با سلام خدمت کاربران در صورتی که با خطای سیستم پرداخت بانکی مواجه شدید از طریق کارت به کارت مقاله خود را دریافت کنید (تا مشکل رفع گردد). با تشکر از صبوری شما!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
A great place to work!? Understanding crowdsourced employer branding
یک محل عالی برای کار !؟ شناختن نام تجاری کارفرمای کلاسیک-2017
The benefits provided by employment and identified with a specific employing company are referred to as employer branding. We argue that when employees use IT to share and access work-related experiences openly across organizations, their expectations and assessments of workplaces change. We collected 38,000 reviews of the highest and lowest ranked employers on Glassdoor, an online crowdsourced employer branding platform. Using IBM Watson to analyze the data, we identify seven employer branding value propositions that current, former, and potential employees care about when they collectively evaluate employers. These propositions include (1) social elements of work, (2) interesting and challenging work tasks, (3) the extent to which skills can be applied in meaningful ways, (4) opportunities for professional development, (5) economic issues tied to compensation, (6) the role of management, and (7) work/life balance. We clarify that these value propositions do not all matter to the same extent and demonstrate how their relative valences and weights differ across organizations, especially if institutions are considered particularly good or bad places to work. Based on these findings, we show how employers can use crowdsourced employer branding intelligence to become great places to work that attract highly qualified employees.
KEYWORDS : Crowdsourcing | Glassdoor | IBM Watson | Employer branding | Employee engagement | Employer | attractiveness | Artificial intelligence| Human resource | management
Analyzing governance structure of french banking groups
تجزیه و تحلیل ساختار حکومتی گروه های بانکی فرانسوی-2017
We analyze the governance structure of three main French banking groups (BNP Paribas, Crédit Agricole, and Société Générale) in the context of the global financial crisis. To this end, We, first, show the heterogeneity within the ownership structures of these three banks, which points differences with regard to performance among these banks. Second, we underscore the importance of institutional investors in stimulating banking growth. Finally, we note that the high number of independent directors on the boards of directors of BNP Paribas and Société Générale as well as the use of incentive pay in executive compensation might explain the excess risk taking of these banks.
Keywords: Board of directors | Ownership structure | Incentive pay | Bank | Financial crisis
The role of governance on bank liquidity creation
نقش دولت در ایجاد نقدینگی بانک-2017
This paper examines the impact of internal bank governance on bank liquidity creation in the U.S. be fore, during and after the 2007–2009 financial crisis. Using bank holding company level data, we analyze whether better-governed banks create higher levels of liquidity. We find that this effect is positive and significant but only for large bank holding companies. Further analysis reveals that specific internal gov ernance categories: CEO education, compensation structure, progressive practices, and ownership have a significant effect on bank liquidity. However, this positive effect occurs mostly during the crisis period, and for large banks that are also high liquidity creators. Finally, we find that the effect of governance on liquidity creation increases during the crisis period. These findings are robust even while controlling for liquidity measures, bank size, and endogeneity problems between governance and liquidity creation.
Keywords: Liquidity creation | Governance | Crisis | Bank holding companies | Compensation
Track me, track me not_ Support and consent to state and private sector surveillance
پیگیری من، من را پیگیری نکن _ پشتیبانی و رضایت نظارت دولتی و خصوصی-2017
The current study examines consent to surveillance and identiﬁes links between support for state surveillance and consent to surveillance by private entities. Contrary to a tendency in academic literature and public debates to consider private and state surveillance as a single phenomenon in terms of methods, magnitude, and practice, ﬁndings show that individuals distinguish between these two types of surveillance when it comes to compliance and consent. Support for state surveillance is much more widespread and does not correlate with consent to private sector surveillance. Furthermore, support and consent to surveillance are rather nuanced, with diﬀerent factors predicting diﬀerent types of surveillance, according to the justiﬁcations and contexts of surveillance methods: Private sector surveillance is predicted by the compensation oﬀered to subjects, factors related to behavior in online social networks and age. With regard to state surveillance- support varies between surveillance as part of the war against terrorism, which is most common and predicted by political trust and support for other types of state surveillance, surveillance for security reasons which is predicted by age, political interest, political orientation and support for anti-terror surveillance, and surveillance in general- which is least common and predicted by religiosity, level of privacy settings in SNS, political trust and anti-terror surveil- lance.
Keywords:Privacy | Surveillance | Consent | Experiment | Security
Governance, efficiency and risk taking in Chinese banking
حکومتداری ، بهره وری و ریسک پذیری در بانکداری چینی-2017
We employ a hand-collected unique dataset on banks operating in China between 2003 and 2011 to investigate the impact of board governance features (size, composition and functioning) on bank efficiency and risk taking. Our evidence suggests that board char acteristics tend to have a greater influence on banks profit and cost efficiency than on loan quality. We find that the proportion of female directors on the board appears not only to be linked to higher profit and cost efficiency but also to lower traditional banking risk. Similarly, board independence is associated with higher profit efficiency of banks; while the opposite is found for executive directors and in the presence of dual leadership of the CEO/chairperson. Among the control variables, we found that liquidity negatively affects profit and cost efficiency, while positively affecting risk. Interestingly, we find some evi dence of an incremental effect of specific board characteristics on efficiency for banks with more concentrated ownership structures and state-owned institutions; while for banks with CEO performance-related pay schemes the effect on efficiency when significant is usually negative. Our results offer useful insights to policy makers in China charged with the task of improving the governance mechanisms in banking institutions.
Keywords: Board governance | Bank efficiency | Asset quality | Bank ownership | Performance-related compensation | Chinese banking sector
Should We Be Wary of Mitigation Banking? Evidence Regarding the Risks Associated with this Wetland Offset Arrangement in Florida
ایا ما باید در خصوص کاهش بانکداری محتاط باشیم ؟ شواهد مربوط به ریسکها مرتبط با این تالاب تنظیم افست در فلوریدا-2017
This paper describes and analyzes the risks associated with using mitigation banking for the conservation of wet lands in Florida in the United States. First, we attempt to identify and summarize the main ecological and socio economic risks regarding mitigation banking that have been discussed in previous studies. Then we analyze the institutional responses adopted by US regulators to limit these risks. We have used empirical evidence including interviews and data analysis to assess the effectiveness of these responses. Our main findings are that the recent regulatory responses adopted to face risks associated with mitigation banking seem to be more effective than what is often assumed. These responses are underpinned by the emergence of a hybrid mode of governance that combines market characteristics and regulatory constraints, and which contributes to enforcing wetland compensation in Florida. However, we also observed some risks inherent in this system, in particular the redis tribution of ecosystem services, as the distance between impact sites and compensation sites seems to have in creased in Florida in the last several years. In addition, the question is still pending regarding whether or not No Net Loss of wetlands is really achieved through mitigation banking.
The social side of sustainability: Well-being as a driver and an outcome of social relationships and interactions on social networking sites
بخش اجتماعی پایداری: رفاه به عنوان راننده و نتیجه روابط اجتماعی و تعاملات در سایت های شبکه های اجتماعی-2017
Although social sustainability involves processes that promote well-being, it is often neglected in the sustain ability debate. Social networking sites (SNSs) such as Facebook are now pervasive venues for constant inter personal communication and interaction, as well as general social connectedness. The debate between cyber optimists and cyberpessimists about the implications of SNS use for well-being persists. The present study adopts a social sustainability perspective and seeks to further elucidate two competing hypotheses; thus, subjective well-being is included as a driver and an outcome of SNS use and social network characteristics. We conducted a survey of 678 Facebook users across various age categories and then applied a two-step approach to analyze the data. The results reveal that although the structural parameters seem to widely support the social enhancement hypothesis, a more differentiated analysis shows that highly extraverted individuals spend more time on Facebook when they are unhappy. Furthermore, the more time that such extraverts spend on Facebook, the more they believe that it improves their overall well-being. This finding is further supported by our identification of a four-class structure in which a clear distinction of users emerges based on age, gender, and extraversion.
Keywords: Social sustainability | Social networking sites | Facebook | Subjective well-being | Social enhancement hypothesis | Social compensation hypothesis
Reexamination of risk-taking incentives in banking: Realign incentives and curtail future episodes of mismanagement
بررسی مجدد انگیزه های ریسک پذیری در بانکداری: تراز انگیزه ها و محدود کردن قسمت های آینده سوء مدیریت-2017
CEO incentive compensation, in particular the equity-based compensation, has been blamed for excessive risk-taking by bank CEOs in the recent financial crisis. This study reassesses the impacts of deregulation on the incentives provided to CEOs and examines how bank boards redesigned CEO compensation contracts during and after the crisis to assess if the government interventions are necessary to realign incentives between CEO and shareholders. Employing a multiple-equation model that allows for simultaneity among vega, delta, and bank investment, I found that banks provided high-vega contracts as incentives for bank CEOs to exploit post-deregulation growth opportunities and to shift from traditional on-balance sheet portfolio lending to nontraditional fee-generating activities. No evidence shows the relation between incentive compensation and risk-taking activities before deregulation. In the crisis and post-crisis period, compensation committees attempted to manage excessive risk-taking incentives at these banks by reduc ing vega and establishing complementarily high values of delta to align incentives between CEOs and shareholders. Especially in the post-crisis period, the value of vega has been decreased significantly, suggesting government intervention of bank’s CEO compensation works effectively to reduce bank risk.
Keywords: Executive compensations | Deregulation | Financial crisis
Executive pay and performance in Portuguese listed companies
حقوق مدیران و عملکرد در شرکت های فهرست شده پرتغالی-2016
This essay analyses the relationship between corporate governance practices and Chief Executive Officer(CEO)wages from a sample of Portuguese listed companies over the period from 2002 to 2011. The relationship between CEO total compensation and shareholders return, firm characteristics, CEO characteristics, board of directors and shareholders characteristics is analysed. It is found that firm specific factors accounts for the majority of the variance in total CEO pay, while firm performance accounts for less than 5%. It is also found that the CEO characteristics, board of directors’ structures, and shareholders features are related with the CEO pay.
Keywords: Pay | Performance | CEO | Corporate governance | Listed companies | Portugal
An improved interface and noise analysis of a turning fork microgyroscope structure
تحلیل رابط کاربری و نویز بهبود یافته یک ساختار میکرو ژیروسکوپ دیاپازونی-2016
This paper analyzes different noise components in MEMS gyroscope silicon structure, including mechanical–thermal noise (MTN), electronic-thermal noise (ETN), flicker noise (FN) and Coriolis signal in-phase noise (IPN). The structure equivalent electronic model is established, and the improved differential interface is proposed based on weak signal detection technology, after that, the noise components in silicon structure are introduced and analyzed in sense open loop. The quadrature error (QE) signal automatically cancellation loop is proposed, and the results of the experiment indicate that the equivalent angular rates of QE and IPN are 461/s and 4.551/s respectively. The interfaces contrast experiments show that the DC noise and the useful signal amplitudes of differential and single-side detection interfaces are — 49.8 dBmV, — 16.8 dBmV and— 39.8 dBmV ( — 42.1 dBmV), — 22.1 dBmV ( — 22.2 dBmV), which confirms the differential interface has better SNR. The carrier experiments also illustrate that higher carrier frequency (from 500 kHz to 10 MHz) can restrain DC noise (from — 19.8 dBmV to— 54.2 dBmV) better, which demonstrate the FN is the dominant noise component of the silicon structure under normal temperature. The temperature experiments show the DC noise enhances from — 48.5 dBmV to — 14.6 dBmV over the range 20 1C to 601C while the useful signal amplitude remains around -16.6dBmV, and this phenomenon indicates the MTN and ETN become the dominant structure noise components gradually with temperature rising.& 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: MEMS gyroscope | Structure noise | Carrier frequency | Temperature | Quadrature error compensation