COVID-19 pandemic related supply chain studies: A systematic review
مطالعات زنجیره تامین مرتبط با همه گیری COVID-19 : مرور سیستماتیک-2021
The global spread of the novel coronavirus, also known as the COVID-19 pandemic, has had a devastating impact on supply chains. Since the pandemic started, scholars have been researching and publishing their studies on the various supply-chain-related issues raised by COVID-19. However, while the number of articles on this subject has been steadily increasing, due to the absence of any systematic literature reviews, it remains unclear what aspects of this disruption have already been studied and what aspects still need to be investigated. The present study systematically reviews existing research on the COVID-19 pandemic in supply chain disciplines. Through a rigorous and systematic search, we identify 74 relevant articles published on or before 28 September 2020. The synthesis of the findings reveals that four broad themes recur in the published work: namely, impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, resilience strategies for managing impacts and recovery, the role of technology in implementing resilience strategies, and supply chain sustainability in the light of the pandemic. Alongside the synthesis of the findings, this study describes the methodologies, context, and theories used in each piece of research. Our analysis reveals that there is a lack of empirically designed and theoretically grounded studies in this area; hence, the generalizability of the findings, thus far, is limited. Moreover, the analysis reveals that most studies have focused on supply chains for high-demand essential goods and healthcare products, while low-demand items and SMEs have been largely ignored. We also re- view the literature on prior epidemic outbreaks and other disruptions in supply chain disciplines. By considering the findings of these articles alongside research on the COVID-19 pandemic, this study offers research questions and directions for further investigation. These directions can guide scholars in designing and conducting impactful research in the field.
Keywords: Supply chain disciplines | COVID-19 pandemic | Supply chain disruptions | Epidemic outbreaks | Literature review
The adoption of supply chain service platforms for organizational performance: Evidences from Chinese catering organizations
The adoption of supply chain service platforms for organizational performance: Evidences from Chinese catering organizations-2021
Supply chain service platforms (SCSP) are playing an increasingly crucial role in improving the competitiveness of organizations in the digital economy. Little, however, is known about the critical factors to the adoption of SCSP in organizations for improving their performance. Drawing upon three domain theories in technology adoption in organizations including the technology-organization-environment framework, the innovation diffusion theory, and the interorganizational relationship theory, this study proposes and validates a research model for better understanding the critical factors to the adoption of SCSP using the survey data from 228 Chinese catering organizations. The study shows that organizational resources and external pressures have a significant direct impact on SCSP adoption in organizations. It reveals that perceived platform value fully mediates the effect of external pressures and partially mediates the effect of organizational resources on SCSP adoption. Furthermore, the study finds out that there is a significant positive association between SCSP adoption and organizational performance. This study contributes to better understanding of SCSP adoption in organizations in their active pursuit of sustainable performance.
Keywords: Supply chain service platforms | Technology adoption | Perceived platform value | Catering supply chains | SMEs | Sustainable organizational performance
Energy costs information in manufacturing companies: A systematic literature review
اطلاعات مربوط به هزینه های انرژی در شرکت های تولیدی: بررسی منظم ادبیات-2020
Accurate, detailed, and up-to-date information on energy costs is crucial for energy management in manufacturing companies. Yet, to what extent is such energy costs information actually available and used? This study reviews empirical information provided in papers published in research journals about the availability and use of energy costs information in manufacturing companies. The study aims to focus both on energy-intensive companies as well as non-energy-intensive companies, and also to distinguish between the practices of small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) vs. large companies. The literature review covers 23 journals in the fields of business, accounting, energy, and engineering, leading to the final sample that includes 51 papers for the analysis. Most studies in this sample concern energyintensive and large companies. The most striking result is that with only few exceptions, almost no studies provide a nuanced description of how measuring and allocating energy costs is being done. For example, almost no studies investigate specific cost allocation bases, the accuracy of cost allocations, or differentiation between first-stage allocation and second-stage allocation. Nevertheless, the overall impression is that many manufacturing companies resort to imprecise methods for measuring and allocating energy costs. They seem to lack much of the cost information necessary for energy management, such as information needed for improving energy efficiency, evaluating energy efficiency improvement investments, and holding managers accountable for energy efficiency.
Keywords: Energy cost information | Energy metering | Energy cost allocation | Manufacturing companies | Energy management | Systematic literature review
Family-related antecedents of business legality: An empirical investigation among Italian family owned SMEs
پیشینیان قانونی بودن مشاغل مربوط به خانواده: تحقیق تجربی در میان شرکت های متوسط و متوسط متعلق به خانواده ایتالیایی-2020
We investigate the relationship between family-related factors in family owned businesses and the level of business legality, which is a key dimension of corporate social responsibility, surprisingly neglected despite its business and social relevance. By adopting the ability and willingness perspective, and merging it with signaling theory, we consider family involvement in management and generational stage as key antecedents of legal behavior in family owned businesses. We utilize an official legality rating recently developed by the Italian Competition Authority to build a unique dataset of 161 Italian family owned SMEs. Results from a regression analysis confirm our hypotheses: business legality increases with higher levels of family involvement in management, and at later generational stages.
Keywords: Business legality | Family business | Family management | Generational stage | Corporate social responsibility
اجرای فناوری صنعت 4:0 در SMEs - یک مرور در منطقه مرزی دانمارک و آلمان
سال انتشار: 2020 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 9 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 22
صنعت 4.0 ، که به عنوان چهارمین فناوری تحول برای سیستم های فیزیکی دیجیتال در تولید شناخته شده ، تأثیر مخربی بر صنایع ایجاد می کند. شرکت های تولیدی ، به ویژه شرکت های کوچک و متوسط ، با چالش های مختلفی روبرو هستند و برای ادامه رقابت باید دائماً نوآوری داشته باشند. یکی از راه های نوآوری ، اجرای فناوری های جدید در فرایندهای شرکت است. در این مطالعه ، ما چگونگی ارتباط فناوری ، شرکت و صنعت در ارتباط با اجرای صنعت 4.0 در SME ها را بررسی می کنیم. داده ها را از طریق نظرسنجی با تمرکز بر صنعت 4.0 در SME جمع آوری کردیم. نتایج نشان داد که دانش و مزایای مورد انتظار فناوری، محرکی برای اجرای فناوری های صنعت 4.0 هستند. همچنین نتایج نشان داد که به احتمال زیاد، شرکتهای دارای سطح بالایی از اتوماسیون فرآیند و تنوع بالای محصول ، فناوریهای صنعت 4.0 را اجرای می کنند. این مطالعه درک بهتری از وضعیت ، چالش ها و برنامه های اجرای صنعت 4.0 در SME ها ایجاد می کند ، که از توسعه ابزارها و سیستم های تولید مناسب SME و درک مدیران صنعت و سیاست گذاران از فناوری های صنعت 4.0 پشتیبانی می کند.
صنعت 4.0 | SME ها | پیاده سازی فناوری | مرور-بررسی
|مقاله ترجمه شده|
Entrepreneurship in marketing: Socializing partners for brand governance in EM firms
کارآفرینی در بازاریابی: معاشرت شرکای حاکمیت برند در شرکت های EM-2020
We present case studies of opportunity exploration and exploitation in two small, established Entrepreneurial Marketing ﬁrms who actively build online and oﬄine partnerships with a range of stakeholders. We use ef- fectuation principles to explore the use of the relational norms of trust, selection, solidarity, information ex- change and ﬂexibility within the ﬁrms, considering these as mechanisms used by the organization to socialise their partners. We examine the way ﬁrms vary their emphasis on trust, selection, solidarity and information exchange in line with the nature and importance of the partnership, and how each contributes to opportunity exploration. We also examine how ﬂexibility enables the exploitation of opportunities validated as having po- tential. Finally, we present a theoretical framework based on our results along with propositions for future research. Contributions are made to entrepreneurial marketing, eﬀectuation, and brand governance literatures.
Keywords: Entrepreneurial marketing | Socialization | Effectuation Relational norms | Brand governance | SMEs
We survived this! What managers could learn from SMEs who successfully navigated the Greek economic crisis
ما از این جان سالم به در بردیم! آنچه مدیران می توانند از شرکتهای متوسط و متوسطی که با موفقیت در بحران اقتصادی یونان پیموده اند بیاموزند-2020
Small and medium size enterprises in both business to business and consumer markets are particularly vulnerable to economic downturns. Concentrating on the Greek economic crisis, one of the toughest and most prolonged on a global scale, the present research sheds light on both anthropocentric and business-centric factors that helped SMEs survive, therefore, providing a valuable survival manual. Per findings of two studies performed under the given economically intense conditions, it is evidenced that the right answer to survival rests upon: (a) the entrepreneurs personality traits and skills that affect the market and entrepreneurial orientations of SMEs,(b) the adoption of such orientations that keep impacting the firms performance, and finally (c) the implementation of strategy relevant to reaching higher quality standards for products and services, combined with tactics relevant to downsizing, marketing actions, extroversion, and financial management.
Keywords: Market orientation | Entrepreneurial orientation | Personality traits | SMEs | Economic crisis
Framework for Sustainable Risk Management in the Manufacturing Sector
چارچوبی برای مدیریت پایدار ریسک در بخش تولید-2020
Due to increasing customization and complexity of products and shorter product lifecycles, companies need a more flexible and cost-effective product development as well as new business models to stay competitive. Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) systems help to address this need, spanning from conceptualization to the end of a products life. While technologies to connect production and product data have been developed and described as “Industrial Internet of Things” (IIoT), most established Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) systems cannot efficiently process these data and implementing PLM systems successfully is both a technical and a business challenge. This contribution presents a closed-loop PLM system at the Digital Capability Center (DCC) Aachen that ensures visibility and traceability with a virtual single source of truth, and a corresponding capability building workshop. The capability building workshop is based on interviews and a survey assessing companies’ challenges with regard to PLM. It consists of practical, immersive exercises supported by theoretical foundations to help senior and middle management understand the benefits of IIoT-enabled PLM systems, the importance of connected IT-systems and systematic implementation strategies.© 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/) Peer-review under responsibility of the scientific committee of the 10th Conference on Learning Factories 2020.
Keywords; Risk Management | Manufacturing | Framework | Bayesian Belief Network | SMES | Software | Performance
Framework for Sustainable Risk Management in the Manufacturing Sector
چارچوبی برای مدیریت پایدار ریسک در بخش تولید-2020
Risk management is a huge challenge for business managers especially in the manufacturing engineering sector, and if not proactively controlled can lead to under performance and sometimes cessation of activities for some companies. It is common knowledge that poorly managed risks can have an adverse effect on performance while proactive and systematic control of key risk variables in a business environment could generate successful outcomes. The work carried out here has developed a framework for risk management affordable and suitable for use especially by small and medium size enterprises in the manufacturing sector. Using a combination of Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) and Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) search algorithms, it was possible to search and identify key risk indicators that could undermine business performance (measured in terms of cost, time, quality and safety) from a system database, and thereby manage (monitor, identify, analyse, reduce, accept or reject their impact) them. The conclusion drawn from the study is that risk management for a manufacturing process can be successfully achieved if risk factors which have a negative impact on project cost, quality of delivery, lead cycle and takt time and health and safety of workers can be identified using BBN and minimised using the framework developed in this study.
Keywords: Risk Management | Manufacturing | Framework | Bayesian Belief Network | SMES | Software | Performance
Big Data Management Using Ontologies for CPQ Solutions
مدیریت داده های بزرگ با استفاده از هستی شناسی برای راه حل های CPQ-2020
In recent years, due to a progressive complexity of handling and processing business data, proper big data management has become a challenge, especially for SMEs that have limited resources for investing in the requested business transformation process. As a solution, we suggest an ontology-based CPQ software approach, where we show how the implementation of semantic technologies and ontologies affects data integration processes. We also propose a method called “ontology-based data matching”, which allows the semiautomatic generation of alignments used to formalize the coherence between ontologies. The proposed method will ensure consistency during integration, significantly improving the productivity of enterprises.© 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)Peer-review under responsibility of the scientific committee of the 5th International Conference on System-Integrated Intelligence.
Keywords: CPQ | Semantic Technologies | Ontologies | Ontology Matching | Data Quality