Fostering skills for the 21st century: The role of Fab labs and makerspaces
پرورش مهارت برای قرن بیست و یکم: نقش آزمایشگاه های Fab و فضاهای سازندگان-2020
Based on a study of a network of fab labs and makerspaces, this article investigates the role that such ‘fabrication spaces’ can play in fostering 21st century skills. Using a combination of the two main 21st century skills frameworks—DigComp and EntreComp—developed by the EU Commission, we study by the means of two combined qualitative research methods—semi-structured interviews of 13 fab lab/makerspace founders, fol- lowed by a focus group with founders and policymaker—the entrepreneurial and digital skills that are fostered by these fab labs and makerspaces. Our findings are that while fab labs and makerspaces naturally foster some entrepreneurial 21st century skills, only explicit and proactive entrepreneurship and education programme en- able to foster the whole spectrum of these skills. In regard to technical skills, fab labs and makerspaces enable to develop skills beyond what is generally considered as 21st century digital skills, because they combine digital skills with hands-on ‘making’ skills, since they are themselves mixed environment, both digital and physical. Consequently, the growing importance of ‘maker technologies’ may force to redefine what 21st century skills should be.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship | Technology education | 21st Century Skills | Fab labs | Makerspaces | 3D printing
Strategic knowledge management a digital environment: Tacit and explicit knowledge in Fab Labs
مدیریت دانش استراتژیک یک محیط دیجیتال: دانش دقیق و صریح در فاب آزمایشگاه-2018
Fab Labs are places of learning through the exchange of knowledge among its members. They allow to leverage innovation using technological resources available in the space, stimulating the creativity of its participants and enabling the development of products and solutions based on personal projects from ideation, or the con struction supported on knowledge developed by other elements collaboratively, enhancing the result. Itll be described how users learn with others in Fab Labs, which are laboratories of digital fabrication, serving as prototyping platforms of physical objects, with broad educational, social and economic advantages. Its users can leverage their imagination and develop sustainable, social, local, economic innovative solutions to solve real problems, supported by tacit and explicit knowledge transfer. Seven semi structured interviews were performed with the Fab Managers of one Portuguese Lab, one Spanish Lab, one French Lab, one Italian Lab, and three Brazilian Labs. Interesting findings characterized the researched environments.
Keywords: Creativity ، Digital fabrication ، Fab Labs ، Innovation ، Knowledge management ، Makerspaces