is a subset from the IoT). Number of daily life things and objects connected to the Internet has been in increasing fashion, which makes the IoT be the dynamic network of networks. Challenges such as heterogeneity, dynamicity, velocity, and volume of data, make IoT services produce inconsistent, inaccurate, incomplete, and incorrect results, which are critical for many applications especially in IIoT (e.g., health-care, smart transportation, wearable, finance, industry, etc.). Discovering, searching, and sharing data and resources reveal 40% of IoT benefits to cover almost industrial applications. Enabling real-time data analysis, knowledge extraction, and search techniques based on Information Communication Technologies (ICT), such as data fusion, machine learning, big data, cloud computing, blockchain, etc., can reduce and control IoT and leverage its value. This research presents a comprehensive review to study state-of-the-art challenges and recommended technologies for enabling data analysis and search in the future IoT presenting a framework for ICT integration in IoT layers. This paper surveys current IoT search engines (IoTSEs) and presents two case studies to reflect promising enhancements on intelligence and smartness of IoT applications due to ICT integration.
Keywords: Industrial IoT (IIoT) | Searching and indexing | Blockchain | Big data | Data fusion Machine learning | Cloud and fog computing
Identifying influential factors distinguishing recidivists among offender patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia via machine learning algorithms
شناسایی عوامل موثر در تشخیص تکرار مجدد در بین بیماران مجرم با تشخیص اسکیزوفرنی از طریق الگوریتم های یادگیری ماشین-2020
Purpose: There is a lack of research on predictors of criminal recidivism of offender patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. Methods: 653 potential predictor variables were anlyzed in a set of 344 offender patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia (209 reconvicted) using machine learning algorithms. As a novel methodological approach, null hypothesis significance testing (NHST), backward selection, logistic regression, trees, support vector machines (SVM), and naive bayes were used for preselecting variables. Subsequently the variables identified as most influential were used for machine learning algorithm building and evaluation. Results: The two final models (with/without imputation) predicted criminal recidivism with an accuracy of 81.7 % and 70.6 % and a predictive power (area under the curve, AUC) of 0.89 and 0.76 based on the following predictors: prescription of amisulpride prior to reoffending, suspended sentencing to imprisonment, legal complaints filed by relatives/therapists/public authorities, recent legal issues, number of offences leading to forensic treatment, anxiety upon discharge, being single, violence toward care team and constant breaking of rules during treatment, illegal opioid use, middle east as place of birth, and time span since the last psychiatric inpatient treatment. Conclusion: Results provide new insight on possible factors influencing persistent offending in a specific subgroup of patients with a schizophrenic spectrum disorder.
Keywords: Criminal justice | Criminal recidivism | Machine learning | Offender | Schizophrenia
Digital Twin-enabled Collaborative Data Management for Metal Additive Manufacturing Systems
مدیریت داده های همکاری مشترک زوج دیجیتال برای سیستم های تولید مواد افزودنی فلز-2020
Metal Additive Manufacturing (AM) has been attracting a continuously increasing attention due to its great advantages compared to traditional subtractive manufacturing in terms of higher design flexibility, shorter development time, lower tooling cost, and fewer production wastes. However, the lack of process robustness, stability and repeatability caused by the unsolved complex relationships between material properties, product design, process parameters, process signatures, post AM processes and product quality has significantly impeded its broad acceptance in the industry. To facilitate efficient implementation of advanced data analytics in metal AM, which would support the development of intelligent process monitoring, control and optimisation, this paper proposes a novel Digital Twin (DT)-enabled collaborative data management framework for metal AM systems, where a Cloud DT communicates with distributed Edge DTs in different product lifecycle stages. A metal AM product data model that contains a comprehensive list of specific product lifecycle data is developed to support the collaborative data management. The feasibility and advantages of the proposed framework are validated through the practical implementation in a distributed metal AM system developed in the project MANUELA. A representative application scenario of cloud-based and deep learning-enabled metal AM layer defect analysis is also presented. The proposed DT-enabled collaborative data management has shown great potential in enhancing fundamental understanding of metal AM processes, developing simulation and prediction models, reducing development times and costs, and improving product quality and production efficiency.
Keywords: Metal Additive Manufacturing | Digital Twin | data management | data model | machine learning | product lifecycle management
Big data analytics in health sector: Theoretical framework, techniques and prospects
تجزیه و تحلیل داده های بزرگ در بخش بهداشت و درمان: چارچوب نظری ، تکنیک ها و چشم انداز-2020
Clinicians, healthcare providers-suppliers, policy makers and patients are experiencing exciting opportunities in light of new information deriving from the analysis of big data sets, a capability that has emerged in the last decades. Due to the rapid increase of publications in the healthcare industry, we have conducted a structured review regarding healthcare big data analytics. With reference to the resource-based view theory we focus on how big data resources are utilised to create organization values/capabilities, and through content analysis of the selected publications we discuss: the classification of big data types related to healthcare, the associate analysis techniques, the created value for stakeholders, the platforms and tools for handling big health data and future aspects in the field. We present a number of pragmatic examples to show how the advances in healthcare were made possible. We believe that the findings of this review are stimulating and provide valuable information to practitioners, policy makers and researchers while presenting them with certain paths for future research.
Keywords: Big data analytics | Health-Medicine | Decision-making | Machine learning | Operations research (OR) techniques
Big Data Everywhere
داده های بزرگ در همه جا-2020
Big Data and machine-learning approaches to analytics are an important new frontier in laboratory medicine. Direct-to-consumer (DTC) testing raises specific challenges in applying these new tools of data analytics. Because DTC data are not centralized by default, there is a need for data repositories to aggregate these values to develop appropriate predictive models. The lack of a default linkage between DTC results and medical outcomes data also limits the ability to mine these data for predictive modeling of disease risk. Issues of standardization and harmonization, which are a significant issue across all laboratory medicine, may be particularly difficult to correct in aggregated sets of DTC data
KEYWORDS : Big Data | Laboratory medicine | Machine learning | Direct-to-consumer testing | DTC | Harmonization
From data to action: How marketers can leverage AI
از داده به عمل: بازاریاب ها چگونه می توانند از هوش مصنوعی استفاده کنند-2020
Artificial intelligence (AI) is at the forefront of a revolution in business and society. AI affords companies a host of ways to better understand, predict, and engage customers. Within marketing, AI’s adoption is increasing year-on-year and in varied contexts, from providing service assistance during customer interactions to assisting in the identification of optimal promotions. But just as questions about AI remain with regard to job automation, ethics, and corporate responsibility, the marketing domain faces its own concerns about AI. With this article, we seek to consolidate the growing body of knowledge about AI in marketing. We explain how AI can enhance the marketing function across nine stages of the marketing planning process. We also provide examples of current applications of AI in marketing.
KEYWORDS : Artificial intelligence | Machine learning | Marketing function | Marketing mix | Consumer engagement | Customer experience | Customer journey
Collaborative AI and Laboratory Medicine integration in precision cardiovascular medicine
یکپارچه سازی هوش مصنوعی و داروی آزمایشگاهی در پزشکی دقیق قلب و عروق-2020
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a broad term that combines computation with sophisticated mathematical models and in turn allows the development of complex algorithms which are capable to simulate human intelligence such as problem solving and learning. It is devised to promote a significant paradigm shift in the most diverse areas of medical knowledge. On the other hand, Cardiology is a vast field dealing with diseases relating to the heart, the circulatory system, and includes coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, rheumatic heart disease and other conditions. AI has emerged as a promising tool in cardiovascular medicine which is aimed in augmenting the effectiveness of the cardiologist and to extend better quality to patients. It has the ability to support decision‑making and improve diagnostic and prognostic performance. Attempt has also been made to explore novel genotypes and phenotypes in existing cardiovascular diseases, improve the quality of patient care, to enable cost-effectiveness with reduce readmission and mortality rates. Our review addresses the integration of AI and laboratory medicine as an accelerator of personalization care associated with the precision and the need of value creation services in cardiovascular medicine.
Keywords: Artificial intelligence | Cardiology | Laboratory | Biomarkers | Data | Machine learning | Personalized