دانلود و نمایش مقالات مرتبط با Digitalization::صفحه 1
تولد حضرت محمد
نتیجه جستجو - Digitalization

تعداد مقالات یافته شده: 39
ردیف عنوان نوع
1 کارآفرینی بین‌المللی در دنیای پساکرونا
سال انتشار: 20121 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 7 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 25
دنیای پساکرونا چگونه خواهد بود؟ نقش کارآفرینی بین‌المللی (IE) در دنیای جدید چه خواهد بود؟ این مقاله در تلاشش است به دو پرسش پاسخ دهد و بر تغییرات ایجادشده توسط کووید و نحوه‌ی اثرگذاری احتمالی آن بر حوزه و نوع فعالیت‌های کارآفرینی بین‌المللی در سالیان پیش رو تأکید دارد. این مقاله به بررسی عملکرد احتمالی کارآفرینان و شکل‌دهی نظم جهانی نوظهور می‌پردازد. مقاله‌ی پیش رو با تشریح پیامدهای این تغییرات برای کارآفرینی IE، الگویی برای پژوهش آینده ارائه می‌دهد.
کلیدواژه ها: کارآفرینی بین‌المللی | سرمایه‌گذاری‌های جدید بین‌المللی (INV ها) | کووید-19 | تغییرات سازمانی | دیجیتالی شدن | نوآوری | الگوی پژوهشی
مقاله ترجمه شده
2 کارآفرینی بین‌المللی در دنیای پساکرونا
سال انتشار: 2021 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 7 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 26
دنیای پساکرونا چگونه خواهد بود؟ نقش کارآفرینی بین‌المللی (IE) در دنیای جدید چه خواهد بود؟ این مقاله در تلاشش است به دو پرسش پاسخ دهد و بر تغییرات ایجادشده توسط کووید و نحوه‌ی اثرگذاری احتمالی آن بر حوزه و نوع فعالیت‌های کارآفرینی بین‌المللی در سالیان پیش رو تأکید دارد. این مقاله به بررسی عملکرد احتمالی کارآفرینان و شکل‌دهی نظم جهانی نوظهور می‌پردازد. مقاله‌ی پیش رو با تشریح پیامدهای این تغییرات برای کارآفرینی IE، الگویی برای پژوهش آینده ارائه می‌دهد.
کلیدواژه ها: کارآفرینی بین‌المللی | سرمایه‌گذاری‌های جدید بین‌المللی (INV ها) | کووید-19 | تغییرات سازمانی | دیجیتالی شدن | نوآوری | الگوی پژوهشی
مقاله ترجمه شده
3 Digital Livestock Farming
دامداری دیجیتال-2021
As the global human population increases, livestock agriculture must adapt to provide more livestock products and with improved efficiency while also addressing concerns about animal welfare, environmental sustainability, and public health. The purpose of this paper is to critically review the current state of the art in digitalizing animal agriculture with Precision Livestock Farming (PLF) technologies, specifically biometric sensors, big data, and blockchain technology. Biometric sensors include either noninvasive or invasive sensors that monitor an individual animal’s health and behavior in real time, allowing farmers to integrate this data for population-level analyses. Real-time information from biometric sensors is processed and integrated using big data analytics systems that rely on statistical algorithms to sort through large, complex data sets to provide farmers with relevant trending patterns and decision-making tools. Sensors enabled blockchain technology affords secure and guaranteed traceability of animal products from farm to table, a key advantage in monitoring disease outbreaks and preventing related economic losses and food-related health pandemics. Thanks to PLF technologies, livestock agriculture has the potential to address the abovementioned pressing concerns by becoming more transparent and fostering increased consumer trust. However, new PLF technologies are still evolving and core component technologies (such as blockchain) are still in their infancy and insufficiently validated at scale. The next generation of PLF technologies calls for preventive and predictive analytics platforms that can sort through massive amounts of data while accounting for specific variables accurately and accessibly. Issues with data privacy, security, and integration need to be addressed before the deployment of multi-farm shared PLF solutions be- comes commercially feasible. Implications Advanced digitalization technologies can help modern farms optimize economic contribution per animal, reduce the drudgery of repetitive farming tasks, and overcome less effective isolated solutions. There is now a strong cultural emphasis on reducing animal experiments and physical contact with animals in-order-to enhance animal welfare and avoid disease outbreaks. This trend has the potential to fuel more research on the use of novel biometric sensors, big data, and blockchain technology for the mutual benefit of livestock producers, consumers, and the farm animals themselves. Farmers’ autonomy and data-driven farming approaches compared to experience-driven animal manage- ment practices are just several of the multiple barriers that digitalization must overcome before it can become widely implemented.
Keywords: Precision Livestock Farming | digitalization | Digital Technologies in Livestock Systems | sensor technology | big data | blockchain | data models | livestock agriculture
مقاله انگلیسی
4 Feature based classification of voice based biometric data through Machine learning algorithm
طبقه بندی مبتنی بر ویژگی داده های بیومتریک مبتنی بر صدا از طریق الگوریتم یادگیری ماشین-2021
In the era of big data and growing artificial intelligence, the requirement and necessity of biometric identification increase in a rapid manner. The digitalization and recent Pandemic crisis gives a boost to need to authorized identification which get fulfilled with biometric identification. Our paper focuses on same concept of checking the identification accuracy of machine learning algorithm REPTree on selected bio- metric dataset which is being deployed and evaluated on a data mining tool WEKA. Our target is to achieve more or equal to 95 percentages in order to predict the given sample data is accurately classified into our target variables values i.e. male female. The selected algorithm REPTree is a kind of decision tree classification algorithm which works on same concept as C4.5 and decision tree algorithm with speciality of generation of both kind of output i.e. discrete and continuous. The selection of algorithm gives us ben- efits with achievement of higher accuracy and selection of dataset also become easy with some required modification and pre-processing of data with some dimension reduction filters.© 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Selection and peer-review under responsibility of the scientific committee of the 1st International Con- ference on Computations in Materials and Applied Engineering – 2021.
Keywords: Prediction | Biometric data | Voice samples | Male | Female | Cost complexity pruning (CCP) | Dimension reduction
مقاله انگلیسی
5 Digitalization of the healthcare supply chain: A roadmap to generate benefits and effectively support healthcare delivery
دیجیتالی شدن زنجیره تأمین مراقبت های بهداشتی: نقشه راهی برای ایجاد مزایا و حمایت موثر از ارائه خدمات بهداشتی و درمانی-2021
The healthcare supply chain lags far behind supply chains in other industries in terms of performance and the deployment of best practices. Managers could bridge this gap and improve the performance of the healthcare supply chain by implementing digitalization initiatives. However, the erratic, disconnected digitalization of practices already deployed in the healthcare sector makes it difficult to maximize the potential of these initiatives. In order to generate the greatest benefits from digitalization while improving healthcare delivery, this article sets out a roadmap for implementing technologies. Unlike previous studies that focused on the entire supply chain or had been limited to patient flow, this study adopts the perspective of the hospital as a central launching point for digitalization initiatives. The roadmap, which involves both internal and external digitalization trajectories, is based on a research methodology that combines observations with an umbrella review of literature. This methodology enables us to capture the research challenges associated with the healthcare supply chain and show how digitalization initiatives can address them. The digitalization proposals put forward are structured in terms of priority and centered on hospitals. These proposals can help managers make improvements to the supply chain and also clinical flows.
Keywords: Supply chain | Digital supply chain | Logistics | Healthcare delivery | Benefits | Technology
مقاله انگلیسی
6 The adoption of digital technologies in supply chains: Drivers, process and impact
پذیرش فناوری های دیجیتال در زنجیره های تأمین: محرک ها ، روند و تأثیر آن-2021
Digital technologies have been extensively studied in academic research and industry. However, little is known about the adoption of digital technologies in manufacturing firms at a supply chain level. This paper aims to understand why and how manufacturing firms adopt digital technologies, and the impact of the adoption on supply chains. The study uses literature review method, identifies the main drivers of manufacturing firms adopting digital technologies (why), develops a new model of the adoption process (how), and synthesizes the impact of the adoption on supply chains into four aspects (what): supply chain efficiency, supply chain structure, sustainability and innovation. The paper then proposes a conceptual framework consisting of driver, process and impact, and discusses their inter-relationships. The study identifies that the technological intelligence and supply chain cooperation are two important factors and proposes a two-dimentional levels of adopting digital technologies according to their low-to-high degrees. The proposed framework, in particular the levels of digital technology adoption, are novel to the existing literature. Each of the three parts of the framework and their inter- relationships lays a foundation for further empirical studies in this field. This study also provides guidance for practitioners adopting digital technologies for supply chain management and developing appropriate business strategies at different digitalization levels.
Keywords: Digital technology | Digital supply chain | Digitalization | Technology adoption | Supply chain management
مقاله انگلیسی
7 Digital interoperability in logistics and supply chain management: state-of-the-art and research avenues towards Physical Internet
قابلیت همکاری دیجیتال در تدارکات و مدیریت زنجیره تأمین: پیشرفته ترین و روشهای تحقیقاتی به سمت اینترنت فیزیکی-2021
Interoperability is playing an increasing role for today’s logistics and supply chain management (LSCM) because of the trends of cooperation or coopetition. Especially, digital interoperability concerning data or information exchange becomes a key enabler for the next evolutions that will massively rely upon digitalization, artificial intelligence, and autonomous systems. The notion of Physical Internet (PI) is one such evolution, an innovative worldwide logistic paradigm aimed at interconnecting and coordinating logistics networks for efficiency and sustainability. This paper investigates how digital interoperability can help interconnect logistics and supply networks as well as the operational solutions for sustainable development, and examines the new challenges and research opportunities for digital interoperability under the PI paradigm. To this end, we study the most relevant technologies for digital interoperability in LSCM, via a bibliometric analysis based on 208 papers published during 2010−2020. The results reveal that the present state-of-the-art solutions of digital interoperability are not fully aligned with PI requirements and show new challenges, research gaps and opportunities that need further discussion. Accordingly, several research avenues are suggested to advance research and applications in this area, and to achieve interconnection in logistics and supply networks for sustainability.
Keywords: Interoperability | Interconnection | Physical internet | Digitalization | Logistics | Supply Chain management | Bibliometric review | State-of-the-art | Research avenues
مقاله انگلیسی
8 Retailer-run resale market and supply chain coordination
بازار فروش مجدد و هماهنگی زنجیره تامین توسط خرده فروش-2021
This study proposes strategies for full coordination of a supply chain when the retailer enables buyers not only to return their product after inspection but also to resell it as used at the store after partial consumption. In recent years, mega-retailers have added resale service to their conventional business of selling new products, which is called the retailer-run resale market. Prior literature shows from the retailer’s perspective that the ultimate motive for running resale business is to reduce the volume of consumers’ product returns. Nevertheless, there is a lack of studies on the retailer’s resale business from the manufacturer’s perspective. We adopt a manufacturer’s perspective and derive strategies to motivate retailers to make decisions for the benefit of the entire supply chain in the presence of the retailer-run resale market using five commonly used types of contracts: revenue-sharing, buybacks, quantity flexibility, quantity discount, and two-part tariff. Ongoing digitalization and web security in retailing have provided a convenient environment for online transactions, which have emerged as a supply chain and become a staple for many shoppers. However, growing popularity of online shopping inevitably increases the volume of product returns because it lacks an opportunity to experience the product before purchase. Thus, an increasing number of online retailers have adopted a resale business unilaterally to reduce consumer returns. The study provides strategic guidelines for a manufacturer to induce such retailers to make decisions for joint profit maximization.
Keywords: Supply chain management | Channel coordination | Product returns | Retailer-run resale market | Uncertainty of product value
مقاله انگلیسی
9 The effects of inter- and intraorganizational factors on the adoption of electronic booking systems in the maritime supply chain
اثرات عوامل بین و درون سازمانی بر پذیرش سیستم های رزرو الکترونیکی در زنجیره تأمین دریایی-2021
Digitalization is currently reshaping business models and providing more opportunities for cross-border supply chains. Maritime transportation occupies a crucial position in the global supply chain and information systems are playing an increasingly important role in the industry. In contrast with information systems used in other industries, interorganizational information systems in the maritime industry may involve a greater number of organizational users, including manufacturers, customers, shipping lines and customs and port authorities from different countries. Therefore, the adoption of container e-booking systems in the maritime supply chain is complex and with limited scrutiny in academia. This study explored the use of e-booking systems in the maritime supply chain and, in particular, the factors influencing the adoption of such systems at the organizational level. The study aimed to close the gap between the general understanding of the adoption of information systems and the adoption of e-booking systems in a specific context, namely the maritime supply chain. We conducted an exploratory multi-case study of eight firms across multiple tiers of the maritime supply chain. We employed a qualitative approach to investigate this issue at the maritime supply chain level, rather than the firm level. The study focused on inter- and intraorganizational factors. The results suggest that adoption is influenced by several factors, including pressure from trade partners, pressure from leading organizations, as well as organizational compatibility, and so forth. Furthermore, the identified factors have different levels of impact across organizational tiers in the shipping chain. This study offers insights that are relevant to both researchers and practitioners in the maritime transportation industry and may help to accelerate the digitalization of the industry.
Keywords: E-booking systems | Information systems | Adoption | Maritime supply chain | Inter and intra-organizational factors
مقاله انگلیسی
10 Food loss and waste in food supply chains: A systematic literature review and framework development approach
اتلاف غذا و اتلاف مواد غذایی در زنجیره های تأمین غذا یک روش بررسی ادبیات سیستماتیک و رویکرد توسعه چارچوب-2021
This study examines the state of the art of the literature in the domain of food loss and waste (FLW) in food supply chains (FSC). The authors used a systematic literature review (SLR) approach to examine and synthesise the findings of the existing literature to identify the key research themes, research gaps and avenues of future research on FLW in FSC. To this end, this SLR considered 152 articles relevant for the review. The authors uncovered the extant literature in the domain by presenting the research profile of the selected studies, along with thematic analysis. The authors identified eight key themes from the extant literature. The themes range from factors responsible for FLW generation to new, emerging areas of research such as digitalisation and food surplus redistribution. The study’s findings will help clarify existing practices in FSC for waste mitigation and act as a foundation for strategic and policy initiatives in this area. The findings indicate that the major factors responsible for FLW include the poor management of perishable food items, stakeholder attitudes, buyer—supplier agreements and supply chain interruptions. Some of the important implications of the study include formal guidelines and policy-level interventions for assisting the accurate quantification of FLW along with an impetus on digitalization to reduce FLW. The study concludes with the development of a research framework to assist future research in this domain.© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Food supply chain (FSC) | Food loss and waste (FLW) | Food waste | Food loss and systematic literature review
مقاله انگلیسی
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