Collaborative innovation in supply chain systems: Value creation and leadership structure
Collaborative innovation in supply chain systems: Value creation and leadership structure-2021
In the information age, collaborative innovation in process and product is critically important. In this paper, we study the value of a supply chain innovation in which one upstream supplier and one downstream manufacturer may co-develop a product that includes several innovative elements. The supplier is responsible for process innovation to optimize the production system and reduce unit production costs, and the manufacturer is responsible for product innovation. We study innovation leadership and consider the supplier-led (SL) and manufacturer-led (ML) innovation games. We find that in both SL and ML innovation games, if the manufacturer has sufficient resources and capability to invest in product innovation, the manufacturer is always willing to invest in product innovation, but not the supplier. We identify the value of co-innovation and innovation leadership. We find that the product with higher innovation level will be provided under the ML innovation game. When selling the technological and innovative products (as they usually have a larger profit margin ratio), the manufacturer should invest more in product innovation. When product innovation efficiency is large (small),the manufacturer’s profit is convex (concave) in the profit margin ratio. We identify the optimal value creation of joint pricing and innovation in a supply chain and the impacts of “process-product innovation dependence”. Our results (i) highlight the value of manufacturer-led innovation and the importance of considering the product’sprofit margin ratio in co-innovation, (ii) indicate that the manufacturer should be the leader to invest in product innovation, and (iii) the co-innovated products should be sold at a high profit margin.
Keywords: Collaborative innovation | Platform service | Supply chain innovation | B2B | Supply chain systems
Managerial strategies for process innovation through the perspective of competition among supply chain members
استراتژی های مدیریتی برای نوآوری فرآیند از طریق چشم انداز رقابت بین اعضای زنجیره تامین-2021
This article considers a dynamic supply chain environment consisting of one manufacturer and two retailers. This paper aims to study a retailer facing the an upstream (manufacturer) while implementing technology innovation and facing another retailer (competitor) in competition in the same industry. Speciﬁcally, this paper studies how should the retailer choose the control strategies to gain an advantage over the competition? In the corresponding situations, how should the manufacturer optimize its strategies? The paper describes the problem as a Stackelberg game between the manufacturer and the retailers and a Nash game between the two retailers. Through careful study of analytical solutions and numerical cases, the study has drawn some conclusions of management signiﬁcance. First, this paper abstracts the process innovation, and creatively characterises the manufacturer’s mastery of green innovation technology during production through a dynamic process. This paper ﬁnds that process innovation is the optimal strategy for the manufacturer in the long-term operation. Second, the strategy of the manufacturer about process innovation is inﬂuenced by different strategies of different retailers and different market conditions. However, the manufacturer will obtain more beneﬁt if the retailer with low advertising inﬂuence in the same industry occupies the main market. Finally, this paper mainly considers the advertising competition between retailers. The retailer with low advertising inﬂuence should make full use of the weapon of advertising publicity to improve its competitive advantages in the same industry.© 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Process innovation | Advertising | Differential games | Green innovation technology
Goal heterogeneity at start-up_ are greener start-ups more innovative?
ناهمگنی هدف در شروع کار: آیا استارت آپ های سبزتر نوآورتر هستند؟-2020
Start-ups differ in the extent to which they introduce innovations to markets and, hence, in their potential contribution to society. Understanding the heterogeneous character of start-ups is key to explaining the varia- bility in innovation. In this study, we explore whether start-ups that place more emphasis on environmental value creation versus economic value creation (‘greener start-ups’) are more innovative. We also examine how environmental regulations at the country level affect this relationship. We theorize that the fundamental dif- ference between economic value creation (private wealth generation, i.e., self-regarding interest) and en- vironmental value creation (environmental gains for society, i.e., other-regarding interest) influences en- trepreneurial opportunity identification and exploitation. When considering the regulatory context, we draw on the innovation inducement effect of environmental regulations and expect these regulations to be most effective for entrepreneurs with a strong emphasis on economic value creation. Performing multi-level ordered logit regressions with 2,945 start-up entrepreneurs in 31 countries (Global Entrepreneurship Monitor data), we find that ‘greener start-ups’ are more likely to engage in product and process innovations. We find some evidence of a positive moderation effect for environmental regulations. We advance research on innovative entrepreneurship by theorizing and finding evidence that other-regarding goals are relevant in explaining start-up innovativeness.
Keywords: Goal heterogeneity | Start-ups | Green entrepreneurship | Environmental regulations | Innovation | Global Entrepreneurship | Monitor
The impact of hard and soft quality management and proactive behaviour in determining innovation performance
تاثیر مدیریت کیفیت سخت و نرم و رفتار پیشگیرانه در تعیین عملکرد نوآوری-2018
The extant literature has reported mixed results on the relationship between Quality Management (QM) practices and innovation performance. Most of the studies carried out to date have proposed a direct relationship between QM and innovation, while neglecting the potential variables that may influence this relationship. In order to advance in this line of research, this paper develops a model of relationships between QM, understood as a multidimensional construct (hard QM and soft QM), and innovation performance (product and process innovation), which examines the mediator role of employee proactive behaviour in these relationships. The proposed model is examined using empirical data from ISO 9001 certified firms in high technology manufacturing and service sectors. The findings from structural equation modelling show the direct influence of the hard QM dimension on product and process innovation, while the effects of the soft QM dimension are channelled via proactive behaviour. The conclusions of the present study highlight the facilitating role of QM practices and proactivity for innovation.
keywords: Quality management |Innovation performance |Proactive behaviour
Organizational and human resource management and innovation: Which management practices are linked to product and/or process innovation?
مدیریت سازمانی و مدیریت منابع انسانی و نوآوری: کدام شیوه های مدیریت به نوآوری محصول و / یا فرآیند مرتبط است؟-2018
We examine the determinants of firms’ innovation success, using the firm-level data from the Japanese National Innovation Survey. We focus on the relationship between organizational and human resource management practices for research and development (R & D) and product/process innovation. We find that interdivisional cooperation/teams and the creation/relocation/integration of R & D centers are positively associated with both product and process innovation. Having board members with an R & D background is positively associated with product innovation, implying that top-down R & D decision-making may be important for firms to introduce new products. Among the factors examined, personnel assessment reflecting R & D outcomes appears to have an especially strong relationship with product innovation. Moreover, the positive relationship between the crea tion/relocation/integration of R & D centers and innovation success suggests that drastic organizational changes can work as a clear signal of firms’ determination to pursue an innovation-oriented strategy and help to ac celerate innovation success.
Keywords: Organization ، Human resource management ، Innovation ، R & D ، Innovation survey ، Japan
Green innovation and organizational performance: The influence of big data and the moderating role of management commitment and HR practices
نوآوری سبز و عملکرد سازمانی: تاثیر داده های بزرگ و نقش مؤثر تعهد مدیریت و مدیریت منابع انسانی-2018
Faced with internal and external pressure to adapt and implement environmental friendly business activities, it is becoming crucial for firms to identify practices that enhance their competitive advantage, economic, and en vironmental performance. Green innovation, green technologies, and the implementation of green supply chain management are examples of such practices. Green innovation and the adoption of the combination of green product innovation and green process innovation involve reduction in consumption of energy and pollution emission, recycling of wastes, sustainable utilization of resources, and green product designs. Although the extent research in this area is substantial, research on the importance of considering corporate environmental ethics, stakeholders view of green product, and demand for green products as drivers of green innovation must be conducted. Moreover, the role of large scale data, management commitment, and human resource practices play to overcome the technological challenges, achieve competitive advantage, and enhance the economic and environmental performance have yet to be addressed. This paper develops and tests a holistic model that depicts and examines the relationships among green innovation, its drivers, as well as factors that help overcome the technological challenges and influence the performance and competitive advantage of the firm. This paper is among the first works to deal with such a complex framework which considers the inter relationships among numerous constructs and their effects on competitive advantage as well as overall orga nizational performance. A questionnaire was designed to measure the influence of green innovation adoption/ implementation and its drivers on performance and competitive advantage while taking into consideration the impact of management commitment and HR practices, as well as the use of large data on these relationships. Data collected from a sample of 215 respondents working in Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region and Golf-Cooperation Countries (GCC) were used to test the proposed relationships. The proposed model proved to be fit. The hypotheses were supported, and implications were discussed.
Keywords: Green innovation ، Corporate environmental ethics ، Large scale data ، Human resource practices ، Management commitment ، environmental and economic performance
FDI technology spillovers in the mining industry: Lessons from South Africas mining sector
خروجی های تکنولوژی FDI در صنعت معدن: درس های بخش معدن آفریقای جنوبی-2018
Resource-rich countries are increasingly aiming to benefit from technology and knowledge spillovers in their extractive industries. In order to enhance knowledge spillovers, host country governments require natural re sources companies to hire and train local workers, to engage in supplier development programs, and to be active in cooperative research agreements with local partners. Based on the South African innovation survey, this paper shows that companies active in the natural resources sector will more likely introduce product or process in novations if they engage in cooperative research agreements with foreign customers or suppliers. Furthermore, compared to mining companies and downstream firms, mining suppliers are more likely to introduce product innovations that are new to the market. Furthermore, the absorptive capacity of firms, proxied by a firms own investment in R&D is an important determinant of both product and process innovations by firms in the mining sector. Finally, firms with more skilled workers will more likely introduce new or significantly improved ser vices.
Keywords: Foreign direct investment ،Extractive industries ، Multinational enterprises ، Technology transfer ، Spillovers ، Mining R&D
The strategic fit between innovation strategies and business environment in delivering business performance
تناسب استراتژیک بین استراتژی های نوآوری و محیط کسب و کار در ارائه عملکرد کسب و کار-2016
This paper examines the role business environments (in terms of dynamism and competitiveness) as contingency factors which affect the effectiveness of different types of innovation strategies (in terms of product and process) in delivering business performance. Using the data of 207 manufacturing ﬁrms in Australia, this study shows that dynamic environments strengthen the effect of product innovation on business performance. Competitive environments, on the other hand, weaken the effect of product innovation on business performance, but strengthen the effect of process innovation on business per- formance. Overall, this study demonstrates the strategic ﬁt between dynamism and product innovation strategy as well as between competitiveness and process innovation strategy. On the other hand, com- petitiveness also shows a strategic mismatch with product innovation. The theoretical and practical implications are discussed.& 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Innovation strategies | Business environment | Strategic fit | Business performance
تناسب استراتژیک بین استراتژی های نوآوری و محیط کسب و کار در ارائه عملکرد کسب و کار
سال انتشار: 2016 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 9 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 34
این مقاله نقش محیط های کسب و کار را (در زمینه های پویایی و رقابتی بودن) به عنوان عوامل وقوع که میزان اثرگذاری انواع مختلف راهبردهای نوآوری (در زمینه های محصول و فرآیند) را در ارائه عملکرد کسب و کار، تحت تاثیر قرار می دهد، بررسی می کند. با استفاده از داده های 207 شرکت ساخت و تولید در استرالیا، این تحقیق نشان می دهد که محیط های پویا، تاثیر نوآوری محصول را بر روی عملکرد کسب و کار، قوی تر می کند. از سوی دیگر، محیط های رقابتی، تاثیر نوآوری محصول را بر روی عملکرد کسب و کار، ضعیف تر می کند، اما تاثیر نوآوری فرآیند را بر روی عملکرد کسب و کار محکم تر می کند. به طور کلی، این تحقیق، وجود تناسب راهبردی بین راهبردهای نوآوری در پویایی و نوآوری درمحصول و نیز بین راهبردهای رقابتی بودن و نوآوری در فرآیند را نشان می دهد. از سوی دیگر، رقابتی بودن همچنین وجود یک ناهماهنگی راهبردی با نوآوری محصول را نشان می دهد. دلالت های تئوریکی و عملی، بحث خواهند شد.
کلیدواژه ها: راهبردهای نوآوری | محیط کسب و کار | تناسب راهبردی | عملکرد کسب و کار
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نوآوری های تکنولوژیکی و غیر تکنولوژیکی، عملکرد و گرایش به نوآوری در صنایع: یک مورد ازاقتصاد نوظهور
سال انتشار: 2016 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 12 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 40
نوآوری در یک شرکت ممکن است هم غیر تکنولوژیکی باشد , مانند نواوری سازمانی و نوآوری بازاریابی، و هم میتواند تکنولووژی و یا فن آوری، مانند محصول و فرآیند نوآوری باشد . هدف این مقاله، بررسی این موضوع است که چگونه انواع مختلف نوآوری بر توسعه نوآوری شرکت ها در صنایع تاثیر میگزارند. ما شیلی را به عنوان یک زمینه بازار در حال ظهور انتخاب کردیم. نتایج ما نشان می دهند که تنها نوآوری محصول است که به طور قابل توجهی عملکرد نوآوری را در صنایع تحت تاثیر قرار میدهد.با این حال، انواع مختلف نوآوری ها , به صورت متفاوتی تحت تاثیر فن آوری و موارد غیر فنی قرار دارند . ما در مورد اینگونه از مفاهیم برای مدیران و سیاستگذاران در اقتصادهای نوظهور، که در آن داده ها برای توسعه مدل سیاست جدید و افزایش اثر نوآوری غیر فنی در عملکرد های ابتکاری , کمیاب هستند , بحث میکنیم .
کلیدواژه ها: نوآوری در فناوری | نوآوری غیر فنی | عملکرد نوآورانه | گرایش به نوآوری | اقتصادهای پدید آمده
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