Machine learning: Best way to sustain the supply chain in the era of industry 4:0
یادگیری ماشین: بهترین راه برای حفظ زنجیره تأمین در عصر صنعت 4:0-2021
With the rapidly growing importance in the industries on the adaptation of advanced technologies, the involvement of IT-enabled systems has increased in developing the pathway for the future industry. The learning’s from these technologies becomes paramount for the present industries which gives a sense of belongingness and significance of the industry towards the market. The digital revolution world-wide affected the physical happenings of the events in the manufacturing industries such as the procurement, manufacturing/assembling & distribution of goods. This digital reformation is known as Industry 4.0 which generally means the advancement in the existing business models where all the business operations are interconnected with each other by digital mode (virtual representation based on operations). In this kind of environment, it is being necessary to map all the operations digitally in such a manner so that the physical flows of resources/goods will not suffer at any stage. Machine learning in the present scenario is one of the thrust areas for the researchers and the practitioners. The output in the machine learning process is having many dependencies on the input data such as the functions and characteristics imparted to the machine at the earlier stage. The present paper aptly reflects the thoughts and reflections of present-day industries and the opportunities to express feelings, thoughts, and contribute towards the future industries.© 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Selection and peer-review under responsibility of the scientific committee of the 3rd International Conference on Computational and Experimental Methods in Mechanical Engineering.
Keywords: Machine Learning (ML) | Supply Chain (SC) | Industry 4.0 | Resources utilization | Digital transformation
Digital interoperability and transformation in logistics and supply chain management: Editorial
قابلیت همکاری و تحول دیجیتال در تدارکات و مدیریت زنجیره تامین: تحریریه-2021
This editorial introduces this Special Issue on advances in research on digital interoperability and transformation in logistics and supply chain management. Eleven high-quality and original research works from both researchers and practitioners in the area have been selected to compose this Special Issue. This editorial first introduces the scientific context relevant to the Special Issue, then presents each of the eleven papers. From these papers, this editorial identifies several interesting prospective works, which are finally presented.
Keywords: Digital interoperability | Digital transformation | Logistics | Supply chain management | Editorial | Special issue
Artificial intelligence-driven music biometrics influencing customers’ retail buying behavior
بیومتریک موسیقی با هوش مصنوعی بر رفتار خرید خرده فروشی مشتریان تأثیر می گذارد-2021
This study examines the digital transformation effects of artificial intelligence (AI)-based facial and music bio- metrics on customers’ cognitive and emotional states, and how these effects influence their behavioral responses in terms of value creation. Using a real-life, major optical retail store in China, 386 customers participated in a five-day experiment with different types of music (enhanced by music-recognition biometrics). The findings show that for utilitarian-type customers in a high-involvement AI purchase condition, music-recognition bio-metric-induced emotion mediates cognition and behavioral intentions. Both likability and the tempo of the music affect the impact of music on cognition. This study contributes to a better understanding of the relationship between cognition and emotion induced by AI-based facial and music biometric systems in shaping customer behavior and it adds to the atmospheric literature. This is a significant contribution given the paucity of research in the context of the Chinese retail environment, which is now a significant retail market with global importance.
Keywords: Artificial intelligence | Atmospherics | Cognition | Emotion | Music | Retail
The fourth industrial revolution of supply chains: A tertiary study
چهارمین انقلاب صنعتی زنجیره های تأمین: یک مطالعه عالی-2021
This paper unfolds the ongoing fourth revolution of supply chains (4SC) and proposes guidelines for future research. The review of sixty-five literature reviews follows three stages: bibliometric analysis of Industry 4.0, its synergies with supply chain transformation, and state-of-the-art assessment. 4SC is a context-bound technological change driven by organizational and cultural priorities, aiming to create more sustainable networks to serve the customers and support responsible decisions in the supply lifecycle. The proposed framework can assist future literature reviews and digital transformation proposals for 4SC that need to frame their context and incorporate functions to endure change.
Keywords: 4SC | Supply Chain 4.0 | Industry 4.0 | Fourth Industrial Revolution | Tertiary study
Digital Academic Entrepreneurship: A structured literature review and avenue for a research agenda
کارآفرینی آکادمیک دیجیتال: یک بررسی ادبیات ساختار یافته و راهی برای یک دستور کار تحقیقاتی-2020
This paper reviews the Academic Entrepreneurship literature according to the emergence of powerful Digital technologies, providing an overview of the state of research and outlining a future research agenda about Digital Academic Entrepreneurship. One hundred and sixty-five journal papers were initially extracted from Scopus and their content was analysed for the paper selection process by two researchers in parallel, plus a third one in case of uncertainty. Finally, fifty-nine papers dealing with digital academic entrepreneurship and published in a variety of academic journals have been analyzed through a content and a bibliometric analysis. Findings show that literature on Digital Academic Entrepreneurship is really scant and dominated by unrelated research. Content analysis provides the emergence of four major research streams: 1) Digital Technologies for Entrepreneurship Education; 2) The “maker space movement” for Academic Entrepreneurship; 3) Digital tech- nologies for discovering entrepreneurial opportunities; 4) Creating entrepreneurial competences in the Digital “University-based” Entrepreneurial ecosystems. The paper presents the first attempt to provide a comprehensive structured literature review of the disruptive role of digital transformation for the Academic Entrepreneurship. Despite the growing literature on Digital Entrepreneurship, this research area is still fragmented and under- theorized. More systematic and holistic studies, considering both the technological, economic and the social aspects of Academic Entrepreneurship are required.
Keywords: Academic entrepreneurship | Bibliometric analysis | Digital technologies | Digital academic entrepreneurship | Digital transformation | Literature review | Software R | VOSviewer
Exploring the growth challenge of mobile payment platforms: A business model perspective
بررسی چالش رشد سیستم عامل های پرداخت تلفن همراه: چشم انداز مدل کسب و کار-2020
The power of platform business models has grown as our economies become increasingly digital, but how companies address the challenge of platform growth to achieve a critical mass of users remains unclear. In this study, we take a business model (BM) perspective to understand how mobile payment platform providers go about addressing such a challenge. We studied how mobile payment providers engaged in innovation of their business models, and thus identified three pertaining aspects: rethinking the relationship management with retailers, creating partnerships with other actors in the payment ecosystem to complement and deliver the proposed value, and integrating and using front-end mobile technology. Furthermore, our study suggests that mobile payment providers need to adapt their role within the ecosystem to scale the platform, and that it will depend on their choice of scope of geographic availability. Finally, we suggest that mutual adaptation of BMs of platform-as-sociated actors leads to improved diffusion of the platform offer, which also hints at the need for researchers to revisit innovation diffusion and technology adoption theories by acknowledging the importance of the BM of the offer side of technology.
Keywords: Business model | Case study | Digital transformation | Fintech | Mobile payment | Platforms
Digital transformation: Five recommendations for the digitally conscious firm
تحول دیجیتال: پنج توصیه برای شرکت آگاه دیجیتالی-2020
Digital transformation is one of the key challenges facing contemporary businesses. The need to leverage digital technology to develop and implement new business models forces firms to reevaluate existing capabilities, structures, and culture in order to identify what technologies are relevant and how they will be enacted in organizational processes and business offerings. More often than not, these profound changes require firms to revisit old truths as they develop strategies that thread the needle between beneficial innovation and harmful disruption. This article uses the Internet of Things (IoT) as a backdrop to demonstrate the concerns associated with transformative technologies and offers five recommendations as to how firms can develop the strategies needed for digital transformation and become digitally conscious: (1) Start small and build on firsthand benefits; (2) team up and create competitive advantage from brand recognition; (3) engage in standardization efforts; (4) take responsibility for data ownership and ethics; and (5) own the change and ensure organization-wide commitment. As such, this article shows that digital transformation should be a top management priority and a defining trait of corporate business strategy, and that by becoming digitally conscious, firms may get a head start on their transformation journey.
KEYWORDS: Digital transformation | Digitization | Digitalization | Internet of Things | Digital consciousness
Role of big data and social media analytics for business to business sustainability_ A participatory web context
Role of big data and social media analytics for business to business sustainability_ A participatory web context-2020
The digital transformation is an accumulation of various digital advancements, such as the transformation of the web phenomenon. The participatory web that allows for active user engagement and gather intelligence has been widely recognised as a value add tool by organisations of all shapes and sizes to improve business productivity and efficiency. However, its ability to facilitate sustainable business-to-business (B2B) activities has lacked focus in the business and management literature to date. This qualitative research is exploratory in nature and fills this gap through findings arising from interviews of managers and by developing taxonomies that highlight the capability of participatory web over passive web to enable different firms to engage in business operations. For this purpose, two important interrelated functions of business i.e. operations and marketing have been mapped against three dimensions of sustainability. Consequently, this research demonstrates the ability of big data and social media analytics within a participatory web environment to enable B2B organisations to become profitable and remain sustainable through strategic operations and marketing related business activities. The research findings will be useful for both academics and managers who are interested in understanding and further developing the business use of participatory web tools to achieve business sustainability. Hence, this may be considered as a distinct way of attaining sustainability.
Keywords: Participatory web | Marketing and operations | Big data | Social media analytics | Business sustainability | Business-to-business (B2B)
زنجیره های تأمین پایدار - تأثیر فناوری های تحول دیجیتال بر ابعاد اجتماعی و زیست محیطی
سال انتشار: 2020 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 7 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 9
در این تحقیق، یافته هایی در ارتباط با چشم انداز اجرای فناوری های تحول دیجیتال (DTT) به منظور دستیابی به فرآیندهای پایدار در تدارکات و مدیریت زنجیره تامین شرکت های تولیدی ارائه شده است.DTT می تواند از نظر بهره وری انرژی ، کاهش فواصل انتقال و توزیع و بهینه سازی منابع تدارکات بهبود یابد. این تحقیق براساس مطالعات موردی کیفی در میان تولیدکنندگان انجام شده است. به دلیل اینکه تحقیقات فعلی اغلب بر بعد اقتصادی متمرکز است، تأکید ویژه ای بر پایداری اجتماعی و محیطی شده است. نتایج نشان می دهد که استقرار DTT در تدارکات و مدیریت زنجیره تأمین به طور متوسط تأثیر مثبتی بر بعد پایداری زیست محیطی و اجتماعی دارد.
کلمات کلیدی: تحول دیجیتال | مدیریت زنجیره تامین | تدارکات | فناوری ها | پایداری
|مقاله ترجمه شده|
Navigating disruptive crises through service-led growth: The impact of COVID-19 on Italian manufacturing firms
هدایت بحران های مخرب از طریق رشد خدمات محور: تأثیر COVID-19 بر بنگاه های تولیدی ایتالیا-2020
This study draws on an extensive survey and interview data collected during the COVID-19 pandemic. The respondents were executives of industrials firms whose factories, warehouses, and headquarters are located in Northern Italy. This is undoubtedly the European region first and most extensively affected by the pandemic, and the government implemented radical lockdown measures, banning nonessential travel and mandating the shutdown of all nonessential businesses. Several major effects on both product and service businesses are highlighted, including the disruption of field-service operations and supply networks. This study also highlights the increased importance of servitization business models and the acceleration of digital transformation and advanced services. To help firms navigate through the crisis and be better positioned after the pandemic, the authors present a four-stage crisis management model (calamity, quick & dirty, restart, and adapt), which provides insights and critical actions that should be taken to cope with the expected short and long-term implications of the crisis. Finally, this study discusses how servitization can enhance resilience for future crises—providing a set of indicators on the presumed role of, and impact on, service operations in relation to what executives expect to be the “next normal.”
Keywords: COVID-19 | Coronavirus | Servitization | Digitalization | Service operations | Solutions | Resilience