In law we trust: Lawyer CEOs and stock liquidity
اعتماد ما به قانون : مدیرعامل وکالت و نقدینگی سهام-2020
I find that about 8.5% of firms in the sample of S&P 1500 firms are run by CEOs with a law degree (lawyer CEOs) and these firms have higher stock market liquidity than non-lawyer run CEO firms. I also find stock market liquidity improves following the appointment of lawyer CEOs. Lawyer CEOs improve stock market liquidity because they improve the firm’s information environment and reduce firm risk. Firms led by CEOs with legal expertise are associated with less stock price delay, weaker market reactions to corporate earnings announcements, and lower insider trading profits. Overall, this paper highlights the importance of CEO characteristics in enhancing financial market quality.
Keywords: Stock market liquidity | CEOs | Legal education | Insider trading
The role of leadership in shared value creation from the public’s perspective: A multi-continental study
نقش رهبری در ایجاد ارزش مشترک از دیدگاه عموم: یک مطالعه چند قاره ای-2020
Porter and Kramer’s concept of creating shared value (CSV) has been welcomed as an approach to corporate social responsibility (CSR) among corporations that also provides a practical opportunity for dialogue in public relations, but it has been little examined from the general population’s (i.e., the public’s) perspective. Such scrutiny is important because its findings enable public relations to contribute to the debate and development of CSV from both the public’s and the organization’s viewpoints. Additionally, if public relations professionals understand how the public perceives CSV, they can give a strategic perspective to top management for maximizing moral capabilities of the business and formulate effective communication to promote CSV initiatives. This study investigates whether the public prefers corporations to practice CSV as opposed to intrinsic CSR as a separate pursuit from business interests. It also explores the role of leadership as an influential and ethical construct in implementing effective CSV as perceived by the public. The public’s preference for CSV over in trinsic CSR was revealed in a survey of 1784 participants in the United States (US), Germany, and China. Factor analysis results further suggested that effective CSV competencies of CEOs were construed as a unidimensional concept in the US, but German and Chinese participants viewed it as two-dimensional. The public perceived that leaders’ moral character played a more important, core role in effective CSV than did altruistic and behavioral attributes, across nations. Network analysis of the perceived effective CSV-characteristics provides further implications for CSV communication.
Keywords: Corporate social responsibility (CSR) | Creating shared value (CSV) | Leadership | CEO characteristics | Comparative study
The financial crisis, acquisition premiums and the moderating effect of CEO power
بحران مالی، دریافت حق بیمه و اثر تعدیل کننده از قدرت مدیر عامل شرکت-2018
The recent financial crisis brought upon a period of increased information uncertainty for firms and market agents and in the context of mergers and acquisitions, increased information asymmetry between bidders and targets. This led to an overall increase in average acquisition premiums. However, the final realized premium can be moderated through CEO characteristics in dealing with such issues as uncertainty and asymmetry. Bidder CEOs can reduce these premiums through their expertise, networks and control: powerful CEOs will tend to pay smaller premiums than weaker CEOs because they are better equipped to deal with the increased information uncertainty and asymmetry, either through risk-averse behavior or better assessment of target quality. Our results based on a six-year sample of S&P500 firms engaged in M&A activity, and centered on the onset of the recent financial crisis, largely support our predictions. While earlier research suggested that CEO power could lead to higher premiums, our study points to the opposite conclusion: during times of financial crisis, CEO power effectively constrains premiums. This extends our understanding of why bidder CEOs overpay beyond the role of bidder anchoring bias, hubris, and target resistance by considering the role of macro-environmental conditions and power.
Executive pay and performance in Portuguese listed companies
حقوق مدیران و عملکرد در شرکت های فهرست شده پرتغالی-2016
This essay analyses the relationship between corporate governance practices and Chief Executive Officer(CEO)wages from a sample of Portuguese listed companies over the period from 2002 to 2011. The relationship between CEO total compensation and shareholders return, firm characteristics, CEO characteristics, board of directors and shareholders characteristics is analysed. It is found that firm specific factors accounts for the majority of the variance in total CEO pay, while firm performance accounts for less than 5%. It is also found that the CEO characteristics, board of directors’ structures, and shareholders features are related with the CEO pay.
Keywords: Pay | Performance | CEO | Corporate governance | Listed companies | Portugal