دانلود و نمایش مقالات مرتبط با Institutional economics::صفحه 1
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نتیجه جستجو - Institutional economics

تعداد مقالات یافته شده: 10
ردیف عنوان نوع
1 Influence of institutional economics on firm birth and death: A comparative analysis of hospitality and other industries
تأثیر اقتصاد نهادی بر تولد و مرگ محکم: یک تحلیل مقایسه ای از مهمان نوازی و سایر صنایع-2020
This paper investigates how public policies, such as taxes and regulations influence firm formation (birth) and closure (death) in the hospitality and other industries in the United States (US), using an institutional economics approach and the dimensions of the Economic Freedom of North America (EFNA) index. The literature has been scant when it comes to examining the effects of policies of formal institutions on firms’ birth and death in the hospitality industry, and whether these effects in hospitality differ from those of other sectors. The study uses panel data from government sources and the EFNA dimensions and applies cross-sectional dependence and unit root tests, followed by a panel generalized least square approach for the analysis. Our findings show that components of economic freedom have varying effects on firms’ birth and death. The study provides practical contributions for policymakers and managers by improving the understanding of firm births and deaths in the US.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship | Hospitality industry | Economic | freedom | Institutional economics | Firm birth and death | Public policies
مقاله انگلیسی
2 Blockchain technology and startup financing: A transaction cost economics perspective
فناوری بلاکچین و بودجه راه اندازی: چشم انداز اقتصاد هزینه های معامله-2020
Cryptocurrencies (e.g., Bitcoin, EOS, Etherum, Litecoin, and others) are disrupting the traditional banking and financial systems. The cryptocurrencies are based on a set of technologies commonly referred to as blockchain technology. The potential effect of blockchain technology on institutional economics is profound. Already, blockchain technology-based applications in supply chain management, marketing, and finance are decentralizing and streamlining vital institutional functions. In this paper, we examine the economics of blockchain technologies as it pertains to transaction costs in startup financing. We draw upon the theory of transaction cost economics and the transactional nature of blockchain technology to propose a model to demonstrate how and why blockchain technology based applications are effective. We then apply the model to demonstrate how blockchain technology can be used to overcome many problems inherent in startup financing. For example, information asymmetry and transaction costs involved with matching an entrepreneur with an investor and the terms of the financing deal are some of the fundamental issues in entrepreneurial financing. We explain how a financing system based on blockchain technology can ameliorate the problems and lead to a more effective and decentralized entrepreneurial financing process.
Keywords: Blockchain technology | Institutional economics | Transactional costs | Startup financing | Entrepreneurship | Venture capital
مقاله انگلیسی
3 What explains the degree of internationalization of early-stage entrepreneurial firms? A multilevel study on the joint effects of entrepreneurial self-efficacy, opportunity-motivated entrepreneurship, and home-country institutions
چه چیزی درجه بین المللی شدن شرکت های کارآفرین در مراحل اولیه را توضیح می دهد؟ یک مطالعه چند سطحی در مورد اثرات مشترک خودکارآمدی کارآفرینی ، کارآفرینی مبتنی بر فرصت و نهادهای کشور مبدا-2020
Integrating recent theories of entrepreneurship with new institutional economics, we develop a multilevel model to deepen our knowledge of how micro-level entrepreneurs’ personality and motivational antecedents interact with macro-level home-country institutions in determining internationalization by early-stage entrepreneurial firms. Data were collected from Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Adult Population Survey, GEM National Expert Survey, and the World Economic Outlook Database for the year of 2014. The results show that the personality trait of entrepreneurial self-efficacy contributes positively to the degree of internationalization via mobilizing opportunity-motivated entrepreneurship and that home-country formal institutions strengthen the above re- lationship of such young entrepreneurial firms.
Keywords: Entrepreneurial self-efficacy | Opportunity-motivated entrepreneurship | home-country institutions | Degree of internationalization | Entrepreneurial firms
مقاله انگلیسی
4 Blockchain technology and startup financing: A transaction cost economics perspective
فناوری بلاکچین و بودجه راه اندازی: چشم انداز اقتصاد هزینه های معامله-2019
Cryptocurrencies (e.g., Bitcoin, EOS, Etherum, Litecoin, and others) are disrupting the traditional banking and financial systems. The cryptocurrencies are based on a set of technologies commonly referred to as blockchain technology. The potential effect of blockchain technology on institutional economics is profound. Already, blockchain technology-based applications in supply chain management, marketing, and finance are decentralizing and streamlining vital institutional functions. In this paper, we examine the economics of blockchain technologies as it pertains to transaction costs in startup financing. We draw upon the theory of transaction cost economics and the transactional nature of blockchain technology to propose a model to demonstrate how and why blockchain technology based applications are effective. We then apply the model to demonstrate how blockchain technology can be used to overcome many problems inherent in startup financing. For example, information asymmetry and transaction costs involved with matching an entrepreneur with an investor and the terms of the financing deal are some of the fundamental issues in entrepreneurial financing. We explain how a financing system based on blockchain technology can ameliorate the problems and lead to a more effective and decentralized entrepreneurial financing process.
Keywords: Blockchain technology | Institutional economics | Transactional costs | Startup financing | Entrepreneurship | Venture capital
مقاله انگلیسی
5 A conceptual framework for the analysis of the effect of institutions on biofuel supply chains
چارچوب مفهومی برای تجزیه و تحلیل اثر نهاد ها در زنجیره تامین سوخت زیستی-2017
The economic performance of biofuels supply chains depends on the interaction of technical character istics as technological pathways and logistics, and social structures as actor behavior, their interactions and institutions. Traditional approaches focus on the technical problems only. Little attention has been paid to the institutional analysis of biofuel supply chains. This paper aims to extend the analysis of the effect of institutions on the emergence of biofuel supply chains by developing a conceptual framework that combines elements of complex adaptive systems, (neo) institutional economics and socio technical systems theory. These elements were formalized into an agent-based model. The proposed method is illustrated by a case study on a biodiesel supply chain in Germany. It was found that the pat terns in production capacity result from investors basing their decisions on optimistic perceptions of the market development that increase with a favorable institutional framework. Conversely, patterns in bio diesel production cannot be completely explained by this mechanism. The proposed framework assisted the model conceptualization phase and allowed the incorporation of social structures into the agent based model. This approach could be developed further to provide insights on the effect of different future deployment strategies on bioenergy systems emergence and development.
Keywords: Complex adaptive systems | (Neo) institutional economics | Socio-technical systems |Agent-based modeling |Biofuel supply chains
مقاله انگلیسی
6 The World Bank’s environmental strategies: Assessing the influence of a biased use of New Institutional Economics on legal issues
استراتژی های محیطی بانکهای جهانی: ارزیابی تأثیر استفاده مغرضانه از اقتصاد نوین نهادی بر مسائل حقوقی-2017
The World Bank considers itself as “a leader in piloting payments for ecosystem services”. This article explores how the World Bank gradually integrated environmental and legal issues within its strategic framework with a particular focus on its economic theoretical influences. In the early 1990s, the New Institutional Economics became the main influence concerning the analysis of institutional arrangements and legal issues. We distinguish between different branches within the NIE. One remained very close to the mainstream or orthodox economics and tended to focus on private property rights as the central legal issue. We demonstrate that this branch fitted with both the market-friendly policies supported by the WB, and with the theoretical and statistical tools used by the WBs economists. It induced a very specific analysis of legal and institutional issues. It also involved a kind of theoretical path dependency, which influenced a market-oriented analysis of ecosystem services and impoverished the institutional and legal debates concerning the WBs environmental strategy. We suggest that the other branch of the NIE, as developed by the Bloomington School, offered another framework to tackle environmental issues regarding the diversity of institutional and legal arrangements. We conclude on the ambiguous use of economic theory for addressing environmental and legal issues.
Keywords: New Institutional Economics | Legal arrangements | Institutional change | World Bank | Environmental strategies
مقاله انگلیسی
7 How Rome enabled impersonal markets
چگونه رم بازارهای غیر شخصی را فعال کرده است-2016
Impersonal exchange increases trade and specialization opportunities, encouraging economic growth. However, it requires the support of sophisticated public institutions. This paper explains how Classical Rome provided such support in the main areas of economic activity by relying on public possession as a titling device, enacting rules to protect innocent acquirers in agency contexts, enabling the extended family to act as a contractual entity, and diluting the enforcement of personal obligations which might collide with impersonal exchange. Focusing on the institutions of impersonal exchange, it reaches a clear positive conclusion on the market-facilitating role of the Roman state because such institutions have unambiguously positive effects on markets. Moreover, being impersonal, these beneficial effects are also widely distributed across society instead of accruing disproportionately to better-connected individuals.
Keywords: Property rights | Enforcement | Transaction costs | Roman law | Impersonal exchange | Personal exchange | New institutional economics | Law and economics
مقاله انگلیسی
8 Informational institutions in the agrifood sector: meta-information and meta-governance of environmental sustainability
موسسات اطلاعاتی در بخش مواد غذایی کشاورزی: متا اطلاعات و متا حکومت پایداری محیط زیست-2016
In the agrifood sector, the explosive increase in information about environmental sustainability, often in uncoordinated information systems, has created a new form of ignorance (‘meta-ignorance’) that diminishes the effectiveness of information on decision-makers. Flows of information are governed by informal and formal social arrangements that we can collectively call Informational Institutions. In this paper, we have reviewed the recent literature on such institutions. From the perspectives of information theory and new institutional economics, current informational institutions are increasing the information entropy of communications concerning environmental sustainability and stakeholders’ transaction costs of using relevant information. In our view this reduces the effectiveness of informational governance. Future research on informational governance should explicitly address these aspects.
مقاله انگلیسی
9 سرمایه ی رفتاری در نظریه ی بازار مالی، نظریه ی سودمندی، نظریه ی سبد سهام و آمار موردنیاز: بازنگری
سال انتشار: 2014 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 8 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 27
ما مروری کلی بر نقش سازگار سرمایه ی رفتاری در نظریه ی سبد سهام و نظریه ی بازار از طریق نظریه ی سودمندی ارائه می دهیم. از زمان برنولی ماهیت ذهنی سودمندی به‌طور فزاینده ای برای مقاصد بحث‌برانگیز تعمیم داده شده است. سرمایه ی رفتاری به مفاهیم اولیه ی نظریه ی سودمندی رجوع می نماید. ما همچنین روش های آماری استفاده شده جهت تشخیص تناسبشان با کار پیش رو را می آزماییم. با توجه به جمعیت ناهمگن در بازار و سطوح امنیت فردی، پیشنهاد می کنیم که آمار غیرخطی غیرپارامتری بهترین راه حل برای تحلیل توصیفی و استنباطی از تمامی اولویت های سرمایه گذاری ممکن است.
کلیدواژه: سرمایه ی رفتاری | نظریه ی انشعاب | اقتصاددانان نهادگرا | نظریه ی سودمندی مورد انتظار | تحلیل UPM-LPM | بازارهای نامتعادل پویا
مقاله ترجمه شده
10 مالی رفتاری در تئوری های بازار مالی ، نظریه کاربرد پذیری ، نظریهPortfolio و آمار مورد نیاز: مرور کلی
سال انتشار: 2014 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 8 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 27
ما یک مرور کلی از نقش مالی رفتاری سازگار در تئوری پورت فولی و نظریه بازار از طریق تئوری کاربردپذیری را ارایه میکنیم. از زما پدیده برنولی ماهیت ذهنی کاربرد پذیری برای اهداف سوال برانگیز به طور فزاینده ای تعمیم یافته است.مالی رفتاری به مفایهم اصلی نظریه مطلوبیت در حال رجوع است .ما هم چنین متد های آماری استفاده شده در خصوص تعیین مناسب بودن برای کار های دستی را بررسی و آزمودیم . جمعیت نا همگن در بازار و سطح امنیتی اشخاص مفروض ما آمار غیر خطی غیر پارامتری که بسیار منساب برای تجزیه و تحلیل توصیفی و اتنسباطی همه ارجحیت های سرمایه گذاری ممکن است را پیشنهاد میکنیم.
کلید واژه ها: مالی رفتاری | تئوری تقسیم به دو شاخه | اقتصاد نهادی | نظریه مطلوبیت مورد انتظار | تجزیه و تحلیل UPM-LPM| بازار disequilibria پویا .
مقاله ترجمه شده
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