دانلود و نمایش مقالات مرتبط با Women::صفحه 7
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نتیجه جستجو - Women

تعداد مقالات یافته شده: 136
ردیف عنوان نوع
61 Is mating psychology most closely tied to biological sex or preferred partners sex?
آیاروانشناسی جفت گیری به جنس بیولوژیکی نزدیک تر است یا ترجیح شریک جنسی؟-2017
Most research into mating psychology focuses on heterosexual mating; however, it remains unknown whether the sex of the individual or the sex to whom that individual is attracted is most closely tied to mating psychology. In the current study, homosexual and heterosexual participants completed questionnaires designed to measure previously-documented sex differences in mating psychology from heterosexual samples. These included mens higher sociosexual orientation and number of lifetime sex partners, womens greater emotional attachment to casual sex partners, mens greater likelihood to overestimate womens sexual intent, womens greater likelihood to underestimate mens commitment intent, and differences in responses to emotional versus sexual infidelity. Based on our results, it appears that the sex of the individual and not the sex to whom that person is attracted tends to determine mating psychology. In particular, women, regardless of orientation, seem to share a similar mating psychology — supporting the idea female sexuality is relatively fluid. In comparison, there was greater variation between heterosexual men and gay men — consistent with the view that that male sexuality is more canalized. We conclude that homosexual mating strategies are complex: they represent neither a simple contin uation of heterosexual evolved mating psychology nor a complete gender-role reversal.
Keywords: Mating psychology | Homosexuality | Sexual orientation | Evolutionary psychology | Sexual misperception | Commitment perception | Jealousy | Sociosexual orientation
مقاله انگلیسی
62 Why men and women continue to use social networking sites: The role of gender differences
چرا مردان و زنان همچنان از سایت های شبکه های اجتماعی استفاده می کنند: نقش تفاوت های جنسیتی-2017
Organizations increasingly use social media and especially social networking sites (SNS) to support their marketing agenda, enhance collaboration, and develop new capabilities. However, the success of SNS initiatives is largely dependent on sustainable user participa tion. In this study, we argue that the continuance intentions of users may be gender sensitive. To theorize and investigate gender differences in the determinants of continu ance intentions, this study draws on the expectation-confirmation model, the uses and gratification theory, as well as the self-construal theory and its extensions. Our survey of 488 users shows that while both men and women are motivated by the ability to self enhance, there are some gender differences. Specifically, while women are mainly driven by relational uses, such as maintaining close ties and getting access to social information on close and distant networks, men base their continuance intentions on their ability to gain information of a general nature. Our research makes several contributions to the dis course in strategic information systems literature concerning the use of social media by individuals and organizations. Theoretically, it expands the understanding of the phe nomenon of continuance intentions and specifically the role of the gender differences in its determinants. On a practical level, it delivers insights for SNS providers and marketers into how satisfaction and continuance intentions of male and female SNS users can be dif ferentially promoted. Furthermore, as organizations increasingly rely on corporate social networks to foster collaboration and innovation, our insights deliver initial recommenda tions on how organizational social media initiatives can be supported with regard to gender-based differences.
Keywords: Gender | Social networking sites | Facebook | Continuance intention | Satisfaction | Uses and gratifications | Gendered self-construal Relational interdependence | Collective interdependence
مقاله انگلیسی
63 The influence of hormone replacement therapy on mating psychology among post-menopausal women
تأثیر درمان جایگزینی هورمون بر روانشناسی جفتگیری در زنان بعد از یائسگی-2017
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a popular treatment for menopause-related symptoms and is associated with increased well-being and sexual function. Researchers have investigated the effects of synthetic hormones within hormonal contraceptives on preferences for masculine men, and on behaviors directed towards male partners. Yet, no studies have examined the impact of synthetic hormones in HRT on mate preferences or mate-directed behavior among post-menopausal women. Here we tested the influence of HRT on womens re ported sexual motivation, partner-directed behaviors (i.e., jealousy and mate retention behaviors), and mate preferences. Post-menopausal women (N = 213) responded to an online survey and completed a two alternative, forced-choice face preference task where they rated the attractiveness of male images manipulated in sexual dimorphism. We found that HRT use was positively associated with sexual satisfaction, attitudes to wards unrestricted sex, and sexual interest towards extra-pair men. There were no differences between users versus non-users in partner-directed behavior or masculinity preferences. This study highlights the need for fur ther investigations into hormonal influences on mate preferences and behavior among post-menopausal women.
Keywords: Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) | Hormones | Mate preferences | Sexual fantasy | Desire | Extra-pair interest | Menopause
مقاله انگلیسی
64 Gender and central banking
جنسیت و بانک مرکزی-2017
Female Central Bank chairs represent but a tiny minority. To understand why, this article analyzes socio economic and socio-political characteristics of the countries where women have chaired Central Banks. Then, it suggests that gender differences in preferences as regards monetary policy goals may have some influence. This hypothesis is based on an empirical analysis showing that female Central Bank chairs focus more than their male counterparts on achieving the price stability goal. This means, then, that women are more resistant than men to political pressures. Finally, it concludes that gender differences in degree of conservatism may be an explanatory factor in female underrepresentation in the Central Bank chairs.
Keywords: Central banks | Conservatism | Female | Gender gap | Monetary policy | Preference parameters
مقاله انگلیسی
65 Tourism’s lost leaders: Analysing gender and performance
رهبران از دست رفته گردشگری: تجزیه و تحلیل جنسیت و عملکرد-2017
Higher education is increasingly engaged with diversity initiatives, especially those focused on women in academic leadership, whilst there is an evolving literature across the humanities and the social, management and natural sciences, critiquing academia’s gendered hierarchies. In contrast, senior academics in the field of tourism management have largely eluded similar sustained analysis. This paper builds on recent gender-aware studies of tourism’s leading academics with three aims. Firstly, to widen evidence of gen dering in tourism’s academic leadership by scrutinizing and contextualizing performance indicators, which make and mark its leaders and shape its knowledge canon. Secondly, since critique alone cannot lead to transformation, the paper seeks to ‘undo’ gender in tour ism’s academy. Thirdly the paper presents interventions to accelerate academic gender equity.
Keywords: Knowledge networks | Professors | Metrics | Journals | Citations | Equity
مقاله انگلیسی
66 توسعه یک مقیاس نمره دهی برای پیری سالم در مطالعه مبتی بر جمعیت روتردام: ارزیابی تفاوت های جنسیتی و سنی
سال انتشار: 2017 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 7 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 22
اهداف: توسعه نمره دهی پیری سالم (HAS)، ارزیابی تفاوت های سنی و جنسیتی در HAS، و ارزیابی رابطه HAS با بقا طرح: مطالعه همگروهی آینده نگر مبتنی بر جمعیت محیط: ساکنان امورود، روتردام، هلند شرکت کنندگان: 1405 مرد و 2122 زن، با سن متوسط 9/75 و انحراف معیار 4/6. معیارهای اصلی: هفت حوزه در نمره HAS در نظر گرفته شده اند: بیماری مزمن، سلامت روانی، عملکرد شناختی، عملکرد فیزیکی، درد، حمایت اجتماعی، و کیفیت زندگی؛ امتیازها برای هر حوزه به صورت 0، 1 و 2 در نظر گرفته شد. امتیاز کلی (در بازه 0 تا 14) محاسبه شد و به صورت پیوسته و بر اساس سه گروه مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت (13-14: پیری سالم، 11-12: پیری متوسط، 0-10: پیری ناسالم و ضعیف). تغییرات مشخصه جنسیتی در HAS متوسط برای گروه های سنی 65-69، 70-74، 75-79، 80-84 و بیشتر مساوی 85 ارزیابی شد. رابطه بین HAS و مرگ و میر با مدل های مخاطرات متناسب کاکس ارزیابی شده است. یافته ها: متوسط پیگیری 6/8 سال (4/3) بود. مردان در حوزه بیماری های مزمن نتایج ضعیف تری داشتند. اگرچه، زنان نسبت به مردان دارای سلامت روانی ضعیف تر، عملکرد فیزیکی بدتر، درد بیشتر، و کیفیت زندگی پایین تری بودند. عمومیت پیری سالم در مردان (n=396, 28.2%)، بالاتر از زنان (n=526, 24.8%) بود. متوسط HAS در مردان برابر با 1/11 و در زنان برابر با 7/10 و انحراف معیار در مردان 2/2 و در زنان 3/2 بود. در تمام رده های سنی متوسط HAS برای مردان بیشتر از زنان بود. مقدار بتا برای متوسط HAS در کل 5 دسته سنی صعودی برای مردان برابر با 55/0- (45/0- تا 65/0-) و برای زنان برابر با 65/0- (57/0- تا 73/0-) بود. نسبت خطر مبتنی بر سن به ازای یک واحد افزایش در HAS با مرگ ومیر در مردان برابر با 86/0 (83/0- 89/0) و در زنان برابر با 89/0 (87/0-91/0) بود. نتایج: سطوح HAS در تمام گروه های سنی در زنان در مقایسه با مردان کمتر بود. HAS با افزایش برای هر دو جنسیت کاهش می یابد، هر چند شیب کاهش آن در زنان کمی بیشتر است. HAS در هر دو جنسیت دارای رابطه نزدیکی با مرگ و میر می باشد.درک بهتر پیری سالم جمعیت و تفاوت های جنسیتی در این زمینه می تواند کمک کند که استراتژی هایی را پیاده سازی کنیم که موجب پایداری مراقبت های بهداشتی در افراد سالخورده شود.
مقاله ترجمه شده
67 Ethnic groups differences in regard to social networks, daily activity patterns, and driving behavior
تفاوتهای گروه های قومی در رابطه با شبکه های اجتماعی، الگوهای فعالیت روزانه و رفتار رانندگی-2017
Research on the impact of the social environment on travel behavior and driving behavior has proliferated. Yet, the individual-level mechanisms involved remain under-theorized and understudied. Studies usually focus on how drivers are influenced directly through the presence of passengers or indirectly through the norms of relevant social groups. The current study introduces a novel dimension by examining the impact of interpersonal ties on daily activity patterns and driving behavior. We analyze the results of a large telephone survey carried out in Northern Israel (n = 517). Respondents include Arabs (58%) and Jews (42%), roughly corresponding to the demographic composition of Northern Israel. The results show that individuals with interpersonal ties characterized with a higher frequency of contacts were less likely to engage in leisure trips outside their community, thus reduc ing their exposure to high-risk driving environments. We found an inverse association between social interactions and speeding violations, although it was only significant for the Arab group, and inverse association between speeding violations and internal leisure trips for the whole sample. Married persons reported significantly higher social interac tions than unmarried persons. Arab women have significantly more social interactions than Arab men, and older Arabs reported higher social interactions than younger Arabs, but no gender or age differences were found within the Jewish group. Finally, men drove for longer periods while women tended to have more complex trips. These results stress the need to make explicit the links between driving behavior models and travel behavior models using social variables.
Keywords: Interpersonal ties | Activity patterns | Driving behavior | Speeding violations
مقاله انگلیسی
68 "It makes you feel like you are not alone": Expectant first-time mothers’ experiences of social support within the social network, when preparing for childbirth and parenting
"این باعث می شود شما احساس می کنید به تنهایی نیست": تجارب مادران باردار برای اولین بار از حمایت اجتماعی در شبکه های اجتماعی، هنگام آماده شدن برای زایمان و پدر و مادر-2017

مقاله انگلیسی
69 "باید خوش اندام باشی!" تجلی یا ظهور: ساخت تصویر بدن در زنان میانسال
سال انتشار: 2017 - تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 9 - تعداد صفحات فایل doc فارسی: 25
این مقاله به جست و جوی تجربیاتی می پردازد که بر ساخت تصویر بدن و پذیرش استراتژی های تغییر بدن در زنان میانسال مکزیکی موثر بوده است. یک مطالعه ی کیفی بر روی هشت زن (35 تا 50 ساله) انجام شد. داده ها از طریق مصاحبه نیمه ساختار یافته فردی، و دو ابزار روش شناختی دیگر جمع آوری شدند: خط زندگی و شجره خانوادگی. اطلاعات در طول چهار جلسه کاری که هر یک دو ساعت به طول انجامید جمع شده و بلافاصله پس از آن رونویسی شدند. تجزیه و تحلیل ها تجربیاتی را آشکار کردند که زندگی زنان را مشخص کرده بودند و تجلی یا ظهور نامیده می شدند. این تجلی ها شامل: طلاق ها، جدایی ها، نظرات در مورد بدن آن ها، نگرانی والدین در مورد وزن آن ها (در مورد وزن خودشان یا دخترانشان) و پیام های که از دوران کودکی، باریکی را بعنوان ابزاری برای دستیابی به موفقیت شخصی و حرفه ای ترویج می دهند. یافته های این تحقیق نشان می دهند که نارضایتی از بدن نه تنها نوجوانان و زنان جوان، بلکه زنان میانسال را تحت تاثیر قرار می دهد. ادامه این نوع تحقیق ها، تعیین عناصر شرکت کننده در جلوگیری از نارضایتی از بدن و رفتارهای پرخطر خوردن را ممکن می سازد.
واژه های کلیدی: تصویر بدن | نارضایتی از بدن | تجلی | زنان بزرگسال | میانسال
مقاله ترجمه شده
70 Social pathways to health_ On the mediating role of the social network in the relation between socio-economic position and health
مسیرهای اجتماعی برای سلامتی. بر نقش میانجیگری شبکه اجتماعی در رابطه بین موقعیت اجتماعی و اقتصادی و سلامت-2017
Good health is one of the key qualities of life, but opportunities to be and remain healthy are unequally distributed across socio-economic groups. The beneficial health effects of the social network are well known. However, research on the social network as potential mediator in the pathway from socio-economic position (SEP) to health is scarce, while there are good reasons to expect a socio-economical patterning of networks. We aim to contribute to our understanding of socio-economic inequalities in health by examining the mediating role of structural and functional characteristics of the social network in the SEP-health relationship. Data were from the second wave of the Norwegian study on the life course, aging and generation study (NorLAG) and comprised 4534 men and 4690 women aged between 40 and 81. We applied multiple mediation models to evaluate the relative importance of each network characteristic, and multiple group analysis to examine differences between middle-aged and older men and women. Our results indicated a clear socio-economical patterning of the social network for men and women. People with higher SEP had social networks that better protect against loneliness, which in turn lead to better health outcomes. The explained variance in health in older people by the social network and SEP was only half of the explained variance observed in middle-aged people, suggesting that other factors than SEP were more important for health when people age. We conclude that it is the function of the network, rather than the structure, that counts for health.
Keywords: Socio-economic position | Social networks | Multiple mediation | Older adults |Health inequalities
مقاله انگلیسی
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