Climate Change Policy and Entrepreneurial Opportunities
سیاست تغییر اقلیم و فرصتهای کارآفرینی-2020
In the current era, the new climate change policy -based on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)- is the inspiration for many types of entrepreneurship which combine value creation with conservation and social protection. In order to obtain a radiography of the European entrepreneurship associated to climate change policy, this paper proposes a study of 22 European countries between the years 2014 and 2017. This sample is obtained from two worthy databases -Eurostat and Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM)- and some variables as contribution to the international 100bn USD commitment on climate related expending, eco-innovation ratio and total entrepreneurial activity (TEA) are used for identifying this kind of sustainable entrepreneurship. Logit modeling is the methodology used for relating the impact of circular economy to entrepreneurial opportunities. This paper concludes that: sustainable entrepreneurship in Europe does not follow a unique model due to the opportunities of Climate change are not taken advance of the same way.
Keywords: Climate change | Circular economy | Sustainability and entrepreneurship
The evolution of founder identity as an authenticity work process
تکامل هویت بنیانگذار به عنوان یک فرایند کار اصالت-2020
Research has shown founders identities have a significant impact on their ventures. Yet, the process through which founder identity evolves and takes shape remains relatively unexplained. This paper explores the evolution of founder identity through a qualitative study of first-time sustainable entrepreneurs, and their stakeholders, over a three years period. Our analysis revealed the importance of personal identity, the aspect of the self that defines a person as a unique individual based largely on values and beliefs. We found that first-time founders sought to align their personal identity with their evolving founder identity over time. Based on these findings we theorize a process model of founder authenticity work, defined as the activities founders engage in to feel and seem authentic while engaged in entrepreneurial action. This study thus details the significance of personal identity as a guidepost for founder identity evolution, complementing extant founder identity studies focused on role and social identities. In addition, our analysis enriches the current conceptualization of authenticity in entrepreneurship research by linking it to validation of personal identity and highlighting its negotiated nature in the evolution of authentic founder identities.
Keywords: Founder identity | Personal identity | Authenticity | Sustainable entrepreneurship | Qualitative methods
Exploring entrepreneurship related to the sustainable development goals - mapping new venture activities with semi-automated content analysis
کاوش در مورد کارآفرینی مرتبط با اهداف توسعه پایدار - نقشه برداری از فعالیت های جدید با تجزیه و تحلیل محتوای نیمه خودکار-2020
It is widely agreed that humanity faces major sustainability challenges that require immediate action. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) are the most recent political call for action in this direction. In this study, we examine what role entrepreneurship in Germany plays in achieving the German SDGs. Thus, we pick up the discussion on sustainable entrepreneurship as a lever for change and search for empirical evidence that entrepreneurs in Germany identify and develop opportunities along the entire SDG spectrum. For our study, we examined a total of 193 venture competitions in Germany, collected data on a total of 588 rewarded ventures and used a semi-automated content analysis process to allocate those ventures to the main 17 SDGs based on their business activities. With our work offer a scalable and repeatable approach to map SDG related activity of new ventures, and we provide a detailed analysis of Germanys entrepreneurship landscape along the 17 SDGs. We found a very heterogeneous distribution of entrepreneurial activities along the goals, but also signiﬁcant correlations between multiple goals that are frequently addressed jointly. Contrasting entrepreneurial activity along the SDGs with the national overall SDG performance of Germany we identiﬁed multiple SDGs that are rarely addressed by entrepreneurs despite strong needs for improvements. The identiﬁed patterns constitute a starting point for additional research on the potential of SDG related entrepreneurship and they direct policy makers and entrepreneurs where they can make the largest contribution to the SDGs.© 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship | Sustainable development goals | Startups | Content analysis
Sustainable entrepreneurship: Review of its evolution and new trends
Sustainable entrepreneurship: Review of its evolution and new trends-2020
Entrepreneurship has been recognized as a mechanism with which to generate economic beneﬁts. However, due to the emergence of the concept of sustainable development as a pressing issue that is affecting the current global system, it has been pointed out that entrepreneurship should not be based solely on generating wealth. This brought about the emergence of the sustainable entrepreneurship notion which has received rapidly increasing attention in the last decade. This proliferation of studies has resulted in a lack of a theoretical framework, so this ﬁeld needs to be analyzed, organized and synthe- tized to bring clarity. The aim of this study is to provide a bibliometric analysis of the status of the ﬁeld, recognize main topics from existing research and establish future challenges for research. The results based on a sample of 216 articles show that the number of published articles and citations has grown constantly, especially in the last two years. Through bibliometric performance indicators, the most productive and relevant journals, countries, institutions and authors are presented. Moreover, through graphic mapping of strategic diagrams, this study identiﬁes the most signiﬁcant research tendencies enabling the proposal of several future research directions. The ﬁndings of this research can be useful for novel and senior sustainable entrepreneurship researchers, as it contributes to bringing clarity to this ﬁeld by providing a complementary overview of the evolution and current status, as well as to ﬁnding a comprehensive, synthesized and organized summary of the diverse deﬁnitions, perspectives and research trends.© 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Sustainable entrepreneurship | Sustainopreneurship | Bibliometric analysis | Evolution | Research trends
The impact of values and future orientation on intention formation within sustainable entrepreneurship
تأثیر ارزش ها و جهت گیری آینده در شکل گیری قصد در کارآفرینی پایدار-2020
Intentions have been identiﬁed as one of the main drivers of sustainable entrepreneurial opportunity recognition and ultimately activity. However, research has not provided sufﬁcient explanation for how the inherent complexities of simultaneously generating social, environmental and economic value as well as considering the needs of future generations might inﬂuence the intention formation process of sustainable entrepreneurs. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate the impacts of values and future orientation on said intention formation process. This study uses structural equation modeling to quantitatively analyze an adapted model of the theory of planned behavior based on survey data of 407 students collected within two European countries. The empirical results highlight the importance of self- transcending values and future orientation to understand attitudes towards sustainable entrepreneur- ship. Attitudes and perceived behavioral control, in turn, positively inﬂuence intentions to become a sustainable entrepreneur. On a practical note, the results suggest that educational and other practitioners could stimulate sustainable entrepreneurial intentions through value activation strategies to raise atti- tudes. It is further recommended that, as a matter of policy, governmental programs should help strengthen subjective norms as a different route to stimulating intention formation.© 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Sustainable entrepreneurship | Theory of planned behavior | Intention formation | Value theory | Consideration of future consequences
Impacts of promoting sustainable entrepreneurship in generic business plan competitions
تأثیرات ارتقا کارآفرینی پایدار در مسابقات برنامه کسب و کار عمومی-2020
Entrepreneurs and start-ups are key actors in implementing environmental innovation and new approaches in cleaner production. Therefore, the integration of sustainability considerations in early phases of a new venture is important. Insights on how this can be effectively implemented in start-up support systems are scarce and represent a research gap. Business plan competitions (BPCs) constitute an important element in entrepreneurial support systems, and are a powerful force in driving entrepreneurial activity. Up till now, it is unclear whether BPCs can actually inﬂuence the sustainability orientation of participating entrepreneurs and the sustainability performance of their ventures. The purpose of this work is to clarify whether the integration of sustainability goals and considerations into generic BPCs has an impact on the business activities of participating entrepreneurs and start-up teams. For our investigation we conducted a survey of the more than 1000 participants in the Business Plan Wettbewerb Berlin Brandenburg, which is the oldest and biggest generic business plan competition in Germany. For the analysis we use a structural equation model and apply the partial-least-squares method. Findings reveal that the promotion of sustainability in generic BPCs have an impact on the integration of sustainability in start-up business activity. Thus, from a sustainability point of view it makes sense to explicitly integrate sustainability into the concrete support offerings of generic BPCs. Our research contributes to cleaner production research by providing new insights on context factors in early (seed and start-up) phases of a new venture.© 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-NDlicense (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: Sustainable entrepreneurship | Support system | Start-ups | Business plan competition | Structural equation modelling | Partial-least-squares method
Digital sustainable entrepreneurship: A business model perspective on embedding digital technologies for social and environmental value creation
کارآفرینی پایدار دیجیتال: چشم انداز مدل کسب و کار در تعبیه فن آوری های دیجیتال برای ایجاد ارزش اجتماعی و زیست محیطی-2020
This article explores how sustainable entrepreneurs embed digital technologies in their business models to leverage social and environmental value creation. To this end, we draw on the institutional logics perspective of sustainable business models. The article contributes to research on sustainable business models and entrepreneurship by showing that digital technologies enable novel conﬁgurations of sus- tainable business model components: a blended value proposition, integrative value creation, and multidimensional value capture. Moreover, we discuss the complementarities and tensions of a digital logic and logics of sustainability that clarify and advance the link between these concepts in an entre- preneurial context. This further adds to the theoretical development of sustainable business models as manifestations of multiple institutional logics. The article yields practical implications by describing possibilities and drawbacks of digital technologies for designing sustainable business models.© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-NDlicense (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: Sustainable entrepreneurship | Digitalization | Business model | Institutional logic | Technology | Tension
Entrepreneurship development and pedagogical gaps in entrepreneurial marketing education
توسعه کارآفرینی و شکافهای آموزشی در آموزش بازاریابی کارآفرینی-2020
In the age of automation and artificial intelligence, the need for sustainable entrepreneurship for job creation has significantly raised. For the development of sustainable entrepreneurship in recent years, business schools worldwide have recognised their roles, and started providing en- trepreneurship education (EE). Due to being in emerging phase, the EE at business schools is following pedagogic approaches that are not exclusively developed for entrepreneurship, and hence, not suitable with the practical entrepreneurial needs. This leaves graduates lacking in many types of entrepreneurial skill-sets. One of those key skill-sets is entrepreneurial marketing (EM), which is one of the most dominating problems for SME entrepreneurs for the survival and growth of their businesses. Furthermore, the literature highlights that lack of EM skill-set is also one of the leading causes of entrepreneurial failure. The failure of SME entrepreneurs not only discourages them, but also damages the initiatives taken by the governments and private in- stitutions for entrepreneurship development in the economies. Thus, considering the critical importance of EM education for the development of entrepreneurship, this paper has highlighted the pedagogical gaps in EM education, proposed future research avenues, and made practical implications for business schools’ academic authorities to upgrade their pedagogical models.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship development | Entrepreneurship education | Entrepreneurial marketing | SME entrepreneur | Entrepreneurial failure | Pedagogy | Theory-practice gap | Business school
Data Mining Approach in Evaluation of Sustainable Entrepreneurship
رویکرد داده کاوی در ارزیابی کارآفرینی پایدار-2020
In recent years, the concept of sustainable entrepreneurship has gained importance as a result of the growing importance of social and environmental activities undertaken by enterprises. Currently, such activities are an integral part of the functioning of enterprises, and their connection with traditionally understood entrepreneurship has contributed to the broader implementation of the concept of sustainable entrepreneurship. Under this concept, enterprises pursue various goals that include three groups: economic, ecological and social goals, with the last two groups being the subject of the study of this article. The article aims to present the results of the survey, their analysis and interpretation. The study focused on searching for similarities between enterprises and identifying on this basis specific characteristic behavioral patterns. Due to a large number of objects and features in the data set, we used Orange Data Mining. An approach to the analysis of survey data using the clustering method and visualization in the form of tables and charts were proposed—the analysis aimed at isolating the characteristic attitudes of enterprises in the implementation of social and environmental goals. The obtained results indicate the directions for improving their strategies in implementing the assumptions of the concept of sustainable entrepreneurship.© 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0)Peer-review under responsibility of the scientific committee of the KES International.* Corresponding author. Tel.: +0-000-000-0000 ; fax: +0-000-000-0000 .E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0) Peer-review under responsibility of the scientific committee of the KES International.10.1016/j.procs.2020.09.284
Keywords: clustering analysis | data mining | economical goals | social | ecological | enterprise | sustainable entrepreneurship
The dark side of sustainability orientation for SME performance
جنبه تاریک جهت گیری پایداری برای عملکرد SME-2020
This article examines how a ﬁrm’s willingness to make trade-offs that favour sustainability over commercial goals attenuates the relationship between ﬁrm-level sustainability orientation and subsequent performance. The hypothesis development draws on stakeholder theory and the literature on mission and revenue drifts, while the empirical analysis is based on two waves of original survey data on Finnish manufacturing SMEs. We ﬁnd that sustainability orientation is positively associated with performance only when the willingness to make sustainability trade-offs is low, whereas the relationship becomes negative when the willingness to make such trade-offs is high. Our ﬁndings thus suggest that the popular adage of doing well by doing good might only hold if doing good does not conﬂict with business interests. The results add to stakeholder theory by showing how conforming to stakeholder expectations can be good for business – but only if doing so does not seriously compromise the pursuit of proﬁts.
Keywords: Sustainable entrepreneurship | SME | Sustainability orientation | Sustainability trade-offs | Performance