دانلود و نمایش مقالات مرتبط با Law and economics::صفحه 1
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نتیجه جستجو - Law and economics

تعداد مقالات یافته شده: 5
ردیف عنوان نوع
1 The law of attraction: How similarity between judges and lawyers helps win cases in the Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal
قانون جذب: چگونه شباهت بین قضات و وکلا به برنده شدن پرونده ها در دادگاه تجدیدنظر نهایی هنگ کنگ کمک می کند-2020
This article examines a new dimension of similarity, namely education and workplace similarity between lawyers and judges, and its impact on judicial outcomes. It builds on the similarity literature in law and economics, and uses the case study of the Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal to explore whether judges tend to decide in favor of parties represented by lawyers who are “similar” to them in terms of shared educational backgrounds or workplaces. Our findings show that lawyers who are more similar to judges perform significantly better in terms of winning cases. This association remains when controlling for lawyer, judge, and panel effects. The results point to the importance of social interactions inside and outside the courtroom on judicial decision-making, and prompt reflection regarding court design.
Keywords: Similarity | Lawyers | Courts | Law and economics | Hong Kong
مقاله انگلیسی
2 How does liability affect prices? Railroad sparks and timber
بدهی چگونه بر قیمت ها تأثیر می گذارد؟ جرقه و چوب راه آهن-2020
This paper analyzes how judicially-determined liability assignments affect valuations and prices. On two occasions in 2007, a railway company caused a fire to break out in the State of Washington. The two fires burned down some of the neighboring properties’ timber. These two incidents led to two companion court cases that made it all the way to the Washington Supreme Court. The court rulings, both made on May 31, 2012, held that the railway company was not liable for timber damages under Washington’s timber trespass statute, despite having acted negligently. As a consequence of these decisions, economic theory predicts a decrease in the value of timber in those areas associated with higher risk of fire, and an increase in the value of Washington railway companies. Using a triple difference model and an event study, we test and find evidence supporting this prediction.
Keywords: Liability | Property rights | Law and economics | Event study
مقاله انگلیسی
3 An analysis of cybersecurity in Dutch annual reports of listed companies
تجزیه و تحلیل امنیت سایبری در گزارش های سالانه هلندی شرکت های فهرست شده-2020
Keywords: Cybersecurity Financial law Annual report Information sharing Security regulationIn this paper we study the disclosure of cybersecurity information in Dutch annual reports, such as cybersecurity measures and cyber incidents, from a financial law and economics perspective. We start our discussion with an analysis of the requirements in financial law to disclose cybersecurity information in annual reports. Hereafter, we discuss the incentives for the board regarding disclosing cybersecurity related information and its effect on stakeholders and shareholders. We draft hypotheses regarding the actual disclosure of cy- bersecurity information and propose a research design of an exploring empirical study. The results of our study show that although there is no strict legal obligation to do so, 87% of the companies mention cybersecurity or similar words in their annual report in 2018. However, only 4 out of 75 companies disclosed more than six specific cybersecurity measures, while openness would generate the highest surplus for society from a social welfare perspective. Some major Dutch banks and employment agencies did not disclose any specific information with regard to their cybersecurity strategy, while those companies are highly vulnerable for cybersecurity incidents. This hampers the protection of creditors, investors and other stakeholders. Our analysis aims to propel the debate on stimulation of self-regulation or possible obligations in financial law concerning cybersecurity in annual reports.© 2020 E.V.A. Eijkelenboom and B.F.H. Nieuwesteeg. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rightsreserved.
Keywords: Cybersecurity | Financial law | Annual report | Information sharing | Security regulation
مقاله انگلیسی
4 How Rome enabled impersonal markets
چگونه رم بازارهای غیر شخصی را فعال کرده است-2016
Impersonal exchange increases trade and specialization opportunities, encouraging economic growth. However, it requires the support of sophisticated public institutions. This paper explains how Classical Rome provided such support in the main areas of economic activity by relying on public possession as a titling device, enacting rules to protect innocent acquirers in agency contexts, enabling the extended family to act as a contractual entity, and diluting the enforcement of personal obligations which might collide with impersonal exchange. Focusing on the institutions of impersonal exchange, it reaches a clear positive conclusion on the market-facilitating role of the Roman state because such institutions have unambiguously positive effects on markets. Moreover, being impersonal, these beneficial effects are also widely distributed across society instead of accruing disproportionately to better-connected individuals.
Keywords: Property rights | Enforcement | Transaction costs | Roman law | Impersonal exchange | Personal exchange | New institutional economics | Law and economics
مقاله انگلیسی
5 هسته ی اصلی ضرر اقتصادی خالص
سال انتشار: 2007 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 21 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 32
آیا ضرر درآمدها می بایست جبران شود؟ قانون و اقتصاد حاکم ضرر اقتصادی خالص را انتقال ثروت از قربانی به شخص ثالث می دانند که درآمدهای آنها در نتیجه یک حادثه افزایش پیدا می کند. چنین نقل و انتقالی به منزله ی ضرر اجتماعی نیست و از این رو نباید جبران شود. ما جدد این استدلال ها را مورد بررسی قرار می دهیم و نشان می دهیم که می بایست ضرر اجتماعی را در نظر گرفت و آن را محاسبه کرد: الف) ضرر اقتصادی خالص معمولا شامل هزینه های کاهش این حقیقت است که نمی توان به طور موقت از منجر به کاهش خسارت مورد انتظار است و از این رو یک نوع احتیاط است. با در نظر گرفتن این فاکتورها، ما نشان می دهیم که بیشتر موارد ضرر اقتصادی خالص منجر به ضرر اجتماعی مربوطه می شود. علاوه بر این، ما در اینجا استدلال می کنیم که نبود ضرر اجتماعی شرایط لازم، و نه کافی برای رد جبران است. قربانی (یا شخص ثالث) در واقع ممکن است برای حمایت در برابر ضررهای کاملا خصوصی پول پرداخته باشد. از این رو، جبران خسارت باید اعطا شود، صرف نظر اینکه قانون ملی با پرونده ی تخلف یا یک قرار داد رفتار کرده باشد یا نه (که در آن صورت جبران خسارت امری به چون و چراست). سرانجام ما ملاحضاتی را در رابطه با طراحی بهینه ی قوانین مسئولیت ارائه می دهیم.
کلمات کلیدی: ضرر اقتصادی | ضرر مالی | شکنجه | خسارت | جبران خسارت
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