Facilitating artificial intelligence powered supply chain analytics through alliance management during the pandemic crises in the B2B context
تسهیل تجزیه و تحلیل های زنجیره تامین مجهز به هوش مصنوعی از طریق مدیریت اتحاد در طول بحران های همه گیر در زمینه B2B-2021
The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted global supply chains and exposed weak links in the chains far beyond what most people have witnessed in their living memory. The scale of disruption affects every nation and industry, and the sudden and dramatic changes in demand and supply that have occurred during the pandemic crisis clearly differentiate its impact from other crises. Using the dynamic capabilities view, we studied alliance management capability (AMC) and artificial intelligence (AI) driven supply chain analytics capability (AI-SCAC) as dynamic capabilities, under the moderating effect of environmental dynamism. We tested our four research hypotheses using survey data collected from the Indian auto components manufacturing industry. For data analysis we used Warp PLS 7.0 (a variance-based structural equation modelling tool). We found that alliance management capability under the mediating effect of artificial intelligence-powered supply chain analytics capability enhances the operational and financial performance of the organization. Moreover, we also observed that the alliance management capability has a significant effect on artificial intelligence-powered supply chain analytics capability under the moderating effect of environmental dynamism. The results of our study provide a nuanced understanding of the dynamic capabilities and the relational view of organization. Finally, we noted the limitations of our study and provide numerous research directions that may help answer some of the questions that arise from our study.
Keywords: Artificial intelligence | Supply chain analytics | Alliance management | Environmental dynamism | Dynamic capability view
Knowledge-friendly organisational culture and performance: A meta-analysis
فرهنگ سازمانی سازمانی و عملکرد: متاآنالیز-2021
Many studies have examined the relationship between knowledge-friendly organisational culture (KFOC) and organisational performance. However, the findings of these studies are varied and sometimes contradicting. To date, there has been no conclusive evidence regarding this relationship. Thus, this study investigates the rela- tionship between KFOC and organisational performance by synthesising the findings of previous empirical studies and the impacts of certain contextual factors, such as national culture, economies, and industries, on this relationship. The KFOC is positively related to the overall performance—both financial and non-financial—of firms. The KFOC–overall organisational performance relationship is strengthened in restrained cultures, while the KFOC–financial performance relationship is strengthened in service industries. To the best knowledge of the authors, this is the first meta-analytic study concerning the relationships between KFOC and organisational performance that considers the impacts of the contextual factors of national culture, economy, and industry.
keywords: فرهنگ سازمانی سازمانی | عملکرد سازمانی | متاآنالیز | مدیریت دانش | Knowledge-friendly organisational culture | Organisational performance | Meta-analysis | Knowledge management
The use of management accounting information by boards of directors to oversee strategy implementation
استفاده از اطلاعات حسابداری مدیریت توسط هیئت مدیره برای نظارت بر استراتژی-2021
Past research has overlooked the specific informational needs and uses of management accounting information by boards of directors, which constitute a distinctive unit of analysis, focusing mainly on organizational actors within the boundaries of the firm. The aim of this study is to examine the use of management accounting information to oversee strategy implementation in the context of governance. Specifically, we intend to establish theoretical properties and propose a measurement model that captures the use of budget, financial and non-financial performance indicators by boards of directors to oversee the strategic plan. To develop the measurement instrument, conceptual specifications of constructs have been established based on a matrix approach that combines (i) the information conveyed by the three management accounting practices, along with (ii) two theoretical properties reflecting board activities, namely monitoring implementation of the strategic plan, and questioning of the strategic plan. The validity and reliability of the instrument have been evaluated and discussed using a rigorous multi-method integrated approach that includes a literature review, exploratory interviews, consultation of experts in management accounting and governance, and survey data collected from three samples of boards of directors.
keywords: استفاده از اطلاعات حسابداری مدیریت | پیاده سازی استراتژی | هیئت مدیره | بودجه | شاخص های عملکرد | حکومت | توسعه یک ابزار نظرسنجی | Use of management accounting information | Strategy implementation | Boards of directors | Budget | Performance indicators | Governance | Development of a survey instrument
Green supply chain management practices and third-party logistics providers’ performances: A fuzzy-set approach
عملکردهای مدیریت زنجیره تامین سبز و عملکرد ارائه دهندگان تدارکات شخص ثالث: یک رویکرد مجموعه ای فازی-2021
Drawing on the natural resource-based view and coordination theory, this study examines the extent to which different combinations of internal and external green supply chain management (GSCM) practices influence third-party logistics providers’ (TPLs) operational and financial performances. A fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis of survey data from 232 TPLs shows that combined internal and external GSCM practices improve both operational and financial performances. However, taking into account the TPLs’ size allows alternative combinations of GSCM practices: a combination of green supply and eco-design packaging improves small TPLs’ performances, whereas a combination of all GSCM practices, except investment recovery and reverse logistics, improves large TPLs’ performances. By using fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis instead of traditional linear methodologies, this study offers a new approach to determine the configurations of internal and external GSCM practices that lead to enhanced operational and financial performances in TPLs, rather than treating each GSCM practice separately.
Keywords: Green supply chain management | Operational performance | Financial performance | Third-party logistics provider | Fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis
Social entrepreneurship orientation and company success: The mediating role of social performance
جهت گیری کارآفرینی اجتماعی و موفقیت شرکت: نقش واسطه ای عملکرد اجتماعی-2020
We examine the impact of social entrepreneurship orientation (SEO), a behavioral measure of the social en- trepreneurship of the organization, on the social and financial performance of a sample of Austrian firms. Despite growing research interests in social entrepreneurship, the field remains fragmented and this has led to calls for a careful examination of the implications of social entrepreneurship for firms. We draw on stakeholder theory and hybrid organizing to hypothesize that social performance mediates the SEO-financial performance relationship. By analyzing a sample of 1,156 companies, we find that the SEO-financial performance relationship is partially positively mediated by social performance even though the direct effect is negative. Our results show that social performance compensates for the otherwise negative effect SEO has directly with financial performance. We contribute to an understanding of the mechanisms by which an SEO affects firm performance and provide richer insights into the various aspects of performance. We discuss the future implications of our study and suggest promising avenues for further research on the SEO construct.
Keywords: Social entrepreneurship orientation | Hybrid organizing | Social performance | Financial performance | Empirical | Mediation
Central coordination and profitability in large Latin American business groups
هماهنگی مرکزی و سودآوری در گروههای بزرگ تجاری آمریکای لاتین-2020
This study analyzes the profitability effects of central coordination in large business groups in Latin America. By adopting a configurational approach, we analyze the profitability implications from a core entity involvement in the areas of strategy definition, talent management, values and culture management, stakeholder management, corporate branding and corporate innovation. Using Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analyses on a sample of 17 of the largest business groups in Latin America, we contribute by identifying core entity’s configurations that are causally linked with business group high financial performance, measured as the highest average ROE be- tween 2014 and 2017. Specifically, we find that business groups with the highest performance include strategy definition, talent management, values and culture management activities as part of their core entity coordination as necessary conditions. We also find that the relevance of the fourth role, stakeholder management, is linked to the macroeconomic conditions of the countries where affiliates operate.
Keywords: Strategy | Performance | Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analyses (FsQCA) | Corporate roles and strategic control | Latin America business groups
The nexus between capital structure, firm-specific factors, macroeconomic factors and financial performance in the textile sector of Pakistan
رابطه بین ساختار سرمایه ، عوامل خاص شرکت ، عوامل اقتصادی کلان و عملکرد مالی در بخش نساجی پاکستان-2020
The study aimed to analyse the role of the capital structure in the ﬁnancial performance of 90 textile ﬁrms listed in Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX) during the period 2008–2017. The dependent variable was return on equity as a proxy for ﬁnancial performance. The independent variables were the debt to equity, total debt to total assets, asset turnover ratios, sales growth, taxation, and export growth, while the ﬁrm size was taken as a control variable. The panel regression estimation technique was employed for analysis purposes, and both cross-sectional and time- series data were collected for this study. This study used the random-effect regression estimation model based on the Hausman diagnostic test statistics. The results indicate that the capital structure debt to equity variable has a negative and signiﬁcant relationship with ﬁnancial performance while the asset turnover ratio and ﬁrm per- formance showed a negative and statistically insigniﬁcant relationship. Export growth and sales growth have a considerable positive connection with ﬁnancial performance; however, ﬁrm size has a negative and signiﬁcant impact on ﬁrm performance, in favour of our alternative research hypothesis. The remaining variables include tax payable and the total debt to total assets ratio, which have an insigniﬁcant connection with ﬁnancial performance (ROE) and validate the agency theory. With better corporate governance by putting more pressure on managers or increasing managerial ownership, institutional investors can reduce the capital, leverage risk and the overall ﬁrm capital cost that help to improve the ﬁrms ﬁnancial performance and economic stability.
Keywords: Capital structure | Taxation | Exports | Growth | Return on equity (ROE) | Asset turnover | Firm financial performance | Pakistan textile Sector | Pakistan Stock exchange (PSX) | Finance | Corporate finance | Financial economics | Economic growth | Macroeconomics | Microeconomics | Business | Organizational theory | Business management
The double bottom line of microfinance: A global comparison between conventional and Islamic microfinance
خط پایین دو برابر سرمایه خرد: مقایسه ای بین اقتصاد خرد و متعارف اسلامی-2020
Conventional microfinance institutions (MFIs) can promote financial inclusion, but they also prompt eth- ical concerns regarding the social consequences of commercialization and high interest rates. Islamic MFIs, which adhere to Sharia’s prohibition of riba (usually interpreted as a ban on interest), present an alternative. Differences between conventional and Islamic MFIs in terms of outreach and financial sus- tainability remain underexplored; no comprehensive data set details Islamic MFIs either. With new data, collected with a global survey, the authors construct a unique panel of 543 conventional and 101 Islamic MFIs, operating in Islamic and non-Islamic countries. These data suggest that the market for Islamic microfinance is more important than previously recognized, has grown in recent years, and is likely to continue growing in every region of the world. Statistical comparisons, using various estimation tech- niques, regarding the outreach and financial performance of Islamic and conventional MFIs also reveal that the breadth and depth of Islamic MFIs exceed those of conventional MFIs, though conventional MFIs achieve stronger financial performance. This latter result is not robust though.© 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Islamic microfinance | Social entrepreneurship | Ethical finance | Outreach | Financial performance
How managerial ties affect hotels? proactive environmental practices in China: The contingent role of institutional environments
روابط مدیریتی چگونه بر هتل ها تأثیر می گذارد؟ شیوه های فعال زیست محیطی در چین: نقش مشروط از محیط های نهادی-2020
Despite the increasing attention of environmental management in the hotel industry, few studies have examined how managerial ties impact hotels’ adoption of proactive environmental practices (PEPs) in China. Drawing on institutional theory, this study develops a model that investigates the differential effects of political ties andbusiness ties on PEPs in the presence of important institutional factors. Using a primary survey and multiple secondary datasets on 190 Chinese hotels, we find that political ties inhibit a hotel’s adoption of PEPs whereas business ties facilitate PEPs. Moreover, advanced legal development and high levels of regional pollution reduce the impacts of both political ties and business ties on PEPs. We also test the relationship between PEPs and hotels’financial performance. These findings provide novel insights into how managerial ties shape a hotel’s strategicbehaviors for environmental protection under the influence of institutional environments in emerging economies.
Keywords: Political ties | Business ties | Proactive environmental practices | Legal development | Pollution | China
Eco-labeling and sustainability: A case of textile industry in Pakistan
برچسب زدن به محیط زیست و پایداری: موردی از صنعت نساجی در پاکستان-2020
Industrial pollution is a big concern in many manufacturing sectors including textile sector. Recently, voluntary actions for environmental protection have gained their importance. Eco-labeling is one of the most important schemes of voluntary environmental actions and has been recognized as an effective measure to reduce industrial pollution. This paper analyzes the effect of eco-labels on the textile firms’ environmental and financial performance. Three stage least squares regression is applied using data from 128 firms listed in Pakistan Stock Exchange. Results reveal that eco-labels have a significant positive effect on textile firms’ environmental and financial performance. This indicates that eco-labels promote the sustainable growth of textile firms. Furthermore, financial performance, material cost, and age have a significant positive effect on the environmental performance of textile firms whereas machinery and size have a significant negative effect on the environmental performance. Likewise, debt-equity ratio and size of the firm have a significant positive effect on the financial performance of the textile firms wheras the environmental performance, machinery, and age of the firms have a significant negative effect on the financial performance
Keywords: Eco-labeling | Sustainability | Environment-friendly products | Pakistan textile firms | Simultaneous equations | Three stage least square method