آموزش آسیب شناسی از راه دور تحت همه گیری COVID-19: برداشت های دانشجویان پزشکی
سال انتشار: 2022 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 4 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 12
زمینه: همهگیری COVID-19 آموزش سنتی را مجبور کرده است که دوباره ساختار یافته و به صورت آنلاین ارائه شود. هدف: تجزیه و تحلیل ادراک دانشجویان پزشکی در مورد مزایا و مشکلات آموزش از راه دور پاتولوژی در طول همه گیری COVID-19.
طراحی: یک مطالعه مقطعی با یک نظرسنجی آنلاین برای دانشجویان سال سوم و چهارم فارغالتحصیلی پزشکی، که در آموزش از راه دور پاتولوژی در طول همهگیری COVID-19 شرکت کردند، انجام شد. روشهای تدریس آنلاین شامل فعالیتهای همزمان با سخنرانیهای تعاملی زنده، بحثهای مبتنی بر مورد و فعالیتهای ناهمزمان با سخنرانیهای ضبطشده، آموزشها و متون موجود در پلت فرم آموزش آنلاین است. ادراک دانشجویان در مورد آموزش از راه دور آسیب شناسی از طریق نظرسنجی آنلاین مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت.
یافتهها: 90 دانشجو (47%) از 190 شرکتکننده پرسشنامه را تکمیل کردند که 45 نفر مرد و 52 نفر در سال سوم فارغالتحصیلی پزشکی بودند. شرایط درک شده ای که یادگیری آسیب شناسی را تسهیل می کرد شامل استفاده از پلت فرم آموزش آنلاین و انعطاف پذیری زمانی برای مطالعه بود. دانشجویان سخنرانی های زنده تعاملی را برتر از سخنرانی های سنتی سنتی می دانستند. شرایط درک شده ای که مانع اجرای آموزش آنلاین شد، شامل دشواری جداسازی مطالعه از فعالیت های خانگی، بی انگیزگی و بدتر شدن کیفیت زندگی به دلیل دوری فیزیکی از همکاران و اساتید بود. به طور کلی، آموزش از راه دور آسیب شناسی توسط 80٪ از دانشجویان ارزش مثبت داشت.
نتیجهگیری: ابزارهای آنلاین اجازه میدهند تا محتوای پاتولوژی با موفقیت در طول همهگیری COVID-19 به دانشآموزان ارائه شود. این تجربه می تواند الگویی برای فعالیت های آموزشی آتی آسیب شناسی در آموزش علوم بهداشت باشد.
کلید واژه ها: پاتولوژی | آموزش از راه دور | کووید -19 | آموزش پزشکی
|مقاله ترجمه شده|
Smart mask – Wearable IoT solution for improved protection and personal health
ماسک هوشمند – راه حل پوشیدنی اینترنت اشیا برای بهبود حفاظت و سلامت شخصی-2022
The use of face masks is an important way to fight the COVID-19 pandemic. In this paper, we envision the Smart Mask, an IoT supported platform and ecosystem aiming to prevent and control the spreading of COVID-19 and other respiratory viruses. The integration of sensing, materials, AI, wireless, IoT, and software will help the gathering of health data and health-related event detection in real time from the user as well as from their environment. In the larger scale, with the help of AI-based analysis for health data it is possible to predict and decrease medical costs with accurate diagnoses and treatment plans, where the comparison of personal data to large-scale public data enables drawing up a personal health trajectory, for example. Key research prob- lems for smart respiratory protective equipment are identified in addition to future research di- rections. A Smart Mask prototype was developed with accompanying user application, backend and heath AI to study the concept.
keywords: کووید-۱۹ | محاسبات لبه | اینترنت اشیا | سلامت شخصی | پوشیدنی | COVID-19 | Edge computing | IoT | Personal health | Wearable
5G network slice for digital real-time healthcare system powered by network data analytics
برش شبکه 5G برای سیستم دیجیتال مراقبت بهداشتی بلادرنگ طراحی شده توسط تجزیه و تحلیل داده های شبکه-2022
In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, where almost the entire global healthcare ecosystem struggled to handle patients, it’s evident that the healthcare segment needs a virtual real-time digital support system. The recent advancements in technology have enabled machine-to-machine communication, enhanced mobile broadband, and real-time biometric data analytics. These could potentially fulfill the requirements of an end-to-end digital healthcare system. For building such a system, there is also a need for a dedicated and specialized communication network. Such a system will not only support dynamic throughput, latency and payload but also provide guaranteed QoS (Quality of Service) at every instant. The motive of our study was to define an implementable lowlevel architecture for the digital healthcare system by using the 5G Network Slice that incorporates all these features. Best-in-class wearable devices will collect the biometric data and transmit it via the 5G network slice. Data analytics is then applied to the collected data to build a knowledge graph used for quick predictions and prescriptions. The architecture also keeps in mind the security and integrity aspects of healthcare data.
Keywords: 5G network slice | Slice dimensioning | Digital healthcare | Network data analytics framework | IoMT
A conceptual IoT-based early-warning architecture for remote monitoring of COVID-19 patients in wards and at home
یک معماری مفهومی هشدار اولیه مبتنی بر اینترنت اشیا برای نظارت از راه دور بیماران COVID-19 در بخش ها و در خانه-2022
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, health services around the globe are struggling. An effective system for monitoring patients can improve healthcare delivery by avoiding in-person contacts, enabling early-detection of severe cases, and remotely assessing patients’ status. Internet of Things (IoT) technologies have been used for monitoring patients’ health with wireless wearable sensors in different scenarios and medical conditions, such as noncommunicable and infectious diseases. Combining IoT-related technologies with early-warning scores (EWS) commonly utilized in infirmaries has the potential to enhance health services delivery significantly. Specifically, the NEWS-2 has been showing remarkable results in detecting the health deterioration of COVID-19 patients. Although the literature presents several approaches for remote monitoring, none of these studies proposes a customized, complete, and integrated architecture that uses an effective early-detection mechanism for COVID-19 and that is flexible enough to be used in hospital wards and at home. Therefore, this article’s objective is to present a comprehensive IoT-based conceptual architecture that addresses the key requirements of scalability, interoperability, network dynamics, context discovery, reliability, and privacy in the context of remote health monitoring of COVID-19 patients in hospitals and at home. Since remote monitoring of patients at home (essential during a pandemic) can engender trust issues regarding secure and ethical data collection, a consent management module was incorporated into our architecture to provide transparency and ensure data privacy. Further, the article details mechanisms for supporting a configurable and adaptable scoring system embedded in wearable devices to increase usefulness and flexibility for health care professions working with EWS.
keywords: نظارت از راه دور | کووید-۱۹ | اخبار-2 | معماری | رضایت | اینترنت اشیا | Remote monitoring | COVID-19 | NEWS-2 | Architecture | Consent | IoT
An ecological critique of accounting: The circular economy and COVID-19
نقد زیست محیطی حسابداری: اقتصاد دایره ای و Covid-19-2021
Given the increasing participation of accounting technologies in purported solutions to deal with the ecological crisis, we address two areas where a growing accounting literature is emerging, the circular economy and the COVID-19 pandemic, testing some ideas to inform an ecological critique of accounting that could help us ward off the ‘‘dreams of escaping” (Latour, 2018). We suggest that the conceptual separation between nature and society renders accounting for the circular economy and the COVID-19 pandemic problematic. A critical account of the circular economy might problematize things like the whole economic system’s physical scale, spatial and temporal system boundaries, consumer culture, and the inherent politics of the circular economy. We also suggest that a critical account of the COVID-19 pandemic needs to take on board the participation of accounting representations in the construction of particular narratives about the virus. In particular, calculations of the costs caused by COVID-19 need to be connected to the ecological value of viruses to illustrate how the social and the biological worlds are inextricably connected. In both cases, we suggest critical accounting researchers need to be actively involved in discussions about how valuation constructs narratives about resource or waste, with significant implications on how we conceive the relationship between humanity and the environment.
keywords: حسابداری | انسان شناسی | اقتصاد دایره ای | کووید -19 | بحران زیست محیطی | Accounting | Anthropocene | Circular economy | COVID-19 | Environmental crisis
COVID-19 pandemic related supply chain studies: A systematic review
مطالعات زنجیره تامین مرتبط با همه گیری COVID-19 : مرور سیستماتیک-2021
The global spread of the novel coronavirus, also known as the COVID-19 pandemic, has had a devastating impact on supply chains. Since the pandemic started, scholars have been researching and publishing their studies on the various supply-chain-related issues raised by COVID-19. However, while the number of articles on this subject has been steadily increasing, due to the absence of any systematic literature reviews, it remains unclear what aspects of this disruption have already been studied and what aspects still need to be investigated. The present study systematically reviews existing research on the COVID-19 pandemic in supply chain disciplines. Through a rigorous and systematic search, we identify 74 relevant articles published on or before 28 September 2020. The synthesis of the findings reveals that four broad themes recur in the published work: namely, impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, resilience strategies for managing impacts and recovery, the role of technology in implementing resilience strategies, and supply chain sustainability in the light of the pandemic. Alongside the synthesis of the findings, this study describes the methodologies, context, and theories used in each piece of research. Our analysis reveals that there is a lack of empirically designed and theoretically grounded studies in this area; hence, the generalizability of the findings, thus far, is limited. Moreover, the analysis reveals that most studies have focused on supply chains for high-demand essential goods and healthcare products, while low-demand items and SMEs have been largely ignored. We also re- view the literature on prior epidemic outbreaks and other disruptions in supply chain disciplines. By considering the findings of these articles alongside research on the COVID-19 pandemic, this study offers research questions and directions for further investigation. These directions can guide scholars in designing and conducting impactful research in the field.
Keywords: Supply chain disciplines | COVID-19 pandemic | Supply chain disruptions | Epidemic outbreaks | Literature review
Cardiac biometric variables and arrhythmic events during COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in patients with an implantable cardiac monitor for syncope work-up
متغیرهای بیومتریک قلب و رویدادهای آریتمی در طول قرنطینه همه گیر COVID-19 در بیماران دارای مانیتور قلبی قابل کاشت برای کار سنکوپ-2021
Aim: To assess the changes induced by the COVID-19 lockdown on cardiac biometric variables recorded using an implantable cardiac monitor (ICM) in a patient population monitored for syncope work-up, as well to assess whether there has been an effect on arrhythmic events among the patients. Methods: Longitudinal cohort study. We included 245 adult patients monitored with an ICM indicated for the investigation of syncope. The records from days 1 to 12 March 2020 (prior to the institution of lockdown by the state government) with days 16 to 28 March 2020 were compared. Results: Daily physical exercise reduced markedly after the imposition of lockdown (132 [55–233] minutes vs. 78 [21–154] minutes). The mean daytime HR prior to lockdown was 77 [69–85] bpm, whereas during lockdown it was 74 [66–81] bpm. During the lockdown period, a drop in the variability in heart rate (114 [94–136] ms vs. 111 [92–133] ms) was observed. Although the incidence of AF was similar over both periods, the daily AF burden was significantly higher post-lockdown (405 [391–425] minutes vs. 423 [423–537] minutes). No differences in the number of other arrhythmias were found. Conclusions: The establishment of mandatory lockdown has led to a marked drop in daily physical activity in this population which probably explains changes observed in other cardiac biometric variables. Although, in the short term, we have not documented an increased risk of arrhythmia, we cannot rule out an effect in the medium to long term or in other populations of at-risk patients.
Keywords: COVID-19 | Lockdown | Physical exercise | Arrhythmic burden
The use of IT systems in financial and accounting services for enterprises in the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic
استفاده از سیستم های فناوری اطلاعات در خدمات مالی و حسابداری برای شرکت ها در شرایط همه گیر COVID-19-2021
In Poland, remote teams and work outside of the company were rare by this time. Almost all organizations had to virtualize at a faster rate by delegating their employees to work remotely, facing many challenges that they had to overcome in a short time. This article aims to check the directions and effects of changes in the digitalization of financial-accounting processes concerning the COVID-19 pandemic. The rate of use financial-accounting programs in remote work and upgrade of work organization, availability to internet platforms, identification security level of data, defining barriers that influence the limit of digitalization processes and financial-accounting programs were made.
Keywords: finance | IT systems | financial and accounting programs | company | pandemic | COVID-19.
Gaining from disorder: Making the case for antifragility in purchasing and supply chain management
به دست آوردن اختلال: ایجاد شرایط ضد انعطاف پذیری در خرید و مدیریت زنجیره تامین-2021
The purchasing and supply chain management (P&SCM) discipline assumes that supply chains are fragile systems, hence taking a “negative” approach toward disorder. Building on Taleb’s concept of antifragility—the ability to gain from disorder rather than avoiding it—, we challenge this traditional assumption. The COVID-19 pandemic has revealed that some companies were indeed able to gain from disorder, whereas some of those that focused too much on robustness and resilience lost ground. Building robust and resilient supply chains may no longer be enough to thrive in today’s highly volatile business world. This article sparks a new debate by introducing antifragility to the P&SCM literature and provides new directions for future research.
Keywords: Antifragility | Antifragile supply chain | Supply chain disruption | Resilient supply chain | Purchasing | Robust supply chain | Supply chain management | COVID-19
Supply chain design to tackle coronavirus pandemic crisis by tourism management
طراحی زنجیره تامین برای مقابله با بحران همه گیری ویروس کرونا توسط مدیریت گردشگری-2021
The rapid growth of the COVID-19 pandemic in the world and the importance of controlling it in all regions have made managing this crisis a great challenge for all countries. In addition to imposing various monetary costs on countries, this pandemic has left many serious damages and casualties. Proper control of this crisis will provide better medical services. Controlling travel and tourists in this crisis is also an effective factor. Hence, the proposed model wants to control the crisis by controlling the volume of incoming tourists to each city and region by closing the entry points of that region, which reduces the inpatients. The proposed multi-objective model is designed to aim at minimizing total costs, minimizing the tourist patients, and maximizing the number of city patients. The Improved Multi-choice Goal programming (IMCGP) method has been used to solve the multi-objective problem. The model examines the results by considering a case study. Sensitivity analyses and managerial insight are also provided. According to the results obtained from the model and case study, two medical centers with the capacity of 300 and 700 should be opened if the entry points are not closed.© 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Pandemic control | COVID-19 | Multi-objective supply chain optimization | IMCGP | Tourism management