The transnational Sowa Rigpa industry in Asia: New perspectives on an emerging economy
صنعت فراملی Sowa Rigpa در آسیا: چشم اندازهای جدید در مورد اقتصاد نوظهور-2020
This article advances the hypothesis that “traditional” Asian pharmaceutical industries are rapidly growing in size and prominence in contemporary Asia, and identifies a lack of empirical data on the phenomenon. Addressing this gap, the article provides a quantitative outline and analysis of the Sowa Rigpa (Tibetan, Mongolian and Himalayan medicine) pharmaceutical industry in China, India, Mongolia and Bhutan. Using original data gathered through multi-sited ethnographic and textual research between 2014 and 2019, involving 232 industry representatives, policy makers, researchers, pharmacists and physicians, it assembles a bigger picture on this industrys structure, size and dynamics. Revealing a tenfold growth of the Sowa Rigpa pharmaceutical industry in Asia between 2000 and 2017, the study supports its initial hypothesis. In 2017, the industry had a total sales value of 677.5 million USD, and constituted an important economic and public health resource in Tibetan, Mongolian and Himalayan regions of Asia. China generates almost 98 percent of the total sales value, which is explained by significant state intervention on the one hand, and historical and sociocultural reasons on the other. India has the second largest Sowa Rigpa pharmaceutical industry with an annual sales value of about 11 million USD, while sales values in Mongolia and Bhutan are very low, despite Sowa Rigpas domestic importance for the two nations. The article concludes with a number of broader observations emerging from the presented data, arguing that the Sowa Rigpa pharmaceutical industry has become big enough to exert complex transformative effects on Tibetan, Mongolian and Himalayan medicine more generally. The quantitative and qualitative data presented here provide crucial foundations for further scholarly, regulatory, and professional engagement with contemporary Sowa Rigpa.
Keywords: Sowa Rigpa | Tibetan medicine | Pharmaceutical industry | Government policy | China | India | Mongolia | Bhutan
Big data analytics as an operational excellence approach to enhance sustainable supply chain performance
تجزیه و تحلیل داده های بزرگ به عنوان یک رویکرد برتری عملیاتی برای افزایش عملکرد پایدار زنجیره تأمین-2020
Operations management is a core organizational function involved in the management of activities to produce and deliver products and services. Appropriate operations decisions rely on assessing and using information; a task made more challenging in the Big Data era. Effective management of data (big data analytics; BDA), along with staff capabilities (the talent capability in the use of big data) support firms to leverage big data analytics and organizational learning in support of sustainable supply chain management outcomes. The current study uses dynamic capability theory as a foundation for evaluating the role of BDA capability as an operational excellence approach in improving sustainable supply chain performance. We surveyed mining executives in the emerging economy of South Africa and received 520 valid responses (47% response rate). We used Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) to analyze the data. The findings show that big data analytics management capabilities have a strong and significant effect on innovative green product development and sustainable supply chain outcomes. Big data analytics talent capabilities have a weaker but still significant effect on employee development and sustainable supply chain outcomes. Innovation and learning performance affect sustainable supply chain performance, and supply chain innovativeness has an important moderating role. A contribution of the study is identifying two pathways that managers can use to improve sustainable supply chain outcomes in the mining industry, based on big data analytics capabilities.
Keywords: Big data analytics | Operational excellence | Dynamic capability view | Supply chain sustainability | Learning performance
The interplay between social media communication, brand equity and brand engagement in tourist destinations: An analysis in an emerging economy
تعامل بین ارتباطات رسانه های اجتماعی ، ارزش ویژه برند و تعامل برند در مقصد گردشگری: تحلیلی در یک اقتصاد نوظهور-2020
The consolidation of Web 2.0 has modified the way people communicate and interact with tourists. User-generated social media communication continues to increase: to the detriment of traditional media channels, where the message is controlled by destination marketing organizations. Moreover, uncontrolled user-generated communication is increasingly considered more reliable than traditional, controlled communication. All this has considerably modified tourist perceptions regarding destination image and brand equity. From a business perspective, a line of thought addressing the study of these interrelationships has emerged in the literature, going so far as to consider their impact on brand engagement. Despite the current prevalence and relevance of social media communication as a loyalty-building factor in a context as competitive as the tourism sector, relatively little literature has addressed it in emerging tourist destination scenarios. Hence, the present paper presents an analysis of how – and to what extent – social media communication, both controlled and uncontrolled by the destination organization, has an impact on destination brand equity and destination brand engagement. More specifically, this study applies it to an emerging economy scenario: Metropolitan Lima, Peru. The implications of our research, presented at the end of the paper, are of interest – both as a contribution to the literature and from the perspective of tourist destination management – and can serve to aid the economic and social development of emerging economies.
Keywords: Customer-based destination brand equity | Social media communication | Brand engagement | Tourist destination | Emerging economy
A step to clean energy - Sustainability in energy system management in an emerging economy context
گامی برای پاکسازی انرژی - پایداری در مدیریت سیستم انرژی در یک زمینه اقتصادی در حال ظهور-2020
Due to high consumption of energy, its associated concerns such as energy security and demand, wastage of resources, and material-energy recovery are leading to the importance of sustainable energy system development. This is a high time to assess the sustainability in energy systems for meeting the requirements of energy with an enhanced economic, ecological, and social performance from a nation context. The energy system plays a significant role in deciding the economic progress of emerging economies such as India, China, Brazil, and Africa. In this paper, an original attempt has been made to list and evaluate important indicators for sustainability assessment of energy systems development and management in an emerging economy especially India. Firstly, based on the analysis of the extant literature and then followed by expert opinion, potential key sustainability assessment indicators for energy systems development and management were identified. Further, grey based Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory technique to understand the causal interactions amongst indicators and segregate them into cause and effect groups, is used. This work can provide useful aids to decision making bodies, sustainability practitioners and business organisations in selective implementation, monitoring and control of sustainable strategies in energy systems development and management and meeting sustainable development goals of clean energy in a nation context.
Keywords: Energy system development and | management | Sustainability assessment indicators | Grey DEMATEL | Clean energy | Sensitivity analysis | Emerging economy
Mobile banking use: A comparative study with Brazilian and U:S: participants
استفاده از بانکداری همراه: یک مطالعه مقایسه ای با شرکت کنندگان برزیل و ایالات متحده-2019
As we can see in recent studies on mobile banking, there is an increasing number of papers addressing this new technology. Mobile banking contributes to the quality of life of people living in both developed countries, and also in emerging economies. In this context, we develop this paper in order to compare the determinants of mobile banking use between respondents from two countries with different levels of development: Brazil and the United States. Our theoretical model includes six variables as determinant factors of mobile banking use. In order to analyze path coefficients and test the six hypotheses, we employed a structural equation model. We also employed a quantitative test (multi-group analysis) to analyze the difference of path coefficients between the models of the two countries. The main results indicate similarities among the perceptions of the respondents that participated in the survey, but differences in coefficient magnitude
Keywords: Mobile banking | Emerging economy | Trust | Social influence | Structural equation model
Four forces of supply chain social sustainability adoption in emerging economies
چهار نیروی پذیرش ماندگاری اجتماعی زنجیره تامین در اقتصادهای نوظهور-2018
Despite the growing stakeholder awareness on social sustainability issues, little is known about what influences firms to adopt social sustainability in their supply chain management practices and the benefits gained from such efforts. This is especially true for emerging economies in Asia and Southwestern Europe, where the social norms differ significantly. Building on stakeholders and institutional perspectives, we address the issue by exploring how pressures from customers, sustainability culture, government, and external stakeholders act as primary constituents of the firm in determining the extent to which firm consider supply chain social sustainability adoption in emerging economies. Further, we explore how such social sustainability adoption relates to the firm suppliers social performance, the buyers operational performance and the buying firms social reputation. We test the hypothesized model empirically using data from 244 Indian and 126 Portuguese firms. Our results are consistent with the hypothesized model; all factors show significant influence and positive links with the firms benefits.
keywords: Social sustainability |Emerging economy |Sustainability |Institutional mechanisms |Structural equation modeling
Understanding the determinants of mobile banking adoption: A longitudinal study in Brazil
درک عوامل تعیین کننده پذیرش بانکداری سیار: یک تحلیل طولی در برزیل-2018
Studies about new technologies are needed in order to better understand their adoption and the potential challenges related with their diffusion. This research was developed to analyze mobile banking use and its determinants considering a longitudinal approach. We collected data in a country where mobile banking is still in its early adoption stages: Brazil. Our sample is comprised of observations from three different periods: the first sample with data from December 2014 to January 2015; the second sample with data from May to June 2016; and the third sample with data from November to December 2017. Using a quantitative approach, we observed that mobile banking use has increased during the period. This effect was also significant in the bivariate analysis even with a control for the level of personal innovativeness in information technology (IT) among the respondents who participated in the survey. Moreover, the perception of trust, ease of use, social influence, and task characteristics related to mobile banking also have registered an increase. The main contribution of this study is related with the quantitative analysis of the effect of time in the use of mobile banking (and in some determinants of its use) in an emerging economy.
keywords: Emerging technologies |Innovation |Longitudinal analysis |Mobile banking |Social influence |Trust
درک عوامل تعیین کننده در پذیرش بانکداری سیار: یک مطالعه طولی در برزیل
سال انتشار: 2018 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 7 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 22
به منظور درک بهتر پذیرش فناوری های جدید و چالش های بالقوه مربوط به نفوذ آن، مطالعات جدید درباره فناوری های جدید مورد نیاز است. این تحقیق برای تحلیل استفاده از بانکداری موبایلی و عوامل تعیین کننده آن و با استفاده از یک دیدگاه طولی انجام شده است. ما داده ها را در یک کشوری جمع آوری کردیم که بانکداری موبایلی هنوزهم در مراحل اولیه پذیرش خود است یعنی برزیل. نمونه ما شامل مشاهداتی از سه دوره زمانی مختلف است: نمونه اول با داده هایی از دسامبر 2014 تا ژانویه 2015؛ نمونه دوم با داده هایی از می تا ژوئن 2016؛ و نمونه سوم با داده هایی از نوامبر تا دسامبر 2017. ما با استفاده از یک دیدگاه کمّی، مشاهده کردیم که استفاده از بانکداری موبایلی درطی این دوره های زمانی افزایش یافته است. این تاثیر همچنین در تحلیل دومتغیره حتی با داشتن یک کنترل برای سطح نوآوری فردی در فناوری اطلاعات دربین پاسخ دهنده هایی که در ارزیابی شرکت کردند نیز قابل توجه بود. به علاوه، مشاهده اعتماد، راحتی استفاده، اثر اجتماعی، و ویژگی های کاری مربوط به بانکداری موبایلی نیز سیر افزایشی برای خود ثبت کرده است. سهم اصلی این مطالعه به تحلیل کمّی تاثیر زمان روی استفاده از بانکداری موبایلی (و تاحدی عوامل تعیین کننده در استفاده از آن) در یک اقتصاد نوظهور مربوط می شود.
کلیدواژه ها: فناوری های نوظهور | نوآوری | تحلیل طولی | بانکداری سیار | اثر اجتماعی | اعتماد
|مقاله ترجمه شده|
Sustainable supply chain management practices in Indian automotive industry: A multi-stakeholder view
شیوه های مدیریت زنجیره تامین پایدار در صنعت خودرو سازی هند: دیدگاه چند استانی-2017
As one of the largest manufacturing sectors, the automotive industry has a deep impact on the society and environment. Automotive products provide mobility to millions and create jobs, but also threaten the environment. Consumer pressure, government regulations, and stakeholder demands for a competitive edge have forced the automotive industry to consider their environmental and social impacts in addi tion to their economic status. These pressures have led many automotive industry businesses to adopt Sustainable Supply Chain Management (SSCM) practices. Specific practices that are adopted into the tra ditional supply chain and that help an industry shift towards a sustainable supply chain are called SSCM practices. Firms have difficulty identifying the most useful practices and learning how these practices impact each other. Unfortunately, no existing research has studied the interrelated influences among these practices in the automotive industry, nor from an Indian perspective. The current study aims to give a better understanding of the interrelated influences among SSCM practices with a particular look at the automotive industry. Our research presents views from multiple stakeholders, including manage rial, environmental, societal, and governmental associations. We propose a framework model, using the Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory method, to evaluate automotive industry SSCM prac tices specifically situated in the emerging economy of India. Through a questionnaire survey with the above-mentioned stakeholders, we find interinfluences and the prominence of the identified practices. A prominence causal relationship diagram is obtained depicting the cause groups and the effect groups of the practices. The differences and similarities between individual perspectives and combined stakeholder perspectives are identified. The results reveal that management commitment towards sustainability and incorporating the triple bottom line approach in strategic decision making are the most influential prac tices for implementing the sustainable supply chain management. This study provides a foundation for industrial managers to understand the inter influences among the practices and increases the probability of successful implementation of SSCM practices within the automotive industry
Keywords: Sustainable supply chain management | Automotive industries | Emerging economies | Sustainable supply chain management |practices| Inter influences
Do local banking market structures matter for SME financing and performance? New evidence from an emerging economy
آیا ساختار بازار بانکداری محلی برای تامین مالی و عملکرد SME اهمیت دارد؟ شواهد جدید از یک اقتصاد نوظهور-2017
This paper investigates the relationship between local banking structures and SMEs’ access to debt and performance. Using a unique dataset on bank branch locations in Poland and firm-, county-, and bank level data, we conclude that a strong position for local cooperative banks facilitates access to bank fi nancing, lowers financial costs, boosts investments, and favours growth for SMEs. Moreover, counties in which cooperative banks hold a strong position are characterized by a more rapid pace of new firm creation. The opposite effects appear in the majority of cases for local banking markets dominated by foreign-owned banks. Consequently, our findings are important from a policy perspective because they show that foreign bank entry and industry consolidation may raise valid concerns for SME prospects in emerging economies.
Keywords: Small-business lending | Cooperative banks | Foreign banks | Post-transition countries