Entrepreneurship and management education: Exploring trends and gaps
کارآفرینی و آموزش مدیریت: بررسی روندها و شکاف ها-2020
Entrepreneurship education is one of the most popular management education subjects due to its ability to link practice with theory. Despite its popularity, research on the topic is still in its in- fancy due to the interdisciplinary nature of the field that makes it unique to study. The aim of this editorial article is to highlight how entrepreneurship education needs to change based on the digital transformation made necessary by the recent COVID-19 crisis. The importance of embedding an entrepreneurship perspective within educational practices is stated that highlights the diversity of the field. The different theoretical underpinnings of entrepreneurship education are also highlighted that suggest a need to think in new directions about possible future peda- gogical approaches. This means it is important to stress the research streams that need more attention based on crisis management techniques in order to deal with the current COVID-19 pandemic. The article makes several suggestions that make it evident that there is merit in introducing novel perspectives that change the nature and way entrepreneurship education is understood in society.
Keywords: COVID-19 | Crisis management | Education | Entrepreneurship education | Response mechanisms | Resetting research
Strategic ambidexterity and its performance implications for emerging economies multinationals
دوچرخه سواری استراتژیک و پیامدهای عملکرد آن برای شرکت های چند ملیتی اقتصادهای در حال ظهور-2020
Emerging market multinational enterprises (EMNEs) are attracting significant scholarly attention in the inter-national business and general management domain. The extant research has provided important insights into the EMNEs’ internationalization processes and whether the existing theories adequately explain their outward in- vestment motives. This special issue aims to provide a platform suited to extend the current understanding of the rapid rise of EMNEs and examine the vital role played by strategic ambidexterity and its performance implications for the EMNEs. The current research on EMNEs has failed to adequately leverage strategic ambidexterity and link it with the post-entry performance of EMNEs. We argue that the strategic ambidexterity perspective offers valuable opportunities to understand the post-entry performance of EMNEs as they expand into developed and developing markets. The article also highlights important areas for future research by taking into account the current COVID-19 pandemic crisis.
Keywords: EMNEs | Strategic ambidexterity | Exploration | Exploitation | Internationalization | Emerging market multinationals | COVID-19 crisis
Startups in times of crisis - A rapid response to the COVID-19 pandemic
شرکت های نوپا در مواقع بحرانی - پاسخی سریع به بیماری همه گیر COVID-19-2020
Research summary: The discovery of the coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) and the spread of COVID-19 have led many governments to take drastic measures. The lockdown of large parts of society and economic life has come as an exogenous shock to many economic actors, not least innovative startups. This rapid response research combines a qualitative research design informed by entrepreneurial ecosystem actors with an analysis of policy measures called for, announced, and reportedly implemented in the international press. Interviews from an entrepreneurial ecosystem offer a ﬁrst-hand account of the adversity startups face during a crisis and how by utilizing bricolage responses they cope, and the analysis of policy measures can serve as an inspiration to design support initiatives to protect startups from the consequences of the current lockdown and to alleviate the effects of future crises.Managerial summary: The lockdown measures as a response to the spread of the new coronavirus threaten the existence of many innovative startups. Our rapid response research ﬁrst illustrates the challenges entrepreneurs face as a consequence of the crisis. Second, we illustrate how entre- preneurs are dealing with the effects of the crisis and what they are doing to protect their ventures. Finally, we present measures that could be utilized by policymakers to assist entrepreneurs facing challenges. The research conducted suggests that while startups are successfully leveraging their available resources as a ﬁrst response to the crisis, their growth and innovation potential are at risk. Therefore, policy measures should not only provide ﬁrst aid to startups by alleviating the pressure caused by constrained cashﬂow, but also involve long-term measures embedded in and supported by the wider entrepreneurial ecosystem to ensure rapid recovery and growth.
Keywords: Bricolage | Coronavirus | COVID-19 | Crisis | Entrepreneurship | Policy
Permission to hustle: Igniting entrepreneurship in an organization
اجازه به فشار دادن: نادیده گرفتن کارآفرینی در یک سازمان-2020
Perceived institutional barriers, especially in existing organizations, often impede entrepreneurial action in the face of crisis and uncertainty. Understanding how collective entrepreneurial action occurs despite deeply institutionalized mindsets is important to advance entrepreneurship theory. We report on an autoethnographic account of an entrepreneurship professor and several col- leagues who gave themselves permission to hustle to overcome perceived institutional barriers to entrepreneurial action. As the ﬁndings reveal, a permission to hustle mindset provided a platform for the group of professors to act entrepreneurially in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. In a matter of several days, the group acted under uncertainty to create a new “idea blitz” program which attracted over 150 participants from around the world. We argue that permission to hustle is an important sense-breaking device that ignites and sustains entrepreneurial action by breaking taken-for-granted assumptions about institutionalized practices and redirecting attention toward urgent and creative action, especially in existing organizations where institutional barriers are perceived to impede such action.
Keywords: Hustle | Entrepreneurial action | Ethnography | Corporate entrepreneurship | Crisis response
Mathematical modeling of COVID-19 fatality trends: Death kinetics law versus infection-to-death delay rule
مدل سازی ریاضی روند مرگ و میر COVID-19: قانون سینتیک مرگ در مقابل عفونت به قانون تاخیر در مرگ-2020
The COVID-19 pandemic has world-widely motivated numerous attempts to properly adjust classical epi- demiological models, namely those of the SEIR-type, to the spreading characteristics of the novel Corona virus. In this context, the fundamental structure of the differential equations making up the SEIR models has remained largely unaltered—presuming that COVID-19 may be just “another epidemic”. We here take an alternative approach, by investigating the relevance of one key ingredient of the SEIR models, namely the death kinetics law. The latter is compared to an alternative approach, which we call infection-to- death delay rule. For that purpose, we check how well these two mathematical formulations are able to represent the publicly available country-specific data on recorded fatalities, across a selection of 57 different nations. Thereby, we consider that the model-governing parameters—namely, the death trans- mission coefficient for the death kinetics model, as well as the apparent fatality-to-case fraction and the characteristic fatal illness period for the infection-to-death delay rule—are time-invariant. For 55 out of the 57 countries, the infection-to-death delay rule turns out to represent the actual situation significantly more precisely than the classical death kinetics rule. We regard this as an important step towards making SEIR-approaches more fit for the COVID-19 spreading prediction challenge.
Keywords: Population kinetics | Optimization | Pandemic | Prediction | Corona | SARS-CoV-2