دانلود و نمایش مقالات مرتبط با Innovation::صفحه 1
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نتیجه جستجو - Innovation

تعداد مقالات یافته شده: 640
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1 کارآفرینی بین‌المللی در دنیای پساکرونا
سال انتشار: 20121 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 7 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 25
دنیای پساکرونا چگونه خواهد بود؟ نقش کارآفرینی بین‌المللی (IE) در دنیای جدید چه خواهد بود؟ این مقاله در تلاشش است به دو پرسش پاسخ دهد و بر تغییرات ایجادشده توسط کووید و نحوه‌ی اثرگذاری احتمالی آن بر حوزه و نوع فعالیت‌های کارآفرینی بین‌المللی در سالیان پیش رو تأکید دارد. این مقاله به بررسی عملکرد احتمالی کارآفرینان و شکل‌دهی نظم جهانی نوظهور می‌پردازد. مقاله‌ی پیش رو با تشریح پیامدهای این تغییرات برای کارآفرینی IE، الگویی برای پژوهش آینده ارائه می‌دهد.
کلیدواژه ها: کارآفرینی بین‌المللی | سرمایه‌گذاری‌های جدید بین‌المللی (INV ها) | کووید-19 | تغییرات سازمانی | دیجیتالی شدن | نوآوری | الگوی پژوهشی
مقاله ترجمه شده
2 کارآفرینی بین‌المللی در دنیای پساکرونا
سال انتشار: 2021 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 7 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 26
دنیای پساکرونا چگونه خواهد بود؟ نقش کارآفرینی بین‌المللی (IE) در دنیای جدید چه خواهد بود؟ این مقاله در تلاشش است به دو پرسش پاسخ دهد و بر تغییرات ایجادشده توسط کووید و نحوه‌ی اثرگذاری احتمالی آن بر حوزه و نوع فعالیت‌های کارآفرینی بین‌المللی در سالیان پیش رو تأکید دارد. این مقاله به بررسی عملکرد احتمالی کارآفرینان و شکل‌دهی نظم جهانی نوظهور می‌پردازد. مقاله‌ی پیش رو با تشریح پیامدهای این تغییرات برای کارآفرینی IE، الگویی برای پژوهش آینده ارائه می‌دهد.
کلیدواژه ها: کارآفرینی بین‌المللی | سرمایه‌گذاری‌های جدید بین‌المللی (INV ها) | کووید-19 | تغییرات سازمانی | دیجیتالی شدن | نوآوری | الگوی پژوهشی
مقاله ترجمه شده
3 Analysing the inhibitors of complexity for achieving sustainability and improving sustainable performance of petroleum supply chain
تجزیه و تحلیل مهارکننده های پیچیدگی برای دستیابی به پایداری و بهبود عملکرد پایدار زنجیره تأمین نفت-2021
In the era of business sustainability, the modern supply chain is becoming complex due to several inhibitors such as uncertainty in the market, technological innovation, environmental protocols, cross-border trade regulations, and many stakeholders’ involvement. In the existing literature, minimal discussion to study the inhibit supply chain complexity (SCC) inhibitors for achieving sustainability. Therefore, the study analyses the inhibitors to SCC and supply chain sustainability (SCS) jointly. The combined examination of the underlying relationship for improving the Petroleum Supply Chain’s sustainable performance (PSC) is arguably one of the complex sectors with a significant impact on the environment and sustainability. The inhibitors to SCC and SCS are identified through extensive literature review and experts’ opinions. Through a structured questionnaire, data were collected from PSC experts. An integrated approach of analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and interpretive structural modelling (ISM) is proposed to prioritize and examine the underlying relationship between inhibitors. This study explores the driving and dependence power of the inhibitors. The results indicate that most of the SCS inhibitors, such as institutional pressures (laws and regulations), strategic lack of strategic supplier alliance, market threat, act as drivers of SCC inhibitors, such as technological complexity, horizontal complexity, and complexity of customers. The study’s findings would help the supply chain managers and the petroleum sector policymakers to make better decision to overcome the challenges for achieving sustainability in PSC.
Keywords: Petroleum supply chain | Environment and sustainability | Complexity | Business strategy | Interpretive structural modelling | Performance
مقاله انگلیسی
4 Green supply chain management and clean technology innovation: An empirical analysis of multinational enterprises in China
مدیریت زنجیره تامین سبز و نوآوری در فناوری پاک: تجزیه و تحلیل تجربی شرکت های چند ملیتی در چین-2021
This study identifies the impact of green supply chain management (GSCM) on clean technology innovation (CTI) by enterprises in China as well as compares the effects of forward and backward GSCM and the differences by industry and home country. The effect of CTI on GSCM is tested by 501 samples of mostly multinational enterprises in China from 2014 to 2016. The results indicate that CTI benefits from GSCM, which remains robust to a series of sensitivity test. And different management directions show great differences, where the backward GSCM has a stronger promotion effect on CTI than the forward GSCM. Moreover, light polluting industries and capital-intensive industries have stronger incentives to adopt GSCM than heavy-polluting industries and labour intensive industries. And domestic companies perform better than foreign companies.
Keywords: Green supply chain | Clean technology innovation | Supply chain management direction | Multinational enterprises
مقاله انگلیسی
5 Analysis of the innovation strategies for green supply chain management in the energy industry using the QFD-based hybrid interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy decision approach
تجزیه و تحلیل استراتژی های نوآوری برای مدیریت زنجیره تامین سبز در صنعت انرژی با استفاده از فاصله ترکیبی مبتنی بر QFD ، ارزش تصمیم گیری فازی شهودی-2021
This study aims to analyze the innovation strategies for the green supply chain management with QFD (quality function deployment) multidimensionally. The novelty of the study is to define the criteria of green supply chain for each stage of QFD and propose a hybrid model by IVIF (interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy) DEMATEL (decision making trial and evaluation laboratory) and IVIF MOORA (Multi-Objective Optimization by Ratio Analysis) respectively. The results demonstrate that understanding the customer expectations with customer relation management is the most important innovation strategy for the green supply chain management in en- ergy industry with the consecutive stages of QFD whereas benchmarking the competitive market environment has relatively the last seat in the ranking. Hence, it is recommended that energy companies should have an effective customer relationship management. In this context, these companies should make a detailed analysis to learn what their customers directly expect from them. With the help of this issue, these companies should generate their product and services based on these expectations. Additionally, it is also stated that new service and product development is also essential for energy companies to improve their innovativeness. For this pur- pose, a research and development department should be created, and the qualified people should be employed. Additionally, different opinions should be collected from various parties, such as customers, employees, and suppliers. Since customers who are satisfied will prefer these companies, the energy companies can catch the opportunity to increase their market share.
Keywords: GSCM | Energy industry | Innovation | QFD | IVIF DEMATEL | IVIF MOORA
مقاله انگلیسی
6 3PL firm’s equity financing for technology innovation in a platform supply chain
تأمین مالی سهام شرکت 3PL برای نوآوری در فناوری در یک زنجیره تامین سیستم عامل-2021
Technologies have been driving improvements in logistics and transportation. Focusing on a third-party logistics (3PL) firm’s technology innovations supported by external equity financing, we examine how the innovations can benefit the supply chain, and how the supply chain members should respond with coordinated operational decisions. More specifically, we consider a platform supply chain where a supplier sells a single product on an online platform provided by a retailer, and then hires a 3PL firm for transportation services. The 3PL firm may choose to raise capital through equity financing from external financial institutions, which can be used to support technology innovations to reduce the transportation cost. The financing decision of the 3PL in- teracts with operational decisions of the platform supply chain via possible cost savings. We start with investigating the supply chain coordination by characterizing the optimal operational decisions of the three firms under any given equity financing strategy. Acting non-cooperatively, the 3PL firm and the online retailer first determine the freight charge and revenue sharing respectively, in light of which the supplier’s decision on the retail price. We then move to the 3PL firm internally and derive the optimal equity financing strategy. Our analytical results show that the supply chain efficiency is dependent on the cost allocation between the retailer and the other two firms, but independent of the cost allocation between those two firms. It is also revealed that the original shareholders of the 3PL firm always have a chance to benefit from an appropriate financing strategy, and the optimal financing strategy may depend discontinuously on supply chain parameters. Finally, we check the robustness of our model and show that all key findings remain unchanged when relaxing the deterministic cost reduction to an uncertain one.
Keywords: Technology innovation | Equity financing | Platform supply chain | Non-cooperative game theory
مقاله انگلیسی
7 Sustainable supply chain management considering technology investments and government intervention
مدیریت پایدار زنجیره تأمین با در نظر گرفتن سرمایه گذاری های فن آوری و مداخلات دولت-2021
With the aggravation of the global environmental crisis, consumers are keen to use green products, and enterprises are more committed to technology investment and innovation to meet consumers’ green preferences. This study considers a supply chain system composed of one manufacturer and one retailer, where the manufacturer invests in green emission reduction technology (GERT) to reduce carbon emissions, and the retailer invests in information disclosure technology to transmit the higher greenness quality of products to consumers. We discuss the technology investment decisions and cooperation strategies between the manufacturer and the retailer, as well as the impacts of government regulations on supply chain members’ decisions. We consider three scenarios: decentralized, government intervention, and cost sharing and government intervention. We derive the optimal technology investment decisions of the manufacturer and retailer. In addition, we identify the conditions for the manufacturer to subsidize the retailer’s disclosure technology costs. The results show that a higher emission reduction subsidy encourages GERT investments and increases supply chain members’ profits. However, when the government sets a higher emission reduction standard, the subsidy neither increases the emission reduction nor benefits the retailer, and hurts the manufacturer’s profit. We also demonstrate that when there is cost sharing and government intervention, emission reduction and supply chain performance are always better than in the other scenarios.
Keywords: Emission reduction | Information disclosure | Technology investments | Government intervention | Sustainable supply chain management
مقاله انگلیسی
8 Exploring the feasibility of introducing electric freight vehicles in the short food supply chain: A multi-stakeholder approach
بررسی امکان معرفی وسایل نقلیه باری الکتریکی در زنجیره تأمین مواد غذایی کوتاه: یک رویکرد چند ذی نفع-2021
The transition towards more sustainable approaches in the Food Supply Chain was concretely visible in the implementation of alternative models, like the Short Food Supply Chain. Some authors raise doubts on the environmental impact of this model, in particular for the externalities caused by the transport system, suggesting the adoption of Electric Freight vehicles. By adopting a multi-stakeholder approach, the objective of this study is to explore both the barriers and potentialities involved in the adoption of Electric Freight vehicles in the Short Food Supply Chain, and the existence of a shared strategy at the system level able to foster their adoption. Results suggest that, for entrepreneurs, Electric Freight vehicles appear as a viable option, although more efforts are still needed at a governmental level, through the promotion of public measures in the form of support for purchasing costs or rental rate and offering technical expertise services. In terms of infrastructures, as is clear from interviews, improving the charging infrastructure efficiency to ensure EFVs shift optimization and increasing the number of charging points are today a priority. On the whole, more collaborative methods should be inaugurated, contributing to a shared vision of urban mobility which takes into account all supply chain actors (charging point operators, automotive industry, rental car services, farmers, and local authorities) to ensure the system works in a more efficient way.
Keywords: Electric Fright Transport | Short Food Supply Chain | Last Miles food | System Innovation | Case study | Sicily
مقاله انگلیسی
9 Application of green supply chain management in the oil Industries: Modeling and performance analysis
کاربرد مدیریت زنجیره تامین سبز در صنایع نفت: مدل سازی و تحلیل عملکرد-2021
Environmental concerns relating to production affairs have made various organizations use green practices in different processes of supply chain, because the green supply chain management (GSCM) is considered as an important organizational philosophy to decrease environmental risks and as a preventive approach in order to increase environmental performance and achievement of competitive advantages for organizations. The purpose of the present article is to design an interactive model for the practices of GSCM and its application to clustering oil industries for analyzing their green performance. Therefore, the literature was studied and a total of fifteen practices were obtained using experts’ opinions in academic and oil industry professionals. In next, the fuzzy interpretative structural modeling (FISM) approach was utilized so as to determine the relationship between the practices through considering the linguistic ambiguities of judgments and designing the structural model. The existing relationships within the structural model were studied and tested by means of structural equation modeling (SEM). After that, the relative importance of each practice was calculated by applying fuzzy analysis network process (FANP). In the next, the oil industries were categorized in two clusters using the K-means algorithm aggregated to the particle swarm optimization algorithm. Results of the present study showed that ‘‘legal requirements and regulations”, ‘‘intra-organizational environmental management”, ‘‘green design” and ‘‘green technology” are of root and influential practices with relatively more importance than others; in addition, it was cleared that the first cluster industries have high performance whereas the second ones have medium performance from the viewpoint of considering the practices of GSCM. Finally, the discriminant function designed to forecasting environment performance of the oil industries and member- ship to clusters for each of them.© 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Selection and peer-review under responsibility of the scientific committee of the Web International Conference on Accelerating Innovations in Material Science – 2020.
Keywords: Green Supply Chain Management | Oil industries | Fuzzy interpretative structural modeling | Kmeans | Particle swarm optimization | Clustering | Discriminant analysis
مقاله انگلیسی
10 The adoption of digital technologies in supply chains: Drivers, process and impact
پذیرش فناوری های دیجیتال در زنجیره های تأمین: محرک ها ، روند و تأثیر آن-2021
Digital technologies have been extensively studied in academic research and industry. However, little is known about the adoption of digital technologies in manufacturing firms at a supply chain level. This paper aims to understand why and how manufacturing firms adopt digital technologies, and the impact of the adoption on supply chains. The study uses literature review method, identifies the main drivers of manufacturing firms adopting digital technologies (why), develops a new model of the adoption process (how), and synthesizes the impact of the adoption on supply chains into four aspects (what): supply chain efficiency, supply chain structure, sustainability and innovation. The paper then proposes a conceptual framework consisting of driver, process and impact, and discusses their inter-relationships. The study identifies that the technological intelligence and supply chain cooperation are two important factors and proposes a two-dimentional levels of adopting digital technologies according to their low-to-high degrees. The proposed framework, in particular the levels of digital technology adoption, are novel to the existing literature. Each of the three parts of the framework and their inter- relationships lays a foundation for further empirical studies in this field. This study also provides guidance for practitioners adopting digital technologies for supply chain management and developing appropriate business strategies at different digitalization levels.
Keywords: Digital technology | Digital supply chain | Digitalization | Technology adoption | Supply chain management
مقاله انگلیسی
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