The business model of Do-It-Yourself (DIY) laboratories – A triple-layered perspective
مدل تجاری آزمایشگاه های خودت انجام بده (DIY) - یک دیدگاه سه لایه-2020
As the question of funding for DIY laboratories remains a matter of central interest for the ﬁnancial sustainability of laboratories, this paper studies Do-It-Yourself (DIY) laboratories from the under-researched business model and management perspective. We have applied the triple-layered business model canvas (TLBMC) to explore and understand DIY laboratories from the economic, environmental, and social value creation aspects. Based on our comprehensive literature review and exploratory case studies, our research ﬁndings reveal that DIY laboratories are essentially technology hubs oﬀering technology enthusiasts and entrepreneurs physical and social spaces and business incubation to help them survive and thrive. Engaged with all the Triple Helix stakeholders, DIY la- boratories oﬀer a platform of science innovation and technology incubation at the grassroots level for technology entrepreneurs to grow economically, socially, and sustainably.
Keywords: DIY laboratories | Business model | Triple Helix model
The social - market convergence in a renewable energy social enterprise
همگرایی بازار اجتماعی در یک شرکت اجتماعی با انرژی های تجدید پذیر-2020
The paper examines how the market and social logics which are supposedly counter to each other, converge into one rather than being two distinctive sets of actions, in the actions of a renewable energy social enterprise in an emerging economy context. To provide a foundation, the research draws upon literature on renewable energy, social entrepreneurship, market orientation, and social value creation. A qualitative in-depth case study research design with inductive theory-building approach for grounded theory development was conducted with two socially and environmentally inclusive renewable energy social enterprises in rural India. This resulted in a novel framework on a converging process comprising of: (a) Involved Searching, (b) Dialogic Localizing, and (c) Engaged Implementing. First, there is ‘involved searching’, where insights are generated through involved interactions for searching problematized contextual realities. Then, there is ‘dialogic localizing’, where insights are shared and acted upon through dialogically inclusive and localized solving. Finally, there is ‘engaged implementing’, where solutions are implemented through honest convincing and engaging mutuality. The ﬁndings make a novel contribu- tion towards: (a) Going beyond the duality perspective and revealing social entrepreneurship as a phenomenon where the social and the market converge as an articulated whole, (b) Advancing hybrid organizing as a converging action with trappings of social value creation and market orientation, and (c) Revealing the potential of renewable energy social enterprises in blending the social and the market while working towards a sustainable environment.© 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Renewable energy | Social entrepreneurship | Social enterprise | Market orientation | Social value creation