با سلام خدمت کاربران عزیز، به اطلاع می رساند ترجمه مقالاتی که سال انتشار آن ها زیر 2008 می باشد رایگان بوده و میتوانید با وارد شدن در صفحه جزییات مقاله به رایگان ترجمه را دانلود نمایید.
Applying emergy and decoupling analysis to assess the sustainability of China’s coal mining area
استفاده از تحلیل اضطراری و جداسازی برای ارزیابی پایداری منطقه استخراج زغال سنگ چین-2020
The sustainable development of coal mining area continues to be one of the most topical issues in the world. Taking Shainxi Province as a case, this study applies emergy and decoupling analysis to build a multi-index sustainability evaluation system and constructs an emergy decoupling index to investigate the sustainability of a coal mining area in China during 2006e2015. It overcomes the problem of the unification of the traditional evaluation index system and integrates the influence of economic development, resources, the environment, and energy. The study finds that the coal mining area still depends on its coal resources. The sustainability of the coal mining area is still at a low level, and it is not sustainable in the long term. The economic growth still has a strong negative decoupling from the environmental loss. Energy management system and circular economic system should be built to improve the coal mining area’s sustainability. In the long run, the coal mining industry should gradually be abandoned. Based on China’s growing energy consumption, the findings of this study may not only serve as a reference for management to improve the sustainability of the coal mining areas but also to address China’s energy shortage problem.
Keywords: Sustainability | Emergy analysis | Decoupling | Coal mining area
Industrial smart and micro grid systems e A systematic mapping study
سیستم های هوشمند و ریز شبکه صنعتی و یک مطالعه نقشه برداری منظم-2020
Energy efficiency and management is a fundamental aspect of industrial performance. Current research presents smart and micro grid systems as a next step for industrial facilities to operate and control their energy use. To gain a better understanding of these systems, a systematic mapping study was conducted to assess research trends, knowledge gaps and provide a comprehensive evaluation of the topic. Using carefully formulated research questions the primary advantages and barriers to implementation of these systems, where the majority of research is being conducted with analysis as to why and the relative maturity of this topic are all thoroughly evaluated and discussed. The literature shows that this topic is at an early stage but already the benefits are outweighing the barriers. Further incorporation of renewables and storage, securing a reliable energy supply and financial gains are presented as some of the major factors driving the implementation and success of this topic.
Keywords: Industrial smart grid | Industrial micro grid | Systematic mapping study | Strategic energy management | Industrial facility optimization | Renewable energy resources
Intelligent energy management in off-grid smart buildings with energy interaction
مدیریت انرژی هوشمند در ساختمانهای هوشمند خارج از شبکه با تعامل انرژی-2020
The energy interaction between smart homes can be a solution for developing renewable energy systems in residential sections and optimal energy consumption in homes. The main objectives of such energy interactions are to increase consumer participation in energy management‘ boost economic efficiency‘ increase the user’s satisfaction by choosing between electricity sellers and buyers‘ and reduce the electricity purchased from the grid especially at peak hours. Thus, the innovations of this study includes defining an energy exchange method between smart buildings in an off-grid mode considering renewable energy systems, considering both thermal and electrical equilibrium and studying the lightning loads. it is assumed, here, that smart homes are off-grid‘ and the critical loads are supplied by the energy transfer between the homes using mixed integer linear programming. A compromise between the cost and time interval for using home appliances is considered to provide consumer’s comfort. An objective function is introduced considering programmable and non-programmable loads‘ thermal and electrical storages and lighting loads aiming to optimize the cost of energy between different smart buildings. Based on the method, which is tested in two different cases not only does the total cost of the smart buildings decrease but also the cost is reduced significantly when lightning loads are managed.
Keywords: Energy management | Smart homes | Smart microgrid | Energy storage system | Wind turbine
Influencing factors on energy management in industries
تأثیر عوامل مؤثر بر مدیریت انرژی در صنایع-2020
Energy management has been considered in the global agenda as a way to improve energy performance and greenhouse gas reduction in organizations. Industries account for a significant part of energy use worldwide and present opportunities for energy efficiency improvements. Within the industry, energy management is a complex task, regarding scenarios with variables related to the following perspectives: economics, contingency, technological change and behavioural. This paper aims at analyzing the influencing factors on energy management in industries from these perspectives. A survey with 40 variables was carried out with middle managers from different industrial sectors in Brazil. The variables were divided into three groups: drivers for investments in energy efficiency; organizational processes and actions in energy management; involvement of middle managers. Initially, an exploratory factor analysis technique was employed aiming at specifying the main factors influencing energy management. In the sequence, a confirmatory factor analysis was used to associate the variables to the main factors as well as to know how the factors relate to each other. The study showed a positive correlation among all the factors identified. Statistical tests suggested that the factors could not be explained separately. Hypotheses tests were applied to verify the influence of the factors among the groups surveyed. The final model comprised eight factors into the three groups: organizational (strategic, operational), involvement (motivation, support), drivers (production, economics, competitiveness, environment). The results and the main implications of the study are discussed in the paper.
Keywords: Energy management | ISO 50001 | Energy efficiency | Industries | Factor analysis
A robust co-state predictive model for energy management of plug-in hybrid electric bus
یک مدل پیش بینی شده مشترک قدرتمند برای مدیریت انرژی اتوبوس برقی هیبریدی پلاگین-2020
This paper proposes a robust co-state predictive model for Pontryagin’s Minimum Principle (PMP)-based energy management of plug-in hybrid electric bus (PHEB). The main innovation is that the robust costate predictive model is only expressed by a simplified formula. Moreover, it is exclusively designed by the Design For Six Sigma (DFSS) method in consideration of noises of driving cycles and stochastic vehicle mass. Because the DFSS strives to minimize the weighted sum of mean and standard deviation of fuel consumption, the proposed strategy can simultaneously improve the fuel economy of the PHEB and its robustness. The DFSS results show that the coefficients of the robust co-state predictive model can be found; the simulation results demonstrate that the proposed strategy has similar fuel economy to dynamic programming (DP); the hardware-in-loop (HIL) results demonstrate that the proposed strategy has good real-time control performance, and can averagely improve the fuel economy by 35.19% compared to a rule-based control strategy.
Keywords: Plug-in hybrid electric bus | Energy management | PMP | Co-state predictive model | Design for six sigma
Cooperative control strategy for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles based on a hierarchical framework with fast calculation
استراتژی کنترل تعاونی برای وسایل نقلیه برقی هیبریدی پلاگین بر اساس یک چارچوب سلسله مراتبی با محاسبه سریع-2020
Developing optimal control strategies with capability of real-time implementation for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) has drawn explosive attention. In this study, a novel hierarchical control framework is proposed for PHEVs to achieve the instantaneous vehicle-environment cooperative control. The mobile edge computation units (MECUs) and the on-board vehicle control units (VCUs) are included as the distributed controllers, which enable vehicle-environment cooperative control and reduce the computation intensity on the vehicle by transferring partial work from VCUs to MECUs. On this basis, a novel cooperative control strategy is designed to successively achieve the energy management planned by the iterative dynamic programming (IDP) in MECUs and the energy utilization management achieved by the model predictive control (MPC) algorithm in the VCU. The performance of raised control strategy is validated by simulation analysis, highlighting that the cooperative control strategy can achieve superior performance in real-time application that is close to the global optimization results solved offline.
Keywords: Cooperative control strategy | Hierarchical framework | Iterative dynamic programming (IDP) | Model predictive control (MPC) | Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs)
A real-time blended energy management strategy of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles considering driving conditions
یک استراتژی مدیریت انرژی ترکیبی از زمان واقعی خودروهای برقی پلاگین با توجه به شرایط رانندگی-2020
In this study, a blended energy management strategy considering influences of driving conditions is proposed to improve the fuel economy of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. To attain it, dynamic programming is firstly applied to solve and quantify influences of different driving conditions and driving distances. Then, the driving condition is identified by the K-means clustering algorithm in real time with the help of Global Positioning System and Geographical Information System. A blended energy management strategy is proposed to achieve the real-time energy allocation of the powertrain with incorporation of the identified driving conditions and the extracted rules, which includes the engine starting scheme, gear shifting schedule and torque distribution strategy. Simulation results reveal that the proposed strategy can effectively adapt to different driving conditions with the dramatic improvement of fuel economy and the decrement of calculation intensity and highlight the feasibility of real-time implementation
Keywords: Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles | Energy management strategy | Global optimization | Driving condition | Equivalent driving distance coefficient
Zero-net energy management for the monitoring and control of dynamically-partitioned smart water systems
مدیریت انرژی صفر خالص برای نظارت و کنترل سیستم های اب هوشمند تقسیم شده -2020
The optimal and sustainable management of water distribution systems still represent an arduous task. In many instances, especially in aging water net-works, pressure management is imperative for reducing breakages and leakages. Therefore, optimal District Metered Areas represent an effective solution to decreasing the overall energy input without performance compromise. Within this context, this paper proposes a novel adaptive management framework for water distribution systems by reconfiguring the original network layout into (dynamic) district metered areas. It utilises a multiscale clustering algorithm to schedule district aggregation/desegregation, whilst delivering energy and supply management goals. The resulting framework was tested in a water utility network for the simultaneously production of energy during the day (by means of the installation of micro-hydropower systems) and for the reduction of water leakage during the night. From computational viewpoint, this was found to significantly reduce the time and complexity during the clustering and the dividing phase. In addition, in this case, a recovered energy potential of 19 MWh per year and leakage reduction of up to 16% was found. The addition of pump-as-turbines was also found to reduce investment and maintenance costs, giving improved reliability to the monitoring stations. The financial analyses to define the optimal period in which to invest also showed the economic feasibility of the proposed solution, which assures, in the analysed case study, a positive annual net income in just five years. This study demonstrates that the combined optimisation, energy recovery and creation of optimized multiple-task district stations lead to an efficient, resilient, sustainable, and low-cost management strategy for water distribution networks.
Keywords: Water distribution systems | Micro-hydropower systems | Sustainable and smart cities | Water-energy nexus | Water leakage reduction | Financial return-on-investment
Energy costs information in manufacturing companies: A systematic literature review
اطلاعات مربوط به هزینه های انرژی در شرکت های تولیدی: بررسی منظم ادبیات-2020
Accurate, detailed, and up-to-date information on energy costs is crucial for energy management in manufacturing companies. Yet, to what extent is such energy costs information actually available and used? This study reviews empirical information provided in papers published in research journals about the availability and use of energy costs information in manufacturing companies. The study aims to focus both on energy-intensive companies as well as non-energy-intensive companies, and also to distinguish between the practices of small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) vs. large companies. The literature review covers 23 journals in the fields of business, accounting, energy, and engineering, leading to the final sample that includes 51 papers for the analysis. Most studies in this sample concern energyintensive and large companies. The most striking result is that with only few exceptions, almost no studies provide a nuanced description of how measuring and allocating energy costs is being done. For example, almost no studies investigate specific cost allocation bases, the accuracy of cost allocations, or differentiation between first-stage allocation and second-stage allocation. Nevertheless, the overall impression is that many manufacturing companies resort to imprecise methods for measuring and allocating energy costs. They seem to lack much of the cost information necessary for energy management, such as information needed for improving energy efficiency, evaluating energy efficiency improvement investments, and holding managers accountable for energy efficiency.
Keywords: Energy cost information | Energy metering | Energy cost allocation | Manufacturing companies | Energy management | Systematic literature review
A preference-based demand response mechanism for energy management in a microgrid
مکانیسم پاسخ تقاضا مبتنی بر اولویت برای مدیریت انرژی در یک ریز شبکه -2020
In this work, a preference-based, demand response (DR) multi-objective optimization model based on real-time electricity price is presented to solve the problem of optimal residential load management. The purpose of such a model is threefold: 1) to minimize the costs associated with consumption; 2) to minimize the inconvenience caused to consumers; and 3) to minimize environmental pollution. Potential solutions to the underlying multi-objective optimization problem are subject to a set of electrical and operational constraints related to home appliances categories and the utilization of distributed energy resources (DER) and energy storage systems (ESS). The use of the proposed model is illustrated in a realistic microgrid scenario where suitable solutions were found by the Non-Dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm III (NSGA-III). These solutions determine new operational periods for home appliances as well as the utilization of DER and ESS for the planning horizon while considering consumer preferences. Besides helping consumers to take advantage of the benefits offered by DR, the experimental results show that the multi-objective DR model together with the NSGA-III algorithm can effectively minimize energy-consumption costs as well as reduce inconvenience costs and environmental pollution.
Keywords: Demand Response | Microgrid | Optimization | NSGA-III | Smart grid