با سلام خدمت کاربران عزیز، به اطلاع می رساند ترجمه مقالاتی که سال انتشار آن ها زیر 2008 می باشد رایگان بوده و میتوانید با وارد شدن در صفحه جزییات مقاله به رایگان ترجمه را دانلود نمایید.
Does government information release really matter in regulating contagionevolution of negative emotion during public emergencies? From the perspective of cognitive big data analytics
آیا انتشار اطلاعات دولتی در تنظیم تکامل منفی احساسات منفی در مواقع اضطراری عمومی اهمیت دارد؟ از منظر تجزیه و تحلیل داده های بزرگ شناختی-2020
The breeding and spreading of negative emotion in public emergencies posed severe challenges to social governance. The traditional government information release strategies ignored the negative emotion evolution mechanism. Focusing on the information release policies from the perspectives of the government during public emergency events, by using cognitive big data analytics, our research applies deep learning method into news framing framework construction process, and tries to explore the influencing mechanism of government information release strategy on contagion-evolution of negative emotion. In particular, this paper first uses Word2Vec, cosine word vector similarity calculation and SO-PMI algorithms to build a public emergenciesoriented emotional lexicon; then, it proposes a emotion computing method based on dependency parsing, designs an emotion binary tree and dependency-based emotion calculation rules; and at last, through an experiment, it shows that the emotional lexicon proposed in this paper has a wider coverage and higher accuracy than the existing ones, and it also performs a emotion evolution analysis on an actual public event based on the emotional lexicon, using the emotion computing method proposed. And the empirical results show that the algorithm is feasible and effective. The experimental results showed that this model could effectively conduct fine-grained emotion computing, improve the accuracy and computational efficiency of sentiment classification. The final empirical analysis found that due to such defects as slow speed, non transparent content, poor penitence and weak department coordination, the existing government information release strategies had a significant negative impact on the contagion-evolution of anxiety and disgust emotion, could not regulate negative emotions effectively. These research results will provide theoretical implications and technical supports for the social governance. And it could also help to establish negative emotion management mode, and construct a new pattern of the public opinion guidance.
Keywords: Government information release | Cognitive big data analytics | E-government | Sentiment analysis | Public emergency events
Digital Twin-enabled Collaborative Data Management for Metal Additive Manufacturing Systems
مدیریت داده های همکاری مشترک زوج دیجیتال برای سیستم های تولید مواد افزودنی فلز-2020
Metal Additive Manufacturing (AM) has been attracting a continuously increasing attention due to its great advantages compared to traditional subtractive manufacturing in terms of higher design flexibility, shorter development time, lower tooling cost, and fewer production wastes. However, the lack of process robustness, stability and repeatability caused by the unsolved complex relationships between material properties, product design, process parameters, process signatures, post AM processes and product quality has significantly impeded its broad acceptance in the industry. To facilitate efficient implementation of advanced data analytics in metal AM, which would support the development of intelligent process monitoring, control and optimisation, this paper proposes a novel Digital Twin (DT)-enabled collaborative data management framework for metal AM systems, where a Cloud DT communicates with distributed Edge DTs in different product lifecycle stages. A metal AM product data model that contains a comprehensive list of specific product lifecycle data is developed to support the collaborative data management. The feasibility and advantages of the proposed framework are validated through the practical implementation in a distributed metal AM system developed in the project MANUELA. A representative application scenario of cloud-based and deep learning-enabled metal AM layer defect analysis is also presented. The proposed DT-enabled collaborative data management has shown great potential in enhancing fundamental understanding of metal AM processes, developing simulation and prediction models, reducing development times and costs, and improving product quality and production efficiency.
Keywords: Metal Additive Manufacturing | Digital Twin | data management | data model | machine learning | product lifecycle management
A mesh-free method for interface problems using the deep learning approach
روشی بدون مش برای مشکلات رابط با استفاده از روش یادگیری عمیق-2020
In this paper, we propose a mesh-free method to solve interface problems using the deep learning approach. Two types of PDEs are considered. The first one is an elliptic PDE with a discontinuous and high-contrast coefficient. While the second one is a linear elasticity equation with discontinuous stress tensor. In both cases, we represent the solutions of the PDEs using the deep neural networks (DNNs) and formulate the PDEs into variational problems, which can be solved via the deep learning approach. To deal with inhomogeneous boundary conditions, we use a shallow neural network to approximate the boundary conditions. Instead of using an adaptive mesh refinement method or specially designed basis functions or numerical schemes to compute the PDE solutions, the proposed method has the advantages that it is easy to implement and is mesh-free. Finally, we present numerical results to demonstrate the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed method for interface problems.
Keywords: Deep learning | Variational problems | Mesh-free method | Linear elasticity | High-contrast | Interface problems
Goal driven network pruning for object recognition
هرس شبکه هدف محور برای شناسایی هدف -2020
Pruning studies up to date focused on uncovering a smaller network by removing redundant units, and fine-tuning to compensate accuracy drop as a result. In this study, unlike the others, we propose an approach to uncover a smaller network that is competent only in a specific task, similar to top-down attention mechanism in human visual system. This approach doesn’t require fine-tuning and is proposed as a fast and effective alternative of training from scratch when the network focuses on a specific task in the dataset. Pruning starts from the output and proceeds towards the input by computing neuron importance scores in each layer and propagating them to the preceding layer. In the meantime, neurons determined as worthless are pruned. We applied our approach on three benchmark datasets: MNIST, CIFAR-10 and ImageNet. The results demonstrate that the proposed pruning method typically reduces computational units and storage without harming accuracy significantly.
Keywords: Deep learning | Computer vision | Network pruning | Network compressing | Top-down attention | Perceptual visioning
From chemical structure to quantitative polymer properties prediction through convolutional neural networks
از ساختار شیمیایی گرفته تا پیش بینی کمی از خواص پلیمر از طریق شبکه های عصبی در هم تنیده -2020
In this work convolutional-fully connected neural networks were designed and trained to predict the glass transition temperature of polymers based only on their chemical structure. This approach has shown to successfully predict the Tg of unknown polymers with average relative errors as low as 6%. Several networks with different architecture or hiperparameters were successfully trained using a previously studied glass transition temperatures dataset for validation, and then the same method was employed for an extended dataset, with larger Tg dispersion and polymer’s structure variability. This approach has shown to be accurate and reliable, and does not require any time consuming or expensive measurements and calculations as inputs. Furthermore, it is expected that this method can be easily extended to predict other properties. The possibility of predicting the properties of polymers not even synthesized will save time and resources for industrial development as well as accelerate the scientific understanding of structure-properties relationships in polymer science.
Keywords: QSPR | Properties prediction | Deep learning | Neural network | Smart design
Towards a real-time processing framework based on improved distributed recurrent neural network variants with fastText for social big data analytics
به سمت یک چارچوب پردازش در زمان واقعی بر اساس بهبود انواع شبکه عصبی مکرر توزیع شده با fastText برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده های بزرگ اجتماعی-2020
Big data generated by social media stands for a valuable source of information, which offers an excellent opportunity to mine valuable insights. Particularly, User-generated contents such as reviews, recommendations, and users’ behavior data are useful for supporting several marketing activities of many companies. Knowing what users are saying about the products they bought or the services they used through reviews in social media represents a key factor for making decisions. Sentiment analysis is one of the fundamental tasks in Natural Language Processing. Although deep learning for sentiment analysis has achieved great success and allowed several firms to analyze and extract relevant information from their textual data, but as the volume of data grows, a model that runs in a traditional environment cannot be effective, which implies the importance of efficient distributed deep learning models for social Big Data analytics. Besides, it is known that social media analysis is a complex process, which involves a set of complex tasks. Therefore, it is important to address the challenges and issues of social big data analytics and enhance the performance of deep learning techniques in terms of classification accuracy to obtain better decisions. In this paper, we propose an approach for sentiment analysis, which is devoted to adopting fastText with Recurrent neural network variants to represent textual data efficiently. Then, it employs the new representations to perform the classification task. Its main objective is to enhance the performance of well-known Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) variants in terms of classification accuracy and handle large scale data. In addition, we propose a distributed intelligent system for real-time social big data analytics. It is designed to ingest, store, process, index, and visualize the huge amount of information in real-time. The proposed system adopts distributed machine learning with our proposed method for enhancing decision-making processes. Extensive experiments conducted on two benchmark data sets demonstrate that our proposal for sentiment analysis outperforms well-known distributed recurrent neural network variants (i.e., Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM), Bidirectional Long Short-Term Memory (BiLSTM), and Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU)). Specifically, we tested the efficiency of our approach using the three different deep learning models. The results show that our proposed approach is able to enhance the performance of the three models. The current work can provide several benefits for researchers and practitioners who want to collect, handle, analyze and visualize several sources of information in real-time. Also, it can contribute to a better understanding of public opinion and user behaviors using our proposed system with the improved variants of the most powerful distributed deep learning and machine learning algorithms. Furthermore, it is able to increase the classification accuracy of several existing works based on RNN models for sentiment analysis.
Keywords: Big data | FastText | Recurrent neural networks | LSTM | BiLSTM | GRU | Natural language processing | Sentiment analysis | Social big data analytics
Predicting academic performance of students from VLE big data using deep learning models
پیش بینی عملکرد علمی دانش آموزان از داده های بزرگ VLE با استفاده از مدل های یادگیری عمیق-2020
The abundance of accessible educational data, supported by the technology-enhanced learning platforms, provides opportunities to mine learning behavior of students, addressing their issues, optimizing the educational environment, and enabling data-driven decision making. Virtual learning environments complement the learning analytics paradigm by effectively providing datasets for analysing and reporting the learning process of students and its reflection and contribution in their respective performances. This study deploys a deep artificial neural network on a set of unique handcrafted features, extracted from the virtual learning environments clickstream data, to predict at-risk students providing measures for early intervention of such cases. The results show the proposed model to achieve a classification accuracy of 84%–93%. We show that a deep artificial neural network outperforms the baseline logistic regression and support vector machine models. While logistic regression achieves an accuracy of 79.82%–85.60%, the support vector machine achieves 79.95%–89.14%. Aligned with the existing studies - our findings demonstrate the inclusion of legacy data and assessment-related data to impact the model significantly. Students interested in accessing the content of the previous lectures are observed to demonstrate better performance. The study intends to assist institutes in formulating a necessary framework for pedagogical support, facilitating higher education decision-making process towards sustainable education.
Keywords: Learning analytics | Predicting success | Educational data | Machine learning | Deep learning | Virtual learning environments (VLE)
Ensemble sparse supervised model for bearing fault diagnosis in smart manufacturing
گروه نظارت پراکنده برای تشخیص خطا در تولید هوشمند ، مدل نظارت پراکنده-2020
Machinery fault diagnosis is of great significance to improve the reliability of smart manufacturing. Deep learning based fault diagnosis methods have achieved great success. However, the features extracted by different models may vary resulting in ambiguous representation of the data, and even wasted time with manually selecting the optimal hyperparameters. To solve the problems, this paper proposes a new framework named Ensemble Sparse Supervised Model (ESSM), in which a typical deep learning model is treated as two phases of feature learning and model learning. In the feature learning phase, the original data is represented to be a feature matrix as non-redundant as possible by applying sparse filtering. Then, the feature matrix is fed into the model learning phase. Regularization, dropout and rectified linear unit (ReLU) are used in the models neurons and layers to build a sparse deep neural network. Finally, the output of the sparse deep neural network provides feedback to the first phase to obtain better sparse features. In the proposed method, hyperparameters need to be pre-specified and a python library of talos is employed to finish the process automatically. The proposed method is verified using the bearing data provided by Case Western Reserve University. The result demonstrates that the proposed method can capture the effective pattern of data with the help of sparse constraints and simultaneously provide convenience for the operators with assuring performance.
Keywords: Sparse representation | Deep learning | Fault diagnosis
Detection and classification of bruises of pears based on thermal images
تشخیص و طبقه بندی کبودی گلابی بر اساس تصاویر حرارتی-2020
The detection and classification of bruises of pears based on thermal images have been investigated. A simple thermal imaging system in the long-wavelength ranges (8–14 μm) assembledμwith hot air equipment was constructed to capture cleaner images. Higher velocity and temperature of the air reduced the time required to obtain a clean image, but the images were not sufficient able to discriminate the slight and invisible variation of bruises over consecutive days. The grey-level co-occurrence matrix of the thermal images were analysed, and the slight differences in the pears over consecutive days were presented in the form of a line chart. A traditional deep learning algorithm commonly used in classification of big data sets was modified to one suitable for classification of a small sample data set of thermasl images (3246 samples were used as the training data set and 1125 were used as a test data set) collected from 300 pears over 10 days. The best test prediction accuracy obtained was 99.25%.
Keywords: Detection and classification | Thermal images | Grey-level co-occurrence matrix | Deep learning
Universal approximation with quadratic deep networks
تخمین جهانی با شبکه های عمیق درجه دوم-2020
Recently, deep learning has achieved huge successes in many important applications. In our previous studies, we proposed quadratic/second-order neurons and deep quadratic neural networks. In a quadratic neuron, the inner product of a vector of data and the corresponding weights in a conventional neuron is replaced with a quadratic function. The resultant quadratic neuron enjoys an enhanced expressive capability over the conventional neuron. However, how quadratic neurons improve the expressing capability of a deep quadratic network has not been studied up to now, preferably in relation to that of a conventional neural network. Specifically, we ask four basic questions in this paper: (1) for the one-hidden-layer network structure, is there any function that a quadratic network can approximate much more efficiently than a conventional network? (2) for the same multi-layer network structure, is there any function that can be expressed by a quadratic network but cannot be expressed with conventional neurons in the same structure? (3) Does a quadratic network give a new insight into universal approximation? (4) To approximate the same class of functions with the same error bound, could a quantized quadratic network have a lower number of weights than a quantized conventional network? Our main contributions are the four interconnected theorems shedding light upon these four questions and demonstrating the merits of a quadratic network in terms of expressive efficiency, unique capability, compact architecture and computational capacity respectively.
Keywords: Deep learning | Quadratic networks | Approximation theory