دانلود و نمایش مقالات مرتبط با Business performance::صفحه 1
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نتیجه جستجو - Business performance

تعداد مقالات یافته شده: 47
ردیف عنوان نوع
1 Catching up or lagging behind? The long-term business and innovation potential of subsidized start-ups out of unemployment
عقب افتادن یا عقب ماندن؟ پتانسیل بلند مدت تجارت و نوآوری شرکت های تازه تاسیس یارانه ای از بیکاری-2020
From an active labor market policy perspective, start-up subsidies for unemployed individuals are very effective in improving long-term labor market outcomes for participants. From a business perspective, however, the assess- ment of these public programs is less clear since they might attract individuals with low entrepreneurial abilities and produce businesses with low survival rates and little contribution to job creation, economic growth, and innovation. In this paper, we use a rich data set to compare participants of a German start-up subsidy program for unemployed individuals to a group of regular founders who started from non-unemployment and did not receive the subsidy. The data allows us to analyze their business performance up until 40 months after business formation. We find that formerly subsidized founders lag behind not only in survival and job creation, but especially also in innovation activities. The gaps in these business outcomes are relatively constant or even widening over time. Hence, we do not see any indication of catching up in the longer run. While the gap in survival can be entirely explained by initial differences in observable start-up characteristics, the gap in business development remains and seems to be the result of restricted access to capital as well as differential business strategies and dynamics. Considering these conflicting results for the assessment of the subsidy program from an ALMP and business perspective, policy makers need to carefully weigh the costs and benefits of such a strategy to find the right policy mix.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship | Start-up subsidies | Business growth | Innovation | Job creation
مقاله انگلیسی
2 Prescriptive analytics: Literature review and research challenges
تجزیه و تحلیل تجربی: مرور ادبیات و چالش های تحقیقاتی-2020
Business analytics aims to enable organizations to make quicker, better, and more intelligent decisions with the aim to create business value. To date, the major focus in the academic and industrial realms is on descriptive and predictive analytics. Nevertheless, prescriptive analytics, which seeks to find the best course of action for the future, has been increasingly gathering the research interest. Prescriptive analytics is often considered as the next step towards increasing data analytics maturity and leading to optimized decision making ahead of time for business performance improvement. This paper investigates the existing literature pertaining to prescriptive analytics and prominent methods for its implementation, provides clarity on the research field of prescriptive analytics, synthesizes the literature review in order to identify the existing research challenges, and outlines directions for future research.
Keywords: Analytics | Prescriptive analytics | Business analytics | Big data | Literature review
مقاله انگلیسی
3 Framework for Sustainable Risk Management in the Manufacturing Sector
چارچوبی برای مدیریت پایدار ریسک در بخش تولید-2020
Risk management is a huge challenge for business managers especially in the manufacturing engineering sector, and if not proactively controlled can lead to under performance and sometimes cessation of activities for some companies. It is common knowledge that poorly managed risks can have an adverse effect on performance while proactive and systematic control of key risk variables in a business environment could generate successful outcomes. The work carried out here has developed a framework for risk management affordable and suitable for use especially by small and medium size enterprises in the manufacturing sector. Using a combination of Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) and Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) search algorithms, it was possible to search and identify key risk indicators that could undermine business performance (measured in terms of cost, time, quality and safety) from a system database, and thereby manage (monitor, identify, analyse, reduce, accept or reject their impact) them. The conclusion drawn from the study is that risk management for a manufacturing process can be successfully achieved if risk factors which have a negative impact on project cost, quality of delivery, lead cycle and takt time and health and safety of workers can be identified using BBN and minimised using the framework developed in this study.
Keywords: Risk Management | Manufacturing | Framework | Bayesian Belief Network | SMES | Software | Performance
مقاله انگلیسی
4 Customer information resources advantage, marketing strategy and business performance: A market resources based view
مزیت منابع اطلاعاتی مشتری ، استراتژی بازاریابی و عملکرد تجاری: نمای مبتنی بر منابع بازار-2020
Chief among a firms market-based resources are its relational resources such as brand equity, customer equity and channel equity that result from its interactions with customers and marketing intermediaries, and intellectual resources – accumulated knowledge about entities in the market environment such as consumers, end use and intermediate customers and competitors. In the evolving digital data rich market environment, customer- based resources, a subset of a firms market-based resources, are becoming increasingly important as potential sources of competitive advantage. Customer information assets refer to information of economic value about customers owned by a firm. Information analysis capabilities are complex bundles of skills and knowledge embedded in a firms organizational processes employed to generate customer knowledge from customer information assets. Customer insights or knowledge is a firms extent of understanding of customers that informs its business decisions. Building on the resource-based, capabilities-based and knowledge-based views of the firm, resource advantage theory of competition, and the outside-in and inside-out approaches to strategy, this article presents a market resources-based view of strategy, competitive advantage and performance. The article presents a framework delineating the relationship between a firms customer information based resources, marketing strategy and performance, and discusses implications for theory, research and practice.
Keywords: Competitive advantage | Market based resources | Customer information based resources | Customer insights | Outside-in and inside-out approaches to | strategy
مقاله انگلیسی
5 Examining the Relationship between Social Media Analytics Practices and Business Performance in the Indian Retail and IT Industries: The Mediation Role of Customer Engagement
بررسی رابطه بین شیوه های تجزیه و تحلیل رسانه های اجتماعی و عملکرد تجاری در صنایع خرده فروشی و فناوری اطلاعات هند: نقش میانجی گری تعامل مشتری-2020
Social media analytics (SMA) is a dynamic field which has received considerable attention from both academics and management practitioners alike. A significant number of the scholarly research currently being conducted in SMA, however, is conceptual. Industry experts know that SMA creates new opportunities for organisations who want to more strongly engage with their customers and improve business performance. However, the relationship between social media analytic practices (SMAP), customer engagement (CE), and business performance (BP) has not yet been sufficiently investigated from an empirical perspective. In order to gain a better understanding of the relationship between SMAP and BP and the mediation role of CE in that process, a large- scale survey was conducted among senior and mid-level managers as well as consultants in the Retail and information technology (IT) industries in India. Specifically, a structured closed-ended questionnaire was ad- ministered to managers and management consultants country-wide and gathered usable responses from 281 respondents holding positions such as: Digital Marketing Executive/Digital Marketing Specialist, Management Consultant, Analytics Manager, Customer Relationship Manager, Marketing Director, Engagement Manager, etc. who were in charge of digital marketing strategies in the respondent retail and IT organisations. The questionnaire addressed issues related to the way in which SMAP contribute to an enhanced business performance through the mediation role of customer engagement. Structural Equation Modelling was employed to analyse the received empirical data. On the basis of the findings our research concludes that there is a significant positive relationship between SMAP and BP mediated by CE in the Indian retail and IT industries.
Keywords: Social media analytics | Customer engagement | Business performance | Indian retail and IT Industries
مقاله انگلیسی
6 An empirical investigation of the relationship between business performance and suicide in the US
بررسی تجربی رابطه بین عملکرد تجاری و خودکشی در ایالات متحده-2020
Previous research suggests that mortality rates behave pro-cyclically with respect to economic growth, with suicides representing a notable exception that consistently increase in economic downturns. Over recent years, there is ample evidence in the literature that the working environment in the US has deteriorated significantly, suggesting that suicide rates may not necessarily behave in a counter-cyclical manner with business performance. Utilising recent suicide data, this study empirically tests the hypothesis that adverse working conditions over recent years may have resulted in a pro-cyclical relationship between business performance and suicide. Unlike previous studies, we use a stock market index, a leading macroeconomic indicator, to measure economic conditions from a business perspective. We employ the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) co-integration methodology to study the long-run relationship between monthly S&P500 stock market data and age and gender-specific suicide rates during the period January 1999 to July 2017. Our results highlight substantial differences in age groups responses to fluctuations in business performance. We find a clear positive association between business performance and suicide rates for the youngest males and females aged 15–34 years, indicating that there is a human cost associated with improved business performance. Additionally, we investigate the association between economic insecurity, a unique aspect of the recent deterioration in the working environ ment, using the Implied Volatility Index “VIX” and age and gender-specific suicide rates. Our findings do not support a population-wide adverse impact of economic insecurity on suicide incidences. The exception was males aged 15–24, and females aged 55–64 for whom we find a significant positive association. Teaching work-life management and problem-solving skills to manage everyday work stressors may be important strategies to mitigate the psychological cost of business successes.
Keywords: Suicide | Stock market fluctuations | Economic conditions | Business performance | Economic insecurity | Psychological work stressors
مقاله انگلیسی
7 Examining the Relationship between Social Media Analytics Practices and Business Performance in the Indian Retail and IT Industries: The Mediation Role of Customer Engagement
بررسی رابطه بین شیوه های تجزیه و تحلیل رسانه های اجتماعی و عملکرد تجاری در خرده فروشی ها و صنایع IT: نقش میانجیگری درگیر شدن مشتری-2020
Social media analytics (SMA) is a dynamic field which has received considerable attention from both academics and management practitioners alike. A significant number of the scholarly research currently being conducted in SMA, however, is conceptual. Industry experts know that SMA creates new opportunities for organisations who want to more strongly engage with their customers and improve business performance. However, the relationship between social media analytic practices (SMAP), customer engagement (CE), and business performance (BP) has not yet been sufficiently investigated from an empirical perspective. In order to gain a better understanding of the relationship between SMAP and BP and the mediation role of CE in that process, a largescale survey was conducted among senior and mid-level managers as well as consultants in the Retail and information technology (IT) industries in India. Specifically, a structured closed-ended questionnaire was administered to managers and management consultants country-wide and gathered usable responses from 281 respondents holding positions such as: Digital Marketing Executive/Digital Marketing Specialist, Management Consultant, Analytics Manager, Customer Relationship Manager, Marketing Director, Engagement Manager, etc. who were in charge of digital marketing strategies in the respondent retail and IT organisations. The questionnaire addressed issues related to the way in which SMAP contribute to an enhanced business performance through the mediation role of customer engagement. Structural Equation Modelling was employed to analyse the received empirical data. On the basis of the findings our research concludes that there is a significant positive relationship between SMAP and BP mediated by CE in the Indian retail and IT industries.
Keywords: Social media analytics | Customer engagement | Business performance | Indian retail and IT Industries
مقاله انگلیسی
8 Operations management research grounded in the resource-based view: A meta-analysis
تحقیقات مدیریت عملیات مبتنی بر دیدگاه مبتنی بر منابع: فراتحلیل-2020
The resource-based view (RBV) has long been adopted in strategic management research, but its use in opera- tions management (OM) research is relatively new. Many empirical studies based upon RBV have investigated OM functions/capabilities and their impacts on business performance. Despite the considerable amount of research that has been conducted, there is no meta-analysis of application of RBV in the OM field. Hitt et al. (2016) reviewed the use and application of RBV in OM, based upon studies published in nine elite OM journals in the period 2007–2013. We take a meta-analytic approach to statistically combine and critically analyse application of RBV in OM over the period 2007–2020. We identify three primary operational functions/capabilities, namely flexibility, supply chain integration, and organizational capability, that have a positive impact on business performance in general, and on competitive performance, financial performance, and operational performance in particular. This study contributes to the literature on application RBV in OM and provides future research directions.
Keywords: Meta-analysis | Resource-based view | Flexibility | Supply chain integration | Organizational capability
مقاله انگلیسی
9 The impact of supply chain practices and quality management on firm performance: Evidence from Chinas small and medium manufacturing enterprises
تأثیر شیوه های زنجیره تأمین و مدیریت کیفیت بر عملکرد شرکت: شواهدی از شرکتهای کوچک و متوسط تولیدی چین-2020
In China, small and medium enterprises (SME) contribute to more than 75% of urban employment opportunities and more than 50% national fiscal revenue. This study uses survey data from 138 small and medium firms in China to explore the impact of supply chain practices and quality management on firm business performances. Business performances include market share performance and innovation performance. The analysis results show that (1) supply chain information sharing has significant positive impact on quality management practices and supplier specific investment; and (2) quality management practices and supplier specific investment have significant positive impact on both market share performance and innovation performance. This study also finds that not only the market share performance and innovation performance but also the level of quality management practice and supplier’s specific investment are higher at the coastal Zhejiang province than seven inland provinces. Regarding the supplier specific investment, firms facing severe intense competition tend not to invest as much as those facing fair level of competition. For the firms with different levels of supplier specific investment (i.e. low, and high), this study finds no difference in quality management practice, supply chain information sharing, and business performances. Finally, innovation performance is found to be positively correlated with market share performance. Hopefully, this study reveals the factors how the sample firms achieved sustained success as the average number of years the sample firms existed was 17.5 years which is much longer than the 3.7 years average life cycle of Chinese SMEs.
Keywords: Small and medium enterprises | Supply chain information sharing | Quality management | Supplier specific investment | Business performance China
مقاله انگلیسی
10 Towards a new model to understand quality in collaborative consumption services
به سمت یک مدل جدید برای درک کیفیت در خدمات مصرف مشارکتی-2020
The collaborative consumption industry, which is based on the idea of providing more sustainable uses for resources, has experienced high growth rates since it was introduced a few years ago. As an alter- native to traditional businesses, some of the management models that apply to regular companies must be reviewed and adapted for collaborative consumption organisations. However, none of the existing conceptual quality management models has been adapted to suit the particularities of this new kind of service. The goal of the present study is to introduce a model to conceptualise how quality is perceived and managed in the collaborative consumption setting. The proposed model is based on the Service Quality GAP Model designed by Parasuraman and his team in the 1980s.The new model contributes with two novelties that enable its updating and adaptation to this particular collaborative consumption setting: (i) its cyclical shape, and (ii) including the interactions between the consumer and the peer service provider, and those that occur between the consumer and the digital platform. Service quality has been proven to have a relevant impact on overall business performance, client satisfaction, loyalty and profitability. This new model will be a useful contribution for both academics and managers in collaborative consumption companies.© 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Service quality model | Perceived service quality | Collaborative consumption | New business model
مقاله انگلیسی
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