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نتیجه جستجو - Translation

تعداد مقالات یافته شده: 79
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1 Ontological Approach for Semantic Modelling of Malay Translated Qur’an
رویکرد هستی‌شناختی برای مدل‌سازی معنایی قرآن ترجمه‌شده مالایی-2022
This thesis contributes to the areas of ontology development and analysis, natural language processing (NLP), Information Retrieval (IR) and Language Resource and Corpus Development. Research in Natural Language Processing and semantic search for English has shown successful results for more than a decade. However, it is difficult to adapt those techniques to the Malay language, because its complex morphology and orthographic forms are very different from English. Moreover, limited resources and tools for computational linguistic analysis are available for Malay. In this thesis, we address those issues and challenges by proposing MyQOS,the Malay Qur’an Ontology System, a prototype ontology-based IR with semantics for representing and accessing a Malay translation of the Qur’an. This supports the development of a semantic search engine and a question answering system and provides a framework for storing and accessing a Malay language corpus and providing computational linguistics resources. The primary use of MyQOS in the current research is for creating and improving the quality and accuracy of the query mechanism to retrieve information embedded in the Malay text of the Qur’an translation. To demonstrate the feasibility of this approach, we describe a new architecture of morphological analysis for MyQOS and query algorithms based on MyQOS. Data analysis that consisted of two measures; precision and recall, where data was obtained from MyQOS Corpus conducted in three search engines. The precision and recall for semantic search are 0.8409 (84%) and 0.8043(80%), double the results of the question answer search which are 0.4971(50%) for precision and 0.6027 (60%) for recall. The semantic search gives high precision and high recall comparing the other two methods. This indicates that semantic search returns more relevant results than irrelevant ones. To conclude, this research is among research in the retrieval of the Qur’an texts in the Malay language that managed to outline state-of-the-art information retrieval system models. Thus, the use of MyQOS will help Malay readers to understand the Qur’an in better ways. Furthermore, the creation of a Malay language corpus and computational linguistics resources will benefit other researchers, especially in religious texts, morphological analysis and semantic modelling.
مقاله انگلیسی
2 A Software Development Kit and Translation Layer for Executing Intel 8080 Assembler on a Quantum Computer (August 2022)
کیت توسعه نرم افزار و لایه ترجمه برای اجرای اسمبلر اینتل 8080 در رایانه کوانتومی (اوت 2022)-2022
One of the major obstacles to the adoption of quantum computing is the requirement to define quantum circuits at the quantum gate level. Many programmers are familiar with high-level or low-level programming languages but not quantum gates nor the low-level quantum logic required to derive useful results from quantum computers. The steep learning curve involved when progressing from quantum gates to complex simulations such as Shor’s algorithm has proven too much for many developers. The purpose of this article and the software presented within addresses this challenge by providing a Software Development Kit (SDK), translation layer, emulator, and a framework of techniques for executing Intel 8080/Z80 assembler on a quantum computer, i.e., all salient points of CPU execution, logic, arithmetic, and bitwise manipulation will be executed on the quantum computer using quantum circuits. This provides a novel means of displaying the equivalency and interoperability of quantum and classical computers. Developers and researchers can use the SDK to write code in Intel 8080/Z80 assembler which is executed locally via traditional emulation and remotely on a quantum computer in parallel. The emulator features side-by-side code execution with visibility of the running quantum circuit and reusable/overridable methods. This enables programmers to learn, reuse, and contrast techniques for performing any traditional CPU-based technique/instruction on a quantum computer, e.g., a programmer may know how to multiply and perform checks on a classical CPU but is not able to perform the same tasks in a quantum implementation, and this SDK allows the programmer to pick and choose the methods they would like to use to fulfil their requirements. The SDK makes use of open-source software, specifically Python and Qiskit for the emulation, translation, API calls, and execution of user-supplied code or binaries.
INDEX TERMS: Emulation | macro and assembly languages | processors | Qiskit | quantum computing | quantum gates | translation.
مقاله انگلیسی
3 Pain management for infants – Myths, misconceptions, barriers; knowledge and knowledge gaps
مدیریت درد برای نوزادان - افسانه ها، باورهای غلط، موانع؛ دانش و شکاف دانش-2021
Twelve years ago, the paper ‘Oral sucrose for pain management in infants: Myths and misconceptions’ was published in the Journal of Neonatal Nursing. At this time, eight myths or misconceptions were addressed. Since this time there has been more than 100 studies published reporting on analgesic effects of sweet solutions in newborns, which have been synthesised and included in systematic reviews. There has also been a growth of literature to support analgesic effects of breastfeeding and skin-to-skin care as well as concerning evidence of adverse long-term neurobehavioural outcomes associated with painful procedures. Yet, ongoing studies of pain management practices continue to report inconsistent use of these strategies during painful procedures. We are therefore at a cross-roads of evidence – there is knowledge of effective treatments, knowledge of harm of untreated pain, yet sick, premature as well as healthy infants are continuing to be exposed to painful procedures with no effective treatment. There are however ongoing myths, misconceptions, and practical barriers to using the evidence as well as ongoing knowledge gaps. This paper will therefore highlight existing myths, misconceptions, barriers and current knowledge gaps to using the three key evidence-based pain management strategies of breastfeeding, skin-to-skin care and sweet solutions, in the hope that this will bring to light newborn infant pain treatment practices that can be improved.
keywords: پرستاری | نوزاد تازه | درد | درمان درد | شیر دادن | ساکاروز | پوست به پوست | نوزاد | ترجمه دانش | پژوهش | Nursing | Newborn | Pain | Pain treatment | Breastfeeding | Sucrose | Skin-to-skin | Neonate | Knowledge translation | Research
مقاله انگلیسی
4 Translation, hegemony and accounting: A critical research framework with an illustration from the IFRS context
ترجمه، هژمونی و حسابداری: یک چارچوب تحقیقاتی بحرانی با یک تصویر از زمینه IFRS-2021
Translation research in accounting has in the past decades recognized the significance of trans- lation for international accounting communication, but only recently started to discuss the relevance and legitimacy of the approaches in which translation is used and studied. Generally, translation in accounting has been seen as a technically challenging task that serves an assumedly neutral functional purpose. This perception is problematic in that it neglects the multifaceted cultural, political and societal implications of translation. In order to expand the theoretical repertoire of translation research in accounting, this paper introduces a critical lens that questions the seemingly neutral use of translation in various contexts. Drawing on the influential work of translation theorist Lawrence Venuti, it is argued that translation both reveals and factors in intercultural hegemonies, imbalances and asymmetries. To explore the relevance of Venuti’s theorizing for accounting, the context of IFRS translation is examined. Attempting to become a global institution across cultures and languages, the IFRS indeed depend on translation in their diffusion. The IFRS context is, however, embedded in current linguistic and cultural hegemonies: the dominant position of the English language and the canonical role of Anglo-American ac- counting. Combining a critical theoretical conceptualization and empirical data from the trans- lation work of Finnish-language IFRS, this paper illustrates how translation in accounting is not a technical exercise but can entail linguistic and cultural conflicts between dominant and marginal (ized) concepts, traditions and values. Above all, this paper shows how applying a different theoretical lens to translation can yield critical insights.
keywords: ترجمه | تئوری ترجمه | هژمونی | IFRS | Translation | Translation theory | Hegemony | IFRS
مقاله انگلیسی
5 Time management: Improving the timing of post-prostatectomy radiotherapy, clinical trials, and knowledge translation
مدیریت زمان: بهبود زمان رادیوتراپی پس از پروستاتکتومی، آزمایشات بالینی و ترجمه دانش-2021
Background: Management of prostate cancer after surgery is controversial. Past studies on adjuvant radiotherapy (aRT) for higher-risk features have had conflicting results. Through the collaborative conversations of the global radiation oncology Twitter-based journal club (#RadOnc #JC), we explored this complex topic to share recent advances, better understand what the global radiation oncology community felt was important and inspire next steps. Methods: We selected the recent publication of a landmark international randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing immediate and salvage radiotherapy for prostate cancer, RADICALS-RT, for discussion over the weekend of January 16 to 17, 2021. Coordination included open access to the article and an asynchronous portion to decrease barriers to participation, cooperation of study authors (CP, MS) who participated to share deeper insights including a live hour, and curation of related resources and tweet content through a blog post and Wakelet journal club summary. Discussion of Results: Our conversations created 2,370,104 impressions over 599 tweets with 51 participants spanning 11 countries and 5 continents. A quarter of the participants were from the US (13/51) followed by 10% from the UK (5/51). Clinical or Radiation Oncologists comprised 59% of active participants (16/27) with 62% (18/29) reporting giving aRT within the last 5 years. Discussion was interdisciplinary with three urologists (11%), three trainees (11%), and two physiotherapists (7%). Four months after the journal club its article Altmetric score had increased by 7% (214 to 229). Thematic analysis of tweet content suggested participants wanted clarification on definitions of adjuvant (aRT) and salvage radiotherapy (sRT) including indications, timing, and decision-making tools including guidelines; more interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral collaboration including with patients for study design including survivorship and meaningful outcomes; more effective knowledge translation including faster clinical trials; and more data including mature results of current trials, particular high-risk features (Gleason Group 4+, pT4b+, and margin-positive disease), implications of newer technologies such as PSMA-PET and genomic classifiers, and better explanations for practice pattern variations including underutilization of radiotherapy. This was further explored in the context of relevant literature. Conclusion: Together, this global collaborative review on the postoperative management of prostate cancer suggested a stronger signal for the uptake of early salvage radiation treatment with careful PSA monitoring, more sensitive PSA triggers, and expected access to radiotherapy. Questions still remain on potential exceptions and barriers to use. These require better decision-making tools for all practice settings, consideration of newer technologies, more pragmatic trials, and better use of social media for knowledge translation.
Keywords: Prostate radiotherapy | Adjuvant radiation | Salvage radiation | Journal club
مقاله انگلیسی
6 An entity-relationship model of the flow of waste and resources in city-regions: Improving knowledge management for the circular economy
یک مدل ارتباط برقراری ارتباط از جریان ضایعات و منابع در مناطق شهری: بهبود مدیریت دانش برای اقتصاد دایره ای-2021
Waste and resources management is one of the domains where urban and regional planning can transition to- wards a Circular Economy, thus slowing environmental degradation. Improving waste and resources manage- ment in cities requires an adequate understanding of multiple systems and how they interact. New technologies contribute to improve waste management and resource efficiency, but knowledge silos hinder the possibility of delivering sound holistic solutions. Furthermore, lack of compatibility between data formats and diverse defi- nitions of the same concept reduces information exchange across different urban domains. This paper addresses the challenge of organising and standardising information about waste and resources management in city regions. Given the amount and variety of data constantly captured, data models and standards are a crucial element of Industry 4.0. The paper proposes an Entity-Relationship Model to harmonise definitions and integrate infor- mation on waste and resources management. Furthermore, it helps to formalise the components of the system and their relationships. Semi-structured interviews with government officials, mobile app developers and aca- demics provided insights into the specific system and endorsed the model. Finally, the paper illustrates the translation of the ERM into a relational database schema and instantiates Waste Management and industrial Symbiosis cases in Buenos Aires (ARG) and Helsingborg (SWE) to validate its general applicability. The data model for the Circular Flow of Waste and Resources presented here enhances traditional waste management perspectives by introducing Circular Economy strategies and spatial variables in the model. Thus, this research represents a step towards unlocking the true potential of Industry 4.0.
keywords: شهرهای دایره ای | مدیریت زباله | اقتصاد دایره ای | صنعت 4.0 | مدل ارتباط برق | sql | Circular cities | Waste management | Circular economy | Industry 4.0 | Entity-relationship model | SQL
مقاله انگلیسی
7 Accounting and auditing of credit loss estimates: The hard and the soft
حسابداری و حسابرسی تخمین زیان اعتباری: سخت و نرم-2021
A key goal of financial reporting is to address information asymmetries, which are amplified in the case of banks given their credit, maturity and liquidity transformation and complex, judgmental accounting standards dealing with expected credit losses (ECL). The paper explores the role of bank management in estimating and recognizing ECL, and how external auditors challenge the resulting figures. Based on analysis of G-SIB disclosures, it concludes that management and auditors tend to prioritize observable and verifiable, hard information to reduce challenge to their reported estimates and protect against the threat of legal liability. Emphasis on such information facilitates loss deferral, damaging the reliability of banks’ financial reporting, obscuring their safety and soundness picture and jeopardizing financial stability. Based on these conclusions, the paper seeks to open a new path to the research and policy analysis of credit loss recognition, introducing proposals to address the procyclicality of credit loss accounting by tackling inappropriate incentives that decouple risk taking from its translation onto banks’ financial statements.
keywords: انتظارات اعتباری انتظار می رود | عدم تقارن اطلاعات | افشای | عوارض جانبی | ثبات اقتصادی | پروسیکیت | Expected Credit Losses | Information asymmetries | Disclosures | Externalities | Financial stability | Procyclicality
مقاله انگلیسی
8 Recognition and Management of Protracted Bacterial Bronchitis in Australian Aboriginal Children
شناخت و مدیریت برونشیت باکتریایی طولانی در کودکان بومی استرالیا-2021
BACKGROUND: Chronic wet cough in children is the hallmark symptom of protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) and if left untreated can lead to bronchiectasis, which is prevalent in Indigenous populations. Underrecognition of chronic wet cough by parents and clinicians and underdiagnosis of PBB by clinicians are known.
RESEARCH QUESTION: We aimed to improve recognition and management of chronic wet cough in Aboriginal children using knowledge translation (KT), a methodologic approach that can be adapted for use in Indigenous contexts to facilitate effective and sustained translation of research into practice.
STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A mixed-methods KT study undertaken at a remote-based Aboriginal primary medical service (February 2017 to December 2019). Our KT strategy included the following: (1) culturally secure (ie, ensuring Aboriginal people are treated regarding their unique cultural needs and differences) knowledge dissemination to facilitate family health seeking for chronic wet cough in children, and (2) an implementation strategy to facilitate correct diagnosis and management of chronic wet cough and PBB by physicians.
RESULTS: Post-KT, health seeking for chronic wet cough increased by 184% (pre ¼ eight of 630 children [1.3%], post ¼ 23 of 636 children [3.6%]; P ¼ .007; 95% CI, 0.7%-4.0%). Physician proficiency in management of chronic wet cough improved significantly as reflected by improved chronic cough-related quality of life (P < .001; 95% CI, 0.8-3.0) and improved physician assessment of cough quality (P < .001; 95% CI, 10.4%-23.0%), duration (P < .001; 95% CI, 11.1%-24.1%), and appropriate antibiotic prescription (P ¼ .010; 95% CI, 6.6%-55.7%).
INTERPRETATION: Health seeking for children with chronic wet cough can be facilitated through provision of culturally secure health information. Physician proficiency in the management of PBB can be improved with KT strategies which include training in culturally informed management, leading to better health outcomes. Comprehensive strategies that include both families and health systems are required to ensure that chronic wet cough in children is detected and optimally managed. CHEST 2021; 159(1):249-258
KEYWORDS: bronchiectasis | community health | cough | health-care disparities | pediatrics
مقاله انگلیسی
9 ECG AI-Guided Screening for Low Ejection Fraction (EAGLE): Rationale and design of a pragmatic cluster randomized trial
غربالگری هدایت شده با هوش مصنوعی ECG برای کسر کم دفع (EAGLE): منطق و طراحی یک آزمایش تصادفی خوشه عملی-2020
Background A deep learning algorithm to detect low ejection fraction (EF) using routine 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) has recently been developed and validated. The algorithm was incorporated into the electronic health record (EHR) to automatically screen for low EF, encouraging clinicians to obtain a confirmatory transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) for previously undiagnosed patients, thereby facilitating early diagnosis and treatment. Objectives To prospectively evaluate a novel artificial intelligence (AI) screening tool for detecting low EF in primary care practices. Design The EAGLE trial is a pragmatic two-arm cluster randomized trial (NCT04000087) that will randomize N100 clinical teams (i.e., clusters) to either intervention (access to the new AI screening tool) or control (usual care) at 48 primary care practices across Minnesota and Wisconsin. The trial is expected to involve approximately 400 clinicians and 20,000 patients. The primary endpoint is newly discovered EF ≤50%. Eligible patients will include adults who undergo ECG for any reason and have not been previously diagnosed with low EF. Data will be pulled from the EHR, and no contact will be made with patients. A positive deviance qualitative study and a post-implementation survey will be conducted among select clinicians to identify facilitators and barriers to using the new screening report. Summary This trial will examine the effectiveness of the AI-enabled ECG for detection of asymptomatic low EF in routine primary care practices and will be among the first to prospectively evaluate the value of AI in real-world practice. Its findings will inform future implementation strategies for the translation of other AI-enabled algorithms. (Am Heart J 2020;219:31-6.)
مقاله انگلیسی
10 Lipid-based nanodelivery approaches for dopamine-replacement therapies in Parkinsons disease: From preclinical to translational studies
روشهای مبتنی بر تحویل نانو مبتنی بر لیپید برای درمان های جایگزین دوپامین در بیماری پارکینسون: از مطالعات بالینی تا ترجمه-2020
The incidence of Parkinsons disease (PD), the second most common neurodegenerative disorder, has increased exponentially as the global population continues to age. Although the etiological factors contributing to PD remain uncertain, its average incidence rate is reported to be 1% of the global population older than 60 years. PD is primarily characterized by the progressive loss of dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons and/or associated neuronal networks and the subsequent depletion of dopamine (DA) levels in the brain. Thus, DA or levodopa (L-dopa), a precursor of DA, represent cardinal targets for both idiopathic and symptomatic PD therapeutics. While several therapeutic strategies have been investigated over the past decade for their abilities to curb the progression of PD, an effective cure for PD is currently unavailable. Even DA replacement therapy, an effective PD therapeutic strategy that provides an exogenous supply of DA or L-dopa, has been hindered by severe challenges, such as a poor capacity to bypass the blood–brain barrier and inadequate bioavailability. Nevertheless, with recent advances in nanotechnology, several drug delivery systems have been developed to bypass the barriers associated with central nervous system therapeutics. In here, we sought to describe the adapted lipid-based nanodrug delivery systems used in the field of PD therapeutics and their recent advances, with a particular focus placed on DA replacement therapies. This work initially explores the background of PD; offers descriptions of the most recent molecular targets; currently available clinical medications/limitations; an overview of several lipid-based PD nanotherapeutics, functionalized nanoparticles, and technical aspects in brain delivery; and, finally, presents future perspectives to enhance the use of nanotherapeutics in PD treatment.
Keywords: Parkinsons disease | Dopamine/levodopa | Blood–brain barrier | Nanodrug delivery | Lipid-based nanoparticles
مقاله انگلیسی
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