The potential of simulations for developing multiple learning outcomes: The student perspective
پتانسیل شبیه سازی برای ایجاد نتایج یادگیری چندگانه: دیدگاه دانشجو-2020
One of the main challenges for higher education study plans in business, management and economics is to go beyond traditional teaching models to foster skills development, and to de- velop interdisciplinary approaches to enhance education for sustainable development. This ar- ticle presents an innovative classroom activity for advancing multiple learning outcomes in economics courses, and measures student perceptions about how useful simulations can be to develop these key learning outcomes. It consists of a simulation in which students represent different countries and carry out international exchanges to implement a set of public policies, attempting to improve their overall social and economic performance through the lens of the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals. Overall, the findings suggest that students perceived the simulation as a very productive tool to develop multiple learning outcomes. They considered it particularly useful with regard to improving their knowledge acquisition, problem solving, critical thinking and interpersonal skills. They also stated that role-play activities are an effective way to enhance affective-learning outcomes. This simulation is suitable to be implemented in different economics courses, such as international political economy, international economics and other regional economics courses. It could also be adapted to several classroom settings with groups of different sizes.
Keywords: Simulation | Role-play | Problem-based | International economics | Sustainable development goals | 2030 agenda
Family business succession: Analysis of the drivers of success based on entrepreneurship theory
جانشینی مشاغل خانوادگی: تحلیل عوامل محرک موفقیت براساس تئوری کارآفرینی-2020
This study explores family business succession. In this study, succession is compared to the concept of oppor- tunity versus necessity entrepreneurship. The motivations of successors when they enter the succession process are examined to identify different conditions for family business success and sustainability. The influence of context is also considered. This study is based on multilevel research and a multidisciplinary perspective. Fuzzy- set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) is applied to a sample of 383 observations from 6 countries (Portugal, Italy, Greece, Cyprus, North Macedonia, and Bulgaria) spanning 2 regions: southern European Mediterranean countries (Portugal, Italy, Greece, and Cyprus) and southern Slavic countries (North Macedonia and Bulgaria). The interplay between personal characteristics of the successor, organizational characteristics of the family business, and context produces different patterns that lead to different outcomes in the succession processes of family businesses. The results are important to strengthen family business theory and identify the conditions that best promote the future growth and sustainability of family businesses. The results are also important to promote country-specific public policies that may create better conditions for successors in family businesses to succeed.
Keywords: Family business | Succession | Successors’ motivation | Opportunity succession | Necessity succession | Entrepreneurship
Message framing to reduce stigma and increase support for policies to improve the wellbeing of people with prior drug convictions
قالب بندی پیام برای کاهش بیماری روانی و افزایش حمایت از سیاست های بهبود رفاه افراد با محکومیت قبلی دارویی-2020
Background: Individuals with drug convictions are at heightened risk of poor health, due in part to punitive public policies. This study tests the effects of message frames on: (1) public stigma towards individuals with felony drug convictions and (2) support for four policies in the United States (U.S.) affecting social determinants of health: mandatory minimum sentencing laws, ‘ban-the-box’ employment laws, and restrictions to supplemental nutrition and public housing programs. Methods: A randomized experiment (n = 3,758) was conducted in April 2018 using a nationally representative online survey panel in the U.S. Participants were randomized to a no-exposure arm or one of nine exposure arms combining: (1) a description of the consequences of incarceration and community reentry framed in one of three ways: a public safety issue, a social justice issue or having an impact on the children of incarcerated individuals, (2) a narrative description of an individual released from prison, and (3) a picture depicting the race of the narrative subject. Logistic regression was used to assess effects of the frames. Results: Social justice and the impact on children framing lowered social distance measures and increased support for ban-the-box laws. Conclusion: These findings can inform the development of communication strategies to reduce stigma and advocacy efforts to support the elimination of punitive polices towards individuals with drug convictions.
Keywords: Stigma | Messaging | Policy | Criminal justice
Influence of institutional economics on firm birth and death: A comparative analysis of hospitality and other industries
تأثیر اقتصاد نهادی بر تولد و مرگ محکم: یک تحلیل مقایسه ای از مهمان نوازی و سایر صنایع-2020
This paper investigates how public policies, such as taxes and regulations inﬂuence ﬁrm formation (birth) and closure (death) in the hospitality and other industries in the United States (US), using an institutional economics approach and the dimensions of the Economic Freedom of North America (EFNA) index. The literature has been scant when it comes to examining the eﬀects of policies of formal institutions on ﬁrms’ birth and death in the hospitality industry, and whether these eﬀects in hospitality diﬀer from those of other sectors. The study uses panel data from government sources and the EFNA dimensions and applies cross-sectional dependence and unit root tests, followed by a panel generalized least square approach for the analysis. Our ﬁndings show that components of economic freedom have varying eﬀects on ﬁrms’ birth and death. The study provides practical contributions for policymakers and managers by improving the understanding of ﬁrm births and deaths in the US.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship | Hospitality industry | Economic | freedom | Institutional economics | Firm birth and death | Public policies
Stakeholders’ role in entrepreneurship education and training programmes with impacts on regional development
نقش سهامداران در برنامه های آموزش و آموزش کارآفرینی با تأثیر بر توسعه منطقه ای-2020
This studys main objective was to understand major stakeholders role in entrepreneurship education and training programmers and these entities perceptions of the programmers impacts on regional development. This research involved semi-structured interviews with different stakeholders participating in an entrepreneurship education and training programmers in a low-density region. The results show, first, that stakeholders active participation in entrepreneurship programmers is important to ensure their sustainability. Second, the creation of a network among these stakeholders is fundamental to ensuring more interaction and closer proximity with participating entrepreneurs. Last, entrepreneurship education and training programmers can have a number of impacts on low-density regions, including, among others, local investment and the creation of new businesses, jobs and specialized services. This studys results contribute to a deeper understanding of the importance of entrepreneurship education and training programmers to regional development, as well as advancing the evolution of stakeholder and network theories. Regarding practical implications, the findings are expected to serve as an incentive for governments to develop public policies promoting entrepreneurship and related education programmers. The results further highlight the need to involve different regional stakeholders in entrepreneurship programmers that generate new businesses with positive impacts on local and regional development.
Keywords: Stakeholders | Network | Entrepreneurship programmers | Regional development
Entrepreneurship, innovation and competitiveness: A public institution love triangle
کارآفرینی ، نوآوری و رقابت: یک مثلث عاشقانه نهاد عمومی -2020
Diverse and different research studies have approached the impact of the quality of public institutions on entrepreneurship, innovation and competitiveness. However, this relationship has not hitherto been subject to simultaneous study but rather only separately. In turn, our research thus holds the objective of simultaneously evaluating the impact of the quality of public institutions on entrepreneurship, innovation and competitiveness based on data aggregated at the OECD member state level. We therefore seek to demonstrate how the higher the perceptions of public institution quality held by individuals, the higher the indices of entrepreneurship, innovation and competitiveness. To this end, we deploy data collected from various sources, specifically the United Nations (UN), the World Bank (WB), the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), World Economic Forum (WEF), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and Freedom House (FH), for the years between 2006 and 2018 (13 years). For the analysis of this data, we apply an econometric methodology based on multiple regression models for unbalanced panel data. We may thus report that the higher the perception of quality of public institutions, the greater the level of the variables applied for entrepreneurship, innovation and competitiveness. We believe our empirical results contain important implications whether for researchers, politicians and decision-makers involved in drafting public policies.
Keywords: Competitiveness | Econometric analysis | Entrepreneurship | GEM | Innovation | ECD | Public institutions
Privacy-aware Big Data Analytics as a service for public health policies in smart cities
تجزیه و تحلیل داده های بزرگ تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات خصوصی به عنوان یک سرویس برای سیاست های بهداشت عمومی در شهرهای هوشمند-2018
Smart cities make use of a variety of technologies, protocols, and devices to support and improve the quality of everyday activities of their inhabitants. An important aspect for the development of smart cities are innovative public policies, represented by requirements, actions, and plans aimed at reaching a specific goal for improving the societys welfare. With the advent of Big Data, the definition of such policies could be improved and reach an unprecedented effectiveness on several dimensions, e.g., social or economic. On the other hand, however, the safeguard of the privacy of its citizens is part of the quality of life of a smart city. In this paper, we focus on balancing quality of life and privacy protection in smart cities by providing a new Big Data-assisted public policy making process implementing privacy-by-design. The proposed approach is based on a Big Data Analytics as a Service approach, which is driven by a Privacy Compliance Assessment derived from the European Unions GDPR, and discussed in the context of a public health policy making process.
Keywords: Big Data , Privacy , Public policy making
Big data and public policies: Opportunities and challenges
داده های بزرگ و سیاست های عمومی: فرصت ها و چالش ها-2018
Big data are often presented as a strategic opportunity for the design of new public policies, improving the quality and effectiveness of public services and using resources more efficiently. The paper discusses such opportunities and identifies a few open questions.
Keywords: Public policy design ، Public value ، Big data ، Personal policies
A framework for conflict analysis in spatial planning for tourism
چارچوبی برای تجزیه و تحلیل جنگ در برنامه ریزی فضایی برای گردشگری-2017
The perspectives of diverse stakeholders on spatial planning and tourism development, on one hand, and natural values conservation, on the other, often lead to conflicts. An in-depth analysis of the sources of conflict is crucial for developing the appropriate strategies to manage them. This paper specifically addresses the current conflicts between tourism development and land use planning and natural values management. For this purpose, a case study was carried out on the Troia-Melides Coast (Portugal), a coastal area rich in natural values and currently under pressure from real estate and tourist developers. Interviews were carried out with 26 key-stakeholders. Based on the theoretical framework of Moores model, a broad and integrated overview of these conflicts is presented. Conflicts are categorized as follows: institutional organization, public policies and legislation, power, others structural constraints (e.g. time and resources), information and stakeholders interests, values and re lationship.
Keywords: Conflict analysis | stakeholders interests | Tourism development | Land use conflict | Spatial planning | Conflict management
Reciprocal effect of tourist destinations on the strength of national tourism brands
اثر متقابل مقصد توریستی بر قدرت مارک های گردشگری ملی-2017
The assignment of a brand to a product affects consumers perceptions not only about the product, but also about the brand itself. The reciprocal effect of the product on its brand can be either positive or negative. Extending the concept of reciprocal effect to a new context, this study analyzed how con sumers perceptions about tourist destinations can affect the national tourism brand. An experiment showed that destinations leading to attitudes that are more positive than the average can strengthen the national tourism brand, while destinations leading to attitudes below the average can weaken it. Brand dilution can happen even when the outcome is effective from the destinations perspective. Because of the reciprocal effect, the determination of public policies in the destination level is usually inefficient from the countrys perspective. These results reinforce the need for national brand governance.
Keywords: Tourism marketing | Country brand | Tourism brand | Reciprocal effect