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نتیجه جستجو - China

تعداد مقالات یافته شده: 620
ردیف عنوان نوع
1 تجزیه و تحلیل تأثیر اطلاعات مدیریت کسب و کار بر اقتصاد املاک و مستغلات چین
سال انتشار: 2022 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 7 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 11
به عنوان یک ابزار مهم نظارت ملی بر اقتصاد بازار، ایجاد اطلاعات مدیریت بازرگانی نقش مهمی در تنظیم رفتار بازار و ترویج توسعه پایدار اقتصاد بازار ایفا می کند. اقتصاد املاک و مستغلات نقش مهمی در اقتصاد بازار چین ایفا می کند، اما توسعه سریع منجر به مشکلات اجتماعی نیز می شود. ساخت اطلاعات مدیریت کسب و کار و نظارت مؤثر بر اقتصاد املاک و مستغلات چین می تواند توسعه پایدار و سالم اقتصاد املاک و مستغلات را ارتقا دهد. بر این اساس، این مقاله ابتدا وضعیت فعلی و ضرورت اطلاع‌رسانی مدیریت کسب‌وکار چین را تحلیل می‌کند، تأثیر اطلاعات مدیریت کسب‌وکار را بر اقتصاد املاک و مستغلات با توجه به وضعیت فعلی اقتصاد املاک چین تحلیل می‌کند و پیشنهادات شخصی برای توسعه آینده اقتصاد املاک و مستغلات، به امید اینکه بتواند مرجعی برای محققان مربوطه فراهم کند.
کلیدواژه ها: مدیریت بازرگانی | اطلاع رسانی سازی | اقتصاد املاک و مستغلات
مقاله ترجمه شده
2 آیا آزادسازی بازار سهام ، همزمانی قیمت سهام را کاهش می دهد؟ شواهدی از اتصال سهام شانگهای-هنگ کنگ
سال انتشار: 2022 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 14 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 41
در این مطالعه تأثیر آزادسازی بازار سهام بر همزمانی قیمت سهام را با استفاده از سیاست جدید اصلاحی آزادسازی بازار سهام در چین در زمینه متصل کردن بازار سهام شانگهای-هنگ کنگ (SHSC)، به عنوان یک طرح نیمه آزمایشی، بررسی میکنیم. آنالیز تفاوت در تفاوت نشان می دهد که اجرای SHSC به طور معناداری همزمانی قیمت سهام شرکت های واجد شرایط پذیرفته شده در بورس اوراق بهادار شانگهای را کاهش می دهد و این تاثیر عمدتاً در شرکت های پذیرفته شده ای که درجه "باز بودن" آنها کمتر است ،وجود دارد. علاوه بر این، ما اثبات می کنیم که SHSC شفافیت اطلاعات و فراوانی افشاء داوطلبانه را ارتقا می دهد. در نهایت، دریافتیم که SHSC بر همزمانی قیمت سهام شرکت های واجد شرایط پذیرفته شده در بورس اوراق بهادار هنگ کنگ تأثیر نمی گذارد.
کلمات کلیدی: آزادسازی بازار سهام | همزمانی قیمت سهام | اتصال بازار سهام شانگهای-هنگ کنگ | کارایی اطلاعات
مقاله ترجمه شده
3 Nurses perspectives on pain management practices during newborn blood sampling in China
دیدگاه های پرستاران در مورد شیوه های مدیریت درد در طی نمونه گیری خون نوزادان در چین-2021
Introduction: Nurses’ use of evidence-based pain treatments for newborns during needle-related procedures in China was unknown. This study aimed to ascertain knowledge and use of pain management strategies and usefulness of a publicly accessible ’BSweet2Babies’ video, produced in Mandarin, demonstrating the use of breastfeeding, skin-to-skin care (SSC), and sweet solutions during painful procedures. Methods: An online survey was conducted during six nursing conferences in China ascertaining nurses’ previous viewing of the video and knowledge and use of the demonstrated strategies. Results: 221 nurses participated. Only 25 (11.3%) had previously seen the video. Over half knew that breast- feeding (n = 138, 62.4%) and SSC (n = 173, 78.3%) reduced pain, and 89 (40.3%) knew that sucrose reduced pain, but these strategies were infrequently used. Most intended to use the strategies in the future. Discussion: A knowledge-to-action gap for newborn pain management was identified. Future research is needed to improve the implementation of effective pain treatment for newborns.
keywords: نوزاد | درد رویه ای | مدیریت درد | تمرین مبتنی بر شواهد | نظر سنجی | Neonate | Procedural pain | Pain management | Evidence-based practice | Survey
مقاله انگلیسی
4 Green supply chain management and clean technology innovation: An empirical analysis of multinational enterprises in China
مدیریت زنجیره تامین سبز و نوآوری در فناوری پاک: تجزیه و تحلیل تجربی شرکت های چند ملیتی در چین-2021
This study identifies the impact of green supply chain management (GSCM) on clean technology innovation (CTI) by enterprises in China as well as compares the effects of forward and backward GSCM and the differences by industry and home country. The effect of CTI on GSCM is tested by 501 samples of mostly multinational enterprises in China from 2014 to 2016. The results indicate that CTI benefits from GSCM, which remains robust to a series of sensitivity test. And different management directions show great differences, where the backward GSCM has a stronger promotion effect on CTI than the forward GSCM. Moreover, light polluting industries and capital-intensive industries have stronger incentives to adopt GSCM than heavy-polluting industries and labour intensive industries. And domestic companies perform better than foreign companies.
Keywords: Green supply chain | Clean technology innovation | Supply chain management direction | Multinational enterprises
مقاله انگلیسی
5 Integrating corporate website information into qualitative assessment for benchmarking green supply chain management practices for the chemical industry
ادغام اطلاعات وب سایت شرکت ها در ارزیابی کیفی برای محک زدن شیوه های مدیریت زنجیره تامین سبز برای صنایع شیمیایی-2021
The China’s chemical industry has been endeavoring to promote sustainable development through practicing green supply chain management (GSCM). This paper proposes a multi-criteria decision framework with twenty practices to guide companies in the industry to enact GSCM effectively. The exploratory factor analysis (EFA) has been used to cluster the proposed practices. We found five aspects, including economic initiatives, environmental management, eco-design, resource recycling, and stakeholder and employee, constitute the underlying structure of GSCM. A mixed decision tool combining the entropy weight method (EWM) and the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) has been developed and applied to identify key factors. Official website information has been collected and used to analyse the website contents of five benchmarking companies in the China’s chemical industry. The results reveal that the aspects of environmental management, eco-design and resource recycling are the most important GSCM themes. Moreover, the top five practices are top management support, performing life cycle assessment, managing environmental risks, advancing recycling technologies and integrating reverse logistics. Conceptual and practical implications are discussed.
Keywords: Environmental management | Eco-design | Resource recycling | Entropy weight | Analytic hierarchy process | Decision analysis
مقاله انگلیسی
6 Accounting-based downside risk and expected stock returns: Evidence from China
ریسک نزولی مبتنی بر حسابداری و بازده سهام مورد انتظار: شواهدی از چین-2021
We document that earnings downside risk contains information on firms’ future operating performance and is positively associated with expected stock returns in Chinese stock markets, and the return predictability of earning downside risk mainly comes from its accrual downside risk component. The pricing of earnings downside risk is especially evident among firms with more transparent information environment and stronger governance efficacy, such as large firms, non-high-tech firms, old firms, and firms with high analyst coverage. Lastly, we show that aggregated earnings downside risk and its components at the market level are all significantly and positively associated with subsequent stock market returns, which is consistent with the notion that the accounting-based downside risk measures contain information about future macroeconomic conditions.
keywords: ریسک نزولی مبتنی بر حسابداری | محیط اطلاعات | بازده سهام | بازارهای سهام چینی | Accounting-based downside risk | Information environment | Stock returns | Chinese stock markets
مقاله انگلیسی
7 Self-management on heart failure: A meta-analysis
خود مدیریتی در نارسایی قلبی: متاآنالیز-2021
Background and aims: Heart failure (HF) is a severe public health problem all over the World. Selfmanagement is an effective method to progress self-care ability. However, the role of selfmanagement in heart failure has not been thoroughly elucidated.
Methods: The research articles related to heart failure were searched by the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane databases, and China National Knowledge Database on articles published through March 2020. The average 95% of confidence intervals (CIs) were used to calculate using random-effects or fixed-effects. Review Manager (version 5.2) was adopted for meta-analysis, sensitivity analysis, and bias analysis.
Results: Eight (8) eligible studies with 1707 patients with HF were included in this analysis. In the Metaanalysis showed significant differences for Self-management (SM) groups in Dutch Heart Failure Knowledge Scale (DHFK) (MD ¼ 1.36, 95%CI [-0.03, 2.75], P ¼ 0.04; I2 ¼ 83%), in Self-Care of Heart Failure Index (SCHFI) (MD ¼ 5.51, 95%CI [0.62, 10.40], P ¼ 0.03; I2 ¼ 70%), and in Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Disease Scale (SEMCDI) (I2 ¼ 47%, Z ¼ 5.43, P of over effect < 0.0001) than control groups. One bias is detected as attrition bias, and another one is reporting bias. Sensitivity analysis satisfied the stability of the results.
Conclusion: Self-management was associated with significant outcomes in patients with HF through knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP).
keywords: نارسایی قلبی | خود مدیریت | می شود | متاآنالیز | Heart failure | Self-management | KAP | Meta-analysis
مقاله انگلیسی
8 Assessment of Medical Expenditure for Patients With Breast Cancer in China: Evidence From Current Curative Expenditure by System of Health Accounts 2011
ارزیابی هزینه های پزشکی برای بیماران مبتلا به سرطان پستان در چین: شواهد از هزینه های درمانی فعلی توسط سیستم حساب های بهداشتی 2011-2021
Objectives: The incidence and mortality of breast cancer have been increasing in China and bring heavy economic burdens to patients, families, and society. This study aimed to analyze the structure and influencing factors of inpatient expenditures of patients with breast cancer and put forward suggestions for insurance management.
Methods: A multistage stratified random sampling method was used to investigate 379 medical institutions and 7366 pieces of inpatient records of patients with breast cancer in Dalian in 2018. Under the framework of “System of Health Accounts 2011,” the current curative expenditure (CCE) and its distribution were calculated. The relationships between hospitalization expenditure and factors were analyzed by multiple stepwise regression and structural equation modeling.
Results: The CCE of patients with breast cancer in Dalian in 2018 was U273.38 million, accounting for 10.66% of the total expenditure on cancer. The majority of the CCE flowed to large general hospitals. The CCE was concentrated in patients aged 40 to 69 years (23.46%). The hospitalization expenditure correlated positively with length of stay, surgery, and drug expenses (rs = 0.586-0.754, P,.01) and negatively associated with age (rs = 20.074, P,.01). The length of stay mediated the relationship between surgery and hospitalization expenses for patients with breast cancer. The factors that affected the hospitalization expenditure were the drug expenses, surgery, length of stay, insurance status, and institution level.
Conclusions: The cost control for CCE of breast cancer inpatient treatment is crucial in China. Promoting hierarchical diagnosis and treatment, reducing the length of stay, and improving medical insurance depth would be effective measures to reduce the financial burden of patients.
keywords: breast cancer | current curative expenditure | hospitalization expenses | System of Health Accounts 2011
مقاله انگلیسی
9 Environmental and economic sustainability of key sectors in Chinas steel industry chain: An application of the Emergy Accounting approach
پایداری محیط زیست و اقتصادی بخش های کلیدی در زنجیره صنعت فولاد چین: استفاده از رویکرد حسابداری ظاهری-2021
Increasing urbanization day–by–day requires new housing and transportation infrastructures. As a consequence, demand for steel – a basic material for buildings construction as well as for vehicles and railroads – would also increases. This study applies Emergy Accounting (EMA) to assess the Chinás steel industry environmental per- formance and to identify key application sectors. Subsequently, this study calculates emergy–based indicators capable to assess the present economic performance, environmental sustainability, and land resource appropriate utilization. Building on these indicators, changes of sustainability scenarios in key application sectors are also investigated, with special focus on increased use of recycled steel. The results show that the environmental impacts of steel use in downstream sectors, specially in the Housing and Vehicles Sectors, are significantly higher. Furthermore, the downstream sectors also have a very large requirement for embodied land. Addition- ally, the Emergy Benefit Ratio (EBR) shows non-negligible advantages to China derived from importing raw iron from abroad at international market prices. Finally, when the recycling rate of scrap steel increases, the per- formance of downstream sectors improves, with the Vehicle sector showing the most significant changes. Although the benefits of steel-based economy to society are clear, multidimensional sustainability concerns and international competition for primary resources necessitate a transition towards increased recycling and inno- vative materials within a strictly enforced “circular economy” policy.
keywords: بخش های کاربردی فولاد | حسابداری امری | بازیافت فولاد و استفاده مجدد از فولاد | ارزیابی پایداری | Steel application sectors | Emergy accounting | Steel recycling and reusing | Sustainability assessment
مقاله انگلیسی
10 The framework design and empirical study of Chinas marine ecological-economic accounting
طرح چارچوب و مطالعه تجربی از حسابداری اقتصادی زیست محیطی دریایی چین-2021
In recent years, the Chinese government has attached greater importance to marine ecological protection. To contribute to scientific understanding of the importance of marine ecosystems to human well-being, this paper analyzes marine ecosystem service and its accounting, and introduces the concept of “quaternary industry” on the basis of current marine economic accounting framework. Marine ecosystem accounting, marine economic accounting and marine ecological-economic accounting of coastal areas in China during the time series of 2005–2017 are calculated. The results show that compared with Gross Ocean Product (GOP), the average annual growth rate of Gross Marine Ecological-Economic Product (GMEEP) stays stable. The proportion of the added value of quaternary industry in marine ecological economy is relatively large, which is between 46% and 51%. And the ratio of GMEEP and GOP is around 1.9, suggesting a quite close association between GMEEP and GOP.
keywords: حسابداری زیست محیطی زیست محیطی دریایی | خدمات اکوسیستم دریایی | محصول ناخالص اقیانوس | Marine ecological-economic accounting | Marine ecosystem services | Gross ocean product
مقاله انگلیسی
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