دانلود و نمایش مقالات مرتبط با Competition::صفحه 1
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نتیجه جستجو - Competition

تعداد مقالات یافته شده: 223
ردیف عنوان نوع
1 Problems of engineering entrepreneurship in Africa: A design optimization example in solar thermal engineering
مشکلات کارآفرینی مهندسی در آفریقا: یک نمونه بهینه سازی طراحی در مهندسی حرارتی خورشیدی-2019
This paper addresses Africa’s challenges and opportunities to engineering entrepreneurs. A business environmental scan is done in line with the standard PESTLE analysis, identifying at least twenty generic problems across the continent. Focus is directed to an opportunity in solar water heating, where inadequate electricity supply combines with a plentiful solar resource amidst environmental protection awareness, to make investments potentially worthwhile. Three home level market segments are identified. Key issues in the PESTLE scan are linked with available materials to formulate and solve a design optimization model for these segments. A competition-less product emerges for rural homes. Another – for small urban homes – can be retailed at 50% of current equivalent system prices, and yet, still make profits for the entrepreneur. Both these systems attain average temperatures in excess of 57 C, the fatal level for most pathogenic bacteria. The 3rd and larger system for rich urban homes incorporates a supplementary electric heater that is programmable to kick in half an hour before water withdrawal if solar energy has failed to maintain water temperature above 60 C. The entrepreneur can still make profit if the product retails at 52% of the equivalent competition price.
Keywords: Africa | Design optimization | Engineering entrepreneurship | PESTLE analysis | Solar water heating
مقاله انگلیسی
2 چه چیزی در پاریس درحال رخ دادن است؟ Airbnb، هتلها و بازار پاریس: یک مطالعه موردی
سال انتشار: 2019 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 11 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 29
Airbnb (که یک وب سایت اینترنتی برای ارائه خدمات گردشگری و مهمانداری می باشد) دربین محققان و دانشمندان حوزه گردشگری و مهمانداری مورد بحث های شدید و پُرحرارت قرار گرفته است. به منظور درک تاثیر به اشتراک گذاری P2P روی چشم انداز گردشگری و مهمانداری، ابتدا فهمیدن جزئیات این بازار حائز اهمیت است. بنابراین در این مقاله ما توسعه بازار Airbnb را درطی هفت سال گذشته در پاریس که محبوب ترین مقصد گردشگری برای مهمانان Airbnb با بیش از 40000 اجاره نامه اقامتی می باشد بررسی می کنیم. این یادداشت تحقیقی یک خلاصه ای از یافته ها ما درباره بازار پاریس می باشد. مطالعه ما الگوهای مختلف رشد و فصلی بودن برای Airbnb و هتلها ونیز بی شباهتی های موجود در مکان جغرافیایی آنها را نشان می دهد. یافته ها بیانگر این هستند که دو محصول در رقابت مستقیم باهم نیستند و رابطه آنها ممکن است پیچیده تر از آن چیزی باشد که قبلا" تصور می شد. ما اعتقاد داریم که بررسی ماهیت رابطه رقابتی می تواند یک مسیر ارزشمند برای بررسی بیشتر باشد.
مقاله ترجمه شده
3 آیا سرمایه گذاری در بازاریابی رابطه ای برای تجارت بندری واقعاً ارزشمند است؟
سال انتشار: 2019 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 9 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 35
پایانه های کانتینری به خاطر نیروهایی نظیر اتحادهای استراتژیک، خصوصی سازی، مناطق همپوشان و اپراتورهای پایانه جهانی، با رقابت شدید و محیطی دائماً در حال تغییر مواجه شده اند. برای توجیه هزینه های بالای سرمایه گذاری و بهره برداری و رسیدن به سودآوری، پایانه های کانتینری بایستی به حجم بار رضایت بخشی برسند. عملاً، سرمایه گذاریهای فیزیکی و همکاری میان بنادر راههای فعلی مبارزه بنادر به نیروهای جدید در بازار حمل و نقل کانتینری به حساب می آیند. به علاوه، یکی از عوامل مهم برای بندر جهت تضمین جریانات کافی، وفاداری مشتری می باشد. این مطالعه، تاثیرات تاکتیک های بازاریابی رابطه ای بر شاخص های عملکرد مالی و غیر مالی پایانه های کانتینری را بررسی می کند. داده های مورد نظر از 24 پایانه کانتینری واقع در ترکیه (134 پاسخ) جمع آوری و از طریق مدلسازی معادله ساختاری چند سطحی مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. براساس یافته های بدست آمده، نتیجه اصلی ما آن است که هرچه بندر تاکتیک های بازاریابی رابطه ای را بیشتر پیاده کند، به همان نسبت کیفیت ارتباط با مشتری بالاتر است، که در ادامه ازآن به عنوان عملکرد ارتباط با مشتری، و متعاقباً عملکرد مالی نام برده می شود.
کلمات کلیدی: بازاریابی رابطه ای | بازاریابی خدمات بندر | ارتباط با مشتری بندر | عملکرد مالی بندر | عملکرد بندر
مقاله ترجمه شده
4 Comparison of banking innovation in low-income countries: A meta-frontier approach
مقایسه نوآوری بانکی در کشورهای کم درآمد: یک رویکرد فرامرزی-2019
Financial innovation is a crucial factor behind many of the improvements in the financial sector that directly affect the economy in a positive way. Financial innovation may also alter financial intermediation and increase reliability and transparency. Research has demonstrated that levels of financial innovation are similar among high-income countries; however, research has shown that financial development differs substantially in low income countries regardless of the economic size, suggesting that financial innovation may also differ. This study evaluated the levels of financial innovation and the determinants of innovation within the low-income countries. In particular, a new two-step meta-frontier approach was constructed to estimate technology gap ratios, and a censored model was built to establish their determinants. The results show that low-income countries do in fact vary greatly in terms of financial innovation. Competition, financial inclusion and banking access constitute major determinants of financial innovation.
Keywords: Financial innovation | Technology gap ratio | Cost efficiency | Stochastic meta-frontier analysis | Low-income countries
مقاله انگلیسی
5 Foreign penetration, competition, and financial freedom: Evidence from the banking industries in emerging markets
نفوذ خارجی ، رقابت و آزادی مالی: شواهدی از صنایع بانکی در بازارهای نوظهور-2019
Traditional theories suggest that foreign entry intensifies competition and improves efficiency in a banking sector. However, the positive impacts may be offset by several factors, such as foreign banks’ “cherry-picking” lending practice, mergers & acquisitions, and the “crowd-out” effect. Based on a sample of commercial and savings banks collected from Bankscope, this paper investigates the effects of foreign penetration on bank competition in the host countries. Using the two-step Arellano-Bond system GMM method, we show that the entry of foreign banks enhances competition in the banking systems among the sampled developing countries between 2000 and 2014. The positive relationship between foreign penetration and banking competition is more conspicuous after the 2008–2009 global recession. Latin American countries appear to benefit more from foreign bank penetration during the sample period than emerging markets in Asia. Also, the level of a host country’s financial freedom has a moderation effect on the “foreign penetration—competition” nexus.
Keywords: Emerging market economies | Banking | Foreign penetration | Competition
مقاله انگلیسی
6 تهدید ورود و استفاده از اختیار در گزارشگری مالی بانکها
Threat of entry and the use of discretion in banks’ financial reporting-2019
This paper studies managers’ use of accounting discretion to deter entry. Using state-level changes in branching regulation under the Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act, I find geographically-constrained community banks increased their loan loss provisions to appear less profitable when faced with the threat of entry by competitors. Additional tests rule out alternative explanations that firm economics or regulators drove the increase. I complement my analyses with survey-based evidence. Findings from the survey confirm that banks prefer to locate in markets where incumbents have high profitability and low credit losses, and that banks use competitors’ financial statements to analyze competition
Keywords: Financial reporting | Product market competition | Entry deterrence | Banking | Regulator incentives | Loss provisioning
مقاله انگلیسی
7 Competition and stability in modern banking: A post-crisis perspective
رقابت و ثبات در بانکداری مدرن: چشم انداز پس از بحران-2019
Competition has been suppressed for extended periods in banking and when it has been unleashed, financial stability has suffered. This paper elucidates the relationship between competition and stability in modern banking, with particular attention to the impact of digital technologies, and derives the policy consequences for regulation and competition pol
Keywords: Shadow banking | Fintech | Digital technology | Crisis | Run | Regulation
مقاله انگلیسی
8 Financial deglobalisation in banking?
تبعید مالی در بانکداری؟-2019
This paper argues that the decline in cross-border banking since 2007 does not amount to a broad-based retreat in international lending (‘‘financial deglobalisation”). We show that BIS international banking data organised by the nationality of reporting banks provide a clearer picture of international financial integration than the traditional ‘‘residence”, or balance-of-payments, view. They show that what appears to be a global shrinkage of bank positions is actually driven by European banks. These banks uniquely responded to credit losses after 2007 by shedding assets abroad to restore capital ratios. Other banking systems’ global footprints, notably those of Japanese, Canadian and even US banks, have expanded since 2007. Using a global dataset of banks’ affiliates (branches and subsidiaries), we demonstrate that the who (i.e., bank nationality) accounts for more of the peak-totrough shrinkage in foreign claims than does the where (i.e., locational factors). We relate bank nationality in turn to EU membership, which may reflect asset shrinkage required by the EU competition authorities in response to state aid, bank profitability and credit losses.
Keywords: Financial globalisation | International banking | Consolidation | Bank nationality | Ownership
مقاله انگلیسی
9 Intricacies of competition, stability, and diversification: Evidence from dual banking economies
پیچیدگی های رقابت ، ثبات و تنوع: شواهدی از اقتصاد بانکی دوگانه-2019
This paper investigates the nexus of competition and stability by introducing the interaction of diversification and competition. We use a sample of both conventional and Islamic banks from 14 dual banking economies over 2005–2016. The core finding illustrates that competition does not impact bank stability and that diversification is insignificant in the competition-stability nexus. Further, we find that concentration is beneficial for the banking stability of both types of banks. In most of our results, we found no difference in the impact of competition and diversification on the stability of conventional and Islamic banks. To put our findings in a broader context, we argue that no difference between the business models can be considered an early signal of possible convergence between the two systems.
Keywords: Bank competition | Diversification | Stability | Dual banking economi
مقاله انگلیسی
10 Democracy, regulation and competition in emerging banking systems
دموکراسی ، مقررات و رقابت در سیستمهای نوظهور بانکی-2019
This paper develops a political economy framework to analyse the relations among democracy, financial regulation and banking competition in the emerging banking systems of Central and Eastern Europe. We develop extensive new yearly non-structural indices of bank competition instead of concentration indices as in the previous literature that show its evolution over time with the level of democracy. In addition, we directly test for linkages between democracy, financial regulation and banking competition. Using an unbalanced panel data set over the period 1994–2016 for 617 banks, we show that more democratic countries with better regulatory framework lead to the enhancement of competition. We also find significant support for the core hypothesis that financial regulatory framework in a “partially” democratic environment is inadequate. Given that financial regulatory framework in a “partially” democratic environment can be inadequate we find a U-shaped relation in the sense that there is a threshold level of democracy beyond which banking systems in those countries are more competitive
Keywords: Democracy | Regulation | Compe
مقاله انگلیسی
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