Developing sustainable supply chain management: The interplay of institutional pressures and sustainability capabilities
Developing sustainable supply chain management: The interplay of institutional pressures and sustainability capabilities-2021
With growing concern about social impacts and environmental protection, sustainable supply chain management has become a focus of interest for business practitioners and academics. This study examines the driving forces of sustainable supply chain management practices. Drowning on institutional theory and the resource-based view, this study empirically examines the driving effects of institutional pressures (in terms of governance pressure, customer pressure, and competitive pressure) and internal sustainability capabilities (in terms of top management leadership and technical capability) and their interactions on sustainable supply chain management practices. Based on empirical analysis of data from 172 Chinese ﬁrms, the ﬁndings reveal that institutional pressures and sustainability capabilities simultaneously and jointly motivate the implementation of sustainable supply chain management practices. Interestingly, the interactions of technical capabilities with governance pressures and customer pressures signiﬁcantly and negatively inﬂuence sustainable supply chain management practice adoption, while the interactions of top management leadership with competitive pressures positively affect the pursuit of sustainable supply chain management practices.© 2021 Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Key words: Sustainable supply chain management | institutional pressures | sustainability capabilities | top management | technical capability
Power structure and profitability in a three-echelon supply chain facing stochastic demand
ساختار قدرت و سودآوری در یک زنجیره تأمین سه پله ای با تقاضای تصادفی-2021
In this paper, we investigate how the order in which supply chain members demand their respective margins, which is often called power structure, influences their profitability in a three-echelon supply chain facing stochastic demand. We consider a typical three-echelon supply chain consisting of an upstream firm, a midstream firm, and a downstream firm. Previous supply chain models examining power structure have shown the conventional result that a supply chain member that sets a price or margin earlier generates a higher profit in a deterministic environment; that is, firms achieve higher profits in the order of the first-mover, the second-mover, and the third-mover who set margins in a three-echelon chain. Here, the first-mover, second-mover, and third-mover mean the supply chain member who sets its margin first, second, and third, respectively. Our stochastic model suggests the starkly contrasting result that the expected profit under demand uncertainty is higher in the order: (i) in a wide range of circumstances, the third-mover, the first-mover, and the second-mover who demand margins or (ii) in a narrower range of circumstances, the third-mover, the second-mover, and the first-mover. That is, the range of exogenous parameters leading to the first case is broader than that leading to the second case. The result indicates that the first-mover advantage is completely lost and, instead, the last-mover advantage always arises in a stochastic environment. Currently, power in supply chains tends to shift from upstream firms to downstream firms. However, our results warn a supply chain member in a stochastic environment that if assuming leadership to set its price or margin just because it has the power to do so, the member can ultimately harm itself and reduce its own profit.
Keywords: supply chain management | power structure | stochastic demand | game theory
Collaborative innovation in supply chain systems: Value creation and leadership structure
Collaborative innovation in supply chain systems: Value creation and leadership structure-2021
In the information age, collaborative innovation in process and product is critically important. In this paper, we study the value of a supply chain innovation in which one upstream supplier and one downstream manufacturer may co-develop a product that includes several innovative elements. The supplier is responsible for process innovation to optimize the production system and reduce unit production costs, and the manufacturer is responsible for product innovation. We study innovation leadership and consider the supplier-led (SL) and manufacturer-led (ML) innovation games. We find that in both SL and ML innovation games, if the manufacturer has sufficient resources and capability to invest in product innovation, the manufacturer is always willing to invest in product innovation, but not the supplier. We identify the value of co-innovation and innovation leadership. We find that the product with higher innovation level will be provided under the ML innovation game. When selling the technological and innovative products (as they usually have a larger profit margin ratio), the manufacturer should invest more in product innovation. When product innovation efficiency is large (small),the manufacturer’s profit is convex (concave) in the profit margin ratio. We identify the optimal value creation of joint pricing and innovation in a supply chain and the impacts of “process-product innovation dependence”. Our results (i) highlight the value of manufacturer-led innovation and the importance of considering the product’sprofit margin ratio in co-innovation, (ii) indicate that the manufacturer should be the leader to invest in product innovation, and (iii) the co-innovated products should be sold at a high profit margin.
Keywords: Collaborative innovation | Platform service | Supply chain innovation | B2B | Supply chain systems
Supply chain leadership and firm performance: A meta-analysis
رهبری زنجیره تأمین و عملکرد شرکت: فراتحلیل-2021
The effect of transformational vis-`a-vis transactional supply chain leadership on firm performance has been studied in the existing literature, but results remain mixed. Therefore, it is important to provide a meta-analysis literature review to investigate this relationship. In this study, 32 empirical journal articles published over the past 10 years have been reviewed and evaluated through a meta-analysis. The results reveal that supply chain leadership is positively related to firm performance; specifically, transformational supply chain leadership has a more significant influence than transactional supply chain leadership on firm performance. Further, the effect of leadership varies according to region, industry and performance type. This study provides the first meta-analysis on this relationship.
Keywords: Supply chain leadership | Meta-analysis | Firm performance | Transactional leadership | Transformational leadership
Should responsible management education become a priority? A qualitative study of academics in Egyptian public business schools
آیا آموزش مدیریت مسئولیت پذیر باید به یک اولویت تبدیل شود؟ یک مطالعه کیفی از دانشگاهیان در مدارس تجارت عمومی مصر-2020
In this paper we investigate why responsible management education (RME) should become a necessity in Egyptian public business schools. A total of 80 academics from three universities were contacted and interviewed in six diﬀerent focus groups. Three types of motives were identiﬁed from the interviews: extrinsic local, intrinsic school and extrinsic global, which in- spired academics to believe in the importance of implementing RME in their business schools. Most respondents consider implementing RME is crucial to rebuilding their schools legitimate and ethical role. Focusing only on academics rather than the executives of the selected business schools, is perceived to be a limitation. Moreover, addressing only public business schools and excluding private ones may limit the authors’ ability to generalize results. Thus, the authors of this paper invite researchers from the ﬁelds of cultural diversity, CSR, sustainability and higher education (HE) to collaborate in producing more interdisciplinary and/or trans-disciplinary papers on the same topic. Future researchers may seek to investigate the perceptions of management in the addressed business schools. Replicating this study with private business schools in Egypt may be considered another research opportunity. The educational authorities need to develop a framework for implementing and assessing RME in public business schools. This paper contributes by ﬁlling a gap in HE management, responsible leadership, and sustainability literature in which empirical studies on RME and the responsible practices of academics have been limited so far.
Keywords: Responsible management education | Sustainability | Sustainable development | Academics | Business schools | Egypt
Socialization of business students in ethical issues: The role of individuals’ attitude and institutional factors
Socialization of business students in ethical issues_ The role of individuals’ attitude and institutional factors-2020
This study focuses on the socialization of business students on ethical issues. To this end, we explore personal and institutional factors that inﬂuence the acquisition of business ethics com- petences. Drawing on the case of the European higher education framework, we analyse data from questionnaires about the experience of 599 undergraduates studying Business Management at a European university. The results show that a favourable attitude of business students towards ethics competences has a positive eﬀect on their acquisition of such competences. Moreover, the study reveals that favourable perceptions of the teachers ethical leadership and the Universitys ethical climate are relevant institutional factors in the eﬀective acquisition of business ethics competences. The ﬁndings also reveal that the Universitys ethical climate positively moderates the relationship between individuals attitude towards business ethics competences and their acquisition of such competences. This research sheds light on the need to study the inﬂuence of informal socialization mechanisms in business ethics competences development, in particular, the “hidden curricula” acquired via students perception of teachers ethical leadership and university ethical values.
Keywords: Business ethics competences | Socialization | Individuals attitude | Teachers ethical leadership | University ethical climate
شاخص های نقش حسابرسان داخلی و حمایت آنان از حاکمیت خوب
سال انتشار: 2020 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 15 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 22
هدف این پژوهش مطرح کردن شاخص هایی است که پیاده سازی مدل جدید برای حسابرسان داخلی در سازمان های دولتی و حمایت آنان از حاکمیت مطلوب عمومی را ارزیابی می کند. از طریق نظرسنجی، پرسشنامه و مصاحبه با منابع اطلاعاتی اصلی، داده های گردآوری شد. پاسخ دهندگان حسابرسان داخلی سازمان های دولتی مختلف بودند. داده ها با استفاده از روش تحليل كمي و كيفي تحليل شدند. حسابرسان داخلی در صورت حمایت شدن در قالب تعهد رهبری، می توانند به نقش های خود در مدل جدید عمل کنند. در حال حاضر، نقش غالب حسابرسان داخلی دولت به عنوان مراقب و ناظر است. هرچند که هنوز بهینه نیستند، اما نقش های مشاور و تسهیلگر نیز در حال اجرایی شدن هستند. متغیر کنترل بیشترین حمایت از حاکمیت مطلوب عمومی را دارد، در حالی که متغیر دانش حسابرسی کمترین حمایت را دارد. لازم است که دولت بر روی افزایش کمیت و قابلیت و توانایی حسابرسان داخلی از طریق آموزش، کمک رسانی و راهنمایی های فنی متمرکز شود.
موضوعات: کسب و کار | مدیریت و حسابداری | حسابداری | حاکمیت شرکتی
کلمات کلیدی: کنترل سخت | کنترل نرم | ناظر | مشاوران | تسهیلگران
|مقاله ترجمه شده|
Planning water-energy-food nexus system management under multilevel and uncertainty
برنامه ریزی مدیریت سیستم Nexus آب-انرژی-مواد غذایی تحت چند سطح و عدم اطمینان-2020
In this study, a multi-level interval fuzzy credibility-constrained programming (MIFCP) method is developed for planning the regional-scale water-energy-food nexus (WEFN) system. MIFCP can not only deal with uncertainties expressed as interval parameters and fuzzy sets, but also handle conflicts and hierarchical relationships among multiple decision departments. The MIFCP approach is then applied to planning the WEFN system of Henan Province, China. Solutions of three different decision targets in various hierarchy levels, five scenarios with different decision makers’ objectives and five credibility levels toward different necessity degrees are examined. Several findings in association with various planting structures, water resources demand, energy consumption, fertilizer and pesticide utilizations and system benefits are achieved. Results reveal that the future total irrigation water can decrease by 1.49% from years 2020e2025. Results also disclose that the total cultivated area can change by 1.91% owing to the variation of fertilizer and pesticide change. Compared to single level programming (SLP) and bi-level programming (BP) approaches, the MIFCP-WEFN model can help decision-makers identify the optimal agricultural water resources management schemes by means of the leadership of water resources managers as well as the feedback of two diverse followers (i.e. energy managers and agricultural managers).
Keywords: Multi-level programming | Planning | Scenario analysis | Uncertainty | Water-energy-food nexus system
Paradigm shift to implement SDG 2 (end hunger): A humanistic management lens on the education of future leaders
تغییر پارادایم برای اجرای SDG 2 (پایان گرسنگی): یک لنز مدیریت انسانی در آموزش رهبران آینده-2020
This article argues that new paradigms of leadership, as well as leadership education, are required to more effectively work towards the implementation of SDG 2 – end hunger. It draws on the philosophically rooted concept of Humanistic Management as a lens to examine the relationship between SDG 2, the human right to food and reasons for the persistence of hunger in the world. The status quo and current approaches are presented in detail as dysfunctional, with an emphasis on the role of the WTO regulations, intellectual property rights schemes and negotiation processes. It is suggested that in order to develop future leaders who tackle global issues like this persistence of hunger in more promising and more responsible ways, business schools need to look beyond responsible management education. In this vein, Humanistic Management is also discussed as a platform for the advocated paradigm shift. It is highlighted through which stages business schools could transform their educational approach and provision accordingly.
The effect of outing Team Building training on soft skills among MBA students
تأثیر آموزش تیم سازی خارج از منزل بر مهارت های نرم در دانشجویان MBA-2020
This research aims to evaluate the effect of Outing Team-Building Training (OTBT) on developing soft skills (teamwork, communication, leadership, and ethics) among MBA students (N = 104) in the School of Business and Management (SBM) at the Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB). The OTBT comprises seven training activities. After three months, the OTBT was followed up by group counseling led by mentors involved in the training. We evaluated the effect of OTBT by measuring the first three levels of Kirkpatrick’s model (reaction, knowledge, and behavior). The results indicate that the three aspects of reaction level (i.e., engagement, involvement, and contribution) in the training program were mostly good. More than half of the participants (65%) understood the training material, which reflected knowledge level of training evaluation. The soft skills behaviors that significantly changed through the training were communication and leadership (p <.05). The qualitative data, which was gathered through discussions, indicated that the participants became more aware of and responsible for assimilating MBA-ITB values and ethics. Overall, the OTBT is a useful program for developing soft skills among MBA students. To further enhance the impact of OTBT, outing activities should be aligned with or preferably tailored to the needs of the participants.
Keywords: Teamwork | Leadership | Communication | Ethics | MBA students