دانلود و نمایش مقالات مرتبط با Long-term investment::صفحه 1
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نتیجه جستجو - Long-term investment

تعداد مقالات یافته شده: 6
ردیف عنوان نوع
1 Criteria for effective regional scale catchment to reef management: A case study of Australias Great Barrier Reef
معیارهای حمل و نقل موثر منطقه ای به مدیریت ریف: مطالعه موردی صخره های بزرگ مانع استرالیا-2021
Many coastal and marine ecosystems around the world are under increasing threat from a range of anthropogenic influences. The management of these threats continues to present ongoing challenges, with many ecosystems increasingly requiring active restoration to support or re-establish the ecosystems biological, cultural, social and economic values. The current condition of Australias Great Barrier Reef (GBR) and its threats, including water quality, climate change and the loss of wetlands, causing the continuing decline in the GBRs ecological condition and function, has received global attention. Activities aimed at halting these declines and system restoration have been underway for over forty years. These activities are challenging to implement, and much has been learnt from their various outcomes. This paper considers the GBR and the associated management activities as a case study for regional scale catchment to reef management. It summarises the management approaches to date, describing the key role that science, policy and community have played in underpinning various investments. Four criteria for success are proposed: the lead role of the community, the need for a systems approach, the need for targeted, cost-effective and sustainable long-term investment, and importantly, building knowledge and maintaining consensus and political commitment.
keywords: سیستم های زیست محیطی | تنوع زیستی | حوضه | سواحل | اقیانوس ها | انجمن | تعمیر | انعطاف پذیری | ریف بزرگ مانع | Ecological systems | Biodiversity | Catchments | Coasts | Oceans | Community | Repair | Resilience | Great Barrier Reef
مقاله انگلیسی
2 The snakebite problem and antivenom crisis from a health-economic perspective
مشکل مارگزیدگی و بحران پادزهر از دیدگاه سلامت اقتصادی -2018
The scourge of snakebite has been well documented but largely ignored by the global health community for several decades, especially the role that economics has played in causing and exacerbating this crisis. Every year millions of people in low and middle-income countries face death, disability and disadvantage from snakebite envenoming (SBE) without access to appropriate treatment. Health-economic factors pervade every aspect of this neglected problem. A multitude of financial and commercial factors helped to cause, and now perpetuate, shortages of high quality, affordable and region-appropriate antivenom in areas where they are most needed. Alongside the death, physical disability and psychological anguish from SBE is a debilitating financial toll, which includes both direct costs of treatment and indirect costs from lost income. SBE is a problem that dis proportionately affects poor, rural and agrarian communities, with most victims being young and industrious subsistence workers. The burden of envenoming is often felt by families and communities that can least afford it, and negatively impacts local and national productivity. The lack of long-term investment in health systems to properly manage SBE has led to insufficient funding for antivenom development, procurement, quality control and distribution, despite highly favourable cost effectiveness of some antivenoms. This has contributed to market failures that have seen antivenom output fall and become inaccessible to most victims. Solutions to these pro blems exist and are achievable, however the challenge for advocates is to appreciate the importance of health economics and ensure that strategies to redress the economic causes and consequences of SBE are themselves cost-effective and financially sustainable.
Keywords: Snakebite ، Healthcare ، Economic ، Antivenom ، Cost-effectiveness ، Socioeconomic ، Neglected tropical disease ، DALY
مقاله انگلیسی
3 استراتژی کسب و کار و مسئولیت اجتماعی شرکت
سال انتشار: 2018 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 19 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 42
این مقاله به بررسی رابطه‌ی بین استراتژی کسب و کار شرکت و عملکرد مسئولیت اجتماعی آن (CSR) می‌پردازد. ما با استفاده از یک معیار جامع استراتژی کسب و کار مبتنی بر چارچوب نظری مایلز و اسنو (استراتژی سازمانی، ساختار، و فرایند، مک‌گراو-هیل، نیویورک، 1978، استراتژی سازمانی، ساختار و فرآیند، انتشارات دانشگاه استنفورد، استنفئرد، 2003) دریافتیم شرکت‌هایی که از یک استراتژی نوآوری‌محور (کاوشگران) استفاده می‌کنند، عملکرد CSR بهتری در مقایسه با شرکت‌های مبتنی بر استراتژی بازده‌محور (مدافعان) دارند. بطور خاص، کاوشگران در مقایسه با مدافعان به میزان بیشتری در فعالیت‌های مسئولیت اجتماعی و به میزان کمتری در فعالیت‌های عاری از حس مسئولیت اجتماعی دخیل بوده و عملکرد بهتری در هر دو حوزه‌ی CSR مرتبط با ذینفعان و مرتبط با شخص ثالث دارند. در مجموع، نتایج ما نشان می‌دهد استراتژی کسب و کار هامل تعیین‌کننده‌ی مهمی برای عملکرد CSR است. کاوشگران از CSR بهره می‌گیرند، چراکه استراتژی نوآوری‌محور به آنها اجازه می‌دهد نه تنها بهره‌ی بیشتری از CSR ببرند، بلکه آستانه‌ی تحمل بالاتری به عدم قطعیت، ریسک و افق زمانی طولانی مرتبط با مشارکت CSR داشته باشند.
کلیدواژه ها: استراتژی کسب و کار | مسئولیت اجتماعی شرکت | سرمایه‌گذاری بلندمدت | رهبری نوآوری | به حداقل رساندن هزینه‌ها
مقاله ترجمه شده
4 Independent directors and earnings management: The moderating effects of controlling shareholders and the divergence of cash-flow and control rights
مدیران مستقل و مدیریت سود: اثرات تعدیلی سهامداران کنترل کننده و واگرایی از جریان نقدی و حقوق کنترل-2016
German savers are renowned for preferring safe, long-term investments, thus providing patient capital, with bank deposits playing an important role. Based on a unique data set for the period 2003-2012, thus covering the financial crisis, our empirical findings do not confirm this hypothesis but reveal instead that market discipline is prevalent throughout the entire period of observation. Hence, the financial crisis did not provoke major behavioral changes. Moreover, depositors’ alertness was not silenced by a government guarantee of all deposits issued after the Lehman collapse. However, the strength and type of market discipline vary across governance structures, with savings banks’ and cooperative banks’ depositors significantly more active than depositors with commercial banks.
Keywords: Market discipline | bank depositor behavior | bank risk taking | deposit rates
مقاله انگلیسی
5 Market Discipline Across Bank Governance Models: Empirical Evidence from German Depositors
انضباط بازار در سراسر مدل های بانک دولتی: شواهد تجربی از سپرده گذاران آلمان-2016
German savers are renowned for preferring safe, long-term investments, thus providing patient capital, with bank deposits playing an important role. Based on a unique data set for the period 2003-2012, thus covering the financial crisis, our empirical findings do not confirm this hypothesis but reveal instead that market discipline is prevalent throughout the entire period of observation. Hence, the financial crisis did not provoke major behavioral changes. Moreover, depositors’ alertness was not silenced by a government guarantee of all deposits issued after the Lehman collapse. However, the strength and type of market discipline vary across governance structures, with savings banks’ and cooperative banks’ depositors significantly more active than depositors with commercial banks.
Keywords: Market discipline | bank depositor behavior | bank risk taking | deposit rates
مقاله انگلیسی
6 Influence of institutional investors’ participation on flipping activity of Malaysian IPOs
تاثیر مشارکت سرمایه گذاران نهادی در فعالیت عرضه اولیه اوراق بهادار مالزی-2014
This paper examines the influence of institutional investors’ participation on flipping activity of Malaysian IPOs. Measured as the percentage oftrading volume on the first trading day against the total number of shares offered, flipping is the quickest way to gain huge profits from IPOs. However, excessive flipping activity has significant potential to create artificial downward pressure on the price of IPOs. One way to reduce such an adverse effect is by strategically allocating a larger proportion of new shares to institutional investors. This is because institutional investors are normally assumed to be long-term investors. As such, they are less likely to flip their allocated IPOs in the immediate aftermarket. The long-term investment argument is consistent with institutional investors’ preference for a steady income stream in the form of dividends. Drawing upon this argument, the greater participation of institutional investors during an IPO is expected to be an effective strategy to control aggressive flipping activity. The Malaysian IPO market offers an excellent opportunity to examine this hypothesis because data regarding the allocation of new shares to institutional investors can be traced conveniently through a type of IPO referred to as ‘‘private placement’’. Based upon an examination of 248 IPOs listed on Bursa Malaysia between January 2000 and December 2012, this study finds a negative relationship between institutional investors’ participation and flipping activity. This result lends strong support to the argument concerning the effectiveness of institu tional investors’ participation in controlling flipping activity in the Malaysian IPO market Keywords: Flipping activity Institutional investors’ participation Malaysian IPO market
مقاله انگلیسی
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