Comparative educational outcomes of an active versus passive learning continuing professional development activity on self-management support for respiratory educators: A non-randomized controlled mixed-methods study
نتایج آموزشی مقایسهای فعالیت توسعه حرفهای مستمر یادگیری فعال در مقابل غیرفعال بر حمایت خودمدیریتی از مربیان تنفسی: یک مطالعه با روشهای ترکیبی کنترلشده غیرتصادفی-2021
Aim: We compared educational outcomes associated with an active vs. passive continuing professional development activity on self-management support for respiratory educators. Background: There is a need to identify learning activities associated with the most successful continuing professional development programs for respiratory educators. Design: This was a non-randomized controlled mixed-methods study recruiting respiratory educators attending a continuing professional development activity on self-management support. Methods: In the experimental group, active learning methods (role-play simulations) were employed, whereas passive learning methods (lecture) were used in the comparison group. Educators were allocated to the comparison group (first 15 months of the study), then to the experimental group (last 17 months). Educators filled questionnaires measuring pre-/post-activity knowledge about self-management support (score 0–25) and selfreported competence (score 1–10). Scores were compared using mixed-effect models. Interviews with educators were conducted and content analysis was performed. Results: We recruited 94/94 educators (active: n = 51; passive: n = 43). Knowledge scores increased to a greater extent in the active vs. passive learning group (adjusted difference-in-difference [aDID]=2.01; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 0.14–3.88), although competence scores increased to a greater extent in the passive learning group (aDID=− 0.38; 95%CI: − 1.56 to − 0.04). Reflecting on their competence, educators of the active learning group identified the need to further improve their self-management support skills, whereas educators of the passive learning group did not. Conclusions: Our results show that an active learning continuing professional development activity on selfmanagement support could help educators to better apply knowledge and appears to engage them in a process of reflection on action.
keywords: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease | Continuing education | Mixed methods | Patient education as topic | Self-management support
‘Going agile’: Exploring the use of project management tools in fostering psychological safety in group work within management discipline courses
رفتن چابک: بررسی استفاده از ابزارهای مدیریت پروژه در پرورش ایمنی روانشناختی در کار گروهی در دوره های انضباط مدیریت-2021
While psychological safety is widely acknowledged to be a crucial factor in determining how well teams function, little attention has been paid to this phenomenon in management education and HE more broadly. This highlights an important gap, given the ‘thorny’ nature, and pervasive use, of group work. We contribute the first examination of an HE intervention to increase psycho- logical safety. Specifically, through a two-phase mixed methods approach (pre/post surveys and focus groups, student diaries), we examine the implementation of Agile project management principles in both an undergraduate and postgraduate digital marketing course (total n = 131). The findings illustrate that the intervention increased psychological safety along with team- performance, group learning, interpersonal communication and creativity, whilst also reducing the free-rider problem. The study provides three contributions. First, we extend knowledge of psychological safety by showing it can be fostered through interventions providing two core antecedents (supporting facilitation and a cohesive framework). Second, we build knowledge of psychological safety in education by evidencing a greater breadth of positive outcomes, which until now has been mostly limited to knowledge development. Third, we expand understanding of implementing group work interventions in management, providing five important considerations for educational practitioners.
keywords: چابک | ایمنی روانی | کار گروهی | اسکرام | ابزارهای مدیریت پروژه | Agile | Psychological safety | Group work | Scrum | Project management tools
Cultural consensus knowledge of rice farmers for climate risk management in the Philippines
دانش اجماع فرهنگی کشاورزان برنج برای مدیریت ریسک آب و هوایی در فیلیپین-2021
Despite efforts and investments to integrate weather and climate knowledges, often dichotomized into the scientific and the local, a top-down practice of science communication that tends to ignore cultural consensus knowledge still prevails. This paper presents an empirical application of cultural consensus analysis for climate risk management. It uses mixed methods such as focus groups, freelisting, pilesorting, and rapid ethnographic assessment to understand farmers’ knowledge of weather and climate conditions in Barangay Biga, Oriental Mindoro, Philippines. Multi-dimensional scaling and aggregate proximity matrix of items are generated to assess the similarity among the different locally perceived weather and climate conditions. Farmers’ knowledge is then qualitatively compared with the technical classification from the government’s weather bureau. There is cultural agreement among farmers that the weather and climate con- ditions can be generally grouped into wet, dry, and unpredictable weather (Maria Loka). Damaging hazards belong into two subgroups on the opposite ends of the wet and dry scale, that is, tropical cyclone is grouped together with La Ni˜na, rainy season, and flooding season, while farmers perceive no significant difference between El Ni˜no, drought, and dry spells. Ethnographic information reveals that compared to the technocrats’ reductive knowledge, farmers imagine weather and climate conditions (panahon) as an event or a phenomenon they are actively experiencing by observing bioindicators, making sense of the interactions between the sky and the landscape, and the agroecology of pest and diseases, while being subjected to agricultural regulations on irrigation, price volatility, and control of power on subsidies and technologies. This situated local knowledge is also being informed by forecasts and advisories from the weather bureau illustrating a hybrid of technical science, both from the technocrats and the farmers, and personal experiences amidst agricultural precarities. Speaking about the hybridity of knowledge rather than localizing the scientific obliges technocrats and scientists to productively engage with different ways of knowing and the tensions that mediate farmers’ knowledge as a societal experience.
keywords: دانش اجماع | پیش بینی آب و هوا | کشاورزی | خطر ابتلا به آب و هوا | Consensus knowledge | Weather forecasting | Agriculture | Climate risk
Evaluating Chinese government WeChat official accounts in public service delivery: A user-centered approach
ارزیابی حساب های رسمی دولت چین WeChat در ارائه خدمات عمومی: یک رویکرد کاربر محور-2021
WeChat official accounts have been increasingly adopted by Chinese government agencies to deliver public services, in response to the “Internet + Public Service” reformation. While previous studies depended heavily on the expert-oriented approach to evaluate the accounts, this paper presents a user-centered study based on a mixed methods research design in which an unobtrusive clickstream data analysis was complemented by a card sorting study, stakeholder interviews, and a focus group. A 2-month server log file containing 42,188,760 clickstream records was obtained from an active government WeChat official account and analyzed at the movement level, which found that the account was mainly used as a lookup tool with most services underutilized and its home portals failed to support effective wayfinding to needed services. Deficiencies in information ar- chitecture, operation strategy, and interaction design of the account were identified in the complementary studies. This study not only enriches the knowledge about social media use in the Chinese government for public service delivery, but also introduces innovative methods to generate new research insights. The findings can inform government WeChat official accounts of how to improve service quality and user experience.
keywords: حساب های رسمی دولت WeChat | تحویل خدمات عمومی | تجزیه و تحلیل داده های Clickstream | روش های مختلف طراحی | رویکرد کاربر محور | Government WeChat official accounts | Public service delivery | Clickstream data analysis | Mixed methods design | User-centered approach
Management strategies, silvopastoral practices and socioecological drivers in traditional livestock systems in tropical dry forests: An integrated analysis
استراتژیهای مدیریت، شیوههای سیلووپاستورال و محرکهای اجتماعی-اکولوژیکی در سیستمهای دام سنتی در جنگلهای خشک استوایی: یک تحلیل یکپارچه-2021
Understanding traditional livestock management is essential in the design of more sustainable systems, given the forest loss associated to the growing demand for meat. In Latin America, where extensive livestock production is increasing, along with tropical dry forest (TDF) transformation, the role of small holders is critical for designing more sustainable management practices. This study is an integrated socioecological analysis of traditional li- vestock systems in a region with TDF in Mexico. The objectives were to: a) characterise the historical devel- opment and current state of livestock systems and silvopastoral practices, b) define the management strategies and their impacts on forests, and c) identify the regional and local socioecological drivers that influence decision- making processes in livestock and forest management. In-depth interviews were carried out to 32 cattle farmers and analysed using a qualitative-interpretative approach which included multivariate and narrative analyses. Three historical stages (colonization, promotion of livestock and forest conservation) had a strong impact in the development and current state of livestock systems. Access to natural and economic resources and proportion of plant cover (grassland/forest) were essential in defining four groups of management strategies. The main re- gional drivers favouring or restricting production include climate, native vegetation, markets and public policies; at the local scale, socioecological factors, such as water availability, native vegetation, economic assets, local knowledge and their interactions determine heterogeneity in management strategies, decision-making processes and their impacts on forests. Adaptive management of livestock and forests in a context of limited economic resources has allowed the conservation of forest areas and the use of silvopastoral practices with local tree species. The integrated socio-ecological approach and the use of mixed methods allowed a better understanding of drivers and their interrelationships, the local knowledge, objectives and perceptions of farmers in the decision- making processes regarding livestock and forest management. Perspectives of farmers on resource use can contribute to the design of more effective and inclusive policies for sustainable livestock systems in the dry tropics.
keywords: سیستم های اکولوژیکی اجتماعی | دامپروری | شیوه های سیلووپاستوری | جنگل خشک استوایی | Socioecological systems | Livestock management | Silvopastoral practices | Tropical dry forest
Exploring learning processes associated with a cancer pain self-management intervention in patients and family caregivers: A mixed methods study
بررسی فرآیندهای یادگیری مرتبط با مداخله خود مدیریت سرطان در بیماران و مراقبت های خانوادگی: مطالعه یک روش ترکیبی -2021
Aim: Explore learning processes associated with a psychoeducational pain selfmanagement intervention. Background: Self-management of cancer pain is challenging for patients and their family caregivers (FCs). While psychoeducational interventions can support them to handle these tasks, it remains unclear how learning pro- cesses are hampered or facilitated. Methods: A convergent parallel mixed methods design with qualitative data collection embedded in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) was used. Outpatients with cancer and FCs were recruited from three Swiss university hospitals. The six-week intervention consisted of education, skills building, and nurse coaching. Quantitative data on pain management knowledge and self-efficacy were analyzed using multilevel models. Patients and FCs were interviewed post-RCT regarding their learning experiences. Qualitative data analysis was guided by interpretive description. Finally, quantitative and qualitative data were integrated using case level comparisons and a meta-matrix. Results: Twenty-one patients and seven FCs completed this study. The group-by-time effect showed increases in knowledge (p = 0.035) and self-efficacy (p = 0.007). Patients and FCs learning through experience was sup- ported by an intervention nurse, who was perceived as competent and trustworthy. After the study, most intervention group participants felt more confident to implement pain self-management. Finally, data integration showed that declining health hampered some patients pain self-management. Conclusions: Competent and trustworthy nurses can support patients and FCs pain self-management by providing individualized interventions. Using a diary, jointly reflecting on the documented experiences, and addressing knowledge deficits and misconceptions through the use of academic detailing can facilitate patients and FCs learning of critical skills.
keywords: سرطان | مدیریت درد | آموزش بیمار | روش های ترکیبی تحقیق | خودکار کارآمدی | Cancer | Pain management | Patient education | Mixed methods research | Self-efficacy
Surveying the impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) on the poultry supply chain: A mixed methods study
بررسی تأثیر ویروس کرونا (COVID-19) بر زنجیره تأمین طیور: مطالعه روش های ترکیبی-2021
The coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) has affected all supply chains through severe disruption of logistics activities, production, and markets. This study aimed to survey the impact of the coronavirus on the poultry supply chain using an exploratory sequential mixed design. We first addressed those stages of the poultry supply chain disrupted in an ongoing pandemic, and then elaborated particular disturbances associated with each stage. This study was based on data collected from Iranian poultry industry owners and experts who had sufficient experience in agricultural supply chains as well. As the qualitative phase, the content analysis was conducted to identify the impacts of the coronavirus on the poultry supply chain. The results and conclusions that emerged from the qualitative phase were refined and weighted by the Fuzzy Delphi Method (FDM) and the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) respectively, in the quantitative phase. The results suggested that the pandemic has further affected the input supply as a stage in the poultry supply chain. This is probably because of the fact that the poultry industry is heavily dependent on inputs’ flow. In addition, supply chain governance was seriously impaired due to the persistence of the pandemic. The coronavirus pandemic has significantly affected the stages that are most reliant on transportation. Finally, we found that a part of the disruptions that occur in the downstream of the supply chain is due to the epidemic’s direct adverse effects, and another part is due to indirect consequences received from the upstream. Our findings and implications can be useful in decision-making procedures during ongoing epidemics.
Keywords: Poultry supply chain | Coronavirus (COVID-19) | Supply chain disruptions | Input supply
Bundle-of-care interventions to improve self-management of patients with urinary catheters: Study protocol
مداخلات بسته مراقبتی برای بهبود خود مدیریتی بیماران با سوندهای ادراری: پروتکل مطالعه-2021
Background: Community-based urinary catheter-associated complications contribute to avoidable, costly hospital presentations. To minimise catheter-associated complications and improve the quality of life of patients living in the community, it is essential to improve catheter self-management through increasing patients’ and caregivers’ knowledge and self-efficacy.
Aim: To co-design, develop and evaluate a bundle-of-care intervention to improve catheter selfmanagement, reduce catheter-associated complications, and improved quality of life.
Design: Mixed methods design underpinned by the principles of Appreciative Inquiry, micro- and spacedlearning pedagogies. Methods: A co-designed care bundle will be developed, to support both patients and nurses in improving catheter care in both acute and community settings. Intervention bundles for patients will be delivered using “GoShare Healthcare” and for nurses, using QStream. The underpinning pedagogical approaches of these two digital platforms focus on increasing knowledge retention and improving patient health outcomes.
A process evaluation of the intervention will be undertaken using data collected from surveys, electronic medical record audits, and participant interviews. The primary outcome is improved catheter selfmanagement, and secondary outcomes are increased self-efficacy and patients’ knowledge of catheter self-management.
Discussion: The IQ-IDC study applies a two-pronged approach to co-design a bundle-of-care intervention that addresses important gaps in current catheter management. This study will contribute to new knowledge on effective implementation strategies to optimise self-management in urinary catheter care.
keywords: سوند ادرار | بسته های مراقبت | خود مدیریت | خودپرداز | گوشی های هوشمند | پروتکل بالینی | Urinary catheter | Care bundles | Self-management | Self-eﬃcacy | Smart phone | Clinical protocol
Coworking spaces_ Empowerment for entrepreneurship and innovation in the digital and sharing economy
فضاهای همکار: توانمندسازی برای کارآفرینی و نوآوری در اقتصاد دیجیتال و اشتراک-2020
Freelancers, entrepreneurs, new ventures, but also incumbent firms increasingly use coworking spaces (CWS). The alignment of work-space and social space can facilitate organizational empowerment supporting individual work satisfaction. Our mixed-methods study of 328 respondents from CWS in 26 cities in the USA, Germany, and China identifies configurations of institutional patterns on work satisfaction associated with a sense of com- munity, autonomy, participation, linkage multiplicity and mutual knowledge creation. High work satisfaction can occur in three different configurations related to a) agility housing, b) knowledge housing, and c) social housing. Our findings contribute to how incumbent firms and CWS can influence work satisfaction and empower towards innovation and entrepreneurial performance.
Keywords: Coworking spaces | Empowerment | Innovation | Entrepreneurial performance | FsQCA | NCA | Mixed methods
Renewable energy diversification: Considerations for farm business resilience
متنوع سازی انرژی تجدیدپذیر: ملاحظاتی برای انعطاف پذیری مشاغل مزرعه-2020
With a varied landscape, Wales is resource rich in terms of wind and water and a suitable location to develop many different forms of sustainable energy. Whilst farm businesses face increasing challenges in terms of economic stability and traditional production methods, this paper considers the role of renewable energy production as a form of diversification. The study adopts mixed methods as a means of undertaking an in-depth investigation into the role of renewable energy generation in supporting agribusinesses in Wales. Initially a questionnaire obtained 118 responses from farmers in Wales. Subsequently, 15 follow-up semi-structured interviews with farmers were conducted to further investigate the issues from the initial questionnaire. The theoretical contribution of this paper is a segmentation of farmer businesses which allows for distinctions to be made of different attitudes to off-farm income and the adoption of renewable energy sources. Five farm types were identified, varying in relation to farm characteristics, attitudes to diversification, access to renewable energy and resource allocation. These farm types highlight the need for specific policies towards facilitating the increase in renewable energy along with sustaining farming incomes. Furthermore the research provides valuable information to the farming industry on opportunities in renewable energy production, particularly for farmers and farm businesses who are considering diversification strategies.
Keywords: Green economy | Farm diversification | Agribusiness | Entrepreneurship | Renewable energy