چارچوب حاکمیتی هوش تجاری در دانشگاه: مطالعه موردی دانشگاه دو لا کاستا
سال انتشار: 2020 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 8 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 25
دانشگاه ها و شرکت ها دارای فرآیندهای تصمیم گیری هستند که به آنها اجازه می دهد تا به اهداف سازمانی دست پیدا کنند. در حال حاضر، تحلیل داده ها نقش مهمی در ایجاد دانش، بدست آوردن الگوهای مهم و پیش بینی استراتژی ها ایفا می کنند.این مقاله طراحی چارچوب نظارت هوش تجاری را برای دانشگاه دو لا کاستا ارائه کرده است که به آسانی برای سازمان های دیگر هم قابل استفاده است. برای این منظور، تشخیص انجام شده به منظور شناسایی میزان بلوغ تحلیلی انجام شده است. با استفاده از این چشم انداز، مدلی برای تقویت فرهنگ سازمانی ، زیر ساختارها، مدیریت داده، تحلیل داده و نظارت ارائه شده است.این مدل در بر گیرنده تعریف چارچوب نظارتی، اصول هدایت کننده، استراتژی ها، نهادهای تصمیم گیرنده و نقش ها می باشد. بنابراین، این چارچوب برای استفاده از کنترل های موثر جهت اطمینان از موفقیت پروژه های هوش تجاری و دست یابی به اهداف برنامه توسعه همراه با چسم انداز تحلیلی سازمان ارائه شده است.
کلمات کلیدی: هوش تجاری | نظارت | دانشگاه | تحلیل | تصمیم گیری
|مقاله ترجمه شده|
Research on the policy route of China’s distributed photovoltaic power generation
تحقیق در مورد مسیر سیاست تولید انرژی فتوولتائیک و توزیع شده در چین-2020
The distributed photovoltaic power generation is an important way to make use of solar energy in cities. China issues a series of policies to support the development of distributed photovoltaics in law, electricity price, grid connection standard, project management, financial support and so on. However, there are still some defects in policies and market mechanism. China creates a competitive market with a significant number of projects of distributed photovoltaic power through the reform of the electricity market, yet substantial drawbacks of the corresponding investment subsidies prevent distributed photovoltaic power from rapidly developing. This paper summarizes the status quo of China’s distributed photovoltaic power development, given its long-term plan, presents excellences and shortcomings of the existing policy system, and looks into the supporting policies and implementation paths for China’s distributed photovoltaic power in different stages. Innovative business models and financial support models are conducive to the development of distributed photovoltaic power. Financial innovation methods such as crowd funding and asset securitization should be encouraged to develop a sound risk assessment mechanism for projects, involve insurance institutions, and establish a risk sharing mechanism. In the context of a series of supporting policies, the distributed photovoltaic power in China will move towards market-oriented standardization for a healthier and more stable development.
Keywords: Distributed photovoltaic power | Electricity price | Policy route | Development strategy
Diaspora entrepreneurs’ push and pull institutional factors for investing in Africa : Insights from African returnees from the United Kingdom
فشار و جذب عوامل نهادی کارآفرینان دیاسپورا برای سرمایه گذاری در آفریقا: بینش بازگشت کنندگان آفریقایی از انگلستان-2020
Applying the institution-based views, this article conceptualises how diaspora entrepreneurs take stimuli from the push and pull institutional factors to develop business enterprises in their countries of origin. Using cases of African diaspora entrepreneurs in the UK and the grounded theory methodological approach, our conceptualised model demonstrates that the diasporas use the new knowledge, skills and wealth they have gained in the UK in tandem with support from trusted family, kinship and business ties at home to develop enterprises. It further demonstrates that diaspora entrepreneurs foster resilience to withstand weak formal institutions in their countries of origin and the discriminatory obstacles in the UK. We also found that institutional barriers which served as push factors that encouraged or forced migrants to leave their home countries to seek greener pastures abroad may later become pull factors that enable them to engage in diaspora entrepreneurship which is often characterised by paradoxes. Particularly, the informal institutions that constrain foreign investors can become assets for African diaspora entrepreneurs and help them set up new businesses and exploit market opportunities in Africa. The implications of the study for diaspora entrepreneurship literature are outlined.
Keywords: Africa | Institutional challenges | Policy | Diaspora entrepreneurs | Entrepreneurship | Institutions
Leading successful government-academia collaborations using FLOSS and agile values
پیشرو همکاریهای موفق دولت و آکادمی با استفاده از FLOSS و مقادیر چابک-2020
Government and academia share concerns for efficiently and effectively servicing societal demands, which includes the development of e-government software. Government-academia partnerships can be a valu- able approach for improving productivity in achieving these goals. However, governmental and academic institutions tend to have very different agendas and organizational and managerial structures, which can hinder the success of such collaborative projects. In order to identify effective approaches to overcome collaboration barriers, we systematically studied the case of the Brazilian Public Software portal project, a 30-month government-academia collaboration that, using Free/Libre/Open Source Software practices and agile methods for project management, developed an unprecedented platform in the context of the Brazil- ian government. We gathered information from experience reports and data collection from repositories and interviews to derive a collection of practices that contributed to the success of the collaboration. In this paper, we describe how the data analysis led to the identification of a set of three high-level decisions supported by the adoption of nine best practices that improved the project performance and enabled professional training of the whole team.
Keywords: Project management | Government-Academia collaboration | Free software | Open source software | Agile methodologies | e-Government
Digitalisation, social entrepreneurship and national well-being
دیجیتالی شدن ، کارآفرینی اجتماعی و رفاه ملی-2020
This study examines the influence of digitalisation and social entrepreneurship on national well-being. Taking a configurational approach, the results show that digitalisation can benefit national well-being if the country has an adequate educational system, good governance, and a philanthropy-oriented financial system. Digitalisation can leverage these conditions in promoting national well-being. The study also contributes to entrepreneurship literature as it clarifies the role of social entrepreneurship. Social entrepreneurship impacts national well-being when institutions are weak, but it is indifferent in developed economies, which gives support to the institutional void perspective. This finding contributes to the ongoing debate on the role of the institutions on the creation of social enterprises and advances knowledge on the social impact of social entrepreneurship. Additionally, the results show that a combination of conditions is required to achieve high levels of national well-being.
Keywords: National well-being | Digitalisation | Social entrepreneurship | Institutional theory | fs/QCA
A global mapping template for natural and modified habitat across terrestrial Earth
یک الگوی نقشه برداری جهانی برای زیستگاه طبیعی و اصلاح شده در سراسر زیستگاه های زمینی-2020
The IPBES Global Assessment proposed ﬁve key interventions to tackle the drivers of nature deterioration. One of these proposals was to take pre-emptive and precautionary actions in regulatory and management institutions and businesses. Performance standards are tools that can be used to help achieve these interventions. The most inﬂuential standard is Performance Standard 6 (PS6) of the International Finance Corporation (IFC), part of the World Bank Group. Institutions like the IFC invest in the private sector in developing countries, including in the infrastructure, agribusiness, forestry, oil, gas and mining sectors, all of which have the potential to cause large environmental impacts. A core element of PS6 outlines the need for the consideration of “natural and modiﬁed habitat” within investment screening processes. Here we use freely available data layers in combination to develop a new global layer that identiﬁes natural and modiﬁed habitat. It is aligned with the IFC PS6 deﬁnitions of natural and modiﬁed habitat. However, we propose this layer as an output that can be used beyond the IFC and could be integrated into the investment decision making of global and regional banks, or the decision making of international corporations.
Keywords: International Finance Corporation Performance | Standard 6 | Biodiversity safeguards | Natural habitat | Modified habitat | Investment screening | Environmental risk
Paying the price: consequences for children’s education in prison in a market society
پرداخت قیمت: عواقب آموزش کودکان در زندان در جامعه بازار-2020
This article explores consequences for children’s education in custodial institutions in a contemporary market society, England and Wales. It finds that policy decision-making designed to ‘transform’ prison education for children is primarily influenced by a desire to limit the cost to the public purse of custodial placements. This paper argues that market values influence decision-making in the youth custody sector and shape the nature and quality of provision that children are permitted to access. The consequences associated with this include further fragmentation of prison provision for children, an imbalance in the types of custodial place made available, (with children disproportionately contained in the cheapest type of provision), geographical discrepancies and persistent high re-offending rates. The concern with the costs of custody is particularly prominent in a society subject to ‘austerity’ measures across a wide range of public services, particularly in the criminal justice sector (Ismail, 2020). However, it is inconsistent with contemporary knowledge and understanding of children in custody, their needs and their vulnerabilities. The transformation supposedly sought is unlikely to materialize while annual cost-per-child place is a dominant driving force. Instead, we need to start with an understanding of what individual support children in prison need in order to be ‘education ready’.
Keywords: education | learning | market society | prison | children
Evaluating the implementation of a prisoner re-entry initiative for individuals with opioid use and mental health disorders: Application of the consolidated framework for implementation research in a cross-system initiative
ارزیابی اجرای ابتکار ورود مجدد زندانی برای افراد دارای مصرف مواد افیونی و اختلالات سلامت روانی: استفاده از چارچوب تلفیقی برای تحقیقات پیاده سازی در یک ابتکار عمل متقابل-2020
Given the interrelated nature of opioid use, criminal justice interaction, and mental health issues, the current opioid crisis has created an urgent need for treatment, including medication assisted treatment, among justiceinvolved populations. Implementation research plays an important role in improving systems of care and integration of evidence-based practices within and outside of criminal justice institutions. The current study is a formative qualitative evaluation of the implementation of a cross-system (corrections and community-based) opioid use treatment initiative supported by Opioid State Targeted Response (STR) funding. The purpose of the study is to assess the fit of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) to a cross-system initiative, and to identify key barriers and facilitators to implementation. The process evaluation showed that adaptability of the clinical model and staff flexibility were critical to implementation. Cultural and procedural differences across correctional facilities and community-based treatment programs required frequent and structured forums for cross-system communication. Challenges related to recruitment and enrollment, staffing, MAT, and data collection were addressed through the collaborative development and continuous review of policies and procedures. This study found CFIR to be a useful framework for understanding implementation uptake and barriers. The framework was particularly valuable in reinforcing the use of implementation research as a means for continuous process improvement. CFIR is a comprehensive and flexible framework that may be adopted in future cross-system evaluations.
Keywords: Opioids | Medication assisted treatment | Implementation research | Criminal justice | Co-occurring disorders
Law, Endowment and Inequality in Access to Finance
قانون ، موقوفات و نابرابری در دسترسی به امور مالی-2020
Theoretical work suggests an ambiguous relationship between the strength of institutions and the distribution of access to finance. Using a sample of listed firms from 70 countries, this study constructs country-level measures of inequality in access to external finance, and explores its relation to institutions. We show that inequality of access is positively related to financial development as well as inequality in the distribution of firm size, firm revenue, and residents’ incomes. Countries with stronger investor protection for equity and debt have higher inequality in equity and debt financing respectively, presumably as a result of higher efficiency in fund allocation. Finally, we find that the historical determinants of institutions, including the civil law tradition and the disease environment encountered by colonizers, are negatively related to inequality in access to external finance..
Keywords: Capital concentration | Endowment | External financing | Financial development | Investor Protection | Inequality | law
Big Data Analytics for Venture Capital Application：Towards Innovation Performance Improvement
تجزیه و تحلیل داده های بزرگ برای برنامه های سرمایه گذاری: به سمت بهبود عملکرد نوآوری-2020
By using the panel date of Chinese enterprises, this paper analyzes the influence of venture capital on innovation performance. In this paper, the number of patent application and the patent quality(invention patent applications, number of effective patents, IPC number of international patent classification, and patent claims) are used to measure the innovation performance of enterprises, and the regression results show that the innovation performance is significantly promoted by the venture capital; for industries with higher dependence on external financing and high technology intensity and areas with better protection of property rights, venture capital promotes innovation performance more significantly. In this paper, it further distinguishes the characteristics of venture capital institutions, and finds that the promotion effect of non-state-owned venture capital on innovation performance is significantly greater than that of state-owned venture capital; the venture capital institutions with high reputation and high network capital play a more significant role in promoting innovation performance.
Keywords: Data panel model | Big data | Innovation performance