دانلود و نمایش مقالات مرتبط با Government Support::صفحه 1
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نتیجه جستجو - Government Support

تعداد مقالات یافته شده: 8
ردیف عنوان نوع
1 Participatory approach in Aquifer Storage and Recovery management in Arid zones, does it work?
رویکرد مشارکتی در مدیریت ذخیره سازی ابخوان و مدیریت بازیابی در مناطق خشک ، مؤثر است؟-2020
Aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) with treated wastewater, is considered as an effective solution for a critical aquifer decline due to groundwater overexploitation. In ASR operational step and after the aquifer storage phase, the problem is the new groundwater right for stakeholders and specifically farmers. In a 2-year study, the potential of a participatory approach for solving this problem was investigated and applied in Fashafoeyeh aquifer in southern Tehran Province. This aquifer faces a critical situation of groundwater from point of view of quantitative and qualitative aspects. Firstly, five indicators were considered including agricultural efficiency, water resource efficiency, water governance, local participation, and economic factors. Then 23 farmers and agricultural landowners were selected based on age, education, and gender. A questionnaire was designed, surveyed, and filled out after interviewing them in several field trips to the site. The results of data analysis showed that 96% of farmers and landowners were highly motivated in the implementation of the participatory approach in ASR management. Moreover, 91% showed a high desire to decrease the groundwater withdrawal from wells. A high percentage of stakeholders had a tendency to participate in some aspects of ASR system. In the meantime, many farmers had a negative viewpoint about government supports. The results illustrate a correlation between agriculture efficiency with participation in the government’s projects and implementation. Moreover, a correlation exists between water management in the field and participation in government’s projects as well as local participatory. This research emphasises on proper planning through face-to-face dialogue with farmers and landowners. In this regard, they collaborate in a participatory approach, as well as a technical and social team to implement the aquifer storage and recovery management.
Keywords: Aquifer | Treated wastewater | Storage | People participation | Groundwater | Iran
مقاله انگلیسی
2 Spillover effects of government initiatives fostering entrepreneurship on the access to bank credit for entrepreneurial firms in Europe
اثرات سرریز ابتکارات دولتی در زمینه تقویت کارآفرینی بر دسترسی به اعتبار بانکی برای شرکت های کارآفرین در اروپا-2020
We explore the role of government initiatives fostering entrepreneurship—in the form of tax advantages and government support—in influencing the probability that entrepreneurial firms obtain bank credit and are not discouraged from applying for a loan. We propose that govern- ment initiatives fostering entrepreneurship should allow entrepreneurial firms to access more bank credit by reducing the risk incurred by lenders. We simultaneously estimate the probability of obtaining credit when a firm applies for a loan and the probability that the firm has been discouraged when it does not apply for a loan. In both cases we control for endogeneity. Our results are based on 18,872 observations (from the European Central Bank (ECB) SAFE dataset and Global Entrepreneurship Monitor – GEM) and show that government initiatives improve the probability of entrepreneurial firms obtaining bank credit but do not affect the probability of being discouraged from borrowing. The results also suggest that government initiatives fostering entrepreneurship are of most benefit to younger, smaller, high-growth, and more innovative firms that operate in contexts where the demand for, and accordingly the competition for, bank credit is strongest.
Keywords: Credit access | Government initiative | Discouraged borrowers | Entrepreneurship | Small and medium firms
مقاله انگلیسی
3 مروری بر عوامل تعیین‌کننده اتخاذ سیستم اطلاعات حسابداری
سال انتشار: 2019 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 6 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 16
عوامل تعیین‌کننده در اتخاذ سیستم اطلاعات حسابداری شامل عواملی هستند که بر تصمیم اتخاذ یا عدم استفاده از سیستم اطلاعات حسابداری توسط سازمان‌هایی مانند منابع انسانی، حمایت مدیریتی بالا، پشتیبانی دولتی و غیره تاثیر می‌گذارند. هدف این مطالعه شناسایی عوامل تعیین‌کننده اصلی اتخاذ سیستم اطلاعات حسابداری توسط شرکت‌ها و کارخانه ها در سراسر جهان است. همچنین مطالعه نشان داد که حمایت و تعهد مدیریتی، سهولت استفاده درک ‌شده، امید به عملکرد، در دسترس بودن منابع انسانی و حمایت دولت فاکتورهای مهمی هستند که بر اتخاذ سیستم اطلاعات حسابداری تاثیر می‌گذارند. کسانی که تحقیقات قبلی را در کشورهای مختلف انجام دادند توصیه کرده‌اند که مدیریت سازمان‌ها باید از اجرای سیستم اطلاعات حسابداری، موسسات آموزش عالی برای ایجاد فارغ التحصیلان واجد شرایط برای کارفرمایان و دولت برای حمایت از اتخاذ سیستم اطلاعات حسابداری با ایجاد انگیزه و اعطای دسترسی به مالی برای شرکت‌ها حمایت کند.
کلمات کلیدی: سیستم اطلاعات حسابداری | اتخاذ سیستم اطلاعات حسابداری | حمایت دولتی | سهولت استفاده درک ‌شده | عملکرد اجرایی
مقاله ترجمه شده
4 Managing climate risks through transformational adaptation: Economic and policy implications for key production regions in Australia
مدیریت خطرات آب و هوایی ازطریق سازگاری انتقالی: دلالت های اقتصادی و سیاسی برای مناطق کلیدی تولید در استرالیا-2018
Transformational adaptations are expected to become more frequent and widespread in Australia, and globally, with a changing climate. However, any transformation adaptation will have complex and interconnected effects on rural communities, particularly income, employment and service provision, which will impact on regional sustainability. This paper investigates regional transformative adaptation options to manage climate risks for the rice and cotton industries of northern Queensland, Australia. More specifically, it seeks to identify when to move from incremental adaptation to transformative adaptation and, more importantly, to assess the potential regional economic consequences of such a transformative adaptation. The results indicate transformative adaptation could have large negative effects on regional economies. Relocation of rice or cotton in sugarcane production system will not compensate some negative regional impacts. More importantly, the increase in wheat production in Riverina will not compensate for the reduction in the higher value rice commodity. However, the cotton production system in Queensland is capable of transformational adaptation and incremental adaptation with little impact on regional communities. In contrast, the southern rice production region of the Riverina shows limited capacity for incremental adaptation, given the already high adoption of improved irrigation technologies and practices, and the limited scope to improve these further. The market incentives for the transformation adaptation of cotton and/or rice production in north Queensland are limited without government support. Alternatively, there may be interest from international investors, which would shift the focus from market opportunities to international food security.
keywords: Structural adjustment |Climate change |Environmental and water policy |Rice |Cotton |Regional economic model
مقاله انگلیسی
5 Bank bailouts in Europe and bank performance
کمک های بانک در اروپا و عملکرد بانک-2017
During the financial crisis, 114 European banks benefited from government support in Eu rope. We investigate the financial condition of banks before and after receiving state sup port using logit regressions. Our results indicate that the equity ratio, loan quality and bank size are the main determinants of bank bailout involvement. However, the aided banks hardly improve their performance indicators in the years following government aid, indicating that bailouts are not sufficient to restore bank health.
Keywords: Bank bailout | State aid | Financial crisis | Logit analysis
مقاله انگلیسی
6 Destination characteristics that drive hotel performance: A state-of the-art global analysis
ویژگی های مقصد که عملکرد هتل را هدایت می کند : تجزیه و تحلیل جهانی دولت از هنر-2017
The increased market saturation and competition in both domestic and international tourism destina tions have renewed interest among hotel operators in identifying the key drivers of hotel performance. This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the determinants of hotel performance and their relative importance across multiple tourist destinations. We employ a two-step estimation method to identify key determinants of hotel performance, using a rich sample of international hotels. Our empirical analyses show that the main drivers of hotel performance are the quality of the educational system, government support, disposable income, and number of international arrivals within a tourism destination. Results indicate that the most important barriers to hotel performance are the competition among accommodation providers, tax rate and fuel price. We argue for the need for hotel providers to develop strategies that take cognisance of the key drivers and barriers to enhancing hotel performance in an ever-changing global tourism sector.
Keywords: Determinants of hotel performance | Tourism destinations | International hotel operators | Sales per room | Sales per outlet
مقاله انگلیسی
7 انگیزه‌هایی برای ترویج کارآفرینی در یونان: نتایج براساس برنامه "کارآفرینی نوآورانه جدید”
سال انتشار: 2015 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 10 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 21
این مقاله یک مورد ارائه انگیزه ملی را بررسی می‌کند، موردی که هدف آن ترویج کارآفرینی و افزایش نوآوری می‌باشد. این مورد ملی به کشور یونان مربوط است و تحلیل براساس مشارکت یونانی؛ موجود و بالقوه، کارآفرینی و پیشنهادات پروژه در برنامه "کارآفرینی نوآورانه جدید"؛ که در سال 2011 راه‌اندازی شد، است. تحلیل براساس آزمایش نمونه‌هایی از 439 پیشنهاد پروژه ارسال شده توسط کارآفرینان موجود و بالقوه یونانی است. معمولآ، برنامه تحت بررسی، مشوق‌هایی را در قالب کمک‌های مالی برای ترویج کارآفرینی در یونان ارائه داد و به عنوان محرک اصلی برای ارتقای ساختار تولید کشور و هدایت به سمت کالاها و خدمات با ارزش افزوده دیده شد. یافته‌های پژوهشی نشان می‌دهند که نیمی از پروژه‌ها به بخش تولیدی مربوط هستند. به طور کلی، عمده پروژه‌ها به فعالیت‌های فناوری اطلاعات و کاربردهای آن مربوط می‌باشد، در حالی که بخش‌های نوظهور به عنوان "پژوهش‌های عملی و توسعه”و "فعالیت‌های معماری و مهندسی، تحلیل و تست فنی”دیده می‌شود. علاوه براین، نزدیک به نیمی از پروژه‌های مربوطه تازه کار و بسیار کوچک بودند و شرکت‌های کوچک آن‌ها در منطقه آتیکاه قرار گرفته بود. نتایج همچنین نشان می‌دهند که تنها 16.9% از پروژه‌ها از سیستم بانکداری به عنوان یک منبع تامین مالی مکمل استفاده می‌کند. 27.3% از پروژه‌ها حقوق مالکیت معنوی مربوط به نوآوری معرفی شده در سطح قلمرو یونانی را دارا هستند. عمده کارآفرینان یونانی خواهان معرفی محصولات یا خدمات بهبود یافته در بازار براساس ایده‌های نوآورانه خود هستند؛ آن‌ها تنوع و بهبود کیفیت محصول یا خدمات خود را هدف قرار می‌دهند. آخرین و اما نه کم اهمیت ترین مورد این است که به نظر می‌رسد که کارآفرینان یونانی دارای هدف اصلی افزایش سوددهی خود و تقویت بیشتر موقعیت رقابتی خود در بازار هستند.
کلمات کلیدی: حمایت دولت | نوآوری | سیاست | یارانه
مقاله ترجمه شده
8 Responsible tourism management: The missing link between business owners attitudes and behaviour in the Cape Town tourism industry
مدیریت گردشگری مسئول: ارتباطی گم شده بین نگرش و رفتار صاحبان کسب و کار در صنعت گردشگری کیپ تاون-2010
The global threat of climate change, diminishing natural resources and significant socio-economic inequalities is forcing companies and individuals to evaluate the impact they are having on the natural, social and economic environments. This trend has led to an increased availability and demand for socially, environmentally and economically responsible products. The tourism industry relies heavily on the sustained beauty and hospitality of the places and communities it operates in and has come under pressure to manage its negative and positive impacts. Change in the industry has, however, been limited. This paper investigates the current attitudes and perceptions of tourism business owners in Cape Town towards responsible tourism management (RTM) practices. Cape Town as an internationally acclaimed top tourism destination needs to urgently address its low levels of responsible tourism evidence. Survey data of 244 tourism businesses were used to statistically test what factors are causing the low levels of RTM practices in the Cape Town tourism industry. Findings suggest that despite general positive atti tudes towards RTM, businesses are not investing time and money into changing management practices. This is a common emerging market phenomenon where resource constraints negatively impact the relationship between what businesses would like to do and what actually gets done. Factors such as the perceived cost of RTM, a highly competitive environment and a perceived lack of government support are further negatively influencing this relationship. Recommendations are made as to how the costs of implementing RTM can be reduced and what channels should be implemented to facilitate change.
Keywords: Responsible tourism | Corporate social responsibility | Responsible management intention (RMI) | Emerging markets | Cape Town
مقاله انگلیسی
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