Analyzing a closed-loop sustainable supply chain with duopolistic retailers under different game structures
تجزیه و تحلیل یک زنجیره تامین حلقه بسته پایدار با خرده فروشان دوپولیستی تحت ساختارهای مختلف بازی-2021
This article investigates a closed-loop supply chain consisting of a manufacturer, two suppliers and two competitive retailers. One retailer sells manufactured products whereas the other retailer sells remanufactured products and takes up corporate social responsibility (CSR). One supplier supplies used products or cores for remanufacturing while the other supplier supplies fresh raw materials for manufacturing new product. The manufacturer sells both new and remanufactured products with different wholesale prices. The paper analyzes the two competitive retailers different game strategies when the manufacturer acts as the Stackelberg leader. It is shown that remanufacturing is a good policy to adopt for the whole supply chain, not only for economical beneﬁts but also for environmental sustainability. Optimal decisions of the proposed closed-loop supply chain and its members are also supported by a numerical example. Finally, sensitivity analysis is carried out with respect to key model- parameters.© 2021 CIRP.
Keywords: Closed-loop supply chain | Stackelberg game | Remanufacturing | Pricing | Sustainability | Corporate social responsibility
Internal and external corporate social responsibility activities and firm value: Evidence from the shared growth in the supply chain
فعالیت های مسئولیت اجتماعی شرکت داخلی و خارجی و ارزش شرکت: شواهدی از رشد مشترک در زنجیره تأمین-2021
Despite the long history of corporate social responsibility (CSR) research, few studies have focused on CSR activities related to business partners in supply chains. In this regard, we investigate whether internal (or backward) CSR enhances firm value. Using an index from the Korea Commission for Corporate Partnership, which indicates whether a firm shares its profits with business partner companies, we find that firm value increases as this backward CSR increases. Further, after controlling for internal CSR, firms engaged only in external CSR have lower firm value than non-CSR firms. Interestingly, we find that firms involved in both internal and external CSR have higher value. Overall, by showing that internal CSR is a core activity that enhances firm value, our study provides policy implications for the regulatory bodies of different countries. Copyright © 2021, Borsa I_stanbul Anonim S¸ irketi. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).JEL classification: M14; M48
Keywords: Internal CSR | External CSR | Firm value | Supply chain | Shared growth
Improving sustainability and social responsibility of a two-tier supply chain investing in emission reduction technology
بهبود پایداری و مسئولیت اجتماعی یک زنجیره تأمین دو لایه سرمایه گذاری در فناوری کاهش انتشار-2021
This paper studies a retailer-dominated supply chain including a single upstream manufacturer that produces two substitutable products and a single downstream retailer that undertakes corporate social responsibility activities. The manufacturer is also regulated by a cap-and-trade policy. We first compare two optimization models for a decentralized system, one that does and one that does not incorporate emission reduction technology, to show that the profit of each system member in the former is higher than that in the latter, while the opposite is true for carbon emissions when the technology level invested by the manufacturer is higher than a threshold. To test the performance of the decentralized model that incorporates emission reduction technology, we model a centralized system and reveal that the system profit in the decentralized model is increased and the corresponding carbon emissions generated during production can be reduced. These findings motivate us to propose a revenue and cost-sharing contract to coordinate the decentralized system. The result shows that the economic and environmental sustainability of the decentralized system can be improved. Finally, several managerial implications are derived by conducting a numerical study.
Keywords: Retailer-dominated supply chain | CSR | Emission reduction technology | Sustainability | Coordination
The institutional analysis of CSR: Learnings from an emerging country
تحلیل نهادی CSR: آموخته های یک کشور در حال ظهور-2020
This paper presents an explanation of why and how institutional arrangements influence the practice of CSR in Pakistan. The authors conduct in-depth interviews with CSR managers; national regulators; and, members of CSR promoting institutions. Our findings suggest that Pakistani CSR is largely found to be in support of charities and donations. Family traditions and religion are primary drivers for the adoption of CSR followed by the influence of peer pressure. Additionally, limited regulative pressures were attributed to the current ambiguity surrounding corporate regulation in Pakistan. This paper contributes to the literature on CSR by identifying internal drivers of CSR praxis.
Keywords: Corporate social responsibility | Institutional theory | Emerging country | Pakistan
Board of director attributes and CSR engagement in emerging economy firms: Evidence from across Asia
ویژگی های هیئت مدیره و مشارکت CSR در بنگاه های اقتصادی در حال ظهور: شواهدی از سراسر آسیا-2020
This study investigates the relationship between the board of director attributes and corporate social responsibility (CSR) engagement across a sample of Asian emerging economy firms. We find a statistically positive relationship between CSR engagement and several directors’ attributes including their political influence, international experience, business expertise, other director- ships held and independence from management. These empirical results indicate that while corporate governance recommendations designed for developed economy firms are relevant for emerging economy firms, additional director attributes are also important in encouraging CSR engagement in emerging economy firms given the divergent institutional and resource de- pendency issues they face.
Keywords: Corporate social responsibility | Board of director attributes | Corporate governance | Emerging economy firms
Family-related antecedents of business legality: An empirical investigation among Italian family owned SMEs
پیشینیان قانونی بودن مشاغل مربوط به خانواده: تحقیق تجربی در میان شرکت های متوسط و متوسط متعلق به خانواده ایتالیایی-2020
We investigate the relationship between family-related factors in family owned businesses and the level of business legality, which is a key dimension of corporate social responsibility, surprisingly neglected despite its business and social relevance. By adopting the ability and willingness perspective, and merging it with signaling theory, we consider family involvement in management and generational stage as key antecedents of legal behavior in family owned businesses. We utilize an official legality rating recently developed by the Italian Competition Authority to build a unique dataset of 161 Italian family owned SMEs. Results from a regression analysis confirm our hypotheses: business legality increases with higher levels of family involvement in management, and at later generational stages.
Keywords: Business legality | Family business | Family management | Generational stage | Corporate social responsibility
Top business schools legitimacy quest through the Sustainable Development Goals
تلاش برای مشروعیت مدارس عالی تجارت از طریق اهداف توسعه پایدار-2020
An organization acquires legitimacy when it operates in an appropriate and desirable manner, satisfying the stakeholders needs and expectations. Stakeholders claim to business schools sustainable and responsible management, knowledge transfer and research. In the last years, business schools adopted Corporate Social Responsibility as guideline of an integrated and holistic approach for their legitimation process. The aim of this research is to understand how business schools are reacting to the criticism that affects them and how they are reshaping their strategies in order to fulﬁll stakeholders’ expectations, and to conﬁrm which UN Sustainable Development Goals are the most cited in the sustainability reports of the best business schools in the world. We perform a content analysis of the latest sustainability reports published by the top 50 business schools, analyzing the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals. We highlight that business schools focus social responsibility strategies mainly to deﬁne the professional standards to train future leaders qualiﬁed to manage organizations with a social, economic and environmental positive impact for all the stakeholders and capable to shape a better world.
Keywords: Legitimacy | Corporate social responsibility | Ethic | Sustainable development goals | Business school | High education | Educational development | Sustainable business | Management | Marketing
تولید مشترک: رابطه عمده بین مسئولیت اجتماعی شرکت، اعتماد مشتری و وفاداری مشتری
سال انتشار: 2020 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 16 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 31
در محیط متصل، دیجیتال و آشکارتر، مشتریان به طور روزافزون نام های تجاری را وادار می کنند تا فعالیت های مسئولیت اجتماعی شرکتی واقعی و فعالیت های تولید مشترک در پیش بگیرند. در حالی که مسئولیت اجتمای شرکت و تولید مشترک فرایندهای اجتماعی و گروهی اند، هنوز تحقیقات کمی به بررسی این مسئله پرداخته اند که آیا مسئولیت اجتماعی شرکت می تواند تولید مشترک را بهبود بخشد. به علاوه، در حالی که تحقیقات قبلی به طور عمده تولید مشترک را به پیامدهای هیجانی ربط می دهند (همانند تعهد تاثیرگذار مشتری)، تحقیقت تجربی محدودی آن را به پیامدهای منطقی ( همانند اعتماد مشتری) و رفتاری (وفاداری مشتری) مربوط دانسته اند. جهت بررسی این کمبود ها در ادبیات، این مقاله به بررسی تاثیر مسئولیت اجتماعی شرکت بر وفاداری مشتری می پردازد، با توجه به اینکه نقش هایواسطه تولید مشترک و اعتماد مشتری را باید لحاظ نمود. آن همچنین به بررسی تاثیر تولید مشترک بر اعتماد مشتری می پردازد. داده های جمع آوری شده در اسپانیا در اواخر 2017 با استفاده از نظرسنجی آنلاین جمع آوری شدند و نمونه حاوی 1101 مشتری با نام های تجاری خدمات بیمه سلامت بود. مدل سازی معادله ساختاری برای آزمون روابط فرضی به طور همزمان به کار رفت. نتایج نشان می دهد که مسئولیت اجتماعی شرکت بر وفاداری مشتری به طور مستقیم و غیر مستقیم از طریق تولید مشترک و اعتماد مشتری تاثیر می گذارد. به هر حال، تاثیر غیرمستقیم نسبت به هر دو قوی تر است بدین مفهوم که شامل سازی فعالیت های تولید مشترک و برقراری اعتماد مشتری می تواند فعالیت های مسئولیت اجتماعی شرکت را راحت تر کند تا وفاداری مشتری را ارتقاء دهد. به علاوه، تولید مشترک تاثیر مستقیم بر اعتماد مشتری دارد.
واژگان کلیدی: تولید مشترک | مسئولیت اجتماعی شرکت | وفاداری مشتری.
|مقاله ترجمه شده|
The role of leadership in shared value creation from the public’s perspective: A multi-continental study
نقش رهبری در ایجاد ارزش مشترک از دیدگاه عموم: یک مطالعه چند قاره ای-2020
Porter and Kramer’s concept of creating shared value (CSV) has been welcomed as an approach to corporate social responsibility (CSR) among corporations that also provides a practical opportunity for dialogue in public relations, but it has been little examined from the general population’s (i.e., the public’s) perspective. Such scrutiny is important because its findings enable public relations to contribute to the debate and development of CSV from both the public’s and the organization’s viewpoints. Additionally, if public relations professionals understand how the public perceives CSV, they can give a strategic perspective to top management for maximizing moral capabilities of the business and formulate effective communication to promote CSV initiatives. This study investigates whether the public prefers corporations to practice CSV as opposed to intrinsic CSR as a separate pursuit from business interests. It also explores the role of leadership as an influential and ethical construct in implementing effective CSV as perceived by the public. The public’s preference for CSV over in trinsic CSR was revealed in a survey of 1784 participants in the United States (US), Germany, and China. Factor analysis results further suggested that effective CSV competencies of CEOs were construed as a unidimensional concept in the US, but German and Chinese participants viewed it as two-dimensional. The public perceived that leaders’ moral character played a more important, core role in effective CSV than did altruistic and behavioral attributes, across nations. Network analysis of the perceived effective CSV-characteristics provides further implications for CSV communication.
Keywords: Corporate social responsibility (CSR) | Creating shared value (CSV) | Leadership | CEO characteristics | Comparative study
Exploring global retailers corporate social responsibility performance
بررسی عملکرد مسئولیت اجتماعی شرکت خرده فروشان جهانی-2020
Retailers serve as the main interface between business and society. This study explores the Corporate Social Responsibility priorities and performance of the largest 23 global retailers. This set of global retailers, who have a major impact on society, were studied in terms of social, environmental and sustainability practices and strategy, and there performance was analysed and evaluated. The study uses a four-dimensional Social, Economic, Envi- ronmental, Supply Chain model for sustainability performance evaluation. We rely on data collected from annual reports, and ﬁnd that global retailers have addressed the business-society interface in relatively balanced ways for the different dimensions of CSR. Further, our ﬁndings indicate that global retailers in different regions have different CSR priorities. In particular, the data indicates that the US retailers place a lower priority on supply chain sustainability performance, followed by the Australians, while European retailers place a higher priority. The study concludes that while global retailers all pay attention to the same dimensions of CSR and do so differently in the different regions, the variation and lack of signiﬁcant progress indicates that there is a role for stronger government regulation. This study contributes to the literature by shifting the analysis from country to a global level, is more objective in relying on reported data rather than interviews or surveys and provides a new analytical tool.
Keywords: Corporate social responsibility | Retail | Strategy | Sustainability | Supply chain | SDG | Sustainable development | Technology management | Entrepreneurship | Business policy | Management | Globalization | Industrialization